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List of massacres in Iraq

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in the area of modern Iraq.

Pre-20th Century

Pre-Saddam 20th Century

  • May 4, 1924, Massacre of 4th May, 1924; Iraqi Levies, supported by the British, massacre an estimated 200 people after a Turkmen shop keeper and Levi soldier get into an argument.
  • August 1933, the Simele massacre in Northern Iraq: the Iraqi army massacred 600–3,000 Assyrian Christians.
  • June 1–2, 1941, Farhud, Baghdad; 175-780 deaths, considered "the beginning of the end of the Jewish community of Iraq".
  • July 14, 1959, Kirkuk massacre of 1959; Kurdish members from the Iraqi Communist Party target Turkmens leaving an estimated 20 dead. This was followed by Kurdish soldiers from the Fourth Brigade targeting Turkmen residential areas with mortars, causing the destruction of 120 homes. Between 31-79 Turkmen were killed with 130 wounded. The Iraqi government referred to the incident as a "massacre".[3]

Saddam Era

2000s

2010s

References

  1. ^ Andre Wink, Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World, Vol.2, (Brill, 2002), 13.  – via Questia (subscription required)
  2. ^ The different aspects of Islamic culture: Science and technology in Islam, Vol.4, Ed. A. Y. Al-Hassan, (Dergham sarl, 2001), 655.
  3. ^ Entessar 2010, 79
  4. ^ https://www.parliament.krd/english/parliament-activities/latest-news/posts/2019/september/parliament-s-presidency-remembers-victims-of-surya-village-massacre-on-50th-anniversary/
  5. ^ "Scars that won't heal: Iraq recognises Fayli Kurd persecution as 'genocide'". ekurd.net. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  6. ^ Marsh, Robin. "International Recognition of the Kurdish Genocide - Concerning the Faili Kurds". www.uk.upf.org. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  7. ^ Jaffar Al-Faylee, Zaki (2010). Tareekh Al-Kurd Al-Faylyoon. Beirut. pp. 485, 499–501.
  8. ^ Al-Hakeem, Dr. Sahib (2003). Untold stories of more than 4000 women raped killed and tortured in Iraq, the country of mass graves. pp. 489–492.
  9. ^ Chauhan, Sharad S. (2003). War on Iraq. APH Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 9788176484787.
  10. ^ GENOCIDE IN IRAQ Human Rights Watch, 1993
  11. ^ The Crimes of Saddam Hussein – 1988 The Anfal Campaign PBS Frontline
  12. ^ "2 Mass Graves in Iraq Unearthed". Los Angeles Times. June 5, 2006.
  13. ^ "'Chemical Ali' on trial for brutal crushing of Shia uprising". The Guardian. August 22, 2007.
  14. ^ "ENDLESS TORMENT, The 1991 Uprising in Iraq And Its Aftermath". Hrw.org. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
  15. ^ "Iraqi Insurgents Massacre 49 Iraq Recruits". PBS NewsHour. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  16. ^ "WikiLeaks releases unredacted U.S. cables". Alaska Dispatch News. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  17. ^ Zielbauer, Paul Von (2008-08-27). "U.S. officers killed blindfolded Iraqis, statements say". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  18. ^ "30 Iraqis Killed in Karbala, Baghdad". Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  19. ^ Bassem Mroue (6 April 2015). "New Village Massacre Reported in Iraq". Newsvine. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  20. ^ [1] Archived April 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Dozens dead in Baghdad shooting – Middle East". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2014-08-07.
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