Wiki.RIP

Radium jaw

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Radium jaw or radium necrosis is a historic occupational disease brought on by the ingestion and subsequent absorption of radium into the bones of radium dial painters.[1][2] It also affected those consuming radium-laden patent medicines. The symptoms are necrosis of the mandible (lower jawbone) and the maxilla (upper jaw), constant bleeding of the gums, and (usually) after some time, severe distortion due to bone tumors and porosity of the lower jaw.

The condition is similar to phossy jaw, an osteoporotic and osteonecrotic illness of matchgirls, brought on by phosphorus ingestion and absorption. The first written reference to the disease was by a dentist, Dr. Theodor Blum, in 1924, who described an unusual mandibular osteomyelitis in a dial painter, naming it "radium jaw".[3]

The disease was determined by pathologist Dr. H.S. Martland in 1924 to be symptomatic of radium paint ingestion, after many female workers from various radium paint companies reported similar dental and mandibular pain. Symptoms were present in the mouth due to use of the lips and tongue to keep the radium-paint paintbrushes properly shaped. The disease was the main reason for litigation against the United States Radium Corporation by the Radium Girls.

Another prominent example of this condition was the death of American golfer and industrialist Eben Byers in 1932, after taking large doses of Radithor, a radioactive patent medicine containing radium, over several years. His illness garnered much publicity, and brought the problem of radioactive quack medicines into the public eye. The Wall Street Journal ran a story (in 1989 or after) titled "The Radium Water Worked Fine until His Jaw Came Off".[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Grady, Denise (October 6, 1998), "A Glow in the Dark, and a Lesson in Scientific Peril", New York Times, retrieved 2019-06-13
  2. ^ Orci, Taylor (March 7, 2013), "How We Realized Putting Radium in Everything Was Not the Answer", The Atlantic, retrieved 2019-06-13
  3. ^ Blum, Theodor (1924). "Osteomyelitis of the Mandible and Maxilla". The Journal of the American Dental Association. 11 (9): 802–805. doi:10.14219/jada.archive.1924.0111. ISSN 1048-6364.
  4. ^ http://www.case.edu/affil/MeMA/MCA/11-20/1991-Nov.pdf Medical Collectors Association, Newsletter No. 20, page 18

External links

What is Wiki.RIP There is a free information resource on the Internet. It is open to any user. Wiki is a library that is public and multilingual.

The basis of this page is on Wikipedia. Text licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License..

Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. wiki.rip is an independent company that is not affiliated with the Wikimedia Foundation (Wikimedia Foundation).

E-mail: wiki@wiki.rip
WIKI OPPORTUNITIES
Privacy Policy      Terms of Use      Disclaimer