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List of massacres in Egypt

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The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in Egypt (numbers may be approximate):

Name Date Location Deaths Notes
Damanhur massacre[1] May 10, 1799 Cairo 1,500[2] The city rebelled against the French, when the French led by General Lanusse recaptured, most of the city inhabitants and rebels were killed and the place was torched.
Mamluke massacre March 1,

1811

Cairo 470 Heads sent to Istanbul; part of Muhammad Ali's seizure of power
Cairo Massacre October 5, 1945 Cairo 10 350 injured
1948 Cairo bombings June–September, 1948 Cairo 70 200 injured. Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt targeted Jewish areas, killing 70 Jews and wounding nearly 200. Riots claimed many more lives.
Ras Burqa massacre October 5, 1985 Ras Burqa 8 An Egyptian soldier opened fire on Israeli vacationers, killing 3 adults and 4 children, as well as another Egyptian soldier.
Luxor massacre November 17, 1997 Luxor 64 killing of mostly tourists, on 17 November 1997, at Deir el-Bahari, an archaeological site and major tourist attraction across the Nile from Luxor, Egypt.
Kosheh Massacres January 2, 2000 Kosheh 21 Over 40 injured; Muslim mob attacked Coptic Christians.
2004 Sinai bombings October 7, 2004 Sinai Peninsula 34 171 injured; Palestinian terrorist group killed 18 Egyptians, 12 Israelis, 2 Italians, 1 Russian, and 1 American.
2005 Sharm el-Sheikh attacks July 23, 2005 Sharm el-Sheikh 64–88 ~150 injured; multiple bombs targeting tourist hotels and the bazaar in the resort city on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula.
2006 Dahab bombings April 24, 2006 Dahab 23 ~80 injured; three nails bombs exploded targeting the central tourist area of Dahab on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula.
Nag Hammadi massacre January 7, 2010 Nag Hammadi 11 11 injured; Muslim gunmen opened fire on Coptic Christians as they were leaving church.
2011 Alexandria bombing January 1, 2011 Alexandria 23 a homemade nail bomb attack on Coptic Christians in Alexandria on Saturday, 1 January 2011. 23 people died and another 97 were injured, which occurred as Christian worshipers were leaving a New Year service.
2011 Imbaba church attacks 7 May, 2011 Imbaba 15 a series of attacks that took place in Egypt on 7 May 2011 against Coptic Christian churches in the poor working-class neighborhood of Imbaba in Giza, near Cairo. The attacks were blamed on Salafi Muslims, the attacks began when Muslims attacked the Coptic Orthodox church of Saint Mina. 232 injured.
Maspero demonstrations 9 October, 2011 Cairo 24 The Maspero Massacre initially started as demonstrations by a group of Egyptian Christians, in reaction to the demolition of a church in Upper Egypt. The peaceful protesters who intended to stage a sit-in in front of the Maspiro television building were attacked by security forces and the army, resulting in 24 deaths and 212 injuries, most of which were sustained by Coptic Christians.
August 2013 Rabaa massacre August 14, 2013 al-Nahda Square and Rabaa al-Adawiya Square, Cairo, Egypt 1000+ 1000+ killed; police and military opened fire on demonstrators opposing the military's ouster of Mohammad Morsi, the first elected president of Egypt who was removed from power following the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état. In addition to thousands of protester casualties, 8 police officers were killed.[3][4]
Wahat convoy incident massacre[5] September 12, 2015 Western Desert (Egypt) 12[6] Egyptian security forces killed 12 people (8 Mexican tourists and 4 Egyptian guides) and injured 10 more (6 Mexican tourists and 4 Egyptian guides) after firing upon a tourist caravan they had mistaken for a terrorist group.
Metrojet Flight 9268 October 31, 2015 Sinai Peninsula 224 A Metrojet A321 aircraft carrying mainly Russian tourists was destroyed by a bomb above the northern Sinai following its departure from Sharm El Sheikh International Airport, Egypt, en route to Pulkovo Airport, Saint Petersburg, Russia. All 224 passengers and crew on board were killed. The cause of the crash was an onboard explosive device concealed within a can of soda in passenger luggage. ISIL claimed responsibility.
Palm Sunday church bombings April 9, 2017 Tanta & Alexandria 45 On Palm Sunday, 9 April 2017, twin suicide bombings took place at St. George's Church in the northern Egyptian city of Tanta on the Nile delta, and Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, the principal church in Alexandria, seat of the Coptic papacy. At least 45 people were reported killed and 126 injured. Amaq News Agency said the attacks were carried out by a security detachment of the ISIS.

References

  1. ^ A Military History of Modern Egypt: From the Ottoman Conquest to the Ramadan War, Andrew James McGregor, page 45
  2. ^ Warfare and Armed Conflict, Micheal Clodfelter, page 114, 2002
  3. ^ "Egypt: Rab'a Killings Likely Crimes against Humanity". hrw.org. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  4. ^ "All According to Plan - The Rab'a Massacre and Mass Killings of Protesters in Egypt". hrw.org. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Egyptian Security Forces Kill Tourists After Mistaking Them for Terrorists". CNN International Edition. September 15, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
  6. ^ "8 Mexican Tourists, Mistaken for Terrorists, Killed in Egypt". CNN International Edition. September 15, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
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