Zhong in 2015
|Alma mater||Peking University Health Science Center|
University of Edinburgh Medical School
|Known for||Discovering the SARS coronavirus|
|Fields||Pulmonology, respiratory diseases|
|Institutions||Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases|
Guangzhou Medical University
Zhong Nanshan simplified Chinese: 钟南山; traditional Chinese: 鍾南山; pinyin: Zhōng Nánshān; born 20 October 1936) is a Chinese pulmonologist . He was president of the Chinese Medical Association from 2005 to 2009 and is currently the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Thoracic Disease.(
Zhong earned international fame for managing the SARS outbreak and was renowned for refuting the official line which downplayed the severity of the crisis. He was voted one of China's top 10 scientists in 2010. During the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic which originated in Wuhan, he was an advisor in managing the crisis.
Zhong was educated at Beijing Medical University, where he finished his residency training in internal medicine.
He completed further training at St Bartholomew's Hospital in London and the University of Edinburgh Medical School between 1979 and 1981, graduating from the University of Edinburgh Medical School with an MD in 1981.
Zhong became president of the Chinese Thoracic Society in 2000 and became president of the Chinese Medical Association in 2005. He is currently the director of the Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases and editor-in-chief of the Journal of Thoracic Disease. Zhong discovered the relationship between protein malnutrition and COPD, and has developed a calibrated formula on energy consumption for patients with COPD.
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When Zhong directed the Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases, they received the second case of a SARS patient as early as December 20, 2002. Over the next month, 28 similar cases were reported in Zhongshan alone, and on January 21, 2003, Zhong and other doctors and researchers in related fields reported this disease at an emergency meeting and gave it the name atypical pneumonia. This marked the beginning of the fight against SARS.
On January 28, 2003, Zhong felt sick and discovered that he had caught pneumonia. Concerned that the news that a leading researcher and doctor for respiratory diseases falling ill during the SARS outbreak would cause fear and panic for the general public, Zhong decided to not receive treatment in the hospital. Instead he returned home, hoping that it was not caused by SARS and that he could recover without treatment. With care from his wife, Li Shaofen, he managed to recover after eight days. After recovery he immediately returned to the Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases to direct the fight against SARS. On February 11, 2003, at a press conference held by the Guangdong Department of Health, Zhong explained the disease and its symptoms, and calmed the public by asserting that it was "preventable" and "curable".
Zhong, for the first time while treating SARS patients, employed non-invasive ventilation methods that increased the amount of oxygen that the patients could take in and alleviated pain. Zhong also insisted on proposing the use of cortisone for the treating of patients experiencing severe conditions, which significantly lowered the death rate of severe patients to 13% and decreased the total treatment time.
The decision to use cortisone was politically controversial at the time. In February 2003 the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention had already published the authoritative view that normal Chlamydiae was the direct cause of atypical pneumonia and, as a result, the only legally prescribed way of treating SARS patients was to use antibiotics. Based on observations of hundreds of patients in Guangdong, Zhong was determined to advocate for the moderate usage of cortisone. Zhong said later in an interview that he knew this might bring dishonor and defamation, but he persisted because he trusted in his observations and scientific judgements regarding the disease.
With the support of the Guangdong government and the positive results in Guangdong in the treating of SARS disease, Zhong's method was later used as the standard protocol for treating all SARS patients in China.
When delegates led by Dr. Evans from the World Health Organization visited China in early April, Zhong presented the characteristics of SARS as well as the treatment and prevention method in China. Zhong's presentation was well-received and his methods were adopted around the world.
Zhong was an outstanding college athlete in the 1950s. The Beijing Municipal Track and Field Team attempted to recruit him as a full-time athlete, but he was determined to become a doctor and declined the offer. Through his sports connection, he was introduced to Li Shaofen, a top basketball player who was a member of the China women's national basketball team for 13 years. They married on 31 December 1963. They have two children: son Zhong Weide, a physician, and daughter Zhong Weiyue, a swimmer.
|Scholia has a profile for Zhong Nanshan (Q9096750).|
Dr. Zhang Wenkang
| President of Chinese Medical Association
Prof. Chen Zhu