Timeline of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a timeline of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms.


Year Date Event
907 Later Liang: Zhu Wen deposes Emperor Ai of Tang and founds the Later Liang in Kaifeng, ruling over North China[1]
Later Liang: The Khúc clan takes control of Annam and establishes tributary relations with Later Liang[2]
Jin: Li Keyong stays independent as Jin in Shanxi[1]
Chu: Later Liang makes Ma Yin Prince of Chu[1]
Wuyue: Qian Liu becomes Prince of Wuyue[1]
Former Shu: Wang Jian declares himself emperor of Former Shu in Chengdu[1]
908 Jin: Li Keyong dies and is succeeded by his son Li Cunxu[1]
909 Later Liang: Zhu Wen moves the Ancestral Temple to Luoyang[1]
Min: Wang Shenzhi becomes Prince of Min in Fuzhou[1]


Year Date Event
911 Yan: Liu Shouguang declares Yan around modern day Beijing[3]
912 Later Liang: Zhu Wen is killed by his son Zhu Yougui, who usurps power[1]
913 Jin: Defeats Liu Shouguang[3]
Later Liang: Zhu Yougui is killed by his brother Zhu Youzhen, who seizes power and moves the capital to Kaifeng[1]
916 Abaoji declares himself emperor of the Khitans[4]
917 Southern Han: Liu Yan declares himself emperor of Great Yue in Guangzhou[1]
918 Southern Han: Liu Yan renames Great Yue to Southern Han[1]
919 Wu: Yang Longyan declares himself Prince of Wu[1]
The gunpowder slow match appears in China.[5]


Year Date Event
922 Abaoji raids Jin[6]
923 Later Tang: Li Cunxu conquers Later Liang and founds Later Tang[7]
Qi: Li Maozhen submits to Later Tang[8]
Abaoji raids Later Tang[6]
924 Later Tang: Capital is moved to Luoyang[7]
Jingnan: Gao Jixing becomes Prince of Nanping in Jingzhou[7]
925 Later Tang: Conquers Former Shu and names Luoyang its Eastern Capital[7]
926 Later Tang: Li Cunxu is killed and Li Siyuan becomes emperor in Luoyang[7]


Year Date Event
930 Southern Han: Invades Annam and removes the Khúc clan from power[9]
Later Tang: Yelü Bei flees to Later Tang[10]
931 Southern Han: Dương Đình Nghệ expels Southern Han from Đại La and declares himself governor[9]
932 Wuyue: Qian Liu dies and is succeeded by his son Qian Yuanguan who dies not long after and is succeeded by Li Congke[7]
The Twelve Classics and other texts are printed[11]
934 Later Tang: Li Siyuan dies and is succeeded by his son Li Conghou[7]
Later Shu: Meng Zhixiang declares himself emperor of Later Shu and dies not long after and is succeeded by his son Meng Chang[7]
936 28 November Later Jin: Khitans install Shi Jingtang as emperor of the Later Jin. In return Shi transfers 16 prefectures in Shanxi and Hebei to the Liao.[7]
Later Jin: Conquers Later Tang[7]
937 Southern Tang: Li Bian declares himself emperor of Southern Tang in Jinling and replaces Wu[7]
Southern Han: Kiều Công Tiễn kills Dương Đình Nghệ and calls Southern Han into a war against his enemies in the southern provinces, however Đình Nghệ's son-in-law Ngô Quyền murders Công Tiễn[12]
Later Jin: Shi Jingtang kills Yelü Bei[10]
938 Battle of Bạch Đằng: Ngô Quyền defeats the Southern Han fleet[12]
939 Ngô Quyền declares his own Ngô dynasty at Cổ Loa Citadel[12]


Year Date Event
942 Southern Han: Liu Yan dies[7]
Later Jin: Shi Jingtang dies and is succeeded by his nephew Shi Chonggui[7]
943 Southern Tang: Li Bian dies[7]
945 Southern Tang: Conquers Min[7]
947 The Khitan state is named the Liao dynasty[4]
Liao dynasty invades Later Jin and sacks Xiang Prefecture, killing most of its population[7]
Later Han: Liu Zhiyuan declares himself emperor of Later Han in Kaifeng[7]
948 Later Han: Liu Zhiyuan dies and is succeeded by his son Liu Chengyou[7]


Year Date Event
950 Later Han: Liu Chengyou fails to kill Guo Wei and dies[7]
Fire lances appear in China.[13]
951 Later Zhou: Guo Wei declares himself emperor of Later Zhou[7]
Northern Han: Liu Chong declares himself emperor of Northern Han in Taiyuan[7]
Southern Tang: Annexes Chu[7]
953 The Iron Lion of Cangzhou, the largest and oldest surviving cast iron artwork in China, is cast[14]
954 Later Zhou: Guo Wei dies and is succeeded by his adopted son Chai Rong[7]
955 Later Zhou: Chai Rong launches proscription campaign against Buddhism[7]
956 Later Zhou: Chai Rong launches expedition against Southern Tang[7]
957 Later Zhou: Chai Rong captures areas south of the Huai from Southern Tang[7]
959 Later Zhou: Chai Rong dies and is succeeded by his son Chai Zongxun[7]


Year Date Event
960 February Song dynasty: Zhao Kuangyin declares himself Emperor Taizu of Song, replacing Later Zhou[15]
963 Song: Conquers Jingnan[15]
Song: Introduces the appointment by protection system, which allows high officials to nominate their sons, grandsons, and nephews for the civil service[16]
965 Song conquest of Later Shu: Song conquers Later Shu[15]
Tao Gu provides the first written documentation of using cormorants for fishing[17]
968 Đinh Bộ Lĩnh of the Đinh dynasty declares independence from China[18]
969 Gunpowder propelled fire arrows, rocket arrows, are invented by Yue Yifang and Feng Jisheng.[19]


Year Date Event
971 Song conquest of Southern Han: Song conquers Southern Han[15]
974 The earliest natural history of pharmaceuticals, the Kaibao Bencao, is printed[20]
975 Song conquest of Southern Tang: Song conquers Southern Tang[15]
976 14 November Song: Emperor Taizu of Song dies and his brother Zhao Guangyi succeeds him as Emperor Taizong of Song[21][22]
978 Song: Conquers Wuyue[15]
979 Song conquest of Northern Han: Song conquers Northern Han[15]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Xiong 2009, p. cxvi.
  2. ^ Taylor 2013, p. 44.
  3. ^ a b Xiong 2009, p. 326.
  4. ^ a b Xiong 2009, p. 311.
  5. ^ Needham 1986f, p. 85.
  6. ^ a b Mote 2003, p. 44.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Xiong 2009, p. cxvii.
  8. ^ Xiong 2009, p. 300.
  9. ^ a b Taylor 2013, p. 45.
  10. ^ a b Twitchett 1994, p. 69.
  11. ^ Wilkinson 2012, p. 910.
  12. ^ a b c Taylor 2013, p. 46.
  13. ^ Andrade 2016, p. 35.
  14. ^ Needham 2008, p. 291.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Xiong 2009, p. cxviii.
  16. ^ Kuhn 2009, p. 124.
  17. ^ Needham 1986h, p. 460.
  18. ^ Twitchett 2009, p. 247.
  19. ^ Liang 2006.
  20. ^ Needham 1986h, p. 280.
  21. ^ Twitchett 2009, p. 228.
  22. ^ Twitchett 2009, p. 242.


  • Andrade, Tonio (2016), The Gunpowder Age: China, Military Innovation, and the Rise of the West in World History, Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0-691-13597-7.
  • Asimov, M.S. (1998), History of civilizations of Central Asia Volume IV The age of achievement: A.D. 750 to the end of the fifteenth century Part One The historical, social and economic setting, UNESCO Publishing
  • Barfield, Thomas (1989), The Perilous Frontier: Nomadic Empires and China, Basil Blackwell
  • Barrett, Timothy Hugh (2008), The Woman Who Discovered Printing, Great Britain: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-12728-7 (alk. paper)
  • Beckwith, Christopher I (1987), The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia: A History of the Struggle for Great Power among Tibetans, Turks, Arabs, and Chinese during the Early Middle Ages, Princeton University Press
  • Beckwith, Christopher I. (2009), Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present, Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0-691-13589-2
  • Biran, Michal (2005), The Empire of the Qara Khitai in Eurasian History: Between China and the Islamic World, Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization, Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521842263
  • Bregel, Yuri (2003), An Historical Atlas of Central Asia, Brill
  • Chase, Kenneth Warren (2003), Firearms: A Global History to 1700, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-82274-9
  • Chia, Lucille (2011), Knowledge and Text Production in an Age of Print: China, 900-1400, Brill
  • Drompp, Michael Robert (2005), Tang China And The Collapse Of The Uighur Empire: A Documentary History, Brill
  • Ebrey, Patricia Buckley (1999), The Cambridge Illustrated History of China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-66991-X (paperback).
  • Ebrey, Patricia Buckley; Walthall, Anne; Palais, James B. (2006), East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, ISBN 0-618-13384-4
  • Golden, Peter B. (1992), An Introduction to the History of the Turkic Peoples: Ethnogenesis and State-Formation in Medieval and Early Modern Eurasia and the Middle East, OTTO HARRASSOWITZ · WIESBADEN
  • Graff, David A. (2002), Medieval Chinese Warfare, 300-900, Warfare and History, London: Routledge, ISBN 0415239559
  • Graff, David Andrew (2016), The Eurasian Way of War Military Practice in Seventh-Century China and Byzantium, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-46034-7.
  • Haywood, John (1998), Historical Atlas of the Medieval World, AD 600-1492, Barnes & Noble
  • Kelly, Jack (2004), Gunpowder: Alchemy, Bombards, & Pyrotechnics: The History of the Explosive that Changed the World, Basic Books, ISBN 0-465-03718-6.
  • Knapp, Ronald G. (2008), Chinese Bridges: Living Architecture From China's Past. Singapore, Tuttle Publishing
  • Kuhn, Dieter (2009), The Age of Confucian Rule, Harvard University Press
  • Latourette, Kenneth Scott (1964), The Chinese, their history and culture, Volumes 1-2, Macmillan
  • Liang, Jieming (2006), Chinese Siege Warfare: Mechanical Artillery & Siege Weapons of Antiquity, Singapore, Republic of Singapore: Leong Kit Meng, ISBN 981-05-5380-3
  • Lorge, Peter (2005), War, Politics and Society in Early Modern China, 900–1795, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-203-96929-8
  • Lorge, Peter A. (2008), The Asian Military Revolution: from Gunpowder to the Bomb, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-60954-8
  • Lu, Gwei-Djen (1988), "The Oldest Representation of a Bombard", Technology and Culture, 29: 594–605
  • Luttwak, Edward N. (2009), The Grand Strategy of the Byzantine Empire, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
  • Millward, James (2009), Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang, Columbia University Press
  • Mote, F. W. (2003), Imperial China: 900–1800, Harvard University Press, ISBN 978-0674012127
  • Needham, Joseph (1986a), Science and Civilization in China: Volume 3, Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and the Earth, Taipei: Caves Books
  • —— (1986g), Science and Civilization in China: Volume 4, Physics and Physical Engineering, Part 1, Physics, Taipei: Caves Books
  • —— (1986b), Science and Civilization in China: Volume 4, Physics and Physical Engineering, Part 2, Mechanical Engineering, Taipei: Caves Books
  • —— (1986c), Science and Civilization in China: Volume 4, Physics and Physical Technology, Part 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics, Taipei: Caves Books
  • —— (1986d), Science and Civilization in China: Volume 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 1, Paper and Printing, Taipei: Caves Books
  • —— (1986e), Science and Civilization in China: Volume 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 4, Spagyrical Discovery and Invention: Apparatus, Theories and Gifts, Taipei: Caves Books
  • —— (1986h), Science and Civilization in China: Volume 6, Biology and Biological Technology, Part 1, Botany, Cambridge University Press
  • —— (1986f), Science & Civilisation in China, V:7: The Gunpowder Epic, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-30358-3
  • Needham, Joseph (2008), Science & Civilisation in China Volume 5 Part 11, Cambridge University Press
  • Pacey, Arnold (1991), Technology in World Civilization: A Thousand-year History, MIT Press
  • Partington, J. R. (1960), A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder, Cambridge, UK: W. Heffer & Sons.
  • Partington, J. R. (1999), A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, ISBN 0-8018-5954-9
  • Reilly, Kevin (2012), The Human Journey: A Concise Introduction to World History, Volume 1, Rowman & Littlefield
  • Rong, Xinjiang (2013), Eighteen Lectures on Dunhuang, Brill
  • Schafer, Edward H. (1985), The Golden Peaches of Samarkand: A study of T'ang Exotics, University of California Press
  • Shaban, M. A. (1979), The ʿAbbāsid Revolution, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-29534-3
  • Sima, Guang (2015), Bóyángbǎn Zīzhìtōngjiàn 54 huánghòu shīzōng 柏楊版資治通鑑54皇后失蹤, Yuǎnliú chūbǎnshìyè gǔfèn yǒuxiàn gōngsī, ISBN 957-32-0876-8
  • Skaff, Jonathan Karam (2012), Sui-Tang China and Its Turko-Mongol Neighbors: Culture, Power, and Connections, 580-800 (Oxford Studies in Early Empires), Oxford University Press
  • Standen, Naomi (2007), Unbounded Loyalty Frontier Crossings in Liao China, University of Hawai'i Press
  • Taylor, K.W. (2013), A History of the Vietnamese, Cambridge University Press
  • Twitchett, Denis C. (1979), The Cambridge History of China, Vol. 3, Sui and T'ang China, 589–906, Cambridge University Press
  • Twitchett, Denis (1994), "The Liao", The Cambridge History of China, Volume 6, Alien Regime and Border States, 907-1368, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 43–153, ISBN 0521243319
  • Twitchett, Denis (2009), The Cambridge History of China Volume 5 The Sung dynasty and its Predecessors, 907-1279, Cambridge University Press
  • Walker, Hugh Dyson (2012), East Asia: A New History, AuthorHouse
  • Wang, Zhenping (2013), Tang China in Multi-Polar Asia: A History of Diplomacy and War, University of Hawaii Press
  • Wilkinson, Endymion (2012), Chinese History: A New Manual, Harvard University Asia Center for the Harvard-Yenching Institute
  • Wilkinson, Endymion (2015), Chinese History: A New Manual, 4th edition, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center distributed by Harvard University Press, ISBN 9780674088467
  • Xiong, Victor Cunrui (2000), Sui-Tang Chang'an: A Study in the Urban History of Late Medieval China (Michigan Monographs in Chinese Studies), U OF M CENTER FOR CHINESE STUDIES, ISBN 0892641371
  • Xiong, Victor Cunrui (2009), Historical Dictionary of Medieval China, United States of America: Scarecrow Press, Inc., ISBN 0810860538
  • Xu, Elina-Qian (2005), HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRE-DYNASTIC KHITAN, Institute for Asian and African Studies 7
  • Xue, Zongzheng (1992), Turkic peoples, 中国社会科学出版社
  • Yuan, Shu (2001), Bóyángbǎn Tōngjiàn jìshìběnmò 28 dìèrcìhuànguánshídài 柏楊版通鑑記事本末28第二次宦官時代, Yuǎnliú chūbǎnshìyè gǔfèn yǒuxiàn gōngsī, ISBN 957-32-4273-7
  • Yule, Henry (1915), Cathay and the Way Thither: Being a Collection of Medieval Notices of China, Vol I: Preliminary Essay on the Intercourse Between China and the Western Nations Previous to the Discovery of the Cape Route, Hakluyt Society
Preceded by
Tang dynasty
Dynasties in Chinese history
Succeeded by
Song dynasty
Liao dynasty
What is Wiki.RIP There is a free information resource on the Internet. It is open to any user. Wiki is a library that is public and multilingual.

The basis of this page is on Wikipedia. Text licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License..

Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. is an independent company that is not affiliated with the Wikimedia Foundation (Wikimedia Foundation).

Privacy Policy      Terms of Use      Disclaimer