|To find the permissions for your account, go to Special:Preferences. Your permissions are listed in the user profile tab under "Member of groups".|
|Administrators and bureaucrats|
|Other flags giving access to specialized functions|
|Other flagged accounts|
|Global user groups|
For all user permissions see this table.
For other global user groups see Wikipedia:Global rights policy and meta:User groups.
The user access level of editors affects their abilities to perform specific actions on Wikipedia. The user access level depends on which rights (also called permissions, user groups, bits, or flags) are assigned to accounts. There are two types of access leveling: automatic, and requested. User access levels are determined by whether the Wikipedian is logged in, the account's age and edits, and what manually assigned rights the account has.
Anyone can use the basic functionalities of Wikipedia even if they are not logged in. Unless they are blocked, they may freely edit most pages. Being logged in gives users many advantages, such as having their public IP address hidden and the ability to track one's own contributions. Additionally, once user accounts are more than a certain number of days old and have made more than a certain number of edits, they automatically become autoconfirmed or extended confirmed, allowing the direct creation of articles, the ability to move pages, to edit semi-protected and extended-protected pages, and upload files. Further access levels need to be assigned manually by a user with the appropriate authority. An editor with more experience and good standing can attempt to become an administrator, which provides a large number of advanced permissions. Many other flags for specialized tasks are also available.
All visitors to the site, including unregistered users, are part of the '*' group, and all logged-in registered users are also part of the 'user' group. Users are automatically promoted into the autoconfirmed/confirmed users pseudo-group of established users when their account is more than four days old and has ten edits, and the 'extended confirmed' user group later on.
Other flags are only given upon request; some, such as 'rollbacker' or 'bot', are granted unilaterally if the user demonstrates a need for them (see Wikipedia:Requests for permissions and Wikipedia:Bots/Requests for approval). Others, such as 'sysop' and 'bureaucrat', are given only after community discussion and consensus at Wikipedia:Requests for adminship. Users are made members of such groups as 'oversight' and 'checkuser' only with the approval of the Arbitration Committee, after signing the Wikimedia Foundation's confidentiality agreement for nonpublic information.
User groups have one or more rights assigned to them; for example, the ipblock-exempt (IP block exemptions) group have the 'ipblock-exempt' and 'torunblocked' rights. All members of a particular user group will have access to these rights. The individual rights that are assigned to user groups are listed at Special:ListGroupRights. Terms like rights, permissions, bits and flags can refer to both user groups and the individual rights assigned to them.
Permissions requested at Requests for permissions only have local rights on the English Wikipedia wiki. Members of global user groups have rights across all Wikimedia Foundation wikis, although that access can sometimes be restricted by local wiki policies. Users registered at Wikimedia wikis also have registered user rights to other Wikimedia wikis if their account is a SUL or unified login account. Both local and global user group membership across Wikimedia wikis can be viewed at Special:CentralAuth.
The system-generated technical permissions are listed at Special:ListGroupRights.
Contributors who are not logged in are identified by their IP address rather than a user name, whether or not they have already registered an account. They may read all Wikipedia pages (except restricted special pages), and edit pages that are not protected (including Pending changes protected/move-protected articles). They may create talk pages in any talk namespace but need to ask for help to create pages in some parts of the wiki. They cannot upload files or images. They must answer a CAPTCHA if they wish to make an edit which involves the addition of external links, and click a confirm link to purge pages. All users may also query the site API in 500-record batches.
Edit screens of unregistered users are headed by a banner that reads:
Several actions on the English Wikipedia are restricted to user accounts that were created a certain number of days ago (usually 4) and that have made a certain number of edits (usually 10). Users who meet these requirements are considered part of the pseudo-group 'autoconfirmed'. The conditions for autoconfirmed status are checked every time a user attempts to perform a restricted action; if they are met, permission is granted automatically by the MediaWiki software. Although the precise requirements for autoconfirmed status vary according to circumstances, most English Wikipedia user accounts that are more than four days old and have made at least 10 edits (including deleted ones) are considered autoconfirmed. However, users with the IP block exemption flag and who are editing through the Tor network are subjected to much stricter autoconfirmed thresholds: 90 days and 100 edits.
Autoconfirmed or confirmed users can create articles, move pages, edit semi-protected pages, and upload files (including new versions of existing files). Autoconfirmed users are no longer required to enter a CAPTCHA for most events and may save books to the Books namespace. In addition, the Edit filter has a number of warning settings that will no longer affect editors who are autoconfirmed.
In some situations, it is necessary for accounts to forgo the customary confirmation period and to be confirmed right away. The 'confirmed' group contains the exact same rights as the 'autoconfirmed' pseudo-group, but can be granted by administrators and event coordinators as necessary. It is redundant to grant the confirmed right to an account that is already autoconfirmed, since it provides the exact same abilities. To request this permission, see Wikipedia:Requests for permissions/Confirmed. See Special:ListUsers/confirmed for a list of the 447 confirmed users.
As of February 2019[update], there were approximately 1.7 million autoconfirmed users on the English Wikipedia, of which the vast majority were inactive. See Special:ActiveUsers for a list of recently active users.
Before 16 November 2016, confirmed and autoconfirmed users could also mark new pages as patrolled. This has been changed and now requires the new page reviewer right to do so.
A registered editor becomes 'extendedconfirmed' automatically when the account is both 30 days old and has made 500 edits (including deleted edits). This user access right allows editors to edit pages that are under extended confirmed protection. This access is included and bundled in the 'bot' and 'sysop' (administrator) user groups. This group was primarily created to deal with specific arbitration remedies and community issues; the arbitration committee has since left community-use decisions up to the community.
See Special:ListUsers/extendedconfirmed for a list of the 49,872 extended confirmed users.
Administrators, also commonly referred to as "admins" or "sysops" (system operators), are editors who are granted the rights by the community following a Request for Adminship (RfA). The RfA process involves in-depth and considerable discussion and examination of the candidate's activity and contributions as an editor and are granted the rights by community consensus. Users who are members of this user group have access to a number of tools to allow them to carry out certain functions on the wiki. The tools cover processes such as page deletion, page protection, blocking and unblocking, and the ability to modify fully protected pages. Administrators also have the ability to grant and remove most access rights to other users (account creator, autopatrolled, confirmed, file mover, edit filter helper, edit filter manager, event coordinator, extended confirmed, IP block exempt, mass message sender, new page reviewer, page mover, pending changes reviewer, rollback, template editor, and AutoWikiBrowser) and to their own alternate accounts. By convention, administrators also normally take responsibility for judging the outcome of certain discussions requiring these technical controls (such as deletions). Administrators are not granted more editorial control over article content than other editors. They are required to follow all policies and guidelines and are held to the same level of accountability as non-administrators. They are not employees of the Wikimedia Foundation and should not be confused with Wikimedia system administrators ("sysadmins").
See Special:ListUsers/sysop for a full list of the 1146 English Wikipedia administrators.
Bureaucrats are exceptionally trusted editors who have the capability to perform certain actions on other users' accounts. These capabilities are granted by the community following a successful Requests for Bureaucratship (RfB).
Bureaucrats have access to Special:UserRights, enabling them to add users to the 'bureaucrat' group (but not remove them), and add users to and remove users from the 'administrator', 'bot', and 'interface administrator' user groups.
See Special:ListUsers/bureaucrat for a list of the 19 bureaucrats.
Members of this group can review other users' edits to articles placed under pending changes protection. This right is automatically assigned to administrators. Prior to September 2014, this right was known as 'reviewer'.
See Special:ListUsers/reviewer for a list of the 7335 reviewers.
See Special:ListUsers/rollbacker for a list of the 6259 rollbackers.
Members of this group have 'autopatrol', which allows them to have their pages automatically patrolled on the New Pages list. This right is automatically assigned to administrators. Prior to June 2010, this right was known as 'autoreviewer'.
See Special:ListUsers/autoreviewer for a list of the 4059 autopatrolled users.
See Special:ListUsers/patroller for a list of the 718 new page reviewers.
The file mover user right is intended to allow users experienced in working with files to rename them, subject to policy, with the ease that autoconfirmed users already enjoy when renaming Wikipedia articles. This right is automatically assigned to administrators.
See Special:ListUsers/filemover for a list of the 401 additional filemovers.
The page mover user right ('extendedmover' user group) is intended to allow users who have demonstrated a good understanding of the Wikipedia page naming system to rename pages and subpages without leaving redirects, subject to policy. They are also able to create and edit editnotices as well as move categories. This right is automatically assigned to administrators.
See Special:ListUsers/extendedmover for a list of the 307 page movers.
Users who are given the accountcreator flag ('accountcreator' user group) are not affected by the 6 account creation limit per day per IP, and can create accounts for other users without restriction. Users in this group can also override the anti-spoof checks on account creation. This right is automatically assigned to administrators and bureaucrats. Additionally, account creators are able to create accounts with names that are otherwise blocked by the title blacklist.
See Special:ListUsers/accountcreator for a list of the 33 additional account creators.
Users who are given the eventcoordinator flag ('eventcoordinator' user group) are not affected by the 6 account creation limit per day per IP. In addition, they can temporarily add newly created accounts to confirmed user group, so that those accounts can create new articles.
See Special:ListUsers/eventcoordinator for a list of the 137 event coordinators.
Users who are given the templateeditor flag ('templateeditor' user group) are allowed to edit pages protected with template protection, as well as create and edit editnotices. Template protection is only applied to pages in the template and module namespaces, as well as a few pages in the Wikipedia namespace. This right is intended to allow experienced template and module coders to make changes without having to request that an administrator make the edits for them. It is automatically assigned to administrators.
See Special:ListUsers/templateeditor for a list of the 179 template editors.
Users who are given the ipblock-exempt flag ('ipblock-exempt' user group) are not affected by autoblocks, blocks of IP addresses and ranges that are made with the "Prevent logged-in users from editing" option enabled, and by Tor blocks. This right is automatically assigned to administrators and bots.
See Special:ListUsers/ipblock-exempt for a list of the 433 affected users.
Members of the edit filter manager group can create, modify, enable, disable, and delete edit filters as well as view private filters and their associated logs. This right is not assigned to administrators by default but they are allowed to grant the user right to themselves.
Members of the edit filter helper group can view private edit filters and their associated logs. This access is also included in the administrator groups.
Members of this group may send messages to multiple users at once. This right is automatically assigned to administrators.
See Special:ListUsers/massmessage-sender for a list of the 59 mass message senders.
undelete access is required to view deleted versions of pages only editable by this group.
See Special:ListUsers/interface-admin for a list of the 11 Interface administrators.
Users who are given the CheckUser flag ('checkuser' user group) have access to Special:CheckUser, a function page that allows them to view a list of all IP addresses used by a user account to edit the English Wikipedia, an extended list of all edits made from an IP (which includes edits that were made by any user accounts while using the specific IP), or a list of all user accounts that have used a given IP address. They also have access to the Checkuser log, which logs each time a Checkuser uses their tools to view any of the information listed. This user right is only granted to exceedingly few users and after a high level of scrutiny and review by the community, and after review and the support of Arbitration Committee. Users must also be at least 18 years old and have signed the Wikimedia Foundation's confidentiality agreement for nonpublic information. As CheckUsers have access to deleted revisions, they are also required to have passed an "RFA or RFA-identical process" first.
See Special:ListUsers/checkuser for a list of the 43 CheckUsers.
Users who are given the oversight flag ('oversight' user group) have access to additional functions on the page deletion, revision deletion, and block function pages through which they can hide logs or revisions of pages (partially or entirely) from any form of usual access by all other users, including administrators. They also have access to the suppression log, where they can view actions made by other oversighters, as well as the content of the hidden revisions. This user right is only granted to exceedingly few users and after a high level of scrutiny and review by the community, and after review and the support of Arbitration Committee. Users must also be at least 18 years old and have signed the Wikimedia Foundation's confidentiality agreement for nonpublic information. Oversighters are also required to have passed a "RfA or RfA-identical process" first.
See Special:ListUsers/oversight for a list of the 44 Oversighters.
Accounts used by approved bots to make pre-approved edits can be flagged as such. Bot accounts are automated or semi-automated, the nature of their edits is well defined, and they will be quickly blocked if their actions vary from their given tasks, so they require less scrutiny than human edits.
For this reason, contributions from accounts with the bot flag ('bot' user group) are not displayed in recent changes or watchlists to users who have opted to hide bot edits. Minor edits made by bot accounts to user talk pages do not trigger the "you have new messages" banner. Bot accounts can query the API in batches of 5,000 rather than 500.
See Special:ListUsers/bot for a list of the 313 bots.
The 'founder' group was created on the English Wikipedia by developer Tim Starling, without community input, as a unique group for Jimmy "Jimbo" Wales—although Larry Sanger is a co-founder, he has never been a member of this group. The group gives Wales full access to user rights. As 'local founder actions' are usually of great interest to the local community, and are only relevant to the English Wikipedia, the 'local founder' right also has the benefit of allowing Wales' actions to be visible in the English Wikipedia rights log. Wales is also a member of the founder global group, which has view-only rights across the Wikimedia network.
The 'researcher' group was created in April 2010 to allow individuals explicitly approved by the Wikimedia Foundation to perform a title search for deleted pages and view deleted history entries but not to view the actual revisions of deleted pages.
Transwiki importers is a group which gives editors the
(import) permission for use on Special:Import. This interface allows users to copy pages, and optionally entire page histories, from certain other Wikimedia wikis. The
import permission is also included in the administrators and importers user groups. There are currently 0 users in the transwiki importers group. This group is mostly deprecated and is only available for assignment by stewards following a special community approval discussion.
Importers is a similar group which gives editors the
(importupload) permission as well as the
(import) permission for use on Special:Import. Importers have the additional ability to import articles directly from XML (which may come from any wiki site). The
importupload permission is also included in the stewards group. See Special:ListUsers/import for the 2 importers. This access is highly restricted and is only available for assignment to a limited number of very trusted users by stewards following a special community approval discussion.
All users can use Special:Export to create an XML export of a page and its history.
In general, rights of editors blocked indefinitely should be left as is. Rights specifically related to the reason for blocking may be removed at the discretion of the blocking or unblocking administrators. This also applies to the user rights of site banned editors.
Global rights have effects on all public Wikimedia wikis, but their use may be restricted by local policy, see Wikipedia:Global rights policy. For an automatically generated list of global groups with all their permissions, see Special:GlobalGroupPermissions. For a list of users along with their global groups, see Special:GlobalUsers.
Stewardship is an elected role, and stewards are appointed globally across all public Wikimedia wikis.
Users who are members of the 'steward' user group may grant and revoke any permission to or from any user on any wiki operated by the Wikimedia Foundation which allows open account creation. This group is set on MetaWiki, and may use meta:Special:Userrights to set permissions on any Wikimedia wiki; they may add or remove any user from any group configured on metawiki. Stewards generally act only when there is no user on a particular wiki that can make the necessary change. This includes granting of the 'administrator' or 'bureaucrat' access levels on wikis which do not have any local bureaucrats, and removing such flags if the user resigns or the account is acting maliciously. Stewards are also responsible for granting and revoking access levels such as 'oversight' and 'checkuser', as no other group is capable of making such changes except sysadmins/Trust and Safety Staff.
Stewards can also act as checkusers, oversighters, bureaucrats or administrators on wikis which do not have active local members of those groups. For example, if a wiki has a passing need for an edit to be oversighted, a steward can add themselves to the 'oversight' user group on that wiki, perform the necessary function, and then remove themselves from the 'oversight' group using their steward rights.
Most steward actions are logged at meta:Special:Log/rights or meta:Special:Log/gblrights (some go to meta:Stewards/Additional log for global changes). See Special:GlobalUsers/steward or meta:Special:ListUsers/steward for a list of users in this group.
Other global groups include WMF staff; sysadmins (system administrators); ombudsmen; OTRS-members (Volunteer Response Team); global bots; global rollbackers; global sysops (not enabled on English Wikipedia); interface editors. See Global rights policy and meta:User groups for information on these, as well as a full list.
|Allows user(s) to…||Blocked users (sitewide)||Unregistered
|abusefilter-hidden-log||View hidden abuse log entries||Oversighters|
|abusefilter-hide-log||Hide entries in the abuse log|
|abusefilter-log||View the abuse log|
|abusefilter-log-detail||View detailed abuse log entries|
|abusefilter-modify||Modify abuse filters||Edit filter managers|
|abusefilter-privatedetails||View private data (IP addresses) in the abuse log||CheckUsers|
|abusefilter-privatedetails-log||View the AbuseFilter private details access log|
|abusefilter-revert||Revert all changes by a given abuse filter|
|abusefilter-view||View abuse filters||Only non-private filters||CheckUsers, Edit filter helpers, Edit filter managers, Oversighters|
|apihighlimits||Request API queries in batches of 5,000, rather than 500||Researchers|
|applychangetags||Apply tags along with one's changes|
|autoconfirmed||Not be affected by IP-based rate limits||Pending changes reviewers|
|autopatrol||Automatically mark all edits made by the user as patrolled||Autopatrolled users, Global rollbackers|
|autoreview||Automatically mark all revisions made by the user as "accepted"||Only Autoconfirmed, not Confirmed||Pending changes reviewers|
|bigdelete||Delete pages with over 5,000 revisions||Stewards|
|block||Block an IP address, user account, or range of IP addresses, from editing|
|blockemail||Block a user from sending email|
|bot||Edit without their edits showing up in recent changes|
|browsearchive||Search deleted pages||CheckUsers, Oversighters, Researchers|
|centralauth-merge||Merge their account|
|changetags||Add and remove arbitrary tags on individual revisions and log entries||Edit filter managers|
|checkuser||View all IP addresses used by a user account or show all edits from a given IP address||CheckUsers, Ombudsmen|
|checkuser-log||View the checkuser log|
|collectionsaveascommunitypage||Save books as community page in the book namespace|
|collectionsaveasuserpage||Save books as user subpage|
|createaccount||Create a new user account for themselves or another user||Account creators|
|createpage||Create a new page|
|createpagemainns||Create a new mainspace page (users without this right are redirected to the Article Creation Workflow landing page)|
|createtalk||Create a new talk page||own user talk only|
|delete||Delete a page with ≤ 5,000 revisions|
|deletechangetags||Delete tags from the database|
|deletedhistory||View the history of a deleted page or a user's deleted contributions||Only pages that are not CSS or JS||CheckUsers, Oversighters, Researchers, Interface administrators, Interface editors|
|deletedtext||View the text of deleted revisions||Only pages that are not CSS or JS||CheckUsers, Ombudsmen, Oversighters, Interface administrators, Interface editors|
|deletelogentry||Access the RevisionDelete tool and change the public visibility of log entries||Oversighters|
|deleterevision||Access the RevisionDelete tool and change the public visibility of edit revisions|
|edit||Edit any page which is not protected|
|editcontentmodel||Edit the content model of a page|
|editinterface||Edit the MediaWiki namespace to affect the interface||Only pages that are not CSS or JS||Interface administrators, Interface editors|
|editmyoptions||Edit your own preferences|
|editmyprivateinfo||Edit your own private data (e.g. email address, real name)|
|editmyusercss||Edit your own user .css files|
|editmyuserjs||Edit your own user .js files|
|editmyuserjson||Edit your own user .json files|
|editmywatchlist||Edit your own watchlist|
|editprotected||Edit fully-protected pages|
|editsemiprotected||Edit semi-protected pages||Pending changes reviewers|
|editsitecss||Edit sitewide .css files||Interface administrators, Interface editors|
|editsitejs||Edit sitewide .js files|
|editsitejson||Edit sitewide .json files|
|edittalk||Edit their own talk page|
|editusercss||Edit other users' .css files||Interface administrators, Interface editors|
|edituserjs||Edit other users' .js files|
|edituserjson||Edit other users' .json files||Interface administrators|
|extendedconfirmed||Edit 30/500 protected pages||Extended confirmed editors|
|globalblock-whitelist||Disable global blocks locally|
|hideuser||Block a username, hiding it from the public||Oversighters|
|import||Import pages from other wikis||Importers, Transwiki importers|
|importupload||Import pages from a locally stored XML file||Importers|
|ipblock-exempt||Be unaffected by blocks applied to the user's IP address or a range (CIDR) containing it||Except for automatically blocked TOR nodes||IP block-exempt users|
|managechangetags||Create and (de)activate tags||Edit filter managers|
|markbotedits||Mark rollback as bot edits, to keep them out of recent changes||Global rollbackers|
|massmessage||Send a message to multiple users at once||Mass message senders|
|mergehistory||Merge the history of pages|
|minoredit||Make an edit marked as 'minor'|
|Permission||Allows user(s) to...||Blocked users (sitewide)||Unregistered
|move||Change the title of a page by moving it||Page movers|
|move-categorypages||Change the title of a category by moving it|
|movefile||Change the title of a file by moving it||File movers|
|move-rootuserpages||Move root user pages|
|move-subpages||Move pages with their subpages||Page movers|
|movestable||Move pages under pending changes||Only Autoconfirmed, not Confirmed|
|mwoauthmanagemygrants||Manage OAuth grants|
|nominornewtalk||Minor edits by this user to user talk pages do not trigger the "you have new messages" banner|
|noratelimit||Not be affected by rate limits||Account creators, Event coordinators, Global rollbackers, Stewards|
|nuke||Mass delete pages|
|oathauth-enable||Enable two-factor authentication||CheckUsers, Edit filter managers, Founder, Importers, Interface administrators, Oversighters, Template editors, Transwiki importers|
|oathauth-view-log||Access to log of two-factor authentication changes|
|override-antispoof||Allows the creation of accounts with mixed-script, confusing and similar usernames||Account creators|
|oversight||View revisions that have been suppressed, or hidden from public and administrator view||Oversighters|
|pagetriage-copyvio||Tag pages in the Special:NewPagesFeed as likely copyright violations, through the pagetriage-tagcopyvio API||Copyright violation bots|
|patrol||State that they have checked a page that appeared in Special:Newpages||New page reviewers|
|protect||Change protection levels, edit and move protected pages|
|purge||Purge a page by adding
|renameuser||Change the name of an existing account||Global renamers, Stewards|
|reupload||Overwrite an existing unprotected file|
|reupload-own||Overwrite existing files uploaded by oneself|
|reupload-shared||Override files on the shared media repository locally|
|review||Mark revisions as being "accepted"||Pending changes reviewers|
|rollback||Use a special link to more easily revert a bad edit||Rollbackers, Global rollbackers|
|sendemail||E-mail a user (using
|skipcaptcha||Perform CAPTCHA-triggering actions without having to go through the CAPTCHA|
|spamblacklistlog||View the spam blacklist log||Edit filter helpers|
|stablesettings||Configure how the latest accepted revision is selected and displayed|
|suppressionlog||View private logs||Oversighters|
|suppressredirect||Not create a redirect from the old name when moving a page||Global rollbackers, Page movers|
|suppressrevision||Access the RevisionDelete tool and change the public and administrator visibility of edit revisions and logs||Oversighters|
|tboverride||Override the title blacklist||Template editors, Page movers|
|tboverride-account||Override the username blacklist||Account creators|
|templateeditor||Edit pages under template protection||Template editors|
|titleblacklistlog||View title blacklist log|
|torunblocked||Bypass automatic blocks of Tor exit nodes||IP block-exempt users|
|transcode-reset||Reset failed or transcoded videos so they are inserted into the job queue again|
|transcode-status||View information about the current transcode activity|
|undelete||Undelete a previously deleted page or specific revisions from it, view deleted revisions|
|unwatchedpages||View a list of pages which are not on anyone's watchlist|
|upload||Upload a media file|
|userrights||Change the user groups of another user||± rollbacker
± Edit Filter manager
± Edit Filter helper
± Template editor
± Page mover
± Mass message sender
± New page reviewers
± Event coordinators
± interface administrator
± Copyright violation bots
|event coordinators |
|Stewards, Jimbo Wales |
|viewmyprivateinfo||View your own private data (e.g. email address, real name)|
|viewmywatchlist||View your own watchlist|
|vipsscaler-test||Use the VIPS scaling test interface|
|writeapi||Use of the write API|
|Permission||Allows user(s) to…||Blocked users (sitewide)||Unregistered
|New page reviewer|
|Edit Filter helper,
Edit Filter manager
|Mass message sender|
|IP Block Exempt||give|
|Pending changes reviewer|
Copyright violation bot
^1 Because bureaucrats were granted the ability to do this, stewards would refer most ordinary requests for removal of the sysop permission to them, but retain the right to remove the sysop permission when appropriate (such as emergencies or requests from the Arbitration Committee).
|This page is referenced in the Wikipedia Glossary, under Autoconfirmed.|
DefaultSettings.php grants the
noratelimituser right to bureaucrats and sysops.