|Autonomous community||La Rioja|
|• Mayor||Jonás Olarte (PSOE)|
|• Total||37.44 km2 (14.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||485 m (1,591 ft)|
|• Density||210/km2 (560/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Najerinos or Najerenses|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CET)|
Nájera (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈna.xe.ɾa]) is a small town, former bishopric and now Latin Catholic titular see, former capital of the Kingdom of Navarre, located in the "Rioja Alta" region of La Rioja, northern Spain, on the river Najerilla. Nájera is a stopping point on the French Way the most popular path on the Way of St James.
The area attracted the Romans, who built the town of Tritium on land which now falls within the boundaries of Nájera and the neighbouring municipality of Tricio. Subsequently, the area was under Muslim rule and the name Nájera (Naxara meaning "town between the rocks") is of Arabic origin.
The town, while still an Islamic possession is the location of the legendary 3-day struggle between Roland, one of Charlemagne's nobles and the Islamic giant Ferragut.
The town was conquered by Ordoño II of Leon for Navarre in 923. Nájera was the capital city of the kingdom of Navarre until it was conquered by Castile in 1054 after the battle of Atapuerca. However, it continued to be multi-cultural. For example, in 1142 the French abbot Peter the Venerable used his visit to Spain to commission translations of important Islamic works, including the first translation of the Qur'an into a European language, and it has been suggested he met with his four translators at Nájera.
From the tenth century, Nájera had a prosperous Jewish community, which was granted relatively favorable legal status after the Christian conquest.
(all Roman Rite)
The diocese was nominally restored in 1969 as Latin Titular bishopric of Naiera (Curiate Italian and Latin; Latin adjective Naiaren(sis) / Nájera (Spanish).
It has had the following incumbents, so far of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank :
|Term||Name of Mayor||Political Party|
|1979–1983||José Luis Sáez Lerena||UCD|
|1983–1987||Jesús López Sáenz||Independent|
|1987–1991||Justino Carmelo Maeztu Arenzana||CDS|
|1991–1995||José Domingo Mínguez/ Ángel Martínez Arenzana||PP/ PSOE|
|1995–1999||Ángel Martínez Arenzana||PSOE|
|1999–2003||Antonio García Manzanares/Marta Martínez García||PP|
|2003–2007||Marta Martínez García||PP|
|2007–2011||Marta Martínez García||PP|
|2011–2015||Marta Martínez García||PP|
|2015–2019||Jonás Olarte Fernández||PSOE|
The church of Santa María la Real was founded by García Sánchez III of Pamplona in 1052. It is the burial-place of kings of Navarre. The monks had to abandon the annexed monastic complex in the 19th century, as a result of the anti-clerical reforms of Juan Álvarez Mendizábal.
Other sights include :
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