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Odo III, Duke of Burgundy

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Odo III
Sceau de Eudes III Duc de Bourgogne.png
Seal of Odo III
Duke of Burgundy
Reign1192 - 1218
PredecessorHugh III
SuccessorHugh IV
Born1166
Died(1218-07-06)6 July 1218
Lyon
SpouseTheresa of Portugal
Alice of Vergy
Issue
Detail
Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy
HouseHouse of Burgundy
FatherHugh III, Duke of Burgundy
MotherAlice of Lorraine

Eudes III (1166 – July 6, 1218), commonly known in English as Odo III, was duke of Burgundy between 1192 and 1218.[1] Odo was the eldest son of duke Hugh III and his first wife Alice, daughter of Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine.

Life

Odo did not follow his father's aggressive policies towards France and proved a worthy ally of king Philip II of France in his wars against John Lackland and the Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV of Germany. He fought bravely against the latter in the Battle of Bouvines, where he lost, according to contemporary chroniclers, two horses beneath him. Odo was also an important figure in the Crusade against the Cathars.[2] When Philip II refused to get involved, the Odo stepped forward with the support of the local bishops and his vassals and organized the campaign of 1209 against the Cathar strongholds.[2] Before leaving on crusade against the Cathars, Odo pledged the castle of Ile-d'Ouche and the village of Crimolois to the Knights Templar to assist them in the defense of the Catholic faith.[3]

Marriages and issue

He married in 1194 Theresa of Portugal (1156–1218), the daughter of Afonso I of Portugal, and Matilda of Savoy. She was repudiated in 1195, having produced no children.[4]

In 1199, he married Alice of Vergy (1182–1252), the daughter of Hugh, Seigneur de Vergy, by Gillette de Trainel.[4] This marriage produced:

  • Joan (1200–1223), married Raoul II of Lusignan (died 1250),[5] Seigneur d'Issoudun and Count of Eu.
  • Alice (1204–1266) married Robert I (died 1262)[5] Count of Clermont and Dauphin of Auvergne
  • Hugh IV (1213–1272), his successor in the duchy[4]
  • Beatrice (born 1216), married Humbert III of Thoire (died 1279)

References

  1. ^ Bouchard 1988, p. 459.
  2. ^ a b Barber 2000, p. 110.
  3. ^ Schenk 2012, p. 201.
  4. ^ a b c Bouchard 1988, p. 261.
  5. ^ a b Adamo 2014, p. 60.

Sources

  • Adamo, Phillip C. (2014). New Monks in Old Habits: The Formation of the Caulite Monastic Order, 1193-1267. Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Barber, Malcolm (2000). The Cathars: Dualist Heretics in Languedoc in the High Middle Ages. Pearson Education Limited.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Bouchard, Constance Brittain (1988). Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy, 980-1198. Cornell University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Schenk, Jochen (2012). Templar Families: Landowning Families and the Order of the Temple in France, c. 1120-1307. Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)


See also

Odo III, Duke of Burgundy
Born: 1166 Died: 6 July 1218
Preceded by
Hugh III
Duke of Burgundy
1192–1218
Succeeded by
Hugh IV
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