|Member of the Senate|
18 April 2008 – 14 March 2013
|Assumed office |
13 March 2018
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
28 April 2013 – 22 February 2014
|Prime Minister||Enrico Letta|
|Preceded by||Mario Monti (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Federica Mogherini|
|Minister of European Affairs and International Trade|
17 May 2006 – 7 May 2008
|Prime Minister||Romano Prodi|
|Preceded by||Giorgio La Malfa (European Affairs)|
|Succeeded by||Andrea Ronchi (European Affairs)|
Claudio Scajola (Development)
|European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection|
25 January 1995 – 16 September 1999
Manuel Marín (Acting)
|Preceded by||Christiane Scrivener|
|Succeeded by||David Byrne|
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
5 July 1976 – 20 December 1978
13 June 1979 – 11 July 1983
12 July 1983 – 10 August 1983
05 December 1986 – 2 July 1987
10 July 1990 – 22 April 1992
23 April 1992 – 14 April 1994
15 April 1994 – 24 January 1995
21 April 2006 – 28 April 2008
|Born||9 March 1948|
|Political party||Radical Party (Before 1989)|
Pannella List (1989–1996)
Bonino List (1996–2001)
Italian Radicals (2001–present)
|Transnational Radical Party (1989–present)|
|Alma mater||Bocconi University|
Emma Bonino  is an Italian politician. She currently is a Senator for Rome. She served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2013 to 2014. Previously, she was a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) and a member of the Senate of the Republic. She served in the government of Italy as minister of international trade from 2006 to 2008.(born 9 March 1948)
She is a leading member of the Italian Radicals, a political party which describes itself "liberale, liberista e libertario" (where liberista denotes economic liberalism and libertario a form of cultural liberalism concerning moral issues, with some ideological connection with historical left-libertarianism). She graduated in modern languages and literature from Bocconi University in Milan in 1972.
A veteran legislator in Italian politics and an activist for various reform policies, she was elected six times as deputy and two times as senator. She was the leader of More Europe, a liberal, european federalist party list she announced on December 2017, in the 2018 Italian general election.
Bonino never married nor bore children, even succumbing to the Italian authorities in 1975 after having an illegal abortion. She fostered children, but never successfully became pregnant, despite attempts using artificial insemination.
On 12 January 2015, she announced on Radio Radicale she was suffering from lung cancer and was being treated with chemotherapy, though she also stated she was not abandoning her political activity. On May 21 of the same year, on the same radio station, she announced her cancer was in complete remission.
Bonino was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1976 and reelected in 1979, 1983, 1987, 1992, 1994 and 2006. In 1975, she founded the Information Centre on Sterilisation and Abortion and promoted the referendum which led to the legalisation of abortion in Italy. In 1986, she was among the promoters of a referendum against nuclear energy that led to the rejection of a civil nuclear energy programme in Italy.
On 17 May 2006, Bonino was appointed as minister for international trade in the cabinet of Romano Prodi. She resigned from office on 7 May 2008 when she had been elected vice president of the Senate the previous day. In 2008, at the elections of 13 and 14 April, she was elected to a seat in the Senate, the second parliamentary chamber, on the list of the Democratic Party for the Piedmont constituency.
In June 2017, public opinion polls of her stood at 43 percent, second only to prime minister Paolo Gentiloni. Despite the positive public opinion, her party falls short of the 3 percent required for a seat in Parliament. In response, she has adopted the slogan "Love Me Less, Vote Me More."
Bonino was elected to the European Parliament in 1979 and re-elected in 1984 and 1999. She served as the Secretary of the Transnational Radical Party in 1993–94 and the party's president in 1991–1993. In October 1994, she was appointed head of the Italian Government delegation to the UN General Assembly for the "Moratorium on death penalty" initiative. From 1994 to 1999, she was European Commissioner responsible for Consumer Policy, Fisheries and the European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO). In 1997, her field of competence was widened to include consumer health protection and food safety.
On 15 March 1999, together with all the Santer Commission, she resigned due to the accusations of fraud and mismanagement against commissioner Édith Cresson. The final report however leveled charges against most commissioners, including Bonino herself. In November 2002, she was appointed Head of the Italian Government delegation at the Inter-governmental Conference of the Community of Democracies in Seoul.
Along with Marco Pannella, another member of the Radical Party, Bonino has fought numerous battles for civil rights and individual liberty, mainly concerned with divorce, the legalisation of abortion, the legalisation of drugs, and for sexual and religious freedoms. She has fought for an end to capital punishment, against female genital mutilation, and the eradication of world hunger. In 1975, Bonino funded the information centre for abortion (CISA), and in 1997 she supported the international movement condemning the discrimination of females in Afghanistan, 'Un Fiore per le Donne di Kabul' (A Flower for the Women of Kabul). Bonino is also a champion of the recognition of women's rights in the countries of the African Union through the Maputo protocol. She is a founder of the nongovernmental organizations 'Non c'è Pace senza Giustizia' (No Peace Without Justice), which supports the international protection and promotion of human rights and democracy, and 'Nessuno Tocchi Caino' (Hands Off Cain), which is an international league that fights for the abolition of the death penalty.
In June 1999, she obtained a historic percentage of votes (8.5%) in the European elections (vs. the usual 2–3% that Radicals got in the previous and subsequent elections). Her list (Lista Bonino) won seven of 78 Italian seats in this election.
Emma Bonino supported the NATO intervention in Kosovo in the spring of 1999. From 1999 to 2004, the Lista Bonino was non-affiliated, as it was founded with a claim to not adhere to the traditional centre-left versus centre-right politics, rather remaining in the middle to maximize any potential bargaining power. In the case "Emma Bonino and Others v Parliament and Council (Case T-40/04)", the Liste Emma Bonino contested before the Court of Justice of the European Union that its exclusion from Community funding due to not qualifying as a party on the 'European level' was discriminatory. The court dismissed this argument as inadmissible, establishing that measures do not necessarily need to legally affect an applicant in order for the case to directly affect them. Since 2004, it is part of the ALDE group.
In 2002, Bonino in cooperation with the Associazione Italiana Donne per lo Sviluppo (AIDOS, Italian Association for the Development of Women), called an Italian Parliament meeting to discuss genital mutilation. Bonino led the ceremonies, which gathered medical experts, ambassadors, and politicians to review graphic information about the practice of female genital mutilation in African countries. During this meeting, Bonino recounted her travels though Somalia, Egypt, Tanzania, The Gambia, and Ethiopia, where she learned about these rural practices by meeting women who participated in projects to stop them. Many African women who suffered from genital mutilation discussed there firsthand experiences. At the conclusion of the meeting, the Prime Minister Berlusconi congratulated Bonino on her accomplishments in this cause and presented the leader of AIDOS with a check for the European Campaign.
In December 2001, she moved to Cairo with the objective of learning the Arabic language and culture. In March 2003, she started a daily review of the Arabic press on Radical Radio. In January 2004, she organized the "Regional Conference on Democracy, Human Rights and the role of the International Penal Court, the first for an Arabic country. She is currently a board member of the Arab Democracy Foundation.
Bonino was a board member of DARA until December 2012. In 2016, she was appointed by Erik Solheim, the Chairman of the Development Assistance Committee, to serve on the High Level Panel on the Future of the Development Assistance Committee under the leadership of Mary Robinson.
Bonino writes opinion editorials and commentaries for both the Inter Press Service News Agency and Project Syndicate, discussing contemporary international issues including Syrian refugees affecting Europe, abolishing the death penalty, relations between Iran and Europe, and the poor treatment of the indigenous people of South East Asia.
Bonino is a member of the eminent international Council of Patrons of the Asian University for Women (AUW) in Chittagong, Bangladesh. The University, which is the product of foundational partnerships (Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Open Society Foundation, IKEA Foundation, etc) and regional cooperation, serves extraordinarily talented women from 15 countries across Asia and the Middle East.
During an interview published by the Italian daily Corriere della Sera on 8th February 2016, Pope Francis defined Emma Bonino as one of the nation’s "forgotten greats", comparing her to great historical figures such as Konrad Adenauer and Robert Schuman.
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic – awarded on 21 December 2015
In 1999 Bonino was one of the two winners of the North-South Prize, an award that honors individuals with accomplishment in the protection of human rights, pluralistic democracy, and improvement of North-South relations.
For her battles and engagements with controversial issues, her engagement in the promotion of human rights and civil rights in the world, she received the "Open Society Prize 2004" and "Prix Femmes d'Europe 2004" for Italy.
She received the America Award of the Italy-USA Foundation in 2013.
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Raniero Vanni d'Archirafi
| European Commissioner from Italy
Served alongside: Mario Monti
| European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection
Giorgio La Malfa
as Minister of European Affairs
| Minister of European Affairs and International Trade
as Minister of European Affairs
as Minister of Economic Development
| Minister of Foreign Affairs