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Audrey Hepburn on screen and stage

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A photograph of Hepburn as Princess Ann in the film Roman Holiday.
Hepburn as Princess Ann in Roman Holiday (1953)

Audrey Hepburn (4 May 1929 – 20 January 1993) was a British actress who had an extensive career in film, television, and on the stage from 1948 to 1993. Considered by some to be one of the most beautiful women of all time,[1][2] she was ranked as the third greatest screen legend in American cinema by the American Film Institute.[3] Hepburn is also remembered as both a film and style icon.[4][5][6] Her debut was as a flight stewardess in the 1948 Dutch film Dutch in Seven Lessons.[7] Hepburn then performed on the British stage as a chorus girl in the musicals High Button Shoes (1948), and Sauce Tartare (1949). Two years later she made her Broadway debut as the title character in the play Gigi. Hepburn's Hollywood debut as a runaway princess in William Wyler's Roman Holiday (1953) opposite Gregory Peck made her a star.[4][8][9][10] For her performance she received the Academy Award for Best Actress, the BAFTA Award for Best British Actress, and the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama.[11][12][13] In 1954 she played a chauffeur's daughter caught in a love triangle in Billy Wilder's romantic comedy Sabrina opposite Humphrey Bogart and William Holden.[14][15] In the same year Hepburn garnered the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for portraying the titular water nymph in the play Ondine.[16][17]

Her next role was as Natasha Rostova in the 1956 film adaptation of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace. In 1957 Hepburn starred with Gary Cooper and Maurice Chevalier in Billy Wilder's Love in the Afternoon, and with Fred Astaire in the musical film Funny Face. Two years later she appeared in the romantic adventure film Green Mansions, and played a nun in The Nun's Story. In 1961, Hepburn played café society girl Holly Golightly in the romantic comedy Breakfast at Tiffany's, and as a teacher accused of lesbianism in Wyler's drama The Children's Hour opposite Shirley MacLaine.[17][18] Two years later she appeared opposite Cary Grant in the romantic mystery film Charade. Hepburn followed this by starring in the romantic comedy Paris When It Sizzles opposite William Holden, and as Cockney flower girl Eliza Doolittle in the musical film My Fair Lady (both in 1964).[17] In 1967, she played a blind woman menaced by drug dealers in her own home in the suspense thriller Wait Until Dark which earned her a Best Actress Oscar nomination.[17][19] Nine years later, Hepburn played Maid Marian opposite Sean Connery as Robin Hood in Robin and Marian.

Her final film appearance was a cameo as an angel in Steven Spielberg's Always (1989).[19] Hepburn's final screen role was as the host of the television documentary series Gardens of the World with Audrey Hepburn (1993) for which she posthumously received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement – Informational Programming.[10][20][21] In recognition of her career, Hepburn earned the Special Award from BAFTA, the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award, the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award, and the Special Tony Award.[22][23][24][25]

Film

A still of Hepburn in character as Princess Ann in the film Roman Holiday
Hepburn in Roman Holiday (1953)
A still of Hepburn on the left opposite William Holden on the right in the film Sabrina.
Hepburn (left) opposite William Holden (right) in Sabrina (1954)
List of film credits
Year Title Role Notes Ref(s)
1948 Dutch in Seven Lessons Stewardess Dutch: Nederlands in Zeven Lessen [26]
1951 One Wild Oat Hotel receptionist Uncredited [26]
1951 Young Wives' Tale Eve Lester [27]
1951 Laughter in Paradise Cigarette girl [28]
1951 The Lavender Hill Mob Chiquita [29]
1952 Secret People Nora Brentano [30]
1952 Monte Carlo Baby Linda Farrell
Melissa Farrell (French version)
Simultaneously filmed in both English and French.
French: Nous irons à Monte-Carlo
[31]
[32]
[33]
1953 Roman Holiday Princess Ann [34]
1954 Sabrina Sabrina Fairchild UK: Sabrina Fair [35]
[36]
1956 War and Peace Natasha Rostova [37]
1957 Love in the Afternoon Ariane Chavasse [38]
1957 Funny Face Jo Stockton [39]
1959 Green Mansions Rima [40]
1959 The Nun's Story Sister Luke [17]
1960 The Unforgiven Rachel Zachary [17]
1961 Breakfast at Tiffany's Holly Golightly [17]
1961 The Children's Hour Karen Wright [17]
1963 Charade Regina Lampert [41]
1964 Paris When It Sizzles Gabrielle Simpson [42]
1964 My Fair Lady Eliza Doolittle [17]
1966 How to Steal a Million Nicole Bonnet [17]
1967 Two for the Road Joanna Wallace [43]
1967 Wait Until Dark Susy Hendrix [44]
1976 Robin and Marian Maid Marian [45]
1979 Bloodline Elizabeth Roffe [46]
1981 They All Laughed Angela Niotes [47]
1989 Always Hap [48]

Television

A photograph of Hepburn on the right and Mel Ferrer on the left in the television episode Mayerling
Hepburn (right) and Mel Ferrer (left) in the television episode Mayerling (1957)
List of television credits
Year Title Role Notes Ref(s)
1950 Saturday Night Revue Unknown 3 episodes [49]
[50]
[51]
1951 Sunday Night Theatre Celia Episode: "The Silent Village" [52]
1952 CBS Television Workshop Virginia Forsythe Episode: "Rainy Day at Paradise Junction" [53]
[54]
1957 Producers' Showcase Mary Vetsera Episode: "Mayerling" [55]
1970 A World of Love Herself UNICEF special [56]
1987 Love Among Thieves Caroline DuLac Television film [57]
[58]
1988 American Masters Herself Episode: "Directed by William Wyler"
Documentary
[59]
1988 Gregory Peck: His Own Man Herself Documentary [60]
1993 Gardens of the World with Audrey Hepburn Herself Documentary series [61]

Stage

List of theatre credits
Year(s) Title Role Theatre Notes Ref(s)
1948–1949 High Button Shoes Chorus girl London Hippodrome [62]
1949 Sauce Tartare Chorus girl Cambridge Theatre [17]
[63]
1950 Sauce Piquante Featured player Cambridge Theatre [17]
1951–1952 Gigi Gigi Fulton Theatre 24 November 1951 – 31 May 1952 [64]
1954 Ondine Ondine 46th Street Theatre 18 February 1954 – 3 July 1954 [65]

See also

References

  1. ^ Corliss, Richard (20 January 2007). "Audrey Hepburn: Still the Fairest Lady". Time. Time Inc. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Audrey Hepburn tops beauty poll". BBC. 31 May 2004. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  3. ^ "AFI's 50 Greatest American Screen Legends". American Film Institute. Archived from the original on 13 January 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  4. ^ a b Billson, Anne (29 December 2014). "Audrey Hepburn: a new kind of movie star". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on 24 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  5. ^ Cocozza, Paula (1 July 2015). "Audrey Hepburn: Portraits of an Icon review – beautiful, but unrevealing". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  6. ^ Wilson, Bee (19 June 2015). "The cult of Audrey Hepburn: how can anyone live up to that level of chic?". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 29 June 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  7. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 54.
  8. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 139.
  9. ^ "Audrey Hepburn's Fashionable Life in Rome". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast. May 2013. Archived from the original on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  10. ^ a b Buchanan, Rose Troup (4 May 2014). "Audrey Hepburn 85th birthday celebrated with Google Doodle". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Archived from the original on 24 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  11. ^ "The 26th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Film in 1954". British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA). Archived from the original on 24 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Audrey Hepburn". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015.
  14. ^ Gitlin 2008, p. 115.
  15. ^ Crowther, Bosley (23 September 1954). "Sabrina (1954) Screen: 'Sabrina' Bows at Criterion; Billy Wilder Produces and Directs Comedy". The New York Times. Arthur Hays Sulzberger. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  16. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 393.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Gitlin 2008, p. 116.
  18. ^ Ryan, Pat (14 March 2013). "Forever a Gamine at Tiffany's". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Archived from the original on 17 April 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  19. ^ a b James, Caryn (21 January 1993). "Audrey Hepburn, Actress, Is Dead at 63". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Archived from the original on 26 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  20. ^ "Awards Search". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on 24 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  21. ^ "Gardens of the World With Audrey Hepburn". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  22. ^ "100 BAFTA Moments — Audrey Hepburn Receives the Special Award". British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA). Archived from the original on 24 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  23. ^ "Cecil B. DeMille Timeline". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  24. ^ "29th Life Achievement Recipient, 1992". Screen Actors Guild Awards. Archived from the original on 24 April 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  25. ^ "Audrey Hepburn". Playbill Vault. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  26. ^ a b Woodward 2012, p. 381.
  27. ^ "Young Wives' Tale (1951)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  28. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 382.
  29. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 92, 382.
  30. ^ "The Secret People (1952)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  31. ^ Spoto 2007, p. 43.
  32. ^ "Audrey Hepburn". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 1 December 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  33. ^ G., O. A. (29 May 1954). "Monte Carlo Baby (1953) At the Palace". The New York Times. Arthur Hays Sulzberger. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  34. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 124, 383.
  35. ^ "Sabrina (1954)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 14 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  36. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 384.
  37. ^ "War and Peace (1956)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 23 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  38. ^ "Love in the Afternoon (1957)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  39. ^ "Funny Face (1957)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 10 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  40. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 386–387.
  41. ^ Sherwin, Adam (15 May 2013). "Hollywood Silences Leading Ladies as Speaking Roles for Women Slump". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Archived from the original on 16 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  42. ^ "Paris When It Sizzles (1964)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  43. ^ "Two for the Road (1967)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  44. ^ "Wait Until Dark (1967)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  45. ^ "Robin and Marian (1976)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  46. ^ "Bloodline (1979)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  47. ^ "They All Laughed (1981)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  48. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 390–391.
  49. ^ "15 July 1950". BBC. Archived from the original on 24 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  50. ^ "29 July 1950". BBC. Archived from the original on 24 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  51. ^ "12 August 1950". BBC. Archived from the original on 24 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  52. ^ "Hugh Williams and Joyce Redman in 'The Silent Village'". BBC. Archived from the original on 24 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  53. ^ "CBS Television Workshop, The: Rainy Day in Paradise Junction". Paley Center for Media. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  54. ^ Gitlin 2008, p. 39.
  55. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 201, 391.
  56. ^ Fearn-Banks 2009, p. 494.
  57. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 392.
  58. ^ "Love Among Thieves (1987)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  59. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 391.
  60. ^ Molyneaux 1995, p. 247.
  61. ^ "Gardens of the World with Audrey Hepburn". TV Guide. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  62. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 63–64.
  63. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 67, 69.
  64. ^ "Gigi". Internet Broadway Database. Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  65. ^ "Ondine". Internet Broadway Database. Archived from the original on 1 April 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2015.

Bibliography

External links

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