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List of massacres in Canada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of events in Canada for which one of the commonly accepted names includes the word massacres. Massacre is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "the indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people or (less commonly) animals; carnage, butchery, slaughter in numbers". It also states that the term is used "in the names of certain massacres of history". Thomas W. Gallant definition of Massacres; deliberate slaughter of a large number of people in a violent way, especially when they cannot defend themselves.[1][2] The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in Canada and its predecessors. Some events in which numerous individuals were wounded are also included.

List

Name Date Location Dead / Injured / Captives Mechanism of injury Perpetrator suicide Notes
Lachine massacre August 5, 1689 Lachine, Quebec est. 24 to 250 First Nations violence na Total population of Lachine estimated at 375. Part of King George's War
Port-la-Joye massacre July 11, 1746 Port-la-Joye, Île Saint-Jean. The location now known as Hillsborough River (Prince Edward Island). 34 / 0 First Nations violence na Acadian and Mi'kmaqs killed 34 unarmed British (27 soldiers and 7 sailors). Part of King George's War
Grand-Pré massacre February 10, 1747 Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia 67 / 0 / 40 Military and allies na Acadian and Mi'kmaqs took est. 40 prisoners after attack. Part of King George's War
Dartmouth massacre May 13, 1751 Dartmouth, Nova Scotia bet. 7 and 20 / 0 / bet. 6 and 14 First Nations violence na One of seven raids by Mi'kmaqs on British and New England forces, usually very violent with deaths and scalpings. Part of Father Le Loutre's War
St. Francis massacre October 4, 1759 Odanak, Quebec 30–200 / unk / bet. 7 and 20 Military and allies na Raid by Robert Rogers' Rangers, which was pursued and depleted before crossing back into New England. Part of French and Indian War
Bloody Falls massacre July 17, 1771 The location now known as Kugluk/Bloody Falls Territorial Park near Kugluktuk, Nunavut 20 First Nations violence na Alleged massacre between indigenous peoples
Bute Inlet massacre April 30, 1864 Bute Inlet, British Columbia 19 First Nations violence na Massacre of road workers in a series of attacks by indigenous peoples
Cypress Hills massacre June 1, 1873 Cypress Hills, Saskatchewan 23 Civilian violence na Mass murder perpetrated by American bison and wolf hunters, and American and Canadian whisky traders and cargo haulers, against a camp of Assiniboine people. One of the main contributing reasons for the formation of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Black Donnellys massacre February 4, 1880 Lucan Biddulph, Ontario 5 Civilian violence na Murder of five members of the Donnelly family by an armed mob, after which their farm was burned down. The event was the culmination of long-standing conflict between the family and other residents. None of the mob were ever convicted.
Frog Lake Massacre April 2, 1885 Frog Lake, Alberta 9 Military na Part of the North-West Rebellion
Buffalo Narrows massacre January 30, 1969[3] Buffalo Narrows, Saskatchewan 7 Axe Seven members of the Pederson family were murdered with an axe in their beds by Frederick Moses McCallum.[4]
Lennoxville massacre March 24, 1985 Lennoxville, Quebec 5 Long gun, hand guns No Part of the Quebec Biker war, 4 convicted of first degree murder
École Polytechnique massacre December 6, 1989 Montreal, Quebec 15 Long gun Yes Perpetrator killed 14 women and injured 14, before taking his own life. School shooting.
Concordia University massacre August 24, 1992 Montreal, Quebec 4 Hand gun No School shooting. 4 killed, 1 injured.[5]
Mark Chahal massacre April 6, 1996 Vernon, B.C. 9 Estranged husband murdered wedding party.[6][7]
Shedden massacre April 8, 2006 Shedden, Ontario 8 Multiple firearms na Gang killing of own gang members.
Claresholm highway massacre December 15, 2011 Claresholm, Alberta 4 Yes 21-year-old man shot and killed his ex-girlfriend and two young men who were passengers in the same vehicle. The man also shot the female driver, before taking his own life.[8]
2019 Markham home massacre July 28, 2019 Markham, Ontario 4 Knife No 23-year-old perpetrator is charged after allegedly killing four family members by cutting their throats in a Markham home.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Gallant, Thomas W. (2001). "review of Levene, Roberts The Massacre in History". Crime, History & Societies. 5 (1).
  2. ^ "massacre." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. December 23, 2014.
  3. ^ "Seven murder counts laid in northern axe deaths". The Phoenix. January 31, 1968. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
  4. ^ "Generations of grief: Family still reeling 50 years after little-known mass axe murder". Bridget Yard · CBC News. February 2, 2019. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  5. ^ BOVSUN, MARA. "Crazy professor Valery Fabrikant kills 4 in Concordia University rampage - NY Daily News". nydailynews.com. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  6. ^ Talreja, Sujata (April 24, 1996). "Massacre In Vernon". Outlook India Magazine. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  7. ^ "B.C. community remembers massacre victims". CBC. April 6, 2006. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  8. ^ The Canadian Press (December 15, 2012). "Claresholm Highway Murders: Anniversary Of Roadside Shooting That Claimed 4 Lives". Huffpost Alberta. The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 5, 2016.
  9. ^ "Four bodies found in Markham, Ont., home; one man in custody".
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