Duchy of Urbino

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(County) Duchy of Urbino

Ducato (Contea) di Urbino
Flag of Urbino, Duchy
Coat of arms of Urbino, Duchy
Coat of arms
The Duchy of Urbino in the 17th Century
The Duchy of Urbino in the 17th Century
CapitalUrbino (1443 - 1523)
Pesaro (1523 - 1631)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
Early modern
• County created by
    Emp. Frederick II
• Raised to duchy by
    Pope Eugene IV

• Annexed to the
    Papal States
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Italy (medieval)
Papal States
Today part of Italy

The Duchy of Urbino was a fief of the Holy See in central-northern Italy.

The first lords of Urbino were the House of Montefeltro, who obtained the title of counts from Emperor Frederick II in 1213. The first Duke was Oddantonio, who received the title from Pope Eugene IV in 1443. The duchy's territories occupied approximately the northern part of the modern region of Marche: they were bordered by the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Republic of Florence in the west and by the Papal States southwards.

In 1523 the capital was moved to Pesaro. After the short rule by Cesare Borgia in 1502–08, the dukedom went to the della Rovere papal family, who held it until 1625, when Pope Urban VIII annexed it to the Papal States as Legazione del Ducato di Urbino (later Legazione di Urbino).

List of rulers of Urbino

Lords until 1213, counts thereafter until 1443, thereafter dukes.

Name Birth Reign Death Consort
Antonio I da Montefeltro c.1184
Montefeltrano I da Montefeltro c.1184 1202
Bonconte I da Montefeltro 1202 1242
Montefeltrano II da Montefeltro 1242 1255
Guido da Montefeltro 1255 1285
Papal control 1285 1296
Federico I da Montefeltro 1296 1322
Papal control 1322 1324
Guido II da Montefeltro 1324 1360
Galasso da Montefeltro 1324 1360
Nolfo da Montefeltro 1324 1360
Federico II da Montefeltro[1]   1364–1370? 1370? Teodora Gonzaga
Antonio II da Montefeltro[1] 1348 1363–1404 29 April 1404 Agnesina dei Prefetti di Vico
Guidantonio da Montefeltro[1] 1377 1403–1443 February 1443 Ringarda Malatesta; Caterina Colonna
Oddantonio da Montefeltro[1]
created Duke
1428 1443–1444 22 July 1444 Isotta d'Este
Federico III da Montefeltro[1][2] 7 June 1422 1444–1482 10 September 1482 Gentile Brancaleoni; Battista Sforza
Guidobaldo da Montefeltro[1][2] 17 January 1472 1482–1502 10 April 1508 Elisabetta Gonzaga
Cesare Borgia[3]   1502–1503   Charlotte of Albret, Lady of Châlus
Guidobaldo da Montefeltro[1][2] 17 January 1472 1503–1508 10 April 1508 Elisabetta Gonzaga
Francesco Maria I della Rovere[1][2][4][5] 22 March 1490 1508–1516 20 October 1538 Eleonora Gonzaga
Lorenzo II de' Medici[6] 12 September 1492 1516–1519 4 May 1519 Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne
Francesco Maria I della Rovere[1][2][4][5] 22 March 1490 1521–1538 20 October 1538 Eleonora Gonzaga
Guidobaldo II della Rovere[1][2][4][5] 2 April 1514 1538–1574 28 September 1574 Giulia da Varano; Vittoria Farnese
Francesco Maria II della Rovere[1][2][4][5] 10 February 1549 1574–1621 23 April 1631 Lucrezia d'Este; Livia della Rovere
Federico Ubaldo della Rovere[1][2][5] 16 May 1605 1621–1623 28 June 1623 Claudia de' Medici
Francesco Maria II della Rovere[1][2][5] 10 February 1549 1623–1625 23 April 1631 Livia della Rovere

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Also count or duke of Montefeltro, count of Castel Durante, lord of Cagli, Gubbio, Cantiano, Frontone and Sassocorvaro.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Also count of Mercatello, lord of Pergola and Fossombrone.
  3. ^ Also duke of Valentinois and Romagna, prince of Andria and Venafro, count of Dyois, lord of Forlì, Imola, Rimini, Piombino and Camerino.
  4. ^ a b c d Also duke of Sora and Arce.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Also lord of Senigallia.
  6. ^ Also ruler of Florence.


  • James Dennistoun (1851). Memoirs of the Dukes of Urbino, Illustrating the Arms, Arts, and Literature of Italy, from 1440 to 1630: In Three Volumes. Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans. Volume One, Volume Two, Volume Three
  • History of the popes; their church and state (Volume III) by Leopold von Ranke (Wellesley College Library, 2009)
  • Franceschini, G. (1970), I Montefeltro . Milan.
  • Ugolini, Filippo, (1859). Storia dei conti e duchi d'Urbino. Florence.
  • Ugolini, Filippo, Storia dei conti e duchi d'Urbino - volume 2.

Coordinates: 43°43′N 12°38′E / 43.717°N 12.633°E / 43.717; 12.633

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