Live It. For Real.
|Dates||11 June – 11 July 2021|
|Venue(s)||12 (in 12 host cities)|
The 2020 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2020 or simply Euro 2020, is scheduled to be the 16th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football championship of Europe organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA).
The tournament, to be held in 12 cities in 12 UEFA countries, was originally scheduled to take place from 12 June to 12 July 2020. On 17 March 2020, UEFA announced that the tournament would be delayed by a year due to the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Europe, and proposed it take place from 11 June to 11 July 2021. The competition was postponed in order to reduce pressure on the public services in affected countries and to provide space in the calendar for the completion of domestic leagues that had been suspended.
UEFA President Michel Platini said the tournament is being hosted in several nations as a "romantic" one-off event to celebrate the 60th "birthday" of the European Championship competition. Having the largest capacity of any of the stadiums entered for the competition, Wembley Stadium in London is scheduled to host the semi-finals and final for the second time, having done so before at the 1996 tournament in the stadium's former incarnation. The Stadio Olimpico in Rome was chosen to host the opening game, involving Turkey and hosts Italy.
While some countries had already expressed an interest in bidding to host the tournament, then-UEFA President Michel Platini suggested at a press conference on 30 June 2012, a day before the UEFA Euro 2012 Final, that instead of having one host country (or joint hosting by multiple countries), the tournament could be spread over "12 or 13 cities" across the continent. At the time, UEFA already used a similar system for the UEFA European Under-17 Championship's Elite Round, where each of the seven groups is hosted by a different country.
On 6 December 2012, UEFA announced the tournament would be held in multiple cities across Europe to mark the 60th anniversary of the tournament. The selection of the host cities did not guarantee an automatic qualifying berth to the national team of that country.
UEFA reasoned that the pan-European staging of the tournament was the logical decision at a time of financial difficulty across Europe. Reaction to UEFA's plan was mixed across Europe. Critics have cited the expanded format (from 31 matches featuring 16 nations to 51 featuring 24) and its associated additional costs as the decisive factor for only one nation (Turkey) having put forward a serious bid.
The final list of bids was published by UEFA on 26 April 2014, with a decision on the hosts being made by the UEFA Executive Committee on 19 September 2014. There were two bids for the Finals Package (of which one was successful, marked with blue for semi-finals and final) and 19 bids for the Standard Package (of which 12 were initially successful, marked with green for quarter-finals and group stage, and yellow for round of 16 and group stage); Brussels, marked with red, were initially selected but removed from the list of venues by UEFA on 7 December 2017 and the planned games there were moved to Wembley.
|Azerbaijan||Baku||Olympic Stadium||68,700||Standard Package||Group stage and quarter-finals|
|Belarus||Minsk||Dinamo Stadium||34,000 (to be expanded to 39,000)||Standard Package||Rejected|
|Belgium||Brussels||Eurostadium (proposed new national stadium)||50,000 (62,613 potentially)||Standard Package||Group stage and round of 16|
|Bulgaria||Sofia||Vasil Levski National Stadium||43,000 (to be expanded to 50,000)||Standard Package||Rejected|
|Denmark||Copenhagen||Parken Stadium||38,065||Standard Package||Group stage and round of 16|
|England||London||Wembley Stadium||90,000||Finals Package
(withdrawn Standard Package)
|Semi-finals and final|
Group stage and round of 16 (later added)
|Germany||Munich||Allianz Arena||75,000||Standard Package, Finals Package||Group stage and quarter-finals|
|Hungary||Budapest||Puskás Aréna||56,000 (proposed new 67,215 stadium)||Standard Package||Group stage and round of 16|
|Israel||Jerusalem||Teddy Stadium||34,000 (to be expanded to 53,000)||Standard Package||Rejected|
|Italy||Rome||Stadio Olimpico||72,698||Standard Package||Group stage and quarter-finals|
|Macedonia||Skopje||Philip II Arena||33,460||Standard Package||Rejected|
|Netherlands||Amsterdam||Johan Cruyff Arena||54,990 (to be expanded to around 56,000)||Standard Package||Group stage and round of 16|
|Republic of Ireland||Dublin||Aviva Stadium||51,700||Standard Package||Group stage and round of 16|
|Romania||Bucharest||Arena Națională||55,600||Standard Package||Group stage and round of 16|
|Russia||Saint Petersburg||Krestovsky Stadium||68,134||Standard Package||Group stage and quarter-finals|
|Scotland||Glasgow||Hampden Park||52,063||Standard Package||Group stage and round of 16|
|Spain||Bilbao||San Mamés||53,332||Standard Package||Group stage and round of 16|
|Sweden||Solna, Stockholm||Friends Arena||54,329||Standard Package||Eliminated|
|Wales||Cardiff||Millennium Stadium||74,500||Standard Package||Eliminated|
In 2020, the pandemic in Europe of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) raised concerns regarding its potential impact on players, staff and visitors to the twelve host cities of the tournament. At the UEFA Congress in early March, UEFA president Aleksander Čeferin said the organisation was confident that the situation could be dealt with, while general secretary Theodore Theodoridis stated that UEFA was maintaining contact with the World Health Organization and national governments regarding the coronavirus. The impact on football grew later that month, as numerous domestic and UEFA competition matches began taking place behind closed doors. By 13 March 2020, upcoming UEFA competition fixtures were postponed, while major European leagues were suspended, including the Bundesliga, La Liga, Ligue 1, Premier League and Serie A.
UEFA held a videoconference on 17 March 2020 with representatives of its 55 member associations, along with a FIFPro representative and the boards of the European Club Association and European Leagues, to discuss the response to the outbreak for domestic and European competitions, including the Euro. At the meeting, UEFA announced that the tournament would be postponed to the following year, proposing that it take place from 11 June to 11 July 2021. The postponement allowed for pressure to be reduced on the public services in affected countries, while also providing space in the calendar for domestic European leagues that had been suspended to complete their seasons. On the following day, the Bureau of the FIFA Council approved the date change in the FIFA International Match Calendar. As a result, the expanded FIFA Club World Cup, which was due to take place in June and July 2021, will be rescheduled.
Following the postponement to 2021, UEFA have not yet made a final decision regarding the name of the tournament.
There is no automatic qualifying berth, and all 55 UEFA national teams, including the 12 national teams whose countries are scheduled to stage matches, must compete in the qualifiers for the 24 places at the finals tournament. As the host cities were appointed by UEFA in September 2014, before the qualifiers, it is possible for the national teams from the host cities to fail to qualify for the finals tournament.
The main qualifying process started in March 2019, instead of immediately in September 2018 following the 2018 FIFA World Cup, and ended in November 2019. The format remains largely the same, although only 20 of the 24 spots for the finals tournament are to be decided from the main qualifying process, leaving four spots still to be decided. Following the admission of Kosovo to UEFA in May 2016, it was announced that the 55 members at the time would be drawn into ten groups after the completion of the UEFA Nations League (five groups of five teams and five groups of six teams, with the four participants of the UEFA Nations League Finals guaranteed to be drawn into groups of five teams), with the top two teams in each group qualifying. The qualifiers were played on double matchdays in March, June, September, October and November 2019.
With the creation of the UEFA Nations League starting in 2018, the 2018–19 UEFA Nations League was linked with Euro qualifying, providing teams another chance to qualify for the tournament. Four teams from each division that have not already qualified for the European Championship are to compete in the play-offs for each division. The winners of the play-offs for each division, to be decided by two one-off semi-finals (the best-ranked team vs. the fourth-best-ranked team, and the second-best-ranked team vs. the third-best-ranked team, played at home of higher ranked teams) and one one-off final (with the venue drawn in advance between the two semi-finals winners), are scheduled to join the 20 teams that have already qualified for the tournament.
Of the currently 20 teams that have qualified for the tournament, 17 are returning from the 2016 edition. Among them are Belgium and Italy, who both recorded flawless qualifying campaigns (10 wins in 10 matches), defending European champions Portugal and world champions France, with Germany also qualifying for a record 13th straight European Championship. Finland will make their European Championship debut, having never previously qualified for a major tournament. The Netherlands and Denmark returned after missing out in 2016, with the Dutch featuring in a major tournament for the first time since 2014. For the first time, Austria and Wales reached successive European Championship tournaments. Greece, winners in 2004, were the only former champions that failed to qualify, missing their second straight European Championship and third consecutive major tournament.
Of the twelve host countries, seven managed to qualify directly for the tournament. Four will enter the play-offs, with a maximum of three being able to qualify, while Azerbaijan were entirely eliminated following the qualifying group stage.
|Team[A]||Qualified as||Qualified on||Previous appearances in tournament[B]|
|Belgium||Group I winner||10 October 2019||5 (1972, 1980, 1984, 2000, 2016)|
|Italy||Group J winner||12 October 2019||9 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Russia[C]||Group I runner-up||13 October 2019||11 (1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Poland||Group G winner||13 October 2019||3 (2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Ukraine||Group B winner||14 October 2019||2 (2012, 2016)|
|Spain||Group F winner||15 October 2019||10 (1964, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|France||Group H winner||14 November 2019||9 (1960, 1984, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Turkey||Group H runner-up||14 November 2019||4 (1996, 2000, 2008, 2016)|
|England||Group A winner||14 November 2019||9 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012, 2016)|
|Czech Republic[D]||Group A runner-up||14 November 2019||9 (1960, 1976, 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Finland||Group J runner-up||15 November 2019||0 (debut)|
|Sweden||Group F runner-up||15 November 2019||6 (1992, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Croatia||Group E winner||16 November 2019||5 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Austria||Group G runner-up||16 November 2019||2 (2008, 2016)|
|Netherlands||Group C runner-up||16 November 2019||9 (1976, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)|
|Germany[E]||Group C winner||16 November 2019||12 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Portugal||Group B runner-up||17 November 2019||7 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Switzerland||Group D winner||18 November 2019||4 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2016)|
|Denmark||Group D runner-up||18 November 2019||8 (1964, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012)|
|Wales||Group E runner-up||19 November 2019||1 (2016)|
The venues were selected and announced by UEFA on 19 September 2014. However, the UEFA Executive Committee removed Brussels as a host city on 7 December 2017 due to delays with the building of the Eurostadium. The four matches (three group stage, one round of 16) initially scheduled to be held in Brussels were reallocated to London. Therefore, Wembley Stadium will host a total of seven matches, as London was already chosen to host the semi-finals and final of the tournament. On 7 December 2017, it was also announced that the opening match would take place at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome, chosen ahead of Amsterdam, Glasgow and Saint Petersburg. UEFA decided that, should they qualify, the opening match would feature Italy.
Of the 12 selected cities and countries, 8 cities and 7 countries have never hosted a European Championship finals match before. Bilbao was not a venue when Spain hosted the 1964 European Nations' Cup, and none of Azerbaijan, Denmark, Hungary, Romania, Republic of Ireland, Russia, or Scotland has hosted the tournament previously. Of the 12 selected stadia, only 2 have hosted a European Championship match before: the Stadio Olimpico (1968 and 1980) and the Johan Cruyff Arena (2000). The original Wembley stadium hosted games and the final in UEFA Euro 1996, but although it stands on the same site, this is classified as a different stadium to the current Wembley Stadium.
|Wembley Stadium||Allianz Arena||Stadio Olimpico||Olympic Stadium|
|Capacity: 90,000||Capacity: 75,000||Capacity: 72,698||Capacity: 68,700|
|Krestovsky Stadium||Puskás Aréna|
|Capacity: 68,134||Capacity: 67,215|
|Arena Națională||Johan Cruyff Arena|
|Capacity: 55,600||Capacity: 54,990|
|San Mamés||Hampden Park||Aviva Stadium||Parken Stadium|
|Capacity: 53,332||Capacity: 52,063||Capacity: 51,700||Capacity: 38,065|
Each city will host three group stage matches and one match in the round of 16 or quarter-finals. The match allocation for the 12 stadiums is as follows:
The host cities were divided into six pairings, established on the basis of sporting strength (assuming all host teams qualify), geographical considerations, and security/political constraints. The pairings were allocated to groups by means of a random draw on 7 December 2017. Each qualified host country will play a minimum of two matches at home. The group venue pairings is as follows:
The following criteria apply to define the home matches of host teams within the same group:
If a host team in the play-offs fails to qualify, the path winner will take the spot of the host in the match schedule and therefore will play the two or three matches based on the above criteria in the host city of the respective host that failed to qualify. The draw took place on 22 November 2019, 12:00 CET, at the UEFA headquarters in Nyon, Switzerland (along with the draw for the play-offs). In the draw, which was only necessary for Group B (Denmark and Russia), two balls were prepared, with the first drawn hosting the three matches.
|Group||Host 1||Host 2||Draw?||Host with three|
|E||Republic of Ireland||Play-offs||Spain||Qualified||No||Spain|
Each team chooses a "team base camp" for its stay between the matches. The teams will train and reside in these locations throughout the tournament, travelling to games staged away from their bases. Unlike previous tournaments, each team can set up their base camp anywhere due to the pan-European format, without any obligation of staying in any of the host countries.
The base camps selected by the twenty directly qualified teams were announced by UEFA on 27 January 2020.
|Austria||Seefeld in Tirol, Austria|
|Croatia||St Andrews, Scotland|
|Czech Republic||Currie, Edinburgh, Scotland|
|England||Burton upon Trent, England|
|Finland||Repino, Saint Petersburg, Russia|
|Italy||Coverciano, Florence, Italy|
|Poland||Portmarnock, Republic of Ireland|
|Spain||Las Rozas de Madrid, Spain|
|Sweden||Maynooth, Republic of Ireland|
The draw for the final tournament was held on 30 November 2019, 18:00 CET (19:00 local time, EET) at Romexpo in Bucharest, Romania. The 24 teams were drawn into six groups of four. The identity of the four play-off teams were not known at the time of the draw and were identified as play-off winners A to D. Should there have been groups that could not be finalised at the time of the final tournament draw, another draw would have been held after the play-offs on 1 April 2020, but UEFA confirmed the additional draw was not necessary after the identity of the 20 directly qualified teams and the 16 play-offs teams was known.
As two host teams from the same group could not be in the same seeding pot, the UEFA Emergency Panel would have either switched one host team with the lowest-ranked team of the higher pot, or switched one host team with the highest-ranked team of the lower pot (based on the principle that the move would have minimal impact on the original seeding). However, no seeding adjustments were necessary.
The draw started with Pot 1 and completed with Pot 4, from where a team was drawn and assigned to the first available group. The position in the group (for the determination of the match schedule) was then drawn. In the draw, the following conditions applied (including for teams that could still qualify via the play-offs):
Due to the format of the play-offs, which made anticipating all possible scenarios impossible, the UEFA administration had to wait to solve issues relating to the final tournament draw until the completion of the qualifying group stage. It was not possible for UEFA to prevent one of the play-off paths from containing two host teams, resulting in Romania (Group C hosts) and Hungary (Group F hosts) being drawn together in Path A. Therefore, the winner of this play-off path needed to be assigned two groups in the final tournament draw. To allow for this, Path A was paired with Path D (which does not contain a host), therefore providing a clear scenario for each possible qualified team. A draw took place on 22 November 2019, 12:00 CET, at the UEFA headquarters in Nyon, Switzerland (along with the draw for the play-offs), which decided on the order of priority for the allocation of Path A to the final tournament groups.
Two balls were prepared containing the names of the two groups hosted by the teams in question (Group C and Group F for Romania and Hungary, respectively). The first ball drawn determined the group ("priority group") that was allocated to Path A, with the exception of the host team of the second ball drawn ("non-priority group") winning Path A. In the draw, Group F was selected as the priority group, resulting in the following possible outcomes:
The following was the composition of the pots:
The draw resulted in the following groups (teams in italics are play-off winners whose identity was not known at the time of the draw):
The fixtures for the group stage were decided based on the draw results, as follows:
Note: Positions for scheduling did not use the seeding pots, and instead used the draw positions, e.g. Team 1 was not necessarily the team from Pot 1 in the draw.
|Matchday 1||June 2021||1 v 2, 3 v 4|
|Matchday 2||June 2021||1 v 3, 2 v 4|
|Matchday 3||June 2021||4 v 1, 2 v 3|
Each national team has to submit a squad of 23 players, three of whom must be goalkeepers, at least ten days before the opening match of the tournament. If a player becomes injured or ill severely enough to prevent his participation in the tournament before his team's first match, he can be replaced by another player.
On 12 February 2020, UEFA and CONMEBOL signed a memorandum of understanding to enhance collaboration, including the possibility of a team of South American match officials appointed for the group stage of the tournament.
UEFA announced the original tournament schedule on 24 May 2018, which only included kick-off times for the opening match and quarter-finals onward. The kick-off times of the remaining group stage and round of 16 matches were announced on 30 November 2019 following the final draw.
Group winners, runners-up, and the best four third-placed teams advance to the round of 16.
If two or more teams are equal on points on completion of the group matches, the following tie-breaking criteria are applied:
|1||Turkey||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Advance to knockout phase|
|3||Wales||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Possible knockout phase based on ranking|
|1||Denmark (H)||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Advance to knockout phase|
|3||Belgium||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Possible knockout phase based on ranking|
|1||Netherlands (H)||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Advance to knockout phase|
|3||Austria||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Possible knockout phase based on ranking|
|4||Play-off winner D or A[a]||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|1||England (H)||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Advance to knockout phase|
|3||Play-off winner C||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Possible knockout phase based on ranking|
|1||Spain (H)||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Advance to knockout phase|
|3||Poland||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Possible knockout phase based on ranking|
|4||Play-off winner B||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|1||Play-off winner A or D[a]||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Advance to knockout phase|
|3||France||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Possible knockout phase based on ranking|
|1||A||Third place Group A||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Advance to knockout phase|
|2||B||Third place Group B||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|3||C||Third place Group C||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|4||D||Third place Group D||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|5||E||Third place Group E||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|6||F||Third place Group F||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
In the knockout phase, if a match is level at the end of normal playing time, extra time is played (two periods of 15 minutes each), with each team being allowed to make a fourth substitution. If still tied after extra time, the match is decided by a penalty shoot-out.
The specific match-ups involving the third-placed teams depend on which four third-placed teams will qualify for the round of 16:
qualify from groups
|Round of 16||Quarter-finals||Semi-finals||Final|
|June – Bilbao|
|Winner Group B|
|July – Munich|
|3rd Group A/D/E/F|
|Winner Match 39|
|June – London|
|Winner Match 37|
|Winner Group A|
|July – London|
|Runner-up Group C|
|Winner Match 46|
|June – Bucharest|
|Winner Match 45|
|Winner Group F|
|July – Saint Petersburg|
|3rd Group A/B/C|
|Winner Match 41|
|June – Copenhagen|
|Winner Match 42|
|Runner-up Group D|
|11 July – London|
|Runner-up Group E|
|Winner Match 49|
|June – Glasgow|
|Winner Match 50|
|Winner Group E|
|July – Rome|
|3rd Group A/B/C/D|
|Winner Match 43|
|June – Dublin|
|Winner Match 44|
|Winner Group D|
|July – London|
|Runner-up Group F|
|Winner Match 48|
|June – Budapest|
|Winner Match 47|
|Winner Group C|
|July – Baku|
|3rd Group D/E/F|
|Winner Match 40|
|June – Amsterdam|
|Winner Match 38|
|Runner-up Group A|
|Runner-up Group B|
The prize money was finalised in February 2018. Each team receives a participation fee of €9.25 million, with the winner able to earn a maximum of €34 million.
|Round achieved||Amount||Number of teams|
|Group stage||€1.5m for a win
€750,000 for a draw
|Round of 16||€2m||16|
The official logo was unveiled on 21 September 2016, during a ceremony at the City Hall in London. The logo depicts the Henri Delaunay Trophy surrounded by celebrating fans on a bridge, which, according to UEFA, represents how football connects and unifies people.
Each individual host city also has their own unique logo. The rectangular logos feature the text "UEFA EURO 2020" on the top, the city name above the text "host city" on the bottom (all in uppercase), the main tournament logo on the left, and a local bridge on the right. Each logo exists in English, along with variations in the local language when applicable. The logos were unveiled from September 2016 to January 2017.
|Host city||Date announced||Bridge||Other language(s)||Ref.|
|London||21 September 2016[a]||Tower Bridge||N/A|||
|Rome||22 September 2016||Ponte Sant'Angelo||Italian|||
|Baku||30 September 2016||Baku cable-stayed bridge||Azerbaijani|||
|Bucharest||15 October 2016||Basarab Overpass||Romanian|||
|Glasgow||25 October 2016||Clyde Arc||N/A|||
|Munich||27 October 2016||Wittelsbacherbrücke||German|||
|Copenhagen||1 November 2016||Circle Bridge||Danish|||
|Budapest||16 November 2016||Széchenyi Chain Bridge||Hungarian|||
|Dublin||24 November 2016||Samuel Beckett Bridge||Irish|||
|Brussels[b]||14 December 2016||Pont Sobieski||Dutch, French|||
|Bilbao||15 December 2016||San Antón Bridge||Spanish|||
|Amsterdam||16 December 2016||Magere Brug||Dutch|||
|Saint Petersburg||19 January 2017||Palace Bridge||Russian|||
The official slogan of the tournament is "Live It. For Real". The slogan is meant to encourage fans to see the matches live in the stadiums across Europe.
On 6 November 2019, UEFA announced that the Uniforia by Adidas would be the tournament's official match ball. Predominantly white, the ball features black strokes with blue, neon, and pink stripes. The name is derived from a portmanteau of "unity" and "euphoria".
On 19 October 2019, Dutch DJ and record producer Martin Garrix was announced as the official music artist of the tournament. He will produce the official song of the tournament, as well as the walkout music preceding matches and the television broadcast music. The tournament song will be first performed in full at the opening ceremony at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome.