United States Under Secretary of the Army

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Under Secretary of the Army
Emblem of the U.S. Department of the Army.svg
Flag of the United States Assistant Secretary of War.svg
Flag of the Under Secretary
James E. McPherson (cropped).jpg
James E. McPherson

since July 23, 2019
United States Department of the Army
StyleMr. Under Secretary
Reports toSecretary of the Army
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
FormationSeptember 18, 1947
First holderWilliam Henry Draper Jr.
Succession18th in SecDef succession
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level III

The United States Under Secretary of the Army is the second-highest ranking civilian official of the United States Department of the Army, serving directly under the United States Secretary of the Army. The Secretary and Under Secretary, together with two military officers, the Chief of Staff of the United States Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army, constitute the senior leaders of the United States Army.

The following officials report to the Under Secretary of the Army: the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy and Environment), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics and Technology), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Financial Management and Comptroller), and the General Counsel of the Army. There are also two Deputy Under Secretaries of the Army who assist the Under Secretary in his tasks.

The current Acting Under Secretary of the Army as of July 23, 2019 is James E. McPherson.[1]


The office was created in 1947 as part of the general reorganization of the United States Armed Forces occasioned by the National Security Act of 1947. The office was initially styled "Under Secretary of War" and was created by Department of War General Order 67, dated July 25, 1947.[2] Three weeks later, on August 16, 1947, Department of War Circular 225 redesignated the position as "Under Secretary of the Army".[2]

List of Under Secretaries of the Army

The following men have held the post:[3]

No. Name Tenure start Tenure end
1 William Henry Draper, Jr. September 1947 February 1949
2 Gordon Gray May 1949 June 1949
3 Tracy Voorhees August 1949 April 1950
4 Archibald S. Alexander May 1950 April 1952
5 Karl R. Bendesten May 1952 October 1952
6 Earl D. Johnson October 1952 January 1954
7 John Slezak February 1954 January 1955
8 Charles C. Finucane February 1955 April 1958
9 Hugh M. Milton II August 1958 January 1961
10 Stephen Ailes February 1961 January 1964
11 Paul Robert Ignatius February 1964 December 1964
12 Stanley Rogers Resor April 1965 July 1965
13 David E. McGiffert November 1965 February 1969
14 Thaddeus Beal March 1969 September 1971
15 Kenneth E. BeLieu September 1971 June 1973
16 Herman R. Staudt October 1973 May 1975
17 Norman Ralph Augustine May 1975 July 1977
18 Walter B. LaBerge July 1977 February 1980
19 Harry Spiro, Jr.[4] 1980 1981
20 James R. Ambrose October 1981 February 1988
21 Michael P. W. Stone May 1988 August 1989
22 John W. Shannon August 1989 November 1993
23 Joe R. Reeder November 1993 November 1997
24 Robert M. Walker November 1997 October 1998
25 Bernard D. Rostker November 1998 May 2000
26 Gregory R. Dahlberg May 2000 March 2001
27 Les Brownlee November 2001 December 2004
28 Raymond F. DuBois February 2005 February 2006
29 Pete Geren February 2006 July 2007
30 Nelson M. Ford July 2007 January 2009
31 Joseph W. Westphal September 21, 2009 March 28, 2014
32 Brad Carson March 28, 2014 June 30, 2015
Eric Fanning (acting) June 30, 2016 November 3, 2015
Thomas E. Hawley (acting)[5] November 3, 2015 December 2015
33 Patrick Murphy January 4, 2016 January 20, 2017
Karl F. Schneider (acting) January 20, 2017 August 1, 2017
34 Ryan McCarthy August 1, 2017 September 30, 2019
James E. McPherson (acting) July 23, 2019 Incumbent


  1. ^ "Under Secretary of the Army - The United States Army". Under Secretary of the Army - The United States Army. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Records of the office of the Secretary of the Army". August 15, 2016. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  3. ^ "Former Under Secretaries". United States Army. Archived from the original on January 9, 2008. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
  4. ^ "Jimmy Carter: NOMINATIONS SUBMITTED TO THE SENATE Week Ending". Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  5. ^ "Thomas E. Hawley, a Senior Official, is performing the duties of the Under Secretary of the Army" (PDF). Retrieved April 6, 2018.

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