Michel-Étienne Turgot

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Michel-Etienne Turgo, by Van Loo, 1739.
The Paris Foreign Missions Society in the 1739 "Plan Turgot".

Michel-Étienne Turgot (/tʊərˈɡ/; French: [tyʁgo]; 9 June 1690, Paris – 1 February 1751, Paris) was prévôt des marchands de Paris ("Master of the merchants of Paris", i.e. Mayor of Paris)[1] from 1729 to 1740. His name is associated with one of the most famous maps of Paris, the "Plan de Turgot" ("Turgot Map"),[2][3][4][5] a detailed bird's-eye view of Paris realized by Louis Bretez from 1734 to 1739.[6][7]

Michel-Étienne Turgot was the father of the famous Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, economist and Minister of Louis XVI and Étienne-François Turgot, naturalist, administrator of Malta and governor of French Guiana.[8] Son and father were buried in the Chapel of Hôpital Laënnec in Paris.


  1. ^ Turgot by Leon Say, Gustave Masson, p.17
  2. ^ Phillips 1909, p. 1125; Bourne 1905, p. ix.
  3. ^ University of Southern Maine.
  4. ^ Turgot by Leon Say, Gustave Masson, p.17
  5. ^ Martin's History of France by Henri Martin, p.163
  6. ^ Brain Chemistry and the French Connection, 1791–1841 by Donald Bayley Tower, p.105 [1]
  7. ^ Law, Magistracy, and Crime in Old Regime Paris, 1735–1789 by Richard Mowery Andrews p.4 [2]
  8. ^ Turgot by Leon Say, Gustave Masson, p.17


  • Bourne, Henry E. (1905). A History of Mediaeval and Modern Europe. New York: Longmans, Grenn.
  • Phillips, Philip Lee (1909). A List of Geographical Atlases in the Library of Congress. Vol I: Atlases. Washington: Government Printing Office.
  • Say, Léon (1888). Turgot, translated by Gustave Masson. London: George Routledge and Sons. Copy at the Internet Archive.

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