United States presidents have used six different desks in the Oval Office, their executive office. The Resolute desk has been used by all U.S. presidents since 1977 with the exception of George H.W. Bush's C&O desk, and other past presidents have used the Theodore Roosevelt desk, the Hoover desk, the Johnson desk, and the Wilson desk.
The first Oval Office was constructed in 1909, rebuilt after a 1929 fire, and demolished in 1933. The current Oval Office was completed in 1934.
The Theodore Roosevelt desk has been used by seven presidents in the Oval Office, making it the longest-serving desk. Prior to that, it was used by Theodore Roosevelt in his non-oval executive office from 1903 to 1909.
The C&O desk was used in the Oval Office for one four-year term, 1989–1993, making it the shortest-serving desk.
The current oval-shaped Oval Office is the second iteration of this room and is the official office of the President of the United States. It is located in the West Wing of the White House complex. The Oval Office desk sits in front of the south wall which is composed of three large windows.
President William Howard Taft constructed the first permanent West Wing to the White House, intending it to be the hub of his administration. Designed by Nathan C. Wyeth and completed in 1909, this wing included the first official Oval Office. On December 24, 1929, during President Herbert Hoover's administration, a fire severely damaged the West Wing. He reconstructed the part of the White House affected, including the Oval Office, reopening them later in his presidency.
Dissatisfied with the size and layout of the West Wing, President Franklin D. Roosevelt engaged New York architect Eric Gugler to redesign it in 1933. Gugler's most visible addition was the expansion of the building eastward for a new Cabinet Room and Oval Office. The modern Oval Office was built at the West Wing's southeast corner, offering Roosevelt, who was physically disabled and used a wheelchair, more privacy and easier access to the residence. Roosevelt and Gugler devised a room architecturally grander than the previous two rooms, with more robust Georgian details. Rather than a chandelier or ceiling fixture, the room is illuminated by light bulbs hidden within the cornice that "wash" the ceiling in light. Construction of the modern Oval Office was completed in 1934.
|Desk||Used as Oval Office Desk by||Notes||Current Location||Picture|
|Theodore Roosevelt desk||William Howard Taft
Warren G. Harding
Harry S. Truman
|This desk was created in 1903 for then President Theodore Roosevelt. It was first used in the Oval Office by William Howard Taft and remained there until the West Wing fire in 1929. It remained in storage until 1945 when Harry S. Truman placed it in the modern Oval Office. Richard Nixon used this desk in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building where Stephen Hess of the Brookings Institution presumes, "the Watergate tapes were made by an apparatus concealed in its drawer." ||Vice President's Ceremonial Office,
Eisenhower Executive Office Building,
|Hoover desk||Herbert Hoover[a]
Franklin D. Roosevelt
|A December 24, 1929, fire severely damaged the West Wing, including the Oval Office. President Herbert Hoover accepted the donation of a new desk from a group of Grand Rapids, Michigan, furniture-makers and used it as his Oval Office desk after the new office was completed. It measures 82 by 44 inches (2.1 by 1.1 m).||Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum,
Hyde Park, New York
|Resolute desk||John F. Kennedy
George W. Bush
|This desk was created from wood salvaged from HMS Resolute and given to Rutherford B. Hayes by Queen Victoria in 1879. The desk resided in the White House in various rooms and had a hinged front panel added to it by Franklin D. Roosevelt, until Jacqueline Kennedy found it languishing in the "White House broadcast room." She had it restored and moved into the Oval Office. After Kennedy's death, the desk was removed for a traveling exhibition, returning to the Oval Office under Jimmy Carter in 1977. It has been the Oval Office desk ever since with the exception of the George H.W. Bush presidential years.||Oval Office,
The White House,
|Johnson desk||Lyndon B. Johnson||This desk was used by Johnson from the time he was in the United States Senate up through his tenure in the Oval Office.||Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum, Austin, Texas|
|Wilson desk||Richard Nixon
|Nixon used this desk both as vice president and president as he believed it was used by Woodrow Wilson. In actuality the desk was not used by Woodrow Wilson nor by former vice president of the United States Henry Wilson, which was later suggested.||Vice President's Room,
United States Capitol,
|C&O desk||George H. W. Bush||George H. W. Bush used this desk during his tenure as both vice president and president of the United States. It was created for the owners of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway around 1920 and subsequently donated to the White House. Previously, Presidents Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, and Ronald Reagan had used it in the West Wing Study.||?|
|Presidency||President||Dates in office||Desk|
|27||William Howard Taft||March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913||Theodore Roosevelt desk|
|28||Woodrow Wilson||March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1921|
|29||Warren G. Harding||March 4, 1921 – August 2, 1923|
|30||Calvin Coolidge||August 2, 1923 – March 4, 1929|
|31||Herbert Hoover||March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933|
|32||Franklin D. Roosevelt||March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945|
|33||Harry S. Truman||April 12, 1945 – January 20, 1953||Theodore Roosevelt desk|
|34||Dwight D. Eisenhower||January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961|
|35||John F. Kennedy||January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963||Resolute desk|
|36||Lyndon B. Johnson||November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969||Johnson desk|
|37||Richard Nixon||January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974||Wilson desk|
|38||Gerald Ford||August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977|
|39||Jimmy Carter||January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981||Resolute desk|
|40||Ronald Reagan||January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1989|
|41||George H. W. Bush||January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993||C&O desk|
|42||Bill Clinton||January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001||Resolute desk|
|43||George W. Bush||January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009|
|44||Barack Obama||January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017|
|45||Donald Trump||January 20, 2017 – Present|
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