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List of massacres in Haiti

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The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in Haiti (numbers may be approximate):

Massacres

Name Date Location Deaths Notes
1804 Haiti massacre February until April 1804 All across the country 3,000 to 5,000 Genocide of Haiti's French population.[1]
Virgins of Galindo Several weeks after Haitian unification of 1822 Santo Domingo, Haiti 3 Refers to three maiden sisters (aged 7–16) that were slaughtered and then raped and dismembered just right after the assassination of their father, at the Galindo Manor, located outside the city walls of Santo Domingo believed to be committed by Haitian occupation soldiers,[2] but some archives suggest it was done by civilian men on both sides of the island.[3][4]
Massacre of the peasants of Mapou July and August 1964 Arrondissement of Belle-Anse, Southeast Haiti 300-600 In response to an incursion by 15 anti-Duvalier militants of the FARH (Forces Armées Révolutionnaires d’Haïti) on June 29, Haitian army and Tontons Macoutes (Volontaires de la Securite Nationale) killed several hundred residents of the towns of Thiotte, Grand-Gosier, Belle-Anse (Saltrou) and Anse-a-Pitres. The largest numbers of killings occurred in Mapou, a section of Belle-Anse, including at least 45 members of the Madoumbe family. Nineteen members of the family Fandal were shot, mainly in Thiotte. Government forces never successfully engaged the rebels, who abandoned their efforts in August 1964. Arbitrary executions continued to be frequent through 1965.[5]
Jérémie Vespers August through October 1964 Jérémie, Grand Anse, Haiti 27 All members of several Jeremie families were executed in retaliation for the attempted guerrilla incursion in August by 13 members of "Jeune Haiti." Children and elderly people were amongst those murdered by the army and other elements of the Francois Duvalier regime.
Jean-Rabel massacre July 1987 Jean-Rabel 139-200[6][7] Battle between wealthy landowners and a land-reform group.[7]
Haitian general election, 1987 November 1987 All across the country 30-300.[8] Attacks on voters.[8]
St. Jean Bosco massacre September 1988 Port-au-Prince 13-150.[6][9] Politically motivated attack on a church service, which was being led by future-President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, who was a priest at the time.[10]
Raboteau massacre April 1994 Gonaïves 8-15[11] Massacre of civilian demonstrators.[12]
2018 Port-au-Prince massacre November 2018 La Saline, Port-au-Prince 15-25[13] Massacre of civilians by masked men [14]

See also

References

  1. ^ Jeremy D. Popkin (2010-02-15). Facing Racial Revolution: Eyewitness Accounts of the Haitian Insurrection. University of Chicago Press. pp. 363–364. ISBN 978-0-226-67585-5. Retrieved 2013-07-24.
  2. ^ Guerra Sánchez, Antonio José Ignacio (17 March 2007). "Toponimia y Genealogía: Galindo o Barrio de Mejoramiento Social (11 de 15)". Cápsulas Genealógicas en Areíto (in Spanish). Instituto Dominicano de Genealogía. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  3. ^ García Peña, Lorgia. "Black monsters and white virgins: a narration of the Dominican nation". Dominicanidad in Contra(diction).
  4. ^ "La representación cambiante de Haití" (PDF). Revista Estudios Sociales (in Spanish). Centro Bonó (151): 66–67. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
  5. ^ Diederich, Bernard (2011). The Price of Blood: History of Repression and Rebellion in Haiti Under Dr Francois Duvalier, 1957-1962. Markus Wiener Publishers. ISBN 1558765298.
  6. ^ a b massviolence.org, Haiti: 1986-1991: Military Coups and post-Duvalier repression
  7. ^ a b New York Times, 30 August 1988, 200 Died in Massacre in Haiti
  8. ^ a b Whitney, Kathleen Marie (1996), "Sin, Fraph, and the CIA: U.S. Covert Action in Haiti", Southwestern Journal of Law and Trade in the Americas, Vol. 3, Issue 2 (1996), pp. 303-332. p319
  9. ^ Tom Block, October 1990, Portrait of a Folk-Hero: Father Jean-Bertrand Aristide Archived 2012-08-22 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ IACHR, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Haiti, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.74 doc. 9 rev. 1, 7 September 1988
  11. ^ "Soldiers get life for Haiti massacre". BBC News. November 10, 2000. Archived from the original on October 18, 2012. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  12. ^ "Ex-soldiers found guilty in Haiti massacre". The Cincinnati Post.  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Associated Press. November 11, 2000. Archived from the original on June 29, 2014. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  13. ^ Charles, Jacqueline (18 November 2018). "Anti-corruption protest in Haiti turns into referendum on Haitian president". miamiherald. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Witnesses: Men in Police Garb Massacred Civilians in Haiti". The New York Times. The Associated Press. 14 January 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
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