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Timeline of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms

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This is a timeline of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms.

900s

Year Date Event
907 Later Liang: Zhu Wen deposes Emperor Ai of Tang and founds the Later Liang in Kaifeng, ruling over North China[1]
Later Liang: The Khúc clan takes control of Annam and establishes tributary relations with Later Liang[2]
Jin: Li Keyong stays independent as Jin in Shanxi[1]
Chu: Later Liang makes Ma Yin Prince of Chu[1]
Wuyue: Qian Liu becomes Prince of Wuyue[1]
Former Shu: Wang Jian declares himself emperor of Former Shu in Chengdu[1]
908 Jin: Li Keyong dies and is succeeded by his son Li Cunxu[1]
909 Later Liang: Zhu Wen moves the Ancestral Temple to Luoyang[1]
Min: Wang Shenzhi becomes Prince of Min in Fuzhou[1]

910s

Year Date Event
911 Yan: Liu Shouguang declares Yan around modern day Beijing[3]
912 Later Liang: Zhu Wen is killed by his son Zhu Yougui, who usurps power[1]
913 Jin: Defeats Liu Shouguang[3]
Later Liang: Zhu Yougui is killed by his brother Zhu Youzhen, who seizes power and moves the capital to Kaifeng[1]
916 Abaoji declares himself emperor of the Khitans[4]
917 Southern Han: Liu Yan declares himself emperor of Great Yue in Guangzhou[1]
918 Southern Han: Liu Yan renames Great Yue to Southern Han[1]
919 Wu: Yang Longyan declares himself Prince of Wu[1]
The gunpowder slow match appears in China.[5]

920s

Year Date Event
922 Abaoji raids Jin[6]
923 Later Tang: Li Cunxu conquers Later Liang and founds Later Tang[7]
Qi: Li Maozhen submits to Later Tang[8]
Abaoji raids Later Tang[6]
924 Later Tang: Capital is moved to Luoyang[7]
Jingnan: Gao Jixing becomes Prince of Nanping in Jingzhou[7]
925 Later Tang: Conquers Former Shu and names Luoyang its Eastern Capital[7]
926 Later Tang: Li Cunxu is killed and Li Siyuan becomes emperor in Luoyang[7]

930s

Year Date Event
930 Southern Han: Invades Annam and removes the Khúc clan from power[9]
Later Tang: Yelü Bei flees to Later Tang[10]
931 Southern Han: Dương Đình Nghệ expels Southern Han from Đại La and declares himself governor[9]
932 Wuyue: Qian Liu dies and is succeeded by his son Qian Yuanguan who dies not long after and is succeeded by Li Congke[7]
The Twelve Classics and other texts are printed[11]
934 Later Tang: Li Siyuan dies and is succeeded by his son Li Conghou[7]
Later Shu: Meng Zhixiang declares himself emperor of Later Shu and dies not long after and is succeeded by his son Meng Chang[7]
936 28 November Later Jin: Khitans install Shi Jingtang as emperor of the Later Jin. In return Shi transfers 16 prefectures in Shanxi and Hebei to the Liao.[7]
Later Jin: Conquers Later Tang[7]
937 Southern Tang: Li Bian declares himself emperor of Southern Tang in Jinling and replaces Wu[7]
Southern Han: Kiều Công Tiễn kills Dương Đình Nghệ and calls Southern Han into a war against his enemies in the southern provinces, however Đình Nghệ's son-in-law Ngô Quyền murders Công Tiễn[12]
Later Jin: Shi Jingtang kills Yelü Bei[10]
938 Battle of Bạch Đằng: Ngô Quyền defeats the Southern Han fleet[12]
939 Ngô Quyền declares his own Ngô dynasty at Cổ Loa Citadel[12]

940s

Year Date Event
942 Southern Han: Liu Yan dies[7]
Later Jin: Shi Jingtang dies and is succeeded by his nephew Shi Chonggui[7]
943 Southern Tang: Li Bian dies[7]
945 Southern Tang: Conquers Min[7]
947 The Khitan state is named the Liao dynasty[4]
Liao dynasty invades Later Jin and sacks Xiang Prefecture, killing most of its population[7]
Later Han: Liu Zhiyuan declares himself emperor of Later Han in Kaifeng[7]
948 Later Han: Liu Zhiyuan dies and is succeeded by his son Liu Chengyou[7]

950s

Year Date Event
950 Later Han: Liu Chengyou fails to kill Guo Wei and dies[7]
Fire lances appear in China.[13]
951 Later Zhou: Guo Wei declares himself emperor of Later Zhou[7]
Northern Han: Liu Chong declares himself emperor of Northern Han in Taiyuan[7]
Southern Tang: Annexes Chu[7]
953 The Iron Lion of Cangzhou, the largest and oldest surviving cast iron artwork in China, is cast[14]
954 Later Zhou: Guo Wei dies and is succeeded by his adopted son Chai Rong[7]
955 Later Zhou: Chai Rong launches proscription campaign against Buddhism[7]
956 Later Zhou: Chai Rong launches expedition against Southern Tang[7]
957 Later Zhou: Chai Rong captures areas south of the Huai from Southern Tang[7]
959 Later Zhou: Chai Rong dies and is succeeded by his son Chai Zongxun[7]

960s

Year Date Event
960 February Song dynasty: Zhao Kuangyin declares himself Emperor Taizu of Song, replacing Later Zhou[15]
963 Song: Conquers Jingnan[15]
Song: Introduces the appointment by protection system, which allows high officials to nominate their sons, grandsons, and nephews for the civil service[16]
965 Song conquest of Later Shu: Song conquers Later Shu[15]
Tao Gu provides the first written documentation of using cormorants for fishing[17]
968 Đinh Bộ Lĩnh of the Đinh dynasty declares independence from China[18]
969 Gunpowder propelled fire arrows, rocket arrows, are invented by Yue Yifang and Feng Jisheng.[19]

970s

Year Date Event
971 Song conquest of Southern Han: Song conquers Southern Han[15]
974 The earliest natural history of pharmaceuticals, the Kaibao Bencao, is printed[20]
975 Song conquest of Southern Tang: Song conquers Southern Tang[15]
976 14 November Song: Emperor Taizu of Song dies and his brother Zhao Guangyi succeeds him as Emperor Taizong of Song[21][22]
978 Song: Conquers Wuyue[15]
979 Song conquest of Northern Han: Song conquers Northern Han[15]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Xiong 2009, p. cxvi.
  2. ^ Taylor 2013, p. 44.
  3. ^ a b Xiong 2009, p. 326.
  4. ^ a b Xiong 2009, p. 311.
  5. ^ Needham 1986f, p. 85.
  6. ^ a b Mote 2003, p. 44.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Xiong 2009, p. cxvii.
  8. ^ Xiong 2009, p. 300.
  9. ^ a b Taylor 2013, p. 45.
  10. ^ a b Twitchett 1994, p. 69.
  11. ^ Wilkinson 2012, p. 910.
  12. ^ a b c Taylor 2013, p. 46.
  13. ^ Andrade 2016, p. 35.
  14. ^ Needham 2008, p. 291.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Xiong 2009, p. cxviii.
  16. ^ Kuhn 2009, p. 124.
  17. ^ Needham 1986h, p. 460.
  18. ^ Twitchett 2009, p. 247.
  19. ^ Liang 2006.
  20. ^ Needham 1986h, p. 280.
  21. ^ Twitchett 2009, p. 228.
  22. ^ Twitchett 2009, p. 242.

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Preceded by
Tang dynasty
Dynasties in Chinese history
907–960
Succeeded by
Song dynasty
Liao dynasty
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