Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army

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Vice Chief of Staff of the Army
Flag of the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army.svg
Flag of the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army
Gen Joseph M Martin 37th VCSA (1).jpg
General Joseph M. Martin

since July 26, 2019
United States Department of the Army
Member ofArmy Staff
Joint Requirements Oversight Council
Reports toChief of Staff of the Army
SeatThe Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNot fixed
Constituting instrument10 U.S.C. § 3034
FormationSeptember 18, 1947
First holderGEN J. Lawton Collins
SuccessionFirst in Chief of Staff succession
DeputyDirector of the Army Staff

The Vice Chief of Staff of the Army (VCSA) is the principal deputy to the Chief of Staff of the Army, and is the second-highest-ranking officer on active duty in the Department of the Army.

The Vice Chief of Staff generally handles the day-to-day administration of the Army Staff, freeing the Chief of Staff to attend to the interservice responsibilities of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. By statute, the Vice Chief of Staff is appointed as a four-star general in the United States Army while so serving.

The incumbent Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, since July 2019, is General Joseph M. Martin.


The senior leadership of the U.S. Department of the Army consists of two civilians, the Secretary of the Army and the Under Secretary of the Army, as well as two commissioned officers, the U.S. Army Chief of Staff and the U.S. Army Vice Chief of Staff.

Under the supervision and direction of the Secretary of the Army (who in turn is under the authority, direction and control of the Secretary of Defense) the Vice Chief of Staff assists the Chief of Staff on missions and functions related to their duties. The Vice Chief of Staff also assists the Chief of Staff in the management/oversight of U.S. Army installations and facilities.

Furthermore, the Vice Chief of Staff may also represent the Army at the Office of the Secretary of Defense/Joint Staff level in areas relating to the Chief of Staff's responsibility and U.S. Army capabilities, requirements, policy, plans, and programs. The Vice Chief of Staff is the designated Army representative to the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC).

If the Chief of Staff is incapacitated or otherwise relieved of duty, the Vice Chief of Staff serves as the Acting Chief of Staff. If both the Chief of Staff and the Vice Chief of Staff were to be incapacitated, the seniormost general on the Army Staff would become the Acting Chief of Staff of the Army until someone else is appointed.[1][2]


The Vice Chief of Staff of the Army is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among the general officers of the Army.

Unlike the Chief of Staff of the Army, there is no fixed term nor term limit to the position of the Vice Chief of Staff, although most of those appointed to the office have typically served for two or three year tenures.

List of Vice Chiefs of Staff of the Army (1947–present)

# Name Photo Term began Term ended Post(s) held after VCSA tenure
1. LTG (GEN) J. Lawton Collins[3] Joseph Lawton Collins.jpg 1947 1949 Chief of Staff of the Army (1949–53)
U.S. Representative to NATO (1953–54)
Special Representative in South Vietnam (1954–55)
U.S. Representative to NATO (1955–56)
Retired, 1956.
2. GEN Wade H. Haislip Wade Haislip.jpg 1949 1951 Retired, 1951
3. GEN John E. Hull John E Hull.jpg 1951 1953 Commander of Far East Command (1953–55)
Retired, 1955.
4. GEN Charles L. Bolte Charles L Bolte.jpg 1953 1955 Retired, 1955
5. GEN Williston B. Palmer Williston B Palmer.jpg 1955 1957 Deputy Commander, USEUCOM (1957–59)
Director of Military Assistance, OSD, (1959–60)
Retired, 1960
6. GEN Lyman L. Lemnitzer Lyman L. Lemnitzer.jpg 1957 1959 Chief of Staff (1959–60)
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1960–62)
Retired, 1969
7. GEN George H. Decker GEN George Decker.jpg 1959 1960 Chief of Staff (1960–62)
Retired, 1962
8. GEN Clyde D. Eddleman Clyde Davis Eddleman.jpg 1960 1962 Retired, 1962
9. GEN Barksdale Hamlett Barksdale Hamlett.jpg 1962 1964 Retired, 1964
10. GEN Creighton Abrams GEN Creighton W Abrams.JPG 1964 1967 Deputy Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (1967–68)
Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (1968–72)
Chief of Staff (1972–74)
Died in office, 1974.
11. GEN Ralph E. Haines Jr. Ralph Edward Haines Jr USARPAC.jpg 1967 1968 Commander, United States Army Pacific (1968–70)
Commander, Continental Army Command (1970–73)
Retired, 1973
12. GEN Bruce Palmer Jr. GEN Bruce Palmer.jpg 1968 1973 Acting Chief of Staff (July–October 1972)
Commander, United States Readiness Command (1973–74)
Retired, 1974
13. GEN Alexander Haig General Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr.jpg January 1973 May 1973 Chief of Staff to the President (1973–74)
Retired, 1979
Secretary of State (1981–82)
14. GEN Frederick C. Weyand Frederick C Weyand.jpg 1973 1974 Chief of Staff, 1974–76
Retired, 1976
15. GEN Walter T. Kerwin Jr. WalterKerwin.JPG 1974 1978 Retired, 1978
16. GEN Frederick J. Kroesen Frederick Kroesen VCSA.JPG 1978 1979 Commander, United States Army Europe (1979–83)
Retired, 1983
17. GEN John William Vessey Jr. Gen John Vessey Jr.JPG 1979 1982 Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1982–85)
Retired, 1985
Special emissary to Vietnam for missing American service personnel (1985–96)
18. GEN John A. Wickham Jr. General John Wickham, official military photo 1988.JPEG 1982 1983 Chief of Staff (1983–87)
Retired, 1987
19. GEN Maxwell R. Thurman MaxwellThurman VCSA.JPEG 1983 1987 Commander, Training and Doctrine Command (1987–89)
Commander, United States Southern Command (1990–91)
Retired, 1991
20. GEN Arthur E. Brown Jr. Arthur E Brown.jpg 1987 1989 Retired, 1989
21. GEN Robert W. RisCassi Robert RisCassi 4 Star Photo.jpg 1989 1990 Commander, Eighth United States Army (1990–92)
Commander, United States Forces Korea (1992–93)
Retired, 1993
22. GEN Gordon R. Sullivan Gordon Sullivan VCSA.JPEG 1990 1991 Chief of Staff, 1991–95
Retired, 1995
23. GEN Dennis J. Reimer Dennis Reimer, official military photo 1991.JPEG 1991 1993 Commander, Forces Command (1993–95)
Chief of Staff (1995–99)
Retired, 1999
24. GEN J. H. Binford Peay III BinfordPeay.JPEG 1993 1994 Commander, Central Command, 1994–97
Retired, 1997
25. GEN John H. Tilelli Jr. John H Tilelli.jpg 1994 1995 Commander, Forces Command (1995–96)
Commander, U.S. Forces Korea (1996–99)
Retired, 2000
26. GEN Ronald H. Griffith Ronald H Grffith.jpg 1995 1997 Retired, 1997
27. GEN William W. Crouch William W Crouch.jpg 1997 1998 Retired, 1998
28. GEN Eric K. Shinseki Eric Shinseki official portrait.jpg November 24, 1998 June 21, 1999 Chief of Staff (1999–2003)
Retired, 2003.
Secretary of Veterans Affairs (2009–14)
29. GEN John M. Keane Jack Keane.jpg June 22, 1999 October 16, 2003 Retired, 2003.
30. GEN George W. Casey Jr. Casey Vice Chief of Staff.jpg October 17, 2003 June 23, 2004 Commander Multi-National Force – Iraq (2004–07)
Chief of Staff (2007–11)
Retired, 2011
31. GEN Richard A. Cody Richard A Cody.jpg June 24, 2004 July 31, 2008 Retired, 2008
32. GEN Peter W. Chiarelli GEN Peter W Chiarelli.jpg August 4, 2008 January 31, 2012 Retired, 2012
33. GEN Lloyd J. Austin III General Lloyd Austin III.jpg January 31, 2012 March 8, 2013 Commander, United States Central Command (2013–2016)
Retired, 2016
34. GEN John F. Campbell Campbell 2013 2.jpg March 8, 2013 August 8, 2014[4] Commander, International Security Assistance ForceAfghanistan (2014–2016)
Retired, 2016
35. GEN Daniel B. Allyn Gen. Allyn 2014 2.jpg August 15, 2014[5] June 16, 2017 Retired, 2017
36. GEN James C. McConville Gen. James C. McConville.jpg June 16, 2017[6] July 26, 2019 Chief of Staff (2019–)
37. GEN Joseph M. Martin Gen Joseph M Martin 37th VCSA (1).jpg July 26, 2019 Incumbent

See also


  1. ^ "General Richard Cody - Vice Chief of Staff Army". Archived from the original on September 12, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  2. ^ "WAIS Document Retrieval". Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  3. ^ Hewes, James E., Jr. (1983) [1975]. "Appendix B". From Root to McNamara Army Organization and Administration. Special Studies. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved September 23, 2007.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Hinnant, Jim (15 August 2014). "Milley takes FORSCOM colors as Army's new vice chief of staff departs Fort Bragg". The United States Army. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
  6. ^ Panzino, Charlsy (16 June 2017). "Army personnel chief sworn in as vice chief of staff". ArmyTimes. Retrieved 22 June 2017.

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