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Marcolino Gomes Candau
|Director-General of the World Health Organization|
|Secretary General||Dag Hammarskjöld (1953–1961) |
U Thant (1961–1971)
Kurt Waldheim (1972–1981)
|Preceded by||Brock Chisholm|
|Succeeded by||Halfdan T. Mahler|
|Born||30 May 1911|
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Died||23 January 1983 (aged 71)|
|Alma mater||Rio de Janeiro State University, Johns Hopkins University|
Marcolino Gomes Candau (30 May 1911 – 23 January 1983) was a Brazilian doctor who served as director-general of the World Health Organization (WHO) from 1953 to 1973.
Candau was born in Rio de Janeiro and studied medicine at the state medical school in Rio de Janeiro and worked at the state department of Health before pursuing Masters in Public Health at Johns Hopkins University.
Candau returned to Brazil to work in the state public health department before joining the staff of the World Health Organization in Geneva in 1950 as Director of the Division of Organization of Health Services for the Americas. Within a year, he was appointed Assistant Director-General in charge of Advisory Services. In 1952, he moved to Washington as Assistant Director of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau—the WHO Regional Office for the Americas. In 1953, while occupying that position, he was elected, at the age of 42, WHO's second Director-General. In 1958, 1963 and 1968, Dr Candau was re-elected for his successive terms in that office, which he held until 1973. In 1963 Candau received an honorary Sc.D. from Bates College.
|Non-profit organization positions|
| Director General of the World Health Organization
Halfdan T. Mahler