List of massacres in Iraq
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
needs additional citations for verification
( July 2016)
The following is a list of
massacres that have occurred in the area of modern Iraq.
Pre-Saddam 20th Century
May 4, 1924,
Massacre of 4th May, 1924; Iraqi Levies, supported by the British, massacre an estimated 200 people after a Turkmen shop keeper and Levi soldier get into an argument. August 1933, the
Simele massacre in Northern Iraq: the Iraqi army massacred 600–3,000 Assyrian Christians. June 1–2, 1941,
Farhud, Baghdad; 175-780 deaths, considered "the beginning of the end of the Jewish community of Iraq". July 14, 1959, Kirkuk massacre of 1959; Kurdish members from the Iraqi Communist Party target Turkmens leaving an estimated 20 dead. This was followed by Kurdish soldiers from the Fourth Brigade targeting Turkmen residential areas with mortars, causing the destruction of 120 homes. Between 31-79 Turkmen were killed with 130 wounded. The Iraqi government referred to the incident as a "massacre". 
1969 Baghdad hangings. September 16, 1969, Iraq’s Ba’ath regime massacred thousands of innocent Assyrian, Chaldean, Kurdish and Muslim men, women and children in the village of Surya. The first victim of the tragedy was the priest Hana Qasha, who was executed by the Iraqi officer Abdul Karim Al-Jihayshi.
 1975, Najaf purges. Over 100 Shi’ite clerics killed and 1250 arrested.
February 5 1977, Safar uprising. Despite brutally enforced ban on public religiousness, thousands of people defy it and head to Karbala during the
Arba'een Pilgrimage. Hundreds were killed and thousands arrested by the regime. May 7, 1980,
Persecution of Feyli Kurds under Saddam Hussein, Nationwide; 15,000  –25,000   Feyli Kurds killed  July 8, 1982,
Dujail Massacre, Dujail; 148 deaths. May 10, 1983. Saddam ordered further arrest of all
Hakim family. Hundreds were killed and buried in mass graves. 1984,
Abu Ghraib prison massacre, Baghdad Governorate; 4,000 executed in purge  1986–1989,
Anfal genocide, Nationwide: 50,000 -182,000  Kurds and other Iraqi minorities killed during  Iran–Iraq War. March 16, 1988,
Halabja poison gas attack, Halabja: 5,000+ deaths; Iraqi government used chemical weapons on Kurdish town; condemned as an act of genocide (The aforementioned Anfal genocide). 13 February 1991,
Amiriyah shelter bombing, 408 civilians killed by US airstrike. March 1 – April 1991 5, 1991 uprisings in Iraq, Nationwide: 25,000–180,000 killed (mostly civilians).   
August 29, 2003,
Imam Ali mosque bombing, 95 civilians including senior Shia cleric killed by Sunni extremists. May 19, 2004,
Mukaradeeb wedding party massacre; 42 Iraqi civilians were killed by U.S. soldiers during a wedding. August 1, 2004,
2004 Iraq churches attacks, Baghdad and Mosul; 12 died, 71 injured. October 24, 2004 Massacre of New Iraqi Army recruits by Sunni insurgents, 49 killed.
 November 19, 2005
Haditha killings, Haditha 24 Iraqi civilians were killed by United States Marines. March 12, 2006
Mahmudiyah killings on by U.S. Army soldiers, 4 killed. March 15, 2006 Balad massacre on by U.S. Forces, four women and five children, one aged five months.
 March 2006,
Ishaqi incident US troops rounded up and deliberately shot 11 civilians.  Between May 7 and 8, 2006, 51 bodies were found in Baghdad, all handcuffed, blindfolded and shot in the head and abdomen.
 July 9, 2006,
Hay al Jihad massacre on by Shia militia, 40 killed. March 27, 2007
2007 Tal Afar bombings and massacre, Tal Afar 152 Shiites were bombed; then Shiite-affiliated policemen after a bombing, 70 killed . April 23, 2007,
2007 Mosul massacre, Mosul; 23 died; the murders were considered to be a reprisal for the honor killing of a 17-year-old Yazidi girl. On April 17, 2007, 51 bodies of Iraqi civilians and military personnel, who were killed in the previous two years, were found in Mahmudiya, south of Baghdad.
July 12, 2007, Baghdad airstrike 12 to 18 Iraqi civilians killed by two US helicopters. June 29, 2007,
Al Ahamir Massacre, Al Ahamir, 10-14 Iraqi civilians were killed by Al Qaeda. On June 30, 2007, 35 to 40 bodies were recovered from a recently dug mass grave in the town of Ferris, south of Fallujah, most likely victims of sectarian violence.
July 16, 2007, massacre of Shiite villagers in a village in Diyala province on by Sunni insurgents, 29 killed.
 August 14, 2007
2007 Qahtaniya bombings on by Sunni insurgents, 796 killed. September 16, 2007,
Nisour Square massacre, Baghdad: Blackwater Baghdad shootings by Private military company, 17 killed. Private military company, Blackwater Security Consulting, shot at Iraqi civilians killing 17 and injuring 20 in Nisour Square, Baghdad while escorting a US embassy convoy. Following the conclusion of the 2007 Diyala province military campaign dozens of mass graves were found. It is unclear who was responsible although Al-Qaeda is suspected.
On April 4, 2010 Insurgents dressed as US and Iraqi soldiers killed 25 people including 5 women in a village south of
Baghdad. They were linked to the Awakening movement. They were hand cuffed and shot in the head or chest. Seven were found alive in handcuffs. Major General Qassim Atta spokesman for the Iraqi security forces' Baghdad operations said Al-Qaeda in Iraq was behind this.   October 31, 2010,
2010 Baghdad church attack, Baghdad; 58 died; Islamic State of Iraq attacked a Catholic church April 8, 2011,
Camp Ashraf raid, Camp Ashraf; 34 unarmed members of the People's Mujahedin of Iran were killed by Iraqi security forces. 300+ injured. September 1, 2013,
2013 Camp Ashraf massacre, Camp Ashraf; 52 died; Members of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps helped plan and direct the assault on the camp and then two of Iran's Iraqi-based proxies, Kata'ib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl al-Haq carried out the attack. 12–15 June 2014
Camp Speicher massacre | Tikrit; the Islamic State with the help the Sunni local tribes killed at least 1,700 unarmed Iraqi Air Force cadets. They were separated by sect: Sunnis were allowed to repent for their military service, while Shiites were lined up for firing squads. The soldiers were separated into small groups, executed and buried in mass graves. 10 June 2014 – 8 August 2015,
Mass Executions in ISIS Occupied Mosul where over 6,539 people have been killed. 28 January 2015 –
Barwana massacre, 70 unarmed boys and men by Shia militas(allegedly). 17 March 2017 – an airstrike by American-led bombing of Western Mosul that killed over 278+ civilians was referred to a massacre.
^ Andre Wink,
Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World, Vol.2, (Brill, 2002), 13. – via Questia (subscription required)
The different aspects of Islamic culture: Science and technology in Islam, Vol.4, Ed. A. Y. Al-Hassan, (Dergham sarl, 2001), 655.
Entessar 2010, 79 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFEntessar2010 ( help)
"Scars that won't heal: Iraq recognises Fayli Kurd persecution as 'genocide. '" ekurd.net . Retrieved . 23 May 2017
Marsh, Robin. "International Recognition of the Kurdish Genocide - Concerning the Faili Kurds". www.uk.upf.org . Retrieved . 23 May 2017
Jaffar Al-Faylee, Zaki (2010). Tareekh Al-Kurd Al-Faylyoon. Beirut. pp. 485, 499–501.
Al-Hakeem, Dr. Sahib (2003). Untold stories of more than 4000 women raped killed and tortured in Iraq, the country of mass graves. pp. 489–492.
Chauhan, Sharad S. (2003). War on Iraq. APH Publishing. p. 65. ISBN . 9788176484787
GENOCIDE IN IRAQ Human Rights Watch, 1993
The Crimes of Saddam Hussein – 1988 The Anfal Campaign PBS Frontline
"2 Mass Graves in Iraq Unearthed". Los Angeles Times. June 5, 2006.
". 'Chemical Ali' on trial for brutal crushing of Shia uprising" The Guardian. August 22, 2007.
"ENDLESS TORMENT, The 1991 Uprising in Iraq And Its Aftermath". Hrw.org . Retrieved . 2009-09-25
"Iraqi Insurgents Massacre 49 Iraq Recruits". PBS NewsHour . Retrieved . 6 April 2015
"WikiLeaks releases unredacted U.S. cables". Alaska Dispatch News. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012 . Retrieved . 6 April 2015
Zielbauer, Paul Von (2008-08-27). "U.S. officers killed blindfolded Iraqis, statements say". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331 . Retrieved . 2020-04-20
"30 Iraqis Killed in Karbala, Baghdad" . Retrieved . 6 April 2015
Bassem Mroue (6 April 2015). "New Village Massacre Reported in Iraq". Newsvine . Retrieved . 6 April 2015
 Archived April 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
"Dozens dead in Baghdad shooting – Middle East". Al Jazeera English . Retrieved . 2014-08-07