|Formation||28 March 1947|
|Type||Primary Organ – Regional Branch|
|Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific |
Armida Salsiah Alisjahbana
|United Nations Economic and Social Council|
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) is one of the five regional commissions under the jurisdiction of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. It was established in order to increase economic activity in Asia and the Far East, as well as to foster economic relations between the region and other areas of the world.
The Commission is composed of 53 Member States and nine Associate members, mostly from the Asia and Pacific regions. In addition to countries in Asia and the Pacific, the Commission's members includes France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.
The region covered by the Commission is home to 4.1 billion people, or two thirds of the world’s population, making ESCAP the most comprehensive of the United Nations' five regional commissions.
The Commission was first established by the Economic and Social Council on 28 March 1947 as the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) to assist in post-war economic reconstruction. Its main mandate was to "initiate and participate in measures for facilitating concerted action for the economic reconstruction and development of Asia and the Far East."
On 1 August 1974, the Commission was renamed to the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) by the Economic and Social Council to reflect both the economic and social aspects of the Commission's work, as well as geographic location of its members.
The Commission works to address some of the greatest challenges facing the region through results oriented projects, technical assistance and capacity building to Member States in the following areas:
The following are all full members of the Commission:
The following are all associate members of the Commission:
The Commission maintains five subregional offices in order to better target and deliver programs, given the large size of the region. The subregions are as follow:
|Armida S. Alisjahbana||Indonesia||2018–present|
|Kim Hak-Su||Republic of Korea||2000–2007|
|Shah A M S Kibria||Bangladesh||1981–1992|
|J. B. P. Maramis||Indonesia||1973–1981|
|Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan||India||1956–1959|
|Palamadai S. Lokanathan||India||1947–1956|
The Commission releases a variety of publications detailing its work and updates on its mandate, as well as on a wide variety of issues affecting its Member States. Some of these publications include: