Wiki.RIP

List of largest cities

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities in all jurisdictions are classified using the same criteria.[1] Cities may be defined as the cities proper, the extent of their urban area, or their metropolitan regions.[1] The largest city by population using the city proper definition, which is the area under the administrative boundaries of a local government, is Chongqing, China. The largest city by population using the metropolitan area definition, which is a loose term referring to urban area and its primary commuter areas, is Tokyo, Japan. The largest city by population using the urban area definition, which is a loose term referring to a contiguous area with a certain population density, is also Tokyo, Japan.

Common city definitions

City proper (administrative)

The municipality of Chongqing, whose administrative area is around the size of Austria, has the largest population for a city proper. However, more than 70% of its residents actually live in rural areas.

A city can be defined by its administrative boundaries (city proper). UNICEF[1] defines city proper as "the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city or controlled directly from the city by a single authority." A city proper is a locality defined according to legal or political boundaries and an administratively recognised urban status that is usually characterised by some form of local government.[2][3][4] Cities proper and their boundaries and population data may not include suburbs.[5]

The use of city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives.[5] Because of this definition, the city proper population figure may differ greatly with the urban area population figure, as many cities are amalgamations of smaller municipalities (Australia), and conversely, many Chinese cities govern territories that extend well beyond the traditional "city proper" into suburban and rural areas.[6] The Chinese municipality of Chongqing, which claims the largest city proper in the world, comprises a huge administrative area of 82,403 km2, around the size of Austria. However, more than 70% of its 30-million population are actually agricultural workers living in a rural setting.[7][8]

Metropolitan area

A city can be defined by the inhabitants of its demographic population, as by metropolitan area, labour market area, or similar in a metropolitan area. UNICEF[1] defines metropolitan area as follows:

A formal local government area comprising the urban area as a whole and its primary commuter areas, typically formed around a city with a large concentration of people (i.e., a population of at least 100,000). In addition to the city proper, a metropolitan area includes both the surrounding territory with urban levels of residential density and some additional lower-density areas that are adjacent to and linked to the city (e.g., through frequent transport, road linkages or commuting facilities).

Urban area

Tokyo is considered the world's largest city, with its urbanisation exceeding its city limits.

A city can be defined as a conditionally contiguous urban area, without regard to territorial or other boundaries inside an urban area. UNICEF[1] defines urban area as follows:

The definition of "urban" varies from country to country, and, with periodic reclassification, can also vary within one country over time, making direct comparisons difficult. An urban area can be defined by one or more of the following: administrative criteria or political boundaries (e.g., area within the jurisdiction of a municipality or town committee), a threshold population size (where the minimum for an urban settlement is typically in the region of 2,000 people, although this varies globally between 200 and 50,000), population density, economic function (e.g., where a significant majority of the population is not primarily engaged in agriculture, or where there is surplus employment) or the presence of urban characteristics (e.g., paved streets, electric lighting, sewerage).

According to Demographia, an urban area is a continuously built up land mass of urban development that is within a labor market (metropolitan area or metropolitan region) and contains no rural land.[9]

Largest cities

City[a] Country Skyline City proper[b] Metropolitan area[c] Urban area[9][d]
Definition Population Area
(km2)
Population Area
(km2)
Population Area
(km2)
Tokyo  Japan Shinjuku skyline, Tokyo - Sony A7R (11831328835).jpg Metropolis prefecture 13,515,271[10] 2,191[10] 37,274,000[11] 13,452[11] 38,505,000 8,223[e]
Jakarta  Indonesia Jakarta-Skyline-from-Bund.jpg Special capital region 10,154,134[12] 664[12] 33,430,285[13] 7,063[13] 34,365,000 3,367
Chongqing  China 重庆市渝中区半岛.jpg Municipality 30,165,500[14] 82,403 N/A N/A 18,384,100[14] 1,489[f]
Manila  Philippines BGC.jpg Capital city 1,780,148[15] 43 12,877,253[15] 620 29,700,000 1,813[g]
Delhi  India Rashtrapati Bhavan (seen from Rajpath) 01.jpg National capital territory 16,753,235[16] 1,484 29,000,000[17] 3,483[17] 28,125,000 2,240
Seoul  South Korea Seoul (South Korea).jpg Special city 9,806,000[18] 605 25,514,000[19] 11,704 24,315,000 2,745[h]
Mumbai  India Mumbai Skyline at Night.jpg Municipality 12,478,447[20] 603 24,400,000[21] 4,355[22] 23,645,000 881
Shanghai  China Shanghai skyline waterfront pudong 5166168 69 70.jpg Municipality 24,183,000[23] 6,341 N/A N/A 22,125,000 4,015
São Paulo  Brazil SP from Altino Arantes Building.jpg Municipality 12,252,023[24] 1,521 21,734,682[25] 7,947 20,935,000 3,043
Beijing  China Beijing Skyline.webp Municipality 21,707,000[23] 16,411 N/A N/A 19,430,000 4,144
New York City  United States A view of New York City with the Empire State Building and One World Trade Center from the Rockefeller Center.jpg City 8,398,748[26] 786 19,303,808[27] 17,315 21,045,000 11,875
Lagos  Nigeria Lagos skyline.jpg N/A[i] N/A N/A 21,000,000[28] 1,171[28] 14,630,000 1,943
Mexico City  Mexico Ciudad.de.Mexico.City.- Paseo.Reforma.Skyline CDMX 2016 (cropped).jpg City-state 8,918,653[29] 1,485 20,892,724[30] 7,854 20,395,000 2,370
Guangzhou  China Guangzhou skyline.jpg City (sub-provincial) 14,498,400[23] 7,434 N/A N/A 20,130,000 3,885[j]
Dhaka  Bangladesh Dhaka 14th March (32624769393).jpg Capital city 14,399,000[31] 338[32] 14,543,124[31] 18,595,000 453
Osaka  Japan Nakanoshima Skyscrapers in 201504 001.jpg Designated city 2,725,006[10] 225[10] 19,303,000[11] 13,228[11] 17,150,000 3,004[k]
Cairo  Egypt Flickr - archer10 (Dennis) - Egypt-2A-007.jpg Urban governorate 9,500,000[33] 3,085 N/A N/A 16,925,000 1,917
Karachi  Pakistan Metropolitan city 14,910,352[34] 3,780 16,900,000 1,036
Moscow  Russia Moscow-City (36211143494).jpg Federal city 13,200,000[35] 2,511[36] N/A N/A 16,555,000 5,698
Bangkok  Thailand 0008871 - Krung Thep Bridge 001.jpg Special administrative area 5,782,000[37] 1,569 16,255,900[38] 7,762[39] 16,045,000 3,043
Chengdu  China Jiuyanqiao.jpg City (sub-provincial) 16,044,700[23] 14,378 N/A N/A 12,160,000 1,813
Los Angeles  United States Los Angeles with Mount Baldy.jpg City 3,990,456[26] 1,214 13,291,486[40] 12,559 15,440,000 6,299
Kolkata  India Howrah Pano 3.jpg Municipality 4,496,694[41] 205 14,035,959[42] 1,851[43] 15,215,000 1,347
Buenos Aires  Argentina High-rises of Puerto Madero (40022145164).jpg Autonomous city 3,054,300[44] 203 15,130,000 3,212
Istanbul  Turkey Levent, Istanbul at night.jpg Metropolitan municipality 15,029,231[45] 5,196 N/A N/A 13,860,000 1,360
Tehran  Iran North of Tehran Skyline view.jpg Capital city 9,033,003[46] 751[47] 14,630,000 1,943
London  United Kingdom London Skyline (125508655).jpeg Capital city 8,825,001[48] 1,572 14,372,596[49] 10,840,000 1,738
Shenzhen  China Lo Wu District 201701.jpg City (sub-provincial) 12,528,300[23] 2,050 N/A N/A 13,195,000 1,748
Tianjin  China Tianjin Skyline 2009 Sep 11 by Nangua 1.jpg Municipality 15,569,000[23] 11,920 N/A N/A 13,035,000 2,771
Kinshasa  DR Congo Vue Kinshasa.jpg City-province 11,462,000[50] 9,965 12,960,000 583
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil CentroRJ.jpg Municipality 6,520,000[51] 1,221 12,644,321[52] 5,327 12,070,000 1,917
Paris  France La Défense from the Arc de Triomphe, Paris 6 March 2015 003.jpg Capital city 2,148,271[53] 105 12,244,807[49] 10,960,000 2,845
Baoding  China Baoding 001.jpg Prefecture-level city 11,690,500[23] 22,190 N/A N/A 1,250,000 389
Lahore  Pakistan Badshahi Mosque, Lahore VII.jpg Metropolitan city 11,126,000[34] 1,772 11,545,000 896
Lima  Peru Lima - Perú.jpg Metropolitan municipality 8,894,000[54] 2,672 9,569,468[55] 2,819 11,460,000 894
Bangalore  India Bangalore Panorama edit1.jpg Municipality 8,443,675[56] 709 11,250,000 1,166
Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam Saigon skyline night view.jpg Municipality 7,431,000[57] 2,061 10,955,000 1,645
Harbin  China 教化桥 - panoramio.jpg City (sub-provincial) 10,929,000[23] 53,068 N/A N/A 4,740,000 660
Wuhan  China Wuhan Xibeihu Area Panorama(2017).jpg City (sub-provincial) 10,892,900[23] 8,494 N/A N/A 8,470,000 1,619
Shijiazhuang  China Farviewshijiazhuang.jpg Prefecture-level city 10,879,900[23] 15,848 N/A N/A 3,500,000 648
Bogotá  Colombia Bogota Skyline.jpg Capital District 7,963,000[58] 1,587 10,705,000 585
Suzhou  China Gate of the Orient 东方之门 dong fang zhi men Suzhou photo Christian Gänshirt 2015.JPG Prefecture-level city 10,683,600[23] 8,488 N/A N/A 5,250,000 1,373
Linyi  China Linyi Department of Train Operation (20170206163338).jpg Prefecture-level city 10,563,400[23] 17,191 N/A N/A 2,715,000 907
Chennai  India Chennai Skyline.jpg Municipality 6,727,000[59] 426[60] 10,560,000 1,049
Nagoya  Japan Nagoya Night View.jpg Designated city 2,320,361[10] 326[10] 9,363,000[11] 7,271[11] 10,240,000 3,704
Nanyang  China Xixianight.jpg Prefecture-level city 10,050,000[23] 26,509 N/A N/A 1,540,000 220
Zhengzhou  China Zhengzhou East Railway Area.jpg Prefecture-level city 9,880,000[23] 7,507 N/A N/A 7,090,000 1,554
Hyderabad  India High Rise buildings in Madhapur from Golkonda hill.jpg Municipality 6,993,262[61] 650[62] 9,580,000 1,230
Surabaya  Indonesia Downtown of Central Surabaya.jpg City 2,847,480[12] 351[12] 9,570,870[63] 5,926[63] 4,360,000 907
Hangzhou  China Hangzhou CBD (Cropped).jpg City (sub-provincial) 9,468,000[23] 16,596 N/A N/A 6,960,000 1,334
Johannesburg  South Africa Johannesburg view topofCC 03.jpg Metropolitan municipality 4,434,827[64] 1,645 9,335,000 2,590[l]
Chicago  United States Chicago skyline, viewed from John Hancock Center.jpg City 2,705,994[26] 589 9,498,716[65] 18,640 9,275,000 6,856
Qingdao  China Qingdao picture.jpg Prefecture-level city 9,046,200[66] 11,067 N/A N/A 5,915,000 1,632
Xi'an  China China Telecom,xi'an,CHINA - panoramio.jpg City (sub-provincial) 8,989,000[23] 10,135 N/A N/A 7,135,000 1,088
Quanzhou  China 泉州浦西万达广场 - panoramio.jpg Prefecture-level city 8,650,000[23] 11,219 N/A N/A 6,495,000 2,072
Taipei  Taiwan Taipei, Taiwan CBD Skyline.jpg Special municipality 2,646,204[67] 272 6,700,000[68] 8,535,000 1,140
Dongguan  China 东莞市, 中国 Jul 18, 2019 15-39-21.jpeg Prefecture-level city 8,342,500[23] 2,465 N/A N/A 8,410,000 1,748
Bandung  Indonesia Central Bandung from Dago.jpg City 2,480,615[12] 168[12] 8,357,393[69] 3,411[69] 5,825,000 557
Hanoi  Vietnam West Hanoi.jpg Municipality 7,232,700[57] 3,325[57] 8,350,000 868
Shenyang  China Shenyang Qingnian Street.JPG City (sub-provincial) 8,294,000[23] 12,980 N/A N/A 7,055,000 1,502[m]
Baghdad  Iraq فندق بغداد روتانا.jpg Urban governorate 8,126,755[70] 5,200[70] N/A N/A 7,315,000 673
Onitsha  Nigeria Onitsha City View.jpg N/A[71] N/A N/A N/A N/A 8,075,000 1,965
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Moonrise over kuala lumpur.jpg City 1,768,000[72] 243 7,200,000[73] 2,793[73] 7,860,000 2,163
Ahmedabad  India Amdavad Aerial.jpg Municipality 5,570,585[74] 464 7,715,000 350
Luanda  Angola Luanda Skyline - Angola 2015 (cropped).jpg Municipality 2,165,867[75] 116[75] 7,645,000 984
Washington, D.C.  United States Washington, D.C. - 2007 aerial view.jpg Federal district 702,455[26] 177 6,263,245[76] 17,009 7,515,000 5,281[n]
Dallas  United States Downtown Dallas Skyline.jpg City 1,345,047[26] 882 7,470,158[77] 22,463[77] 6,550,000 5,175[o]
Hong Kong  China Hong Kong Skyline (157974881).jpeg Special administrative region 7,298,600[78] 1,104[79] N/A N/A 7,435,000 285
Changsha  China Skyline with Xiang River.png Prefecture-level city 7,431,800[80] 11,819[80] N/A N/A 5,320,300[80] 1,199.84[80]
Pune  India Pune West skyline - March 2017.jpg Municipality 3,124,458[81] 276 7,276,000[82] 7,256[82] 6,265,000 583
Nanjing  China Nanjing Skyline 2012.jpg City (sub-provincial) 7,260,000[83] 6,582 N/A N/A 6,125,000 1,489
Boston  United States Boston skyline from Longfellow Bridge September 2017 panorama 2.jpg City 694,583[26] 125 4,875,390[84] 9,033 7,130,000 9,189[p]
Santiago  Chile J28 293 »Sanhattan«.jpg City (commune) 236,453[85] 22[85] 7,112,808[86] 15,403[86] 6,410,000 1,140
Houston  United States Aerial views of the Houston, Texas, 28005u.jpg City 2,325,502[26] 1,553 6,997,384[87] 21,395[87] 6,315,000 4,841
Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Riyadh Skyline.jpg Municipality 6,694,000[88] 1,913 6,050,000 1,658
Düsseldorf  Germany Düsseldorf Panorama.jpg Urban district 642,304[89] 217 1,555,985[49] 6,660,000 2,655[q]
Madrid  Spain Madrid Cityscape.jpg Municipality 3,266,126[90] 606 6,641,649[49] 6,345,000 1,360
Toronto  Canada Sunset Toronto Skyline Panorama Crop from Snake Island.jpg City 2,731,571[91] 630[92] 5,928,040[93] 5,906[93] 6,630,000 2,300
Surat  India University Road Surat.jpg Municipality 4,466,826[94] 327[94] 6,385,000 233
San Francisco  United States San Francisco Skyline at night.jpg Consolidated city-county 883,305[26] 122 4,729,484[95] 6,417[95] 6,100,000 2,865[r]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ For urban/metropolitan areas that have more than one core city, the figure for their city proper should use either the most populous one (e.g. Düsseldorf for Rhine-Ruhr, or Dallas for Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex) or the most well-known one (e.g. Manila for Metro Manila, instead of Quezon City).
  2. ^ Figures taken from official census when possible
  3. ^ Figures taken from official census when possible
  4. ^ Figure taken taken from Demographia's "World Urban Areas" study when possible
  5. ^ Includes the city of Yokohama.
  6. ^ The direct-controlled municipality of Chongqing, which is also translated as the direct-controlled city of Chongqing, has the largest population of any city and it includes both urban and rural areas.
  7. ^ The continuous urbanization of Manila extends outward its Metro Manila into other neighbouring provinces such as Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Rizal, Pampanga and Batangas provinces.
  8. ^ Includes the city of Incheon.
  9. ^ Although commonly referred to as a city, Lagos is a metropolitan area consisting of 16 local government areas.
  10. ^ Includes the city of Foshan.
  11. ^ Includes major cities of Kobe and Kyoto, collectively also known as Keihanshin area.
  12. ^ Includes the area of East Rand.
  13. ^ Includes the city of Fushun.
  14. ^ Includes the city of Baltimore.
  15. ^ Includes the city of Fort Worth, collectively known as Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.
  16. ^ Includes the city of Providence.
  17. ^ Includes the city of Essen, collectively known as the Rhine-Ruhr area.
  18. ^ Includes the city of San Jose.

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