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M. G. Ramachandran filmography

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

M. G. Ramachandran (17 January 1917 – 24 December 1987),[1] popularly known by his initials "MGR",[2][3] was an Indian actor, director and producer who had an extensive career primarily in Tamil language films. After starring in numerous commercially successful films from the 1950s to the early 1970s, he has continued to hold a matinée idol status in Tamil Nadu.[2] Ramachandran made his debut in Ellis R. Dungan's 1936 film Sathi Leelavathi, where he played a police inspector.[4][5] He followed it with a string of minor appearances and supporting roles in many films, notably Ashok Kumar (1941), where he played the general of emperor Ashoka's army,[6] and as a captain in Dungan's Meera (1945).[7]

Ramachandran's breakthrough came with his first lead role in A. S. A. Sami's swashbuckler film Rajakumari (1947) where he played a villager who marries a princess.[8][9] Based on the Arabian Nights, Rajakumari was a commercially successful venture.[10] He established himself as an action hero akin to Errol Flynn and Douglas Fairbanks in Tamil cinema with Manthiri Kumari (1950) and Marmayogi (1951).[11][12] Both films had political undertones which earned Ramachandran a Robin Hood persona of being a champion for the downtrodden.[13] His performance as the caring brother Rajendran who tries to keep his family together in En Thangai (1952) earned him critical acclaim.[14] In 1953, he made his debut in Malayalam films opposite B. S. Saroja in Genova.[15] Ramachandran continued to play roles which enabled him to adopt his ideas of fighting injustice meted out to the poor such as an outlaw in Malaikkallan (1954), and Nadodi Mannan (1958).[2][13] In the latter, he featured in dual roles, as a king and a commoner, for the first time in his career.[16][17] Both Malaikkallan and Nadodi Mannan were commercially successful,[18] becoming the highest-grossing films of their respective release years.[2][19] In addition to social dramas, Ramachandran received positive feedback and commercial success for swashbuckler films such as Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum (1956), the first South Indian full-length colour film,[20][21] Madurai Veeran (1956),[22] Chakravarthi Thirumagal (1957),[23] and Mahadhevi (1957).[2][24]

According to Ashish Rajadhyaksha and Paul Willemen in the book Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, the success of Ramachandran's 1961 film Thirudathe, marked a beginning of transition to roles that had "a contemporary setting". He often played "a saintly member of an oppressed class".[3][9] The act of showering love and affection for his family members was a recurring theme in his films during this period.[25] The films he appeared in during the 1960s played a crucial part in his subsequent career as a politician.[26] The 1963 comedy-drama film Periya Idathu Penn had him play a farmer who seeks revenge from his village's zamindar.[27][a] The following year, he appeared in Thozhilali as a bus conductor who exposes the fraudulent methods of a rival bus company, and in Padagotti as a fisherman who resolves to end the dispute between two fishing communities.[25][29] In 1965, he collaborated with Tapi Chanakya in Enga Veettu Pillai, where he featured as twins of opposite natures, one a coward and the other courageous. He also featured in B. R. Panthulu's Aayirathil Oruvan the same year as a doctor who joins, and later becomes the leader of, a rebellion against a dictator.[30][31] Both the films were major commercial successes.[2] The romantic comedy Anbe Vaa (1966), where Ramachandran played an industrialist and was his only film under AVM Productions, is considered an antithesis of the roles he was doing during this period and was also commercially successful.[32][33] He continued to achieve success at the box-office with films like Arasa Kattalai and Kaavalkaaran (both released in 1967),[2][34] also garnering acclaim for the latter.[31][35] Ramachandran's portrayal of twins, a club dancer and a criminal, who are separated as children in Kudiyirundha Koyil (1968) garnered him the Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Actor.[31][36] In 1969, he appeared as a prince who brings down a tyrant who usurps his throne and mistreats his people in K. Shankar's historical fiction film Adimai Penn, and as a government clerk who masquerades as a billionaire to defeat the corrupt trio of a doctor, a builder and a merchant in Nam Naadu.[2][37] The former won him the Best Film at the Tamil Nadu State Film Awards.[35]

Ramachandran began the 1970s with roles in such social dramas as Maattukara Velan and Engal Thangam (both released in 1970), both of which enjoyed commercial success.[9][38] The following year, he received the National Film Award for Best Actor for his role as a cycle rickshaw driver in Rickshawkaran, making it the first film and him the first actor from South Indian cinema to win the award.[39] It went on to become the highest-grossing film of the year.[2] He then directed and produced the action-adventure film Ulagam Sutrum Valiban (1973) where he also starred in dual roles as brothers, a scientist and a CBI officer. It became his most commercially successful film to that point.[2][40] Ramachandran retired from filmmaking in 1978 to take up his duties as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu; his last venture, entitled Madhuraiyai Meetta Sundharapandiyan, was a commercial failure.[9][41]

Films

  • All films are in Tamil, unless otherwise noted.
Year Film Role(s) Director(s) Notes Ref(s)
1936 Sathi Leelavathi Rangaiah Naidu Ellis R. Dungan [5]
[42]
1936 Iru Sahodarargal Police constable Ellis R. Dungan Credited as G. Ramachandran [42]
1938 Dakshayagnam Vishnu Raja Chandrasekhar [9]
[43]
1938 Veera Jagathis Police constable T. P. Kailasam
R. Prakash
[9]
[44]
1939 Maya Machhindra Sooryakethu Raja Chandrasekhar Credited as Ramachandar [9]
[45]
1939 Prahalada Indra B. N. Rao [46]
1941 Vedavathi Alladhu Seetha Jananam Indrajith T. R. Raghunath [9]
[47]
1941 Ashok Kumar Mahendran Raja Chandrasekhar Credited as M. G. Ramachandar [6]
[48]
1942 Tamizhariyum Perumal T. R. Raghunath Guest appearance [9]
1943 Dhaasippen Shiva Ellis R. Dungan The film had two alternative titles: Jyothi Malar and Thumbhai Mahatmyam [49]
1944 Harichandra Sathyakeerthi Kadaru Nagabhushanam [50]
[51]
1945 Saalivaahanan Vikramaditya B. N. Rao [52]
1945 Meera Jayamal Ellis R. Dungan [7]
[53]
1946 Sri Murugan Shiva A. S. A. Sami [54]
1947 Rajakumari Mohan A. S. A. Sami [9]
[10]
1947 Paithiyakkaran Moorthy Krishnan–Panju [9]
[55]
1948 Abhimanyu Arjuna M. Somasundaram
A. Kasilingam
Credited as M. G. Ramachandar [56]
1948 Raja Mukthi Mahendra Varman Raja Chandrasekhar [9]
[57]
[58]
1948 Mohini Vijayakumar Lanka Sathyam Credited as M. G. Ramachandar [9]
1949 Ratnakumar Baladevan Krishnan–Panju Credited as Ramachandar [9]
1950 Marudhanaattu Ilavarasi Kandeeban A. Kasilingam [9]
1950 Manthiri Kumari Veeramohan Ellis R. Dungan [59]
[60]
1951 Marmayogi Karikalan K. Ramnoth Also made in Hindi as Ek Tha Raja [12]
[61]
1951 Sarvadhikari Prathapan T. R. Sundaram [9]
1952 Andhaman Kaidhi Nataraj V. Krishnan [62]
1952 Kumari Vijayan R. Padmanaban [9]
1952 En Thangai Rajendran Chitrapu Narayana Rao [9]
1953 Naam Kumaran A. Kasilingam Also producer [63]
[64]
1953 Panakkaari Sundar K. S. Gopalakrishnan [9]
1953 Genova Cipresso F. Nagoor Malayalam film
Also made in Tamil with the same title
[15]
[65]
1954 Malaikkallan Kumaraveeran (Abdul Rahim)[b] S. M. Sriramulu Naidu [66]
1954 Koondukkili Thangaraj T. R. Ramanna [9]
1955 Gulebakavali Dasan T. R. Ramanna [9]
1956 Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum Ali Baba T. R. Sundaram [20]
1956 Madurai Veeran Madurai Veeran Dasari Yoganand [67]
1956 Thaikkupin Tharam Muthaiyan M. A. Thirumugam [9]
1957 Chakravarthi Thirumagal Udhayasuriyan P. Neelakantan [9]
[68]
1957 Raja Rajan Rajan T. V. Sundaram [9]
1957 Pudhumai Pithan Jeevagan T. R. Ramanna [9]
1957 Mahadhevi Vallavan Sundar Rao Nadkarni [24]
1958 Nadodi Mannan Marthandan, Veerangan[c] M. G. Ramachandran Also producer [16]
1959 Thaai Magalukku Kattiya Thaali Kanagu R. R. Chandiran [9]
1960 Baghdad Thirudan Abu T. P. Sundaram [9]
1960 Raja Desingu Tej Singh alias Desingu, Dawood Khan[c] T. R. Raghunath [69]
1960 Mannadhi Mannan Manivannan M. Natesan [9]
1961 Arasilankumari Arivazhagan A. S. A. Sami
A. Kasilingam
[70]
1961 Thirudathe Balu P. Neelakantan [9]
1961 Sabaash Mapillai Vasu S. Raghavan [9]
1961 Nallavan Vazhvan Muthu P. Neelakantan [9]
1961 Thaai Sollai Thattadhe Raju M. A. Thirumugam [71]
1962 Raani Samyuktha Prithviraj Chauhan Dasari Yoganand [72]
1962 Maadappura Ramu S. A. Subbaraman [9]
1962 Thayai Katha Thanayan Sekar M. A. Thirumugam [9]
1962 Kudumba Thalaivan Vasu M. A. Thirumugam [9]
1962 Paasam Gopi T. R. Ramanna [9]
1962 Vikramaadhithan Vikramaditya T. R. Raghunath
N. S. Ramadass
[9]
1963 Panathottam Selvam K. Shankar [9]
1963 Koduthu Vaithaval Selvam P. Neelakantan [9]
1963 Dharmam Thalai Kaakkum Chandran M. A. Thirumugam [73]
1963 Kalai Arasi Mohan, Alien[c] A. Kasilingam [74]
[75]
1963 Periya Idathu Penn Murugappan T. R. Ramanna [27]
1963 Anandha Jodhi Anand V. N. Reddy
A. S. A. Sami
[9]
1963 Needhikkuppin Paasam Gopal M. A. Thirumugam [9]
1963 Kaanchi Thalaivan Narasimha Pallavan (Mamallan)[b] A. Kasilingam [76]
1963 Parisu Venu Dasari Yoganand [9]
1964 Vettaikaaran Babu M. A. Thirumugam [77]
1964 En Kadamai Inspector Nathan M. Natesan [9]
1964 Panakkara Kudumbam Nallathambi T. R. Ramanna [9]
1964 Dheiva Thaai Maran P. Madhavan [78]
1964 Thozhilali Raju M. A. Thirumugam [9]
1964 Padagotti Manickam Tatineni Prakash Rao [29]
1964 Thaayin Madiyil Raja Adurthi Subba Rao [9]
1965 Enga Veettu Pillai Ilango, Ramu[c] Tapi Chanakya [9]
1965 Panam Padaithavan Raja T. R. Ramanna [9]
1965 Aayirathil Oruvan Manimaran B. R. Panthulu [79]
1965 Kalangarai Vilakkam Ravi K. Shankar [9]
1965 Kanni Thaai Saravanan M. A. Thirumugam [9]
1965 Thazhampoo Durai N. S. Ramadass [9]
1965 Aasai Mugam Manohar P. Pullaiah [9]
1966 Anbe Vaa J. B. (Balu)[b] A. C. Tirulokchandar [32]
1966 Naan Aanaiyittal Pandiyan Tapi Chanakya [9]
1966 Mugaraasi Ramu M. A. Thirumugam [9]
1966 Nadodi Thyagu B. R. Panthulu [80]
1966 Chandhrodhayam Chandran K. Shankar [81]
1966 Thaali Bhagyam Murugan Kadaru Nagabhushanam [9]
1966 Thanipiravi Muthaiah M. A. Thirumugam [82]
1966 Parakkum Paavai Jeeva T. R. Ramanna [83]
1966 Petralthan Pillaiya Anandhan Krishnan–Panju [84]
1967 Thaikku Thalaimagan Marudhu M. A. Thirumugam [9]
[85]
1967 Arasa Kattalai Vijayan M. G. Chakrapani [86]
1967 Kaavalkaaran Mani P. Neelakantan [9]
1967 Vivasayee Muthaiah M. A. Thirumugam [9]
1968 Ragasiya Police 115 Ramu B. R. Panthulu [9]
1968 Thaer Thiruvizha Saravanan, Himself[c] M. A. Thirumugam [9]
[87]
1968 Kudiyirundha Koyil Anand, Sekar (Babu)[d] K. Shankar Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Actor [9]
[35]
[88]
1968 Kannan En Kadhalan Kannan P. Neelakantan [9]
1968 Pudhiya Bhoomi Katheeravan Tapi Chanakya [89]
1968 Kanavan Valaiyan P. Neelakantan [89]
1968 Oli Vilakku Muthu Tapi Chanakya [90]
1968 Kadhal Vaaganam Sundaram M. A. Thirumugam [9]
[91]
1969 Adimai Penn Vengaiya Malaiyan, Vengaiyyan[c] K. Shankar Also producer
Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Film
[35]
[92]
[93]
1969 Nam Naadu Dorai C. P. Jambulingam [94]
1970 Maattukara Velan Velan, Raghu[c] P. Neelakantan [94]
[95]
1970 En Annan Rangan P. Neelakantan [9]
1970 Thalaivan Ilango P. A. Thomas
Singamuthu
[9]
[96]
1970 Thedi Vandha Mappillai Shankar B. R. Panthulu [9]
1970 Engal Thangam Thangam Krishnan–Panju [97]
1971 Kumari Kottam Gopal P. Neelakantan [9]
1971 Rickshawkaran Selvam M. Krishnan Nair National Film Award for Best Actor [9]
[35]
1971 Neerum Neruppum Manivannan, Karikalan[c] P. Neelakantan [9]
1971 Oru Thaai Makkal Kannan P. Neelakantan [9]
1972 Sange Muzhangu Murugan P. Neelakantan [9]
1972 Nalla Neram Raju M. A. Thirumugam [9]
1972 Raman Thediya Seethai Raman P. Neelakantan [9]
1972 Naan Yen Pirandhen Kannan M. Krishnan Nair [9]
1972 Annamitta Kai Durairaj M. Krishnan Nair [9]
1972 Idhaya Veenai Sundaram Krishnan–Panju [9]
1973 Ulagam Sutrum Valiban Raju, Murugan[c] M. G. Ramachandran Also producer [40]
[98]
1973 Pattikaattu Ponnaiya Ponnaiah, Muthaiah[c] B. S. Ranga [9]
1974 Netru Indru Naalai Rathnam (Manickam), Kumar[d] P. Neelakantan [9]
[99]
1974 Urimaikural Gopi C. V. Sridhar [9]
1974 Sirithu Vazha Vendum Ramu, Rahman[c] S. S. Balan [9]
[3]
1975 Ninaithadhai Mudippavan Sundaram, Ranjith Kumar[c] P. Neelakantan [100]
1975 Naalai Namadhe Shankar, Vijay[c] K. S. Sethumadhavan [9]
1975 Idhayakkani Mohan A. Jagannathan [101]
1975 Pallandu Vazhga Rajan K. Shankar [102]
1976 Needhikku Thalaivanangu Vijay P. Neelakantan [103]
1976 Uzhaikkum Karangal Ranga K. Shankar [9]
1976 Oorukku Uzhaippavan Selvam, Kumar[c] M. Krishnan Nair [9]
1977 Navarathinam Thangam A. P. Nagarajan [9]
1977 Indru Pol Endrum Vaazhga Murugan K. Shankar [9]
1977 Meenava Nanban Kumaran C. V. Sridhar [9]
1978 Madhuraiyai Meetta Sundharapandiyan Sundarapandian M. G. Ramachandran Also producer [9]
1990 Avasara Police 100 Raj K. Bhagyaraj Posthumous release. Archive footage of Ramachandran's unfinished film Anna Nee En Dheivam used. [9]
[104]
[105]
1991 Nallathai Naadu Kekum Raja Jeppiaar Posthumous release. Archive footage of Ramachandran's unfinished film of the same name used. [104]
[106]

See also

M. G. Ramachandran's unrealized projects

Notes

  1. ^ The word zamindar refers to a landowner who leases his land to tenant farmers.[28]
  2. ^ a b c M. G. Ramachandran played a single character in the film who has two or more different names.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n M. G. Ramachandran played dual roles in this film.
  4. ^ a b M. G. Ramachandran played dual roles in this film, one of who has two or more different names.

References

  1. ^ Jeyaraj, D. B. S. (26 January 2017). "Magical "MGR" Charisma of Kandy- Born Actor-Politico M.G.Ramachandran". DBSJeyaraj.com. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mishra, Nivedita (17 January 2017). "MGR's centenary: The man who dominated Tamil films for 3 decades". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 188.
  4. ^ Kannan 2010, p. 85; Kannan 2017, p. 37.
  5. ^ a b Jeshi, K. (24 September 2012). "Tunes and trivia". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 2 June 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  6. ^ a b Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 288.
  7. ^ a b Guy, Randor (28 March 2008). "Meera 1945". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  8. ^ Kantha, Sachi Sri (12 December 2012). "MGR Remembered, Part 1". Ilankai Tamil Sangam. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci Film News Anandan (23 October 2004). சாதனைகள் படைத்த தமிழ்த் திரைப்பட வரலாறு – புரட்சி நடிகர் நடித்த திரைப்படங்கள் [History of Landmark Tamil Films – MGR Filmography] (in Tamil). Chennai: Sivakami Publishers. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  10. ^ a b Guy, Randor (5 September 2008). "Rajakumari 1947". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
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  12. ^ a b Guy, Randor (14 March 2008). "Marmayogi 1951". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  13. ^ a b Phadnis, Aditi (6 December 2016). "Jayalalithaa: Tamil Nadu's mercurial pharaoh". Business Standard. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  14. ^ Guy, Randor (28 November 2008). "En Thangai 1952". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  15. ^ a b Vijayakumar, B. (5 April 2010). "Genova 1953". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  16. ^ a b Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 355.
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  20. ^ a b Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, pp. 339–340.
  21. ^ Kantha, Sachi Sri (28 September 2013). "MGR Remembered – Part 11". Ilankai Tamil Sangam. Archived from the original on 7 September 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
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  27. ^ a b Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 377.
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  30. ^ Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, pp. 188, 383–384.
  31. ^ a b c "எம்.ஜி.ஆர்-ன் சிறந்த சாதனை படங்கள்...!" [Best Films of MGR]. Dinamalar (in Tamil). 17 June 2015. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
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  35. ^ a b c d e Film News Anandan (23 October 2004). சாதனைகள் படைத்த தமிழ்த் திரைப்பட வரலாறு – புரட்சி நடிகர் எம்.ஜி.ஆர். அவர்கள் பெற்ற விருதுகள் [History of Landmark Tamil Films – Awards received by MGR] (in Tamil). Chennai: Sivakami Publishers. Archived from the original on 11 June 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
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  53. ^ Meera (Motion picture) (in Tamil). India: Chandraprabha Cinetone. 1945. Opening credits from 00:00:21 to 00:00:31.
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