Three-cent bronze

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Three-cent bronze
United States
Value3 cents (0.03 US dollars)
Diameter28.57 mm
Years of minting1863
Catalog numberJudd-319, Pollock 384
1863 3C Three Cents, Judd-319 Restrike, Pollock-384, R.5.jpg
DesignLiberty with braided hair
DesignerChristian Gobrecht
Design date1863
1863 3C Three Cents, Judd-319 Restrike, Pollock-384, R.5 rev.jpg
DesignDenomination surrounded by a wreath
Design date1863

The three-cent bronze was a pattern coin struck in 1863 by George Eckfeldt.[1] The coin shares its obverse design (other than the font of the date, which is smaller and curved), thickness, and diameter with that of the Braided Hair large cent, but was made of bronze rather than pure copper. Weighing 140 grains, it weighted nearly three times that of the bronze Indian Head cent.[2] About 50 to 60 examples are known.[1]

The obverse features an image of Liberty.


Throughout 1863, the coins were struck on planchets of varying thickness. According to Eckfeldt's journal:

Struck a few 3 cent pieces of copper & zinc; the size, thickness and diameter about that of the 1857 copper cent. About the middle of 1863.[1]

Other versions

An aluminum version (Judd-320, Pollock-385) was made using a very similar design. However, examples are extremely rare with only 5 confirmed.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "J319/P384". US Patterns. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  2. ^ "1863 3C Three Cents, Judd-319 Original, Pollock-384, R.5, PR65 : Lot #3937". Heritage Auctions. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
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