List of public venues and institutions closed during the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic

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List of major public venues and institutions which were closed or heavily impacted during the 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic.

Self-isolation quarantine during the coronavirus COVID 19-20 pandemic


National travel agency Flight Centre has indefinitely closed 100 stores throughout Australia, due to significantly lower demand for travel.[1]


Brazil has closed its land borders with neighboring countries. In Rio de Janeiro, the local governor has closed access to the Christ the Redeemer statue and Sugarloaf Mountain. All public beaches in the Rio district have been closed. Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, who has faced media speculation that he is infected with COVID-19, has sparred with local governors, who say he is not doing enough to protect Brazilians from the virus. Bolsonaro, for his part, has said that governors are over-reacting, and as a result are threatening the nation's economy.[2]


On 13 March 2020, the Canada Lands Company announced the closure of the CN Tower from the end of that business day until 14 April 2020.[3]


As of 13 March 2020, French President Emmanuel Macron and other leaders set in motion a series of closures and restrictions on access to services:


German Chancellor Angela Merkel and other leaders have closed a wide range of buildings and institutions throughout the country, or changed the rules related to access to them, on or before 12 March 2020:

  • In Berlin, the offices within the Bundestag (Germany's Parliament) have been closed to visitors indefinitely. Also closed to the public are the offices of the German Federal President, Frank-Walter Steinmeier.[5]
  • As of 12 March, all university classes have been cancelled indefinitely, and school administrators will coordinate with a government task force to either reschedule exams, or have them taken online.[5]
  • The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG), Berlin's largest provider of public transportation, will no longer sell bus tickets on board. Instead, passengers must buy their tickets online, or via a mobile app. Also, bus passengers will now board the vehicle from the rear.[5]
  • Throughout Berlin, nightclubs and other recreational venues will have their access tightly controlled, with club goers having to register before entry.[5]
  • Many schools are closed throughout Germany, with no date scheduled to reopen as of 12 March. In addition, any students returning to Germany from countries at high risk for the disease must first be quarantined for fourteen days before they will be allowed back in their respective schools.[5]
  • Train service in Germany, known as the Deutsche Bahn, were not yet affected as of 12 March, but authorities were considering ways to feasibly restrict access. In addition to potential changes to Germany's rail system, German airports and airlines are adjusting to a 30-day travel ban implemented by United States President Donald Trump, affecting travel to the United States from the Schengen Area of Europe.[5]


On 22 March, The Government of India decided to completely lockdown 82 districts in 22 states and Union Territories of the country where confirmed cases have been reported till 31 March. At 6 am on 23 March Delhi will be put under lockdown till at least 31 March. Essential services and commodities to continue. 80 cities including major cities such as Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai, Chandigarh and Kolkata will be put under lockdown till 31 March.

On 24 March, The Government of India announced a complete national lockdown from the midnight of 25 March for the next 21 days. All educational institutions, public venues have ordered to be closed across India for the above period. Public transportation such as the local metro, etc.., have been discontinued temporarily. Only grocery shops, hospitals are allowed to operate. Only small hotels are supposed to operate under delivery mode.


Despite a series of smaller measures taken to mitigate the spread of the virus in Italy, Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte ordered a strict quarantine of the country on Wednesday, 11 March 2020. Under the emergency order, anyone who leaves their home without filling out required paperwork or otherwise receiving permission will be fined and potentially face criminal charges. Only grocery stores, "food shops" and pharmacies will remain open, although factories will also continue to operate. Public transportation will continue to operate, with continued service guaranteed by the Italian government. Restaurants are closed, although customers may order take-out. Most government offices will remain open. Most outdoor exercise such as jogging and bicycling remains permissible, although not in groups. Citizens are allowed to take their pets to a veterinarians office, and to leave the house to allow the animal to relieve itself. Airports and air carriers are allowed to fly non-citizens out of the country. Citizens are allowed to travel to their homes within Italy. The Italian post office is operating normally.[6]


As the number of confirmed novel coronavirus cases in Israel reached 109 on 12 March 2020, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, with the cooperation of the Teachers Union of Israel, ordered all schools and universities throughout the nation closed for a minimum of one month.[7]


  • According to official confirmed web site on Ueno Zoo of Tokyo, this animal park closure from February 29 to May 6.[page needed]



On 13 March 2020, the Government of Pakistan announced that all schools will remain closed until 5 April 2020.[10]

On 18 March 2020, Ministry of Education announced that all exams will be postponed up to 1 June 2020.[11]

In Pakistan, the Sindh Government has initiated a complete lock-down of the province, especially the capital Karachi. This means that all businesses, malls, restaurants, parks and entertainment avenues will remain closed for a period of 14 days, which began on Friday 20 March 2020.[12]

The Corona Virus pandemic has affected the entertainment industry of Pakistan heavily, with many films that were slated for an Eid release, now being either postponed indefinitely or looking to postpone. This has hit the nascent film industry hard where most business comes in during the Eid festival season.[13]


On 12 March 2020, Portugal ordered the closure of all schools and Universities starting on the 16th, until future reevaluation on 9 April.[14] On 18 March, the country entered state of emergency, lasting for two weeks. Citizens are only allowed to leave their house for work, to buy essential goods or access public services, for physical activities of short duration, to walk their pets, or to play with children for a short amount of time. All non-essential commercial buildings, like malls, restaurants and cafés or touristic facilities, must remain closed. Eating facilities could remain open, as long as they funcioned exclusively for take-away purposes. Supermarkets, banks, and essential Government services continued to be open, usually for shorter periods of time and with less employees. Non-urgent appointments in healthcare facilities were postponed.[15]


The nation of Spain largely closed the country to most movement as of 14 March 2020. All schools and daycare centers are closed. Most airlines have stopped serving Spain, and stores report severe shortages on many items, including rice, pasta and toilet paper. All Spaniards will be required to stay at home during the state of emergency, which begins Monday, 16 March 2020 and lasts for two weeks. Spaniards may only leave their homes to buy food, medicine or go to work. The order effectively closes all restaurants, bars, coffee shops Internet cafes and other public gathering places.[16]

 Sri Lanka

On 12 March 2020, Government of Sri Lanka ordered to close schools from 12 March to 20 April which also marks the end of the first term.[17] The private tuition classes and tutorials are also scheduled to be closed for two weeks until 26 March.[18]


Thammasat University will close their campuses from 16 March 2020 until 22 March 2020 to prevent the spread of coronavirus while preparing the online courses to all university students.[19]

 United Kingdom

Closures include:

National chains


Rest of the UK

 United States

  • Nationwide
    • Costco, a membership-based chain of wholesale warehouse stores, has reported a sharp increase in sales at all of its stores in the United States. Many of the stores have filled to capacity, with additional customers being forced to wait outside. Stocks of toilet paper and other items sold out, and the chain began setting limits on sales of some merchandise such as bottled water. Other large retailers such as Walmart and Kroger have reported similarly brisk sales. Government officials stress that there is no shortage of food or other items in the nation's supply chain, and the only shortages are regional ones, being caused by panic buying.[29][30]
    • Post-addiction support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous and SMART Recovery, among others, have largely remained in operation throughout the United States, although some chapters have chosen to go into hiatus. Many of the groups have asked their members to not hug, hold hands or pass around the coins that members receive to signify the members length of abstinence.[31]
    • NASA announced the temporary closure of all its visitor complexes until further notice, as well as requiring all non-critical personnel to work from home if possible. Production of the Space Launch System at the Michoud Assembly Facility has stopped,[32][33] as well as further delays to the James Webb Space Telescope.[34]
  • Alaska
    • After the first novel coronavirus was identified in Alaska on 12 March,[35] Anchorage Mayor Ethan Berkowitz and the Anchorage School District ordered all schools closed for an additional week, following the spring break currently underway.[36] The next day, state officials including Governor Mike Dunleavy ordered all public schools and universities closed statewide, through 30 March. In addition, prisoners under the authority of the Alaska Department of Corrections will be denied visitors until further notice.[37]
    • In the state capital, Juneau, the city's only hospital, Bartlett Regional Hospital, set up a triage tent outdoors to prescreen all patients arriving at the hospitals emergency room. Patients and visitors will also be screened at the hospitals main entrance. Anyone arriving outside the hospitals business hours will have to enter through the emergency department and be screened.[38] On 16 March 2020, two additional cases of COVID-19 were identified in Fairbanks,[39] one day after the local mayor ordered public libraries, pools and arenas closed. Fire stations are closed to the public. The closures will remain in effect through 30 March.[40] On 16 March 2020, Berkowitz ordered all dine-in food and bar service ended in Alaska's largest city, and closed all gyms, movie theaters and bingo halls there through 31 March.[41]
    • On 21 March 2020, the small town of Ketchikan, in Southeast Alaska, entered a shelter in place phase, after six residents tested positive for COVID-19 there.[42]
  • California
  • Florida
  • Illinois
    • Illinois Governor J.B. Pritzker ordered all Illinois schools to close effective 17 March 2020. This order will remain in place until at least 30 March 2020.[45] On 15 March, Pritzker announced that all restaurants and bars will be closed to dine-in guests effective 16 March through 30 March 2020.[46]
  • Iowa
    • Iowa Governor Kim Reynolds recommended all Iowa schools close for four weeks, beginning 17 March 2020.[47] On 17 March, Reynolds issued a public health emergency, and as part of her order closed restaurants, bars and public recreation facilities (such as bars, gymnasiums, movie theaters and casinos) for a period of two weeks, until 31 March; restaurants were to move to drive-through, pick-up or delivery only. The 17 March order also placed a moratorium of social gatherings of more than 10 people.[48]
  • Kentucky
    • Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear ordered all public schools in the state to close for two weeks, beginning at the end of the school day on 12 March. For schools that have a spring break during this time, the closure will last for three weeks.[49]
  • Louisiana
    • Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards ordered all schools in New Orleans and throughout the state be closed through 13 April 2020. In response, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New Orleans, and other dioceses throughout the state closed their schools as well.[50]
    • Officials have also rescheduled the 2020 French Quarter Festival, which had been scheduled for April 2020, at Riverfront Park for the following October. Events scheduled at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome, including the 2020 Essence Fest scheduled for July have not yet been affected.[51] On 16 March 2020, the New Orleans Police Department shut down Bourbon Street in the cities famed French Quarter, making the following announcement to the crowd via loudspeaker: "By order of the governor and the mayor, large groups of people are prohibited from congregating together. Your actions are jeopardizing public health, and we are directing you to clear the streets and to go home or back to your hotel. Thank you for your cooperation." By order of New Orleans Mayor Latoya Cantrell, all restaurants must close by 9pm, and last call at bars will occur at midnight.[52]
  • Maryland
    • Maryland Governor Larry Hogan ordered all public schools in the state to close for two weeks, beginning 16 March 2020. The National Guard was also activated to assist during the closure and other emergency response.[53]
  • Massachusetts
    • On 15 March 2020, Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker issued an executive order covering three areas of life and business in his state. One, that all schools close. Two, that all restaurants operate on a take-out basis only. And finally, that groups of 25 or more people are banned. The order is in effect through 5 April 2020.[54]
  • North Carolina
    • On 17 March 2020, North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper issued an executive order to all restaurants and bars to suspend dine-in service and switch to takeout and delivery exclusively. This executive order also changes to unemployment making it easier for employers and the unemployed. The governor appealed to the Small Business Administration (SBA) to grant a "disaster declaration" to provide financial support for business owners.[55] The SBA granted this request on 19 March 2020, allowing small business owners to apply for a low interest loans to stay in business.[56]
    • On 23 March 2020, the governor issued an executive order that will close all public K-12 schools until May 15. Meals are still going to be delivered to anyone who relies on schools for them. In response to this decision, the North Carolina High School Athletic Association (NCHSAA) that they were suspending all interscholastic athletics.[57] In addition, Governor Cooper ordered the closure of non-essential businesses starting 25 March 2020. These businesses include entertainment facilities, such as bowling alleys, gyms, movie theaters, spas, and yoga studios. It also includes personal care places, including barber shops, beauty, hair, and nail salons, and massage and tattoo parlors.[58]
  • Ohio
    • Ohio Governor Mike DeWine ordered all public schools throughout the state to close for three weeks, beginning 16 March and ending 3 April.[59]
    • On 15 March 2020, DeWine ordered all bars and restaurants throughout Ohio closed, for a period of time to be determined at a later time.[60]
  • Pennsylvania
    • Pennsylvania Governor Tom Wolf orders all public schools throughout the state to close for two weeks beginning 16 March and ending 27 March. After 10 business days, state officials say they will reevaluate and decide whether continued closure would be needed.[61]
    • On 14 March 2020, Wolf ordered all bars and all restaurants to close their dine-in facilities in Allegheny, Bucks, Chester, Delaware and Montgomery counties.[62] On 16 March, this order would later extend to the whole state.[63]
  • Washington
    • Washington State Governor Jay Inslee ordered all schools in King, Pierce, and Snohomish counties closed for six weeks, beginning 12 March. The closure impacted 600,000 students in Washington State, including 53,000 in Seattle.[64]


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