Lieutenant of the Duchy of Aquitaine
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Lieutenant of the Duchy of Aquitaine was an officer charged with governing the Duchy of Aquitaine on behalf of the King of England. Unlike the seneschalcy of Gascony, the lieutenancy was not a permanent office. Lieutenants were appointed in times of emergency, due either to an external threat or internal unrest. The lieutenant had quasi-viceregal authority and so was usually a man of high rank, usually English and often of the royal family.
Aquitaine, a grand
fief in southwestern France, was a possession of the English crown from 1154, when the Duke of Aquitaine and Gascony inherited the English throne, until it was finally conquered by the French at the end of the Hundred Years' War (1453).
List of lieutenants
Simon de Montfort  1269–1270
Roger of Leybourne  1272
Thomas de Clare  1278
Otton de Grandson jointly with Robert Burnel  1287–1288
William of Middleton, also seneschal  1289
Maurice VI de Craon  1293–1294
John de Saint-John  1294; 1310–1311
John of Brittany  1295–1296
Edmund of Lancaster, who died in 1296  1296–1297
Henry de Lacy, acting lieutenant from 1295  1298–1299
Gui Ferre  1299–1302
Barrau de Sescas jointly with Pey-Arnaut de Vic  1302–1304; 1309–11
John Hastings, also seneschal   1312
John de Ferrers, also seneschal  1312–1313
Estèbe Ferréol, also seneschal  1324–1325
Edmund of Woodstock  1338–1341
Bernard Ezi V jointly with (1) Oliver Ingham (also seneschal) and then (2) Hugues de Genève  1344
Richard FitzAlan jointly with Henry of Grosmont  1345–1347; 1349 Henry of Grosmont, alone
Ralph de Stafford  1355–1357
Edward the Black Prince, later Prince of Aquitaine (1362–72)  1360–1362
John Chandos  1370–1371
John of Gaunt, later Duke of Aquitaine (1390–1399)  1372
John Hastings  1378–1381
John Neville  1388–1389 John of Gaunt
Henry "Hotspur" Percy  1398
John Beaufort  1401–1403
Edward of Norwich  1412–1413
Thomas of Lancaster  1413
Thomas Beaufort  1439–1440
John Holland  1443
John Beaufort, did not act  1452–1453
John Talbot  1453 William Bonville 
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Seneschals and lieutenants of Gascony in the Oxford DNB",
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (22 September 2005), retrieved 24 October 2018, from http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-93334.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k
"Principal Office Holders in the Duchy" and "King's Lieutenants in the Duchy (1278–1453)", The Gascon Rolls Project (1317–1468).
Michael Prestwich (1990). Edward I. Methuen London. pp. 305–6. ISBN . 0-413-63370-5
Vale, Malcolm. "St John, Sir John de". (online ed.). Oxford University Press. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography doi: 10.1093/ref:odnb/24499. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
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Ormrod, W. M. "Henry of Lancaster". (online ed.). Oxford University Press. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography doi: 10.1093/ref:odnb/12960. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
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