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List of massacres in the Finnish Civil War

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This is a list of massacres during or immediately after the Finnish Civil War. The Finnish Civil War was a conflict in 1918, which killed more than 38,000 people (about one percent of the country's population), of whom 1,650 were victims of Red Terror, and over 10,000 of White Terror.[1]

Event Estimated deaths Date Perpetrators Notes
Suinula massacre 15 31 January Red Guards [2]
Vihti executions 17 1 February Red Guards [3]
Lottery of Huruslahti 90 February (after Battle of Varkaus) White Guard The name lottery refers to the alleged logic of executing one in 10 of the accused.
Pori Lyceum massacre 11 6 February Red Guards [4]
Haaga executions 45 12 April Baltic Sea Division The only massacre by the German troops in Finland.
Kuurila train murders 22 19 April Red Guards [5]
Vyborg provincial prison massacre 30+ 27 – 28 April Red Guards [6]
Vyborg massacre 360-420 28 April – 3 May White Guard Victims were predominantly Russian.
Jämsä executions 70-80 April – May White Guard [7]
Hollola executions 200-500 April – May White Guard [8]
Paukaneva executions 40+ April – May White Guard [9]
Tampere executions Hundreds April – May White Guard
Toijala executions 222 April – May Red Guards, White Guard Both sides committed executions in the area.
Kouvola and Koria massacres 120 Red Guards, White Guard Finnish wikipedia
Valkeakoski female guard executions 36 1 May White Guard [10]
Jakobstad executions 7 2 May White Guard The executed included a White Guard lawyer defending the accused.
Västankvarn executions 62+ 2 May – 26 May White Guard Finnish wikipedia
Harmoinen sick room mass murder 13 10 May White Guard Victims were hospital patients.
Koliahde massacre 16 May Red Guards [11]
Länkipohja massacre 80+ May White Guard [12]
Perttula executions 30-40 18 – 20 May White Guard

See also

References

  1. ^ "Finnish Civil War 1918 | International Encyclopedia of the First World War (WW1)". encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  2. ^ "Suinulan verilöyly oli sisällissodan ensimmäinen joukkoteloitus – Tampereen Pyrinnön puheenjohtaja surmattiin Kangasalla". www.aamulehti.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  3. ^ vesa.valtonen@media.fi. "Harva vihtiläinen todisti teloituksia 1.2.1918". Vihdin Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  4. ^ Tikka, Juha-Pekka (2018-05-02). "Punaisen terrorin ajan joukkomurhaa koulun pihalla seurasi paljon yleisöä" (in Finnish). Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  5. ^ Korjus, Olli. Kuusi kuolemaantuomittua (in Finnish). Atena. ISBN 978-952-300-048-3.
  6. ^ Marttinen, Seppo (2018-04-24). Viipurin lääninvankila 1917 - 1918 (in Finnish). BoD - Books on Demand. ISBN 978-952-80-0067-9.
  7. ^ "Silmitöntä tappamista ja teloituksia tapulissa – Vuoden 1918 terrori kauhistuttaa Jämsässä edelleen". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  8. ^ "Työväenmuseo Werstas". www.tkm.fi. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  9. ^ Oy, I.-Mediat. "Paukanevalla teloitettiin yli 40 ihmistä vuonna 1918". Ilkka (in Finnish). Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  10. ^ "Työväenmuseo Werstas". www.tkm.fi. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  11. ^ "Vuoden 1918 verisen kevään jäljet näkyvät Noormarkun ruukkialueella edelleen – "näin sen löydön jälkeen painajaisia"". www.satakunnankansa.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  12. ^ riitta.suomalainen@media.fi. "Tästä alkoi valkoisten kosto 1918: Laittomat teloitukset taistelun jälkeen veivät hautaan kymmenittäin antautuneita". Vantaan Sanomat (in Finnish). Retrieved 2019-12-31.


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