Marcolino Gomes Candau

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Marcolino Gomes Candau
Marcolino Gomes Candau (1972).jpg
Director-General of the World Health Organization
In office
Secretary GeneralDag Hammarskjöld (1953–1961)
U Thant (1961–1971)
Kurt Waldheim (1972–1981)
Preceded byBrock Chisholm
Succeeded byHalfdan T. Mahler
Personal details
Born(1911-05-30)30 May 1911
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died23 January 1983(1983-01-23) (aged 71)
Geneva, Switzerland
Alma materRio de Janeiro State University, Johns Hopkins University

Marcolino Gomes Candau (30 May 1911 – 23 January 1983) was a Brazilian doctor who served as director-general of the World Health Organization (WHO) from 1953 to 1973.

He did doctorate and other courses such as MPH, and FRCP before served at WHO.[1]


Candau was born in Rio de Janeiro and studied medicine at the state medical school in Rio de Janeiro and worked at the state department of Health before pursuing Masters in Public Health at Johns Hopkins University.[2]

Candau returned to Brazil to work in the state public health department before joining the staff of the World Health Organization in Geneva in 1950 as Director of the Division of Organization of Health Services for the Americas.[2] Within a year, he was appointed Assistant Director-General in charge of Advisory Services. In 1952, he moved to Washington as Assistant Director of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau—the WHO Regional Office for the Americas. In 1953, while occupying that position, he was elected, at the age of 42, WHO's second Director-General.[3] In 1958, 1963 and 1968, Dr Candau was re-elected for his successive terms in that office, which he held until 1973. In 1963 Candau received an honorary Sc.D. from Bates College.


  • 2006 Bates College Alumni Directory (Lewiston, ME: Bates College 2006)


  1. ^ "Former Directors-General". WHO. 3 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b Marcolino Gomes Candau
  3. ^ "Dr. M. G. Candau and W.H.O." The BMJ. 2 (5864): 433–434. 26 May 1973. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.5864.433. PMC 1589468. PMID 4576365.
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Brock Chisholm
Director General of the World Health Organization
Succeeded by
Halfdan T. Mahler
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