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List of massacres in Nigeria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in over the past number of years in Nigeria (numbers may be approximate):

List

Name Date Location Deaths Notes
Asaba massacre 1967-10-07 Asaba, Delta State Up to 500 men[1] Occurred during Biafran Civil War[2][3]
Odi massacre 1999-11-20 Odi, Bayelsa State 43[4]-2,500[5] Nigerian military attacked the village of Odi, as part of the Conflict in the Niger Delta.
2000 Kaduna riots 2000-02-21 to 2000-05-23 Kaduna 2,000[6][7]–5,000[8] Religious riots between Christians and Muslims over the introduction of sharia law in Kaduna State, start of the religious riots phase of the Sharia conflict in Nigeria.
2001 Jos riots 2001-09-07 to 2001-09-17 Jos 500–5000[9] Religious riots between Christians and Muslims.
Miss World riots 2002-11-22 Kaduna 200+[10] Inter-religious riots that started on 22 November in Kaduna, along with many houses of worship being burned by religious zealots. Cause: article in Thisday about the 2002 Miss World beauty contest (to be held in Abuja), in which Muslims took offence.
Yelwa massacre 2004-02 to 2004-05 Yelwa, Shendam and Kano c. 975[11] Religiously motivated killings between Christians and Muslims.
Muhammad cartoons crisis 2006-02-18 Maiduguri 50+[12] The international crisis reached the Nigerian city of Maiduguri, in which over 50 people were killed and many buildings destroyed or damaged by rioting Muslims, outraged because of cartoons about Muhammad in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
2008 Ogaminana massacre 2008-02-26 Ogaminana, Kogi State over 50 ...police descended on Ogaminana at 8.30 pm on February 26, killing and brutalizing mostly elderly men, women and children in a reprisal attack that has sent shock and outrage throughout the country.[13]
2008 Jos riots 2008-11-28,29 Jos 381[14] Religious riots between Christians and Muslims over the result of a local election.
2009 Boko Haram uprising 2009-07 Maiduguri, Bauchi, Potiskum, Wudil 1,000+[15] Islamic militants killed over a thousand people between 26 and 29 July; during the violence, Christians were killed for refusing to convert to Islam[16]
2010 Jos riots 2010 Jos 992 Religious rioting; victims were mostly Christians killed by Muslims[17]
2011 Abuja United Nations bombing 2011-08-26 Abuja 116[18] 312 injured; Boko Haram attacked a United Nations compound[18]
2011 Damaturu attacks 2011-11-04 Damaturu 100-150[19] Islamic militants associated with Boko Haram attacked police stations, churches, and banks
December 2011 Nigeria clashes 2011-12 Maiduguri and Damaturu 68+[20] Islamic militants associated with Boko Haram clashed with security forces between 22 and 23 December
December 2011 Northern Nigeria attacks 2011-12-25 Madalla 41+[21] 73 injured; Muslim militants bombed a Catholic church during Christmas mass
January 5–6, 2012 Nigeria attacks 2012-01-05,06 Mubi, Yola, Gombi, and Maiduguri 37+[22] Islamic terrorists attacked churches and Christian businesses; Boko Haram claimed responsibility
January 20, 2012 Nigeria attacks 2012-01-20 Kano 185[23] Islamic terrorists attacked churches and Christian businesses; Boko Haram claimed responsibility
April 2012 Kaduna bombings 2012-04-08 Kaduna 38[24] Islamic terrorists bombed a church on Easter[24]
June 2012 Kaduna church bombings 2012-06-07 Kaduna, Wusasa, and Sabon Gari 12[25]-19[26] 80 injured; Islamic terrorists bombed three churches
Deeper Life Church shooting 2012-08-07 Okene 19[27] Islamic militants attacked a church; the pastor was among the dead
December 2012 shootings in Northern Nigeria 2012-12-25 Abuja 27[28][29] Islamic militants attacked a church on Christmas Day; afterwards the church was set on fire
2013 Baga massacre 2013-04-19,20 Baga, Borno 228+[30] Identity of the perpetrators remains unclear; some blame the Nigerian military while others blame the Islamic terrorist group Boko Haram[31]
Yobe State school shooting 2013-07-06 Mamudo government secondary school 30[32] Suspected Boko Haram terrorists killed at least 41 children and one teacher[33]
Gujba college massacre 2013-09-29 Gujba Yobe school 50[34] At 1:00 a.m. suspected gunmen from Boko Haram entered the male dormitory in the College of Agriculture in Gujba, Yobe State, Nigeria, killing at least forty-four students and teachers.[32]
Kawuri massacre 2014-01-11 Konduga Local Government, Borno State 85[35] Attack by Boko Haram
Borno massacre 2014-02-11 Konduga, Borno State 39 About 39 people are believed to have been killed in an attack by Islamist militants on a Nigerian town.

Local residents said the attack on Konduga, in the north-east Borno state, lasted several hours, beginning shortly before sundown on Tuesday night with the arrival of gunmen in 4x4 trucks. A mosque and more than 1,000 homes were razed to the ground, residents said.[36]

Federal Government College Buni Yadi attack 2014-02-25 Federal Government College Buni Yadi, Yobe State 59 Islamist gunmen killed 59 students at a boarding school in Yobe State.[37]
April 2014 Abuja attacks 2014-04-14 Bus Stand, Abuja, Nigeria 71 Two bombs exploded in a crowded bus station in the outskirts of Abuja, Nigeria.[38]
2014 Gamboru Ngala massacre 2014-05-06 Gamboru, Borno, Nigeria 300+[39] Militants attacked at night and set houses ablaze. When people tried to escape, they were shot dead.[40]
Gwoza massacre 2014-06-02 Gwoza, Borno, Nigeria 200-300[41] Boko Haram attack on Christian villagers
2014 Kano bombing 2014-06-23 Kano, Nigeria 200+ Dozens of people were killed in a bomb blast at Kano State School of Hygiene. The blast was attributed to militant group Boko Haram by the locals.[42]
Zaria Quds Day massacres 2014-07-25/26 Zaria, Kaduna State 34 [43]
2015 Baga massacre 2015-01-03,04,05,06,07 Baga, Borno At least 100, over 2,000 "unaccounted for"
2015-2016 Killing of Biafran Protesters 2015-08-30 to 2016-02-09 Several including Onitsha and Aba, Igboland 80+ Over 80 protesters agitating for the secession of the Biafran region from Nigeria have been killed en masse by Nigerian security operatives, while more than 400 others have been arrested, detained or imprisoned[44]
2015 Zaria massacre 2015-12-12,13 Zaria, Kaduna State 700-1000 Nigerian army open fire on the Shiite minority when they were conducting a religious procession.[45]

Bandit attacks

Date Location Deaths Notes
2019-05-21 Kaura Namoda, Zamfara State 23 23 people were killed in a retaliatory attack by bandits on Tunga and Kabaje villages in Kaura Namoda LGA, after the death of their suspected ally.[46][47]
2019-06-09 Maru, Zamfara State 16 16 people celebrating Eid al-Fitr were killed by unidentified bandits in Kanoma community of Maru LGA.[48][49]
2019-06-08,09 Rabah, Sokoto State 25 Kalhu, Tsage and Geeri villages in Rabah LGA were attacked by bandits during the night. The attack went on till morning, killing 25 people.[50][51]
2019-06-09 Satiru, Sokoto State 18 Satiru village of Sokoto state was attacked by bandits, killing 18 people.[52][53]
2019-06-09 Shiroro, Niger State 47 confirmed dead Eight farming and herding villages in Shiroro LGA were attacked on 9 June by bandits, who also stole 525 cattle. Niger State Emergency Management Agency confirmed finding 47 corpses. Permanent Secretary of Niger State for cabinet and Security, Aliyu Isah Ekan, claimed only 12 have been killed.[54][55] Senator David Uamru had claimed 70 were killed.[56]
2019-06-14 Shinkafi, Zamfara State 34 Police confirmed deaths of 34 people in a bandit attack on Tungar Kafau and Gidan Wawa in Shinkafi LGA.[57]

Herder-farmer conflicts and communal conflicts

Date Location Deaths Perpetrator Notes
2018-10-19 Kaduna State 55 Christian Adara and Hausa Muslim youths A market dispute led to the deaths of two people. In return a communal conflict erupted, Adaras attacked Hausa, killing dozens. The riots left a total of 55 people dead.[58]
2019-01-16 Guma, Benue State Unknown Jukun and Tiv attackers Many people were killed amidst a communal conflict between Jukun and Tiv people in Guma LGA of Benue State.[59][60]
2019-01-28 Zamfara State 7 herders Vigilantes Seven herders were burnt by a team of vigilantes alongside their cows.[61]
2019-02-04 Zamfara State 26 Herders (suspected) 7 villages in Zamfara State were attacked and 26 killed in suspected revenge for killing of seven herders a week before.[62]
2019-02-10,11 Kajuru, Kaduna State 141 (130 Fulani and 11 Adara) Fulani herdsmen and Adara militia 2019 Kaduna State massacre: Part of the communal violence leading up to the 2019 election. The government said 130 Fulani were killed,. 11 Adara were also killed. Miyetti Allah said 66 Fulani were buried and 65 remain missing.[63][64][65][66]
2019-02-20 Ebete, Agatu, Kaduna State 17 Fulani herdsmen 17 people were killed in an attack by Fulani herdsmen on Ebete in Agatu LGA of Benue State.[67][68]
2019-02-26 Karamai, Kajuru, Kaduna State 40 Adara Fulani herdsmen (suspected) At least 29 people were reported to be killed in an attack in Karamai community of Kajuru. The attack was suspected to be from Fulani in retaliation to the earlier violence where Fulani settlements were attacked. The governor confirmed a few days later that the death toll had risen to 40.[69][70]
2019-03-02 Gwer West, Benue State 16 farmers Fulani herdsmen Herdsmen killed 16 in an attack on Gwer West LGA. The government blamed the attack on allegations of theft of cows by livestock guards made by the military. Residents said the herdsmen brought along many cattle and took over their lands for grazing after killing people.[71][72][73][74]
2019-03-07 Bassa, Kogi State 20 Bassa Kwomu Egburra Mozum militia 20 Bassa Kwomu were killed in an attack by an Egburra Mozum militia in Bassa LGA, Kogi State.[75][76]
2019-03-10 Aungwan Barde, Kajuru, Kaduna State 16-35 Adara Fulani herdsmen (suspected) The police have put the death toll at 16 in attack by suspected Fulani herdsmen. However, the Adara Development Association has claimed an upwards of 35 killed.[77]
2019-03-10 Birnin Gwari, Kaduna State 17 Unknown 17 vigilantes were ambushed and killed by unidentified gunmen in the mainly Muslim area of Birnin Gwari as they stole cattle.[78][79][80]
2019-03-11 Maro, Kajuru, Kaduna State 16-52 Adara Fulani herdsmen (suspected) The police have put the death toll at 16 in an attack by suspected Fulani herdsmen in Kajuru. However, the Adara Development Association has claimed an upwards of 52 killed in Inkirimi and Dogonnoma villages in Maro. Another version of the attack by a source claimed 46 people were killed in Aungwan Gamu. The police have however not confirmed the claims.[81][82]
2019-03-16 Nandu-Gbok, Sanga LGA, Kaduna State 10 Adara Fulani herdsmen (suspected) 10 people were confirmed killed in Nandu-Gbok village of Sanga LGA after an attack by suspected Fulani herdsmen. Residents suspect it is in revenge for an earlier attack where they say at least 11 cows and 28 sheep belonging to Fulani were slaughtered in the same area before the election.[83][84]
2019-03-17 Biase, Cross Rivers State 4 Ikwo militias Four people were killed in an attack on communities of Biase LGA of Cross River State by Ikwo warlords in revenge for burning down of their communities.[85][86]
2019-03-18 Agatu, Benue State Several Agbaduma people Militia hired by Egba, Abogbe and Ologba Several persons were killed during a communal conflict that erupted over ownership of lands. The police has stated that militiamen hired by Egba, Abogbe and Ologba people attacked the Okokolo area inhabited by Agbaduma people.[87][88]
2019-03-19 Guma, Benue State 5-10 Fulani herdsmen (suspected) The Nigerian police have said five people were recorded as having died in a suspected herdsman attack in Tse Ioreleegeb village, part of Guma LGA of Benue State. The Guma LGA chairman has claimed 10 were killed[89][90]
2019-03-19 Khana, Rivers State 5 Iceland group (suspected) Five people were confirmed to have been killed by suspected Iceland group members in a cult attack on Kono Boue in Khana LGA. The cause is suspected to be retaliation for killing of their member.[91][92]
2019-03-26 Jos North, Plateau State 5 Christian and Muslim youth Intercommunal violence occurred between Christian and Muslim youth. According to a resident, after the discovery of two dead boys from Angwan Miango over the past week at the border between it and Rikkos, a Hausa community, the people went on reprisal killings against Hausas.[93][94] Five people were killed as a result in the ensuing clashes.[95] Arewa Christians and Indigenous Pastors Association, however, claimed deaths of 30 Christians.[96]. Federal Government of Nigeria has introduce RUGA settlement to cub conflicts between the Herdsmen and Farmer in Plateau State.[97]

Literature

References

  1. ^ Le Monde, 5 April 1968
  2. ^ Sufuyan Ojeifo and Lemmy Ughegbe, Vanguard (Nigeria), 2001.
  3. ^ http://www.dawodu.com/barrack7.htm Alfred Obiora Uzokwe, Surviving Biafra, 2002
  4. ^ "The Destruction of Odi and Rape in Choba". HRW.org. Human Rights Watch. 1999-12-22. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
  5. ^ Bassey, Nnimmo (2006-06-02). "Trade and Human Rights in the Niger Delta of Nigeria". Pambazuka News. Fahamu. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
  6. ^ "Nigeria buries its dead". BBC News. 25 November 2002. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  7. ^ "Nigeria begraaft doden na rellen". Trouw (in Dutch). 26 May 2000. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  8. ^ "The "Miss World Riots": Continued Impunity for Killings in Kaduna". Human Rights Watch. July 2003. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  9. ^ Johannes Harnischfeger, Democratization and Islamic Law: The Sharia Conflict in Nigeria (Frankfurt am Main 2008) p.35-36. Campus Verlag. ISBN 3593382563
  10. ^ "Nigeria riots toll 'passes 200'". BBC News. 24 November 2002. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  11. ^ "Revenge in the Name of Religion", Human Rights Watch, 26 May 2005.
  12. ^ Sampson (2012), p. 108.
  13. ^ nurdeans (2018-07-31). "Gov. Lalong, Buhari Honour Imam Who Shields 300 Christians from Massacre". NAIJA NEWS TODAY & LATEST BREAKING NEWS ™. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  14. ^ "Nigeria: Jos Riots – Death Toll Hits 400y: witnesses". AFP. 29 November 2008. Archived from the original on 3 December 2008. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  15. ^ "Nigeria accused of ignoring sect warnings before wave of killings". The Guardian. London. 2009-08-02. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-08-12. Retrieved 2010-04-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ Nossiter, Adam (8 March 2010). "Toll From Religious and Ethnic Violence in Nigeria Rises to 500". The New York Times. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  18. ^ a b Nossiter, Adam (28 August 2011). "Islamic Group Says It Was Behind Fatal Nigeria Attack". NYTimes. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  19. ^ "Nigeria group threatens more deadly attacks". Al Jazeera. 6 November 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  20. ^ "Nigeria sect clashes kill at least 68 - officials". Reuters. 25 December 2011. Archived from the original on 16 April 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  21. ^ "Nigeria church bomb death toll rises to 37, wounded 57". Reuters. 30 December 2011. Archived from the original on 13 January 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  22. ^ "Christians flee attacks in northeast Nigeria". Reuters. 7 January 2012. Archived from the original on 13 January 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  23. ^ Sky News, ed. (23 January 2012). "Nigeria: More Bombs Found As Death Toll Rises". Sky News. Archived from the original on 26 January 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  24. ^ a b "Suicide car bombing kills 38 in Nigeria on Easter Sunday". Associated Press. 9 April 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  25. ^ BBC News Africa : "Nigeria: Dozens dead in church bombings and rioting" (17 June 2012) - (Retrieved : May 30, 2013)
  26. ^ Reuters-UK : "Nigerian Christian worship subdued by church bombs", by Augustine Madu and Joe Brock (24 June 2012) - (Retrieved : May 30, 2013)
  27. ^ "Nigeria church attack in Kogi state 'kills 19'". BBC News. 7 August 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  28. ^ llo. "Vijftien christenen gedood in dorp Musari". Het Nieuwsblad. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  29. ^ CNN Staff (25 December 2012). "12 killed in attacks on two churches in Nigeria - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  30. ^ "Baga Massacre: Crimes against humanity by JTF?". Nigeria Intel. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  31. ^ Nossiter, Adam (29 April 2013). "Massacre in Nigeria Spurs Outcry Over Military Tactics". The New York Times. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  32. ^ a b ADAMU, ADAMU. "Boko Haram blamed after attack on Nigerian college leaves as many as 50 dead". www.theglobeandmail.com. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  33. ^ McElroy, Damien (8 July 2013). "Terrorists kill 41 children in school attack". smh.com.au. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  34. ^ Soffer, Ari. "Islamists Massacre 50 Students at Nigerian School". Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  35. ^ Boko haram: 85 dead and counting in northeast Nigeria village Archived 2014-05-29 at the Wayback Machine, Wednesday, 29 January 2014 12:36.
  36. ^ Ross, Will. "Nigeria militants kill dozens in Borno state attack". BBC News.
  37. ^ Hemba, Joe (26 February 2014). "Nigerian Islamists kill 59 pupils in boarding school attack". Reuters. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  38. ^ "71 killed in a Bomb Blast at a Bus Station in Nigeria". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  39. ^ "Boko Haram Attack Kills Hundreds In Border Town". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  40. ^ "Over 200 killed in Boko Haram Led Attack in Nigerian Town". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  41. ^ Abdullahi Umar (5 June 2014). "Nigeria: Gwoza Under Siege - Boko Haram Kills 300, Wipes Out Three Villages". AllAfrica.com.
  42. ^ "Dozens killed in Bomb Explosion in Nigerian medical school". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
  43. ^ "Nigeria Report: The Zaria Massacres And The Role Of The Military".
  44. ^ "Biafra will not stand, Buhari vows - Vanguard News". vanguardngr.com. 6 March 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  45. ^ "Zaria Carnage: Close to 1000 Shias killed by Nigeria Army - Says Islamic Movement spokesman". Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  46. ^ Bandits kill 23 people in Zamfara fresh attack
  47. ^ Bandits kill 23 in reprisal attack in Zamfara
  48. ^ Zamfara: Bandits Kill 16, Injure 14 In Sallah Day Massacre …Gov Suspends Emir, District Head Over Killings
  49. ^ Insecurity: 21 killed, 12 missing in various attacks across Nigeria last week
  50. ^ 25 killed in Sokoto bandit attacks
  51. ^ Four arrested as bandits kill 25 in Sokoto
  52. ^ Gangs kill dozens in series of attacks in northern Nigeria
  53. ^ Nigerian gangs kill 43 in attacks
  54. ^ Nigeria: Bandit Attacks in Shiroro
  55. ^ Gangs kill dozens in series of attacks in northern Nigeria
  56. ^ Niger bandit attacks: Death toll now 70 — Senator
  57. ^ https://punchng.com/police-confirm-34-killed-by-bandits-in-zamfara/ Police confirm 34 killed by bandits in Zamfara]
  58. ^ Curfew declared in Nigerian city after deadly sectarian violence
  59. ^ Panel on Tiv/Jukun clashes in Benue begins sitting
  60. ^ Breaking: 15 houses burnt as Tiv, Jukun clash in Makurdi
  61. ^ Gunmen kill 26 in seven villages in Zamfara state, northwest Nigeria
  62. ^ Gunmen kill 26 in seven villages in Zamfara state, northwest Nigeria
  63. ^ "Miyetti Allah releases names of 131 victims of Kajuru, Kaduna violence - Premium Times Nigeria".
  64. ^ "Death toll in last week's Nigeria attack doubles to 130". Aljazeera. 19 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  65. ^ Kajuru Killings: Miyetti Allah Says ‘Adara’ Militia Group’s At Work
  66. ^ SPECIAL REPORT: After attacks, Kajuru villagers tell tales of pains, sorrow
  67. ^ Herdsmen Kill 17 Persons in Benue
  68. ^ Attack by ‘herdsmen’ in central Nigeria leaves 17 dead
  69. ^ 29 killed as ethnic violence grips NW Nigeria
  70. ^ Death Toll From Kaduna Attack Rises To 40
  71. ^ 16 killed as herdsmen attack Benue community
  72. ^ 16 farmers Killed in Benue By Herdsmen
  73. ^ Suspected Herdsmen Have Killed 16 Persons As They Carried Out Retaliatory Attack For Their Alleged Stolen Cows In Benue
  74. ^ Suspected herdsmen kill 16 in fresh attack on Benue community Read more: https://www.legit.ng/1225258-suspected-herdsmen-kill-16-fresh-attack-benue-community.html
  75. ^ Suspected Igburra Militants Kill 20 Bassa Kwomu, Razed 50 Houses In Sheria, Oguma Communities
  76. ^ 20 Killed In Kogi Communal Clashes
  77. ^ Herdsmen Kill 85 People in Kaduna Communities
  78. ^ Police confirm killing of 17, embark on aerial surveillance of flash-points
  79. ^ Cattle thieves kill 17 in NW Nigeria: police
  80. ^ Smart voters, NBC’s sanctions, and ethnic bashing
  81. ^ Nigeria: Community, Police Differ On Casualties in Kaduna Attacks
  82. ^ Herdsmen Kill 85 People in Kaduna Communities
  83. ^ Govt Confirms Killing Of 10 In Fresh Kaduna Attack
  84. ^ 10 killed, 30 houses set ablaze as gunmen raid Southern Kaduna
  85. ^ 4 killed, 3 villages sacked in Cross River communal clash
  86. ^ 4 C’River communities razed in communal conflict
  87. ^ Many reported dead following bloody communal clash in Agatu, Benue state
  88. ^ Nigeria: Many Feared Dead, Scores Injured, Houses Razed in Fresh Agatu Communal Clash
  89. ^ Herdsmen reportedly strike again in Benue, kill 10 Read more: https://www.legit.ng/1228873-herdsmen-reportedly-strike-benue-kill-10.html
  90. ^ 10 feared dead in fresh herdsmen attack on Guma LGA of Benue
  91. ^ 20 feared dead in Rivers’ fresh cult attack
  92. ^ 16 dead as cult war resumes in Rivers
  93. ^ Tension In Jos As Reprisal Attack Kills Many, Houses Burnt
  94. ^ Scores killed, many injured as fresh violence erupts in Jos
  95. ^ Five people killed, 12 houses burnt in fresh Plateau crisis – Police
  96. ^ Arewa pastors say 30 Christians killed in Jos attacks
  97. ^ nurdeans (2019-07-02). "RUGA SETTLEMENT IS TO RESOLVE FARMER/HERDER CONFLICTS – PRESIDENCY". NAIJA NEWS TODAY & LATEST BREAKING NEWS ™. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
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