Wiki.RIP

Military Intelligence Corps (United States Army)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Military Intelligence Corps
Military Intelligence Regimental Insignia.png
CountryUnited States
BranchU.S. Army
TypeMilitary intelligence
Garrison/HQINSCOMFort Belvoir, VA
Motto(s)Always Out Front
March"Freedom on Parade"
EngagementsAmerican Civil War
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Commanders
U.S. Army Deputy Chief of Staff (G2—Intelligence)LTG Scott D. Berrier
Commander (INSCOM)MG Gary W. Johnston
Insignia
Branch insignia
MI Corps Insignia.svg
Branch plaque
US Army MI Branch Plaque.png
Regimental coat of arms
US Army MI Regimental Coat of Arms.jpg

The Military Intelligence Corps is the intelligence branch of the United States Army. The primary mission of military intelligence in the United States Army is to provide timely, relevant, accurate, and synchronized intelligence and electronic warfare support to tactical, operational and strategic-level commanders. The Army's intelligence components produce intelligence both for Army use and for sharing across the national intelligence community.[1]

History

Intelligence personnel were a part of the Continental Army since its initial founding in 1775.

In 1776, General George Washington commissioned the first intelligence unit. Knowlton's Rangers, named after its leader Colonel Thomas Knowlton, became the first organized elite force, a predecessor to modern special operations forces units such as the Army Rangers, Delta Force, and others. The "1776" on the United States Army Intelligence Service seal refers to the formation of Knowlton's Rangers.

In January 1863, Major General Joseph Hooker established the Bureau of Military Information for the Union Army during the Civil War, headed by George H. Sharpe. Allan Pinkerton and Lafayette C. Baker handled similar operations for their respective regional commanders. All of those operations were shut down at the end of the Civil War in 1865.[2]

In 1885, the Army established the Military Intelligence Division. In 1903, it was placed under the new general staff in an elevated position.[3]

In March 1942, the Military Intelligence Division was reorganized as the Military Intelligence Service. Originally consisting of just 26 people, 16 of them officers, it was quickly expanded to include 342 officers and 1,000 enlisted personnel and civilians. It was tasked with collecting, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence. Initially it included:

  • an Administrative Group
  • an Intelligence Group
  • a Counter-intelligence Group
  • an Operations Group
  • a Language School

In May 1942, Alfred McCormack established the Special Branch of the Military Intelligence Service, which specialized in communications intelligence.

On January 1, 1942, the U.S. Army Corps of Intelligence Police, founded in World War I, was re-designated as the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps. In 1945, the Special Branch became the Army Security Agency.

At its peak in early 1946, the MIS Language School had 160 instructors and 3,000 students studying in more than 125 classrooms, graduating more than 6,000 students by the end of the war. What began as an experimental military intelligence language-training program launched on a budget of $2,000 eventually became the forerunner of today's Defense Language Institute for the tens of thousands of linguists who serve American interests throughout the world.[4]

In 1946 the school moved to the Presidio of Monterey. Renamed the Army Language School, it expanded rapidly in 1947–48 during the Cold War. Instructors, including native speakers of more than thirty languages and dialects, were recruited from all over the world. Russian became the largest language program, followed by Chinese, Korean, and German.[5]

On 1 July 1962, the Army Intelligence and Security Branch was established as a basic Army branch to meet the increased need for national and tactical intelligence.[6]

It was in July 1967, that a number of intelligence and security organizations were combined to form the military intelligence branch.[7][8][9] In 1977 they eventually recombined with the Army Intelligence Agency and Army Security Agency to become the US Army Intelligence and Security Command.

In 1971, the United States Army Intelligence Center was established at Fort Huachuca, Arizona as the home of the military intelligence branch. On 1 July 1987 the Military Intelligence Corps was activated as a regiment under the U.S. Army Regimental System.[10] All United States Army Military Intelligence personnel are members of the Military Intelligence Corps.

Structure

Approximately 28,000 military personnel and 3,800 civilian personnel are assigned to intelligence duties, comprising the Military Intelligence Corps. Some of the key components include:

Name Insignia Function Garrison
Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence (G-2) United States Army Intelligence Seal.gif As the Army's Chief Intelligence Officer, the responsibilities of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence include policy formulation, planning, programming, budgeting, management, staff supervision, evaluation, and oversight for intelligence activities, as well as overall coordination of the major intelligence disciplines. Ft Belvoir
U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) INSCOM.svg INSCOM is the U.S. Army's major intelligence command. Ft Belvoir
U.S. Army Military Intelligence Readiness Command (MIRC) MIReadinessCmdSSI.jpg MIRC is the U.S. Army Reserve's intelligence command. Ft Belvoir
U.S. Army Intelligence Center of Excellence (USAICoE) United States Army Intelligence Center CSIB.gif USAICoE is the U.S. Army's school for professional training of military intelligence personnel. Fort Huachuca

Major military intelligence units

Name Insignia Supports Garrison
1st Information Operations Command (Land)
  • First Information Operations Command Logo.svg Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment
  • 1st Battalion
  • 2nd Battalion
  • Army Reserve Element (ARE)
US Army 1st Information Operations Command SSI.png United States Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER) Fort Belvoir
58th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade
  • 58InfBdeCmbtTeamDUI.jpg Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 629 EMI BN dui.png 629th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Battalion
  • US Army 110th Information Operations Bn DUI.png 110th Information Operations Battalion
58th Infantry Brigade SSI.svg Maryland Army National Guard Maryland
66th Military Intelligence Brigade 66MIBdeSSI.png United States Army Europe Lucius D. Clay Kaserne (Wiesbaden, Germany)
71st Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade 71st BfSB SSI.jpg Texas Army National Guard Texas
111th Military Intelligence Brigade 111th MI BDE Patch.svg United States Army Intelligence Center of Excellence Fort Huachuca
116th Military Intelligence Brigade (Aerial Intelligence)
  • US Army 116th MI Bde DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • DCGS-Army Operations and Exploitation Unit
  • 138th Military Intelligence Company (JSTARS-Army element) (Robins AFB)
  • 3 MI Bn DUI.png 3rd Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Camp Humphreys)
  • 15 MI Bn DUI.jpg 15th Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Fort Hood)
  • 204th MI BN.jpg 204th Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Fort Bliss)
  • US Army 224th MI Bn-DUI.png 224th Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Hunter Army Airfield)
US Army 116th Military Intelligence Brigade SSI.png INSCOM Fort Gordon
201st Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade
  • 201BattlefieldSurvBdeDUI.jpg Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 109MIBnDUI.jpg 109th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 502 MI Bn DUI.png 502nd Military Intelligence Battalion
201BfSBSSI.jpg I Corps Joint Base Lewis-McChord
207th Military Intelligence Brigade (Theater)
  • 207th DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • US Army 307 MI Bn DUI.png 307th Military Intelligence Battalion (collections)
  • US Army 522 MI Bn DUI.png 522nd Military Intelligence Battalion (operations)
  • US Army 337th MI Bn DUI.png 337th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
207MIBdeSSI.png United States Army Africa Vicenza, Italy
259th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade (Army Reserve)
  • US Army 259 MI Bde DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 373 MI Bn DUI.jpg 373rd Expeditionary Military Intelligence Battalion
US Army 259th MI Bde SSI.png MIRC Joint Base Lewis–McChord
300th Military Intelligence Brigade (Linguist) (Army National Guard) 300MIBdeSSI.gif INSCOM Draper, Utah
336th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade (Army Reserve)
  • U.S. Army 336 MI Bde DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • US Army 325 MI Bn DUI.png 325th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Battalion (Maine)
  • 378 MI Bn DUI.jpg 378th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Battalion (New Jersey)
U.S. Army 336 MI Bde SSI.png MIRC New Jersey
470th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • 470th MI BDE.jpg Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • US Army 312th MI Bn DUI.png 312th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 717th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • US Army 377 MI Bn DUI.png 377th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
470 MI BDE SSI.jpg United States Army South Fort Sam Houston
500th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • 500 MI Bde DUI.jpg Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 205 MI Bn DUI.png 205th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 311th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 715th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 301 MI Bn DUI.png 301st Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
500MIBdeSSI.jpg United States Army Pacific Schofield Barracks
501st Military Intelligence Brigade
  • 501 MI BDE DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 524 MI Bn DUI.png 524th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 532 MI Bn DUI.png 532nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 527 MI Bn DUI.png 719th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 368th Military Intelligence Battalion DUI.png 368th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
501 MI BDE SSI.png Eighth United States Army Yongsan Garrison, (South Korea)
504th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • US Army 504th MIB DUI.png Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 163 MI Bn DUI.jpg 163rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 303 MI Bn DUI.jpg 303rd Military Intelligence Battalion
504thMIBrigade.svg III Corps Fort Hood
505th Military Intelligence Brigade (Army Reserve)[11]
  • US Army 505 MI Bde DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • US Army 383 MI Bn DUI.png 383rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • US Army 549 MI Bn DUI.png 549th Military Intelligence Battalion
US Army 505th MIB SSI.png United States Army North San Antonio, Texas
513th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • 513MIBdui.jpg Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 202nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 297th MI BN DUI.svg 297th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • US Army 345 MI Bn DUI.png 345th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
513 mi bde patch.svg United States Army Central Fort Gordon
525th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade 525 BfSB.png XVIII Corps Fort Bragg
648th Regional Support Group (Army Reserve)
  • U.S. Army 648th Regional Support Group DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
MIReadinessCmdSSI.jpg MIRC St. Louis, Missouri
650th Military Intelligence Group[12][13] 650th MI Group.png Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe Mons, Belgium
704th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • 704MIBdeDUI.jpg Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 741 MI Bn DUI.jpg 741st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 742 MI Bn DUI.jpg 742nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 743 MI Bn DUI.png 743rd Military Intelligence Battalion
704MIBdeSSI.jpg National Security Agency Fort George G. Meade
706th Military Intelligence Group
  • US Army 706th MI Group DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 707th Military Intelligence Battalion
706 MI Group SSI.png Central Security Service Fort Gordon
780th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • US Army 780th MIB DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 781 MI Bn DUI.png 781st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 782nd Military Intelligence Battalion
US Army 780th MIB SSI.png ARCYBER Fort George G. Meade
902nd Military Intelligence Group
  • US Army 902nd MI Group DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment
  • 308 MI Bn DUI.png 308th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 310 MI Bn DUI.png 310th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 752nd Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
  • Army Counterintelligence Center
  • Army Operations Security Detachment
902 MI Group SSI.jpg INSCOM Fort George G. Meade
Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center
  • US Defense Language Institute DUI.png Defense Language Institute–Army element
  • 229 MI Bn DUI.png 229th Military Intelligence Battalion
US Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center SSI.png United States Army Training and Doctrine Command Presidio of Monterey, California
National Ground Intelligence Center Inscom.png INSCOM Charlottesville, Virginia

Creed and march of the Military Intelligence Corps

Creed of the Military Intelligence Corps

I am a Soldier first, but an intelligence professional second to none.
With pride in my heritage, but focused on the future,
Performing the first task of an Army:
To find, know, and never lose the enemy.
With a sense of urgency and of tenacity, professional and physical fitness,
and above all, INTEGRITY, for in truth lies victory.
Always at silent war, while ready for a shooting war,
The silent warrior of the ARMY team.[14]

Military Intelligence Corps March

Onward to victory!
Our silent warriors to the fight.
Onward to victory!
Trained and ready day or night.
Peace through intelligence!
Here's to your health and to our corps.
Strength through intelligence!
Toujours Avant forever more.

Museum

The United States Army Intelligence Museum is located at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. It features the history of American military intelligence from the Revolutionary War to present. In the Army Military Intelligence Museum there is a painting of "The MI Blue Rose". The back of this painting indicates Sgt. Ralph R Abel, Jr. created it. The painting was photographed and distributed worldwide. Sgt. Abel also painted a replica of the corps flag.

Military Intelligence Hall of Fame

See also

References

  1. ^ United States Intelligence Community Official Website Archived 21 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Intelligence in the Civil War" (PDF). Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 December 2013. Retrieved 2014-07-24.
  3. ^ Theoharis, Athan G., ed. (1999). The FBI: A Comprehensive Reference Guide. Phoenix, OR: The Oryx Press. p. 160. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  4. ^ Hammons, Steve (22 April 2015). "The Japanese-American U.S. Army Intelligence Unit that helped win WWII". Defense Language and National Security Education Office. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  5. ^ "History of the Presidio of Monterey - Army Language School". Defense Language Institute, Foreign Language Center.
  6. ^ "Army Birthdays". U.S. Army Center of Military History. Department of the Army. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  7. ^ "Publications 101" (PDF). usapa.army.mil. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2004.
  8. ^ "index2". Hrc.army.mil. 28 October 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  9. ^ John Patrick Finnegan, Center of Military History, United States Army, Washington, D. C. (1998). "Military Intelligence". Archived from the original on 22 January 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2008.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Welcome To the Intelligence Center Online Network Archived 17 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ MIRC Family Programs Newsletter; Volume 1, Issue 4 Archived 18 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine dated October 2014, last accessed 18 April 2015
  12. ^ AR 381–10, U.S. Army Intelligence Activities, Department of the Army, dated 3 May 2007, last accessed 7 July 2012
  13. ^ FM 34-37; Strategic, Departmental, and Operational IEW Operations; Chapter 9, 650TH Military Intelligence Group, last accessed 7 July 2012
  14. ^ "G-2 Intelligence". U.S. Army Europe. Archived from the original on 5 March 2018. Retrieved 25 November 2016.

Further reading

External links

What is Wiki.RIP There is a free information resource on the Internet. It is open to any user. Wiki is a library that is public and multilingual.

The basis of this page is on Wikipedia. Text licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License..

Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. wiki.rip is an independent company that is not affiliated with the Wikimedia Foundation (Wikimedia Foundation).

E-mail: wiki@wiki.rip
WIKI OPPORTUNITIES
Privacy Policy      Terms of Use      Disclaimer