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2020 in spaceflight

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2020 in spaceflight
PIA23499-Mars2020Rover-FirstTestDrive-20191217a.jpg
The Perseverance rover is set to launch aboard an Atlas V rocket in 2020.
Orbital launches
First7 January
Last9 April
Total26
Successes23
Failures3
Partial failures0
Catalogued22
National firsts
Satellite
Rockets
Maiden flights
Crewed flights
Orbital1
Suborbital0
Total travellers3
EVAs3

This article documents notable spaceflight events during the year 2020.

Overview

Exploration of the Solar System

Four missions to Mars were planned to be launched in 2020, including three rovers, two orbiters, and a lander. NASA plans to launch the Mars 2020 mission, which includes the Perseverance rover and Mars Helicopter, and will cache samples for eventual return to Earth.[1] The China National Space Administration (CNSA) will launch its HuoXing-1 (Mars-1) mission, which includes an orbiter, a lander, and a small rover; it will be China's first mission to another planet using its own delivery vehicle.[1] The European Space Agency (ESA) and Russia's Roscosmos planned to launch the Rosalind Franklin rover using the Kazachok lander as part of their common Mars program ExoMars.[1] However, on 12 March 2020 it was announced that the launch of the lander and rover was delayed until 2022. Problems with the vehicle, being considered not ready for the mission, caused the delay.[2] Finally, the United Arab Emirates will launch the Hope Mars Mission orbiter on a Japanese rocket.[1]

China also intends to launch Chang'e 5, the first sample-return mission to the Moon since Luna 24 in 1976. Chang'e 5 will use the recently developed Long March 5 heavy-lift rocket.

NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission will sample the asteroid 101955 Bennu in August.[3] JAXA's Hayabusa2 mission will return samples of 162173 Ryugu to Earth in December.

Two solar missions are scheduled to be launched: ESA's Solar Orbiter to a heliocentric orbit, and India's Aditya-L1 to the Sun-Earth L1 point. Parker Solar Probe, launched in 2018, will decrease its minimal distance to the Sun further to 14.2 million kilometers.

Human spaceflight

China plans to test a new generation of crewed spacecraft in October, and begin construction of the Chinese large modular space station with the launch of the Tianhe Core Cabin Module, though this is delayed to 2021.[4]

In the United States, SpaceX's Dragon 2 and Boeing's CST-100 Starliner are expected to make their first crewed flights in 2020 as part of the Commercial Crew Development program,[5] restoring human spaceflight capability lost after the Space Shuttle's retirement in 2011.

NASA astronaut Christina Koch set a women's record-breaking 328 days in space ending on 6 February 2020. Scott Kelly still holds the all-time American record with 340 days in space; Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov holds the all-time record of 437 days. Koch also participated in the first all-female spacewalk with Jessica Meir on 18 October 2019.[6]

Rocket innovation

SpaceX hopes to begin orbital testing of its fully reusable two-stage-to-orbit vehicle Starship.[7]

The trend towards cost reduction in access to orbit is expected to continue. Arianespace's Ariane 6 will make its maiden flight, targeting a per-satellite launch cost similar to a Falcon 9.[8] Mitsubishi Heavy Industries's H3 launch vehicle, scheduled to enter service this year, will cost less than half that of H-IIA, its predecessor.[9] Despite the increasing competition the cost of delivering cargo to the ISS will go up.[10]

Internet satellite constellations

SpaceX expects to begin operation of its Starlink constellation in 2020, with over 1000 satellites launched by the end of the year.[11] As of 29 March 2020, 362 satellites were launched.

OneWeb planned to start service in 2020 as well,[12] but filed for bankruptcy in March 2020 after 74 satellites were launched.[13]

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

7 January
02:19[14]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L2[15] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
7 January
15:20:14[16][17]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Y62[18] China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China TJSW-5 Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Geosynchronous Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
15 January
02:53[19]
China Long March 2D 2D-Y58 China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Jilin-1 Kuanfu-01 (Wideband-01) Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Argentina ÑuSat 7 (Sophie) Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Argentina ÑuSat 8 (Marie) Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Tianqi-5[20] Guodian Gaoke Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
16 January
03:02[21]
China Kuaizhou 1A Y9[22] China Jiuquan LA-4 China ExPace
China Yinhe-1 / GS-SparkSat-03 / Galaxy-1[23] Galaxy Space Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
16 January
21:05[24]
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA251 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
France Eutelsat Konnect[25] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
India GSAT-30 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
GSAT-30 will replace INSAT-4A.
29 January
14:06:49[26][27]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L3 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
31 January
02:56[28]
United States Electron "Birds of a Feather" New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States NROL-151 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
First launch contracted via the NRO's Rapid Acquisition of a Small Rocket (RASR) program.

February

6 February
21:42:41[30][31]
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat ST27[32] Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Second OneWeb mission.[29] Baikonur flight 1.
9 February
01:34[33]
Japan H-IIA 202 F41[34] Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan IGS-Optical 7 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
9 February
15:45[35]
Iran Simorgh Iran Semnan LP-2 Iran ISA
Iran Zafar 1[36] IUST Low Earth Earth observation 9 February Launch failure
Satellite failed to reach orbit.
10 February
04:03[37]
United States Atlas V 411 AV-087[38] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
Europe Solar Orbiter ESA Heliocentric Heliophysics In orbit En route
15 February
20:21:04[40]
United States Antares 230+ United States MARS LP-0A United States Northrop Grumman
United States Cygnus NG-13
S.S. Robert H. Lawrence
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
United States Red-Eye 2 DARPA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States DeMi MIT Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States TechEdSat-10 (TES-10) NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Red-Eye 2, DeMi, and the ELaNa 30 satellite TES-10 were carried within the Cygnus spacecraft, and will be released into orbit at a later date.[39]
17 February
15:05:55[41]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L4 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
18 February
22:18[42]
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA252[43] France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Japan JCSAT-17[44] JSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
South Korea GEO-KOMPSAT-2B[45][46] KARI Geosynchronous Ocean monitoring In orbit Operational
19 February
21:07[47][48]
China Long March 2D 2D-Y61[49] China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China XJS-C CASC Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China XJS-D CASC Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China XJS-E CASC Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China XJS-F CASC Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
First Long March 2D launch from Xichang.
20 February
08:24:54[50][51]
Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/3 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Meridian-M 9 (19L)[52] Ministry of Defence Molniya Communications In orbit Operational

March

7 March
04:50:31[54]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-20 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 7 April
18:50
Successful[55]
Japan G-SATELLITE TOCOG / University of Tokyo Low Earth Space advertising  
Guatemala Quetzal-1 (Guatesat-1)[56] UVG Low Earth Technology demonstration  
G-SATELLITE (Gundam Satellite) carries two miniature Gundam figurines to promote the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics. Quetzal-1 is Guatemala's first satellite.[53] Final flight of Dragon 1.
9 March
11:55[57]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Y69[18] China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China BeiDou-3 G2Q[58] CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
16 March
13:34[59][60]
China Long March 7A China Wenchang LC-2 China CASC
China Xinjishu Yanzheng-6 (XJY-6) TBA Geosynchronous Technology demonstration 16 March Launch failure
Maiden flight of Long March 7A. Failed to reach orbit.
16 March
18:28[61]
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-M 760[62] VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
18 March
12:16:39[63]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Fifth flight of booster B1048; recovery was not successful.
21 March
17:06:58[64]
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat ST28[65] Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Baikonur flight 2.
24 March
03:43[66]
China Long March 2C 2C-Y42[67] China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China Yaogan 30-06 01 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
China Yaogan 30-06 02 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
China Yaogan 30-06 03 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
26 March
20:18[68]
United States Atlas V 551 AV-086[38] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States AEHF-6[69] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Military communications In orbit En route
United States TDO-2[70] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Laser ranging In orbit En route

April

9 April
08:05:06[71]
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-16 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 62/63 In orbit Docked
First crewed flight of Soyuz-2.1a.
9 April
11:46[73]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Y71[18] China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
Indonesia Nusantara Dua (Palapa-N1) PSN / Indosat Geosynchronous Communications 9 April Launch failure
Intended to replace Palapa-D. Failed to reach orbit.[72]
Upcoming launches
23 April
19:16[74][75]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L6 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 2[76] SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
United States SkySat 16–18[77] Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation  
24 April[79][80] China Long March 5B / YZ-2 TBA[81] China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Unnamed crewed spacecraft CNSA Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Long March 5B, testing a new crewed spacecraft.[78]
25 April
01:51[82][83]
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-14 / 75P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
April (TBD)[84][85] China Kuaizhou 1A Y6 China Jiuquan China ExPace
China Xingyun-2 01 Xingyun Satellite Co.[86] Low Earth (SSO) IoT  
China Xingyun-2 02 Xingyun Satellite Co. Low Earth (SSO) IoT  

May

20 May
17:30[87]
Japan H-IIB Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan HTV-9 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
20 May[29][88] United States Atlas V 501 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States USSF-7 (X-37B OTV-6) U.S. Space Force Low Earth Technology demonstration  
May (TBD)[74][89] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40[90] United States SpaceX
Argentina SAOCOM 1B[91] CONAE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 1[76] SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
United States Sequoia (Capella 2)[92] Capella Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States GNOMES-1[93][94] PlanetIQ Low Earth (SSO) Radio occultation  
The first attempt to launch a polar orbit mission from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station since the failure of a Transit 3A satellite launch in 1960.
May (TBD)[96][97] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpX-DM2 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test  
Crew Dragon Demo 2: Crewed flight test of Dragon 2 as part of the Commercial Crew Development program.[95]
May (TBD)[74] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L7 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 3[76] SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
May (TBD)[98][99] United States LauncherOne F1 United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United States TBA Virgin Orbit Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden orbital flight of LauncherOne.
May (TBD)[57][58] China Long March 3B/E China Xichang China CASC
China BeiDou-3 G3Q CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation  
Last satellite of the BeiDou-3 Constellation to be launched which will complete the global network of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System.[100]
May (TBD)[101][102] China Long March TBA China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China Gaofen-9 02[103] Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
China Gaofen-9 03 Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
May (TBD)[104] China Long March TBA China Wenchang China CASC
China Taihu-1 Wuxi Kalman Navigation Technology Low Earth Earth observation
AIS ship tracking
 

June

3 June[105] Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA253 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Japan BSAT-4b[106][107] BSAT Geosynchronous Communications  
United States Galaxy 30[108][109] Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
United States MEV-2 Northrop Grumman Geosynchronous Satellite servicing  
16 June[110][111] China Long March 3B/E 3B-Yxx[18] China Xichang China CASC
China APStar 6D APT Satellite Holdings Geosynchronous Communications  
20 June[29][112] Europe Vega VV18 France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Spain SEOSat-Ingenio[113] Hisdesat Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
France TARANIS[114] CNES Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
27 June[115][116] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/3 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K №15 (K1 №3) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
30 June[117] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States GPS IIIA-03 U.S. Space Force Medium Earth Navigation  
June (TBD)[118][119] China Ceres-1 China Jiuquan China Galactic Energy
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Ceres-1.
June (TBD)[120] United States Delta IV Heavy D-385 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States ULA
United States Orion 10 / NROL-44 NRO Geosynchronous Reconnaissance  
June (TBD)[76] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 4 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
United States SkySat 19–21[77] Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation  
June (TBD)[121][122] India GSLV Mk III M2 India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GSAT-20 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
June (TBD)[123] Iran Simorgh Iran Semnan LP-2 Iran ISA
Iran Zafar 2 IUST Low Earth Earth observation  
June (TBD)[124] TBA TBA TBA
Israel EROS C1 ImageSat Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q2 (TBD)[127][128] United States Astra Rocket 3.0 "2 of 3" United States Kodiak United States Astra
United States TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Astra's Rocket 3.0 smallsat launch vehicle. Originally intended to be the second of two launches for the DARPA Launch Challenge, "2 of 3" will now be the first to launch a commercial payload after the loss of "1 of 3" during a prelaunch test.[125][126]
Q2 (TBD)[130][131] United States Electron "Don't Stop Me Now" New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States ANDESITE[132] Boston University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States NROL-TBA NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance  
Australia M2 Pathfinder UNSW Canberra Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Launch of the ELaNa 32 mission.[129]
Q2 (TBD)[133] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States Dragracer 1 TriSept Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States Dragracer 2 TriSept Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
The Dragracer mission will test Tethers Unlimited's Terminator Tape, an electrodynamic tether that can passively de-orbit satellites in order to reduce space debris.
Q2 (TBD)[134] United States Electron United States MARS LC-2 United States Rocket Lab
United States Monolith U.S. Space Force Low Earth Space weather  
First launch from Rocket Lab Launch Complex 2 at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in Wallops, flying the Space Force's STP-27RM mission.
Q2 (TBD)[136] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States Photon Rocket Lab TBA Satellite bus  
First launch of the Photon satellite bus.[135]
Q2 (TBD)[29][137] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 or LC-39A United States SpaceX
South Korea ANASIS-II[138] Republic of Korea Army Low Earth Military communications  
Q2 (TBD)[139] India GSLV Mk II F10[140] India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GISAT 1[141] ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation  
Q2 (TBD)[142][129] United States LauncherOne F2 United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United States CACTUS-1 Capitol Technology University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CAPE-3 University of Louisiana Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States ExoCube-2 NASA Low Earth Atmospheric research  
United States INCA NMSU Low Earth Ionospheric research  
United States MiTEE-1 University of Michigan Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States PICS 1, 2 Brigham Young University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States PolarCube Colorado Space Grant Consortium Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States Q-PACE (Cu-PACE) UCF Low Earth Microgravity research  
United States RadFxSat-2 (Fox-1E) AMSAT Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States TechEdSat-7 (TES-7) SJSU, NASA, University of Idaho Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Launch of NASA's ELaNa 20 mission. Second flight of LauncherOne.[129]
Q2 (TBD)[143] China Long March 11 China Xichang China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Q2 (TBD)[29] United States Minotaur IV / Orion 38 United States MARS LP-0B United States Northrop Grumman
United States NROL-129[144] NRO ? Reconnaissance  
Q2 (TBD)[145][29] India PSLV-QL C49[146] India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-2BR2[147][148] ISRO Low Earth Earth observation  
Luxembourg KSM × 4[149] Kleos Space Low Earth Navigation  
Q2 (TBD)[150] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GSAT-12R ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Replacement for GSAT-12.
Q2 (TBD)[151][152] India PSLV-XL C50[146] India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-1A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q2 (TBD)[153][29] India SSLV D1 India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India Defencesat A/B Indian MoD Low Earth (SSO) Military  
Maiden flight of India's Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV).
Q2 (TBD)[155] Europe Vega VV16 France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
United States Athena Facebook[156] Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Italy ION CubeSat Carrier D-Orbit Low Earth (SSO) CubeSat deployer  
Canada ESAIL[157] exactEarth Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Argentina ÑuSat 6 (Hypatia)[158] Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Small Satellites Mission Service Proof of Concept (SSMS POC) mission. Return to flight for Vega after the July 2019 launch failure. 44 satellites will be deployed.[154]
H1 2020 (TBD)[159] Taiwan Hapith V Taiwan Taitung Launch Site[160] Taiwan TiSPACE
Taiwan TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Hapith V.
H1 2020 (TBD)[161] China Jielong 1[162] China Jiuquan LA-4 China CALT
China Hainan-1 × 4 China Sanya Institute of Remote Sensing Low Earth Earth observation  
H1 2020 (TBD)[165][166] China Kuaizhou 11 China Jiuquan China ExPace
China Jilin-1 Optical-B[167] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
China Xiaoxiang 4 (Tianyi 4)[168] Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth (SSO) X-ray astronomy  
China Xiangrikui 1A (Sunflower-1A)[164] Beijing Future Navigation Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
China Xiangrikui 1B (Sunflower-1B)[164] Beijing Future Navigation Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
China Ouke-Micro 1[164] Shanghai Microsatellite Engineering Center Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
China Zhongwei 1[164] Galaxy Space Low Earth (SSO) Communications (5G)[169]  
Maiden flight of Kuaizhou 11.[163][164]
H1 2020 (TBD)[171][172] India SSLV D2 India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
United States BlackSky Global 5 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States BlackSky Global 6 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States BlackSky Global 7 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States BlackSky Global 8 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First commercial SSLV launch.[170]
Mid 2020 (TBD)[173][174] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States Whitney 1 Capella Space Low Earth Earth observation  
Mid 2020 (TBD)[175] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SXM 7[176] Sirius XM Geosynchronous Communications  

July

17 July
13:00[29]
United States Atlas V 541 AV-088 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Perseverance NASA / JPL TMI to Martian surface Mars rover  
United States Mars Helicopter NASA / JPL TMI to Martian surface Mars aircraft  
Mars 2020 mission.
23 July[4] China Long March 5 Y4[81] China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Huoxing-1 (HX-1) CNSA Areocentric Mars orbiter, and rover  
China's first independent Mars mission.
23 July[177][83] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-15 / 76P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
At the end of its mission, Progress MS-15 will deorbit the Pirs module to make way for the arrival of Nauka in early 2021.[177][178]
July (TBD)[180] South Korea Blue Whale 1 Australia Whalers Way South Korea Perigee Aerospace
Dummy payload Perigee Aerospace Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Blue Whale 1.[179]
July (TBD)[76] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 5 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
July (TBD)[181] India GSLV Mk II F12 India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GISAT 2[141] ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation  
July (TBD)[182] Japan H-IIA 202 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
United Arab Emirates Mars Hope (Al-Amal) Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre Areocentric Mars orbiter  
July (TBD)[184] China Long March 6 China Taiyuan LC-16 China SAST
Argentina ÑuSat × 13[158] Satellogic[185] Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
ÑuSat 9–21.[183]
July (TBD)[186] Russia Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Ekspress 80 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
Russia Ekspress 103 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
July (TBD)[94][187][188] India PSLV-CA India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Oceansat-3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Oceanography  
United States GNOMES-2[93] PlanetIQ Low Earth (SSO) Radio occultation  

August

August (TBD)[29][120] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States GPS IIIA-04 U.S. Space Force Medium Earth Navigation  
August (TBD)[189][190] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Crew Dragon USCV-1 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS crew transport  
First operational mission of Crew Dragon, as part of the ISS Crew Transportation Services program.
August (TBD)[76] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 6 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
August (TBD)[191] India PSLV C51[146] India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India HRSAT-1 × 3[192][193] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
August (TBD)[194][195] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia GK Launch Services
South Korea CAS500-1[196][197] KARI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Japan ELSA-d[198] Astroscale Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Japan Fukui Prefectural Satellite[199] Axelspace / FSTRA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Japan GRUS-1 × 3[199] Axelspace Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Tunisia Challenge One[200] Telnet Tunisie Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Canada Kepler × 2[201][202] Kepler Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
India Pixxel[203] Pixxel Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Technology demonstration
 
United States Vigoride 1 (VR-1) Strait of Magellan[204][205] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United States SteamJet[206] SteamJet Space Systems Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States Lemur-2 × 1 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  

September

7 September[129] United States Antares 230+ United States MARS LP-0A United States Northrop Grumman
United States Cygnus NG-14 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
United States ARKSat-1 University of Arkansas Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States BeaverCube MIT Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CougSat 1 WSU Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States LinkSat University of Buffalo Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States RamSat Oak Ridge Public Schools Low Earth Education  
United States PTD-2[207] NASA Ames Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States TARGIT[208] GTRC Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States IT-SPINS (SpaceBuoy)[209] MSU Low Earth Ionospheric research  
The ELaNa 33 mission will launch on this resupply flight.[129]
15 September[210][155] Russia Soyuz ST-A / Fregat-M[211] VS24[212] France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
United Arab Emirates Falcon Eye 2[213] UAE Armed Forces Low Earth Reconnaissance (IMINT)  
September (TBD)[214] United States Atlas V 531[29] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States NROL-101[215] NRO TBA Reconnaissance  
September (TBD)[76] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 7 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
September (TBD)[4] China ? China ? China CASC
China Brazil CBERS 6 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
September (TBD)[217] India PSLV[146] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
Brazil Amazônia-1 INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States Whitney × 3[92] Capella Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First Brazilian earth observation satellite.[216]
Q3 (TBD)[218][219] Russia Angara A5 / Briz-M[220] Russia Plesetsk Site 35/1 Russia RVSN RF
Russia IPM 2 (dummy payload)[221] VKS TBA Flight test  
Q3 (TBD)[222] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
France Eutelsat Quantum[223][a] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[175] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SXM 8[176] Sirius XM Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[224] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Turkey Türksat 5A Türksat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[226][227] United States Firefly Alpha F1 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W[228] United States Firefly
United States DREAM Firefly Low Earth (SSO) CubeSat deployer  
United States DFAST Demonstrator[229] Benchmark Space Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Maiden flight of the Firefly Alpha commercial smallsat launcher. 26 cubesat rideshare payloads will be launched through Firefly's Dedicated Research and Education Accelerator Mission (DREAM) program.[225]
Q3 (TBD)[226][227] United States Firefly Alpha F2 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States Firefly
United Kingdom Carbonite 4[230] SSTL Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Q3 (TBD)[231][159] Taiwan Hapith V Taiwan Taitung Launch Site[160] Taiwan TiSPACE
Taiwan TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
First commercial Hapith V launch.
Q3 (TBD)[129][232] United States LauncherOne F3[233] United States Cosmic Girl, Andersen United States VOX Space
United States PAN[234] Cornell University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Launch of NASA's ELaNa 29 mission.
Q3 (TBD)[121] India PSLV-XL[146] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Cartosat-3B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
India IMS-2 × 2 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
India Microsat × 3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q3 (TBD)[235] United States RS1 TBA United States ABL Space Systems
TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight.

October

14 October[236] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-17 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 63/64  
15 October[210][155] Russia Soyuz ST-A / Fregat-M VS25 France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
France CSO 2[237] French Armed Forces Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
30 October[29] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-21 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
United States Bishop Airlock Module NanoRacks / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Satellite deployment / ISS assembly  
United States Alpha Cornell University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States BobCat 1 OSU Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States NEUTRON-1 University of Hawaii Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States TJREVERB Thomas Jefferson High School Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CySat-1 Iowa State University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States SPACE-HAUC UMass Lowell Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CAPSat UIUC Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States SPOC University of Georgia Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States PTD-1[238] NASA Ames / Tyvak Low Earth Technology demonstration  
The ELaNa 31 and 35 missions,[129] along with NanoRacks' Bishop Airlock Module, will launch on this resupply flight.
October (TBD)[76] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 8 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
October (TBD)[76] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 9 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
Canada Kepler × (unspecified number)[239][240] Kepler Low Earth Communications  
October (TBD)[241][242] China Long March 5 / YZ-2 Y5[81] China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Chang'e 5 CNSA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
China's first lunar sample return mission.

November

10 November[243][244] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Europe Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich NASA / NOAA / ESA / Eumetsat Low Earth Earth observation  
25 November[62] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-M 761 VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
November (TBD)[190] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
Germany SARah 1[245] Bundeswehr Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
November (TBD)[76] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 10 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  

December

9 December[246] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Arktika-M №1[247] Roscosmos Molniya Earth observation  
11 December[177][83] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-16 / 77P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
15 December[248] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
European Union Galileo FOC 23, 24 ESA Medium Earth Navigation  
Eighth Galileo launch with Soyuz ST-B, carrying Patrick and a yet-to-be-named satellite.
December (TBD)[76] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 11 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
United States NanoRacks Outpost demonstration NanoRacks Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States Vigoride 2 (VR-2) Amber Road[204] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
Finland Aurora[252] Aurora Propulsion Technologies Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Canada Kepler × (unspecified number)[239][240] Kepler Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
United States Lemur-2 × 8 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States Exoport[253] Exolaunch Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[76] This dedicated rideshare will launch the NanoRacks Outpost technology demonstration mission, which will cut metal samples representative of C4M upper stages in order to test technologies for converting spent upper stages into NanoRacks Space Outposts.[249][250][251]
December (TBD)[76] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 12 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
December (TBD)[254] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Gaganyaan 1 ISRO Low Earth Flight test  
First Gaganyaan flight test.
Q4 (TBD)[120][255] United States Atlas V 511 AV-085[38] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States AFSPC-8 / GSSAP 5[256] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance  
United States AFSPC-8 / GSSAP 6[256] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance  
Q4 (TBD)[257] United States Atlas V N22 AV-082[38] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Starliner Boe-OFT 2 Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test / ISS logistics  
Boeing Orbital Flight Test 2 of Starliner, as part of the Commercial Crew Development program.
Q4 (TBD)[120] United States Delta IV Heavy United States Vandenberg SLC-6 United States ULA
United States NROL-82 NRO Polar orbit Reconnaissance  
Q4 (TBD)[258] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
Japan StriX-α Synspective Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q4 (TBD)[120] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States GPS IIIA-05 U.S. Space Force Medium Earth Navigation  
Q4 (TBD)[259] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
TBA TBA Geosynchronous Communications  
United States Astranis-1[260] Astranis / Pacific Dataport Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[261] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States USSF-44[262] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Military communications  
Q4 (TBD)[226][227] United States Firefly Alpha F3 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States Firefly
United States TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Q4 (TBD)[264][265] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India DRSS-1 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
First of two Indian Data Relay Satellites.[263]
Q4 (TBD)[121] India GSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-7R ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Will eventually replace GSAT-7.[266]
Q4 (TBD)[267] Japan H-IIA 204 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
United Kingdom Inmarsat-6 F1[268] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[269][270] Japan H3-22S Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan ALOS-3 JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Maiden flight of the H3 Launch Vehicle.
Q4 (TBD)[271][272] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United Kingdom Pearl × 8 Sky and Space Global Low Earth IoT  
Q4 (TBD)[273] United States Minotaur I United States MARS LP-0B United States Northrop Grumman
United States NROL-111 NRO TBA Reconnaissance  
Q4 (TBD)[274][275] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India SPADEX ISRO Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Q4 (TBD)[116][62] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 16 (K1 №5) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
After the initial two prototypes launched in 2011 and 2014, only nine more GLONASS-K1 models will be produced. They will be launched as needed to replace end-of-life GLONASS-M variants.[276]
Q4 (TBD)[277][62] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Russia Roscosmos
Russia Gonets-M 17[278] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 18 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 19 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[154] Europe Vega-C VC01 France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Italy LARES 2[280] ASI Low Earth Laser ranging
Geodesy
 
Maiden flight of Vega-C.[279]
Q4 (TBD)[281] China TBA China TBA China TBA
China GECAM[282] CAS Low Earth Gravitational-wave astronomy  

To be determined

H2 2020 (TBD)[108] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United States Intelsat (TBD)[a] Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
2020 (TBD)[183] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Brazil Star One D2[a] Star One Geosynchronous Communications  
2020 (TBD)[183] Europe Ariane 62 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
United Kingdom OneWeb × 30 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Maiden flight of Ariane 6.[283] Kourou flight 3.
2020 (TBD)[285] United States Atlas V 551 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States STP-3 (STPSat-6)[286] USAF Advanced Systems and Development Directorate Geosynchronous Technology demonstration  
The first GEM 63 solid rocket motors will fly on this mission.[284]
2020 (TBD)[287] Japan Epsilon Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Vietnam JV-LOTUSat 1 Vietnam Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[288] India GSLV Mk II India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-7C ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
2020 (TBD)[289] India GSLV[121] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-32 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
2020 (TBD)[290] China Hyperbola-1 Y2 China Jiuquan China i-Space
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Second Hyperbola-1 flight.
2020 (TBD)[291] China Jielong 2 China Jiuquan LA-4 China China Rocket
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Maiden flight of Jielong 2, also known as Smart Dragon 2 (SD-2).
2020 (TBD)[292] China Kuaizhou 1A Y3 China Jiuquan SLS-2 China ExPace
China Jilin-1 Video-09 Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[292] China Kuaizhou 1A Y4 China Jiuquan SLS-2 China ExPace
China Jilin-1 Video-10 Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[292] China Kuaizhou 1A Y5 China Jiuquan SLS-2 China ExPace
China Jilin-1 Video-11 Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[190][293] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United States HALO-Net Free Flyer U.S. Navy / Iridium Low Earth Technology demonstration / Optical communications  
2020 (TBD)[294] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Guam Airport[294] United States Virgin Orbit
United States Ignis[294] Astro Digital Low Earth Technology demonstration  
2020 (TBD)[295][296] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
Denmark Starling 1–8 Aerial & Maritime / GomSpace Low Earth AIS ship tracking  
2020 (TBD)[162] China Long March 2C 2C-Yxx[49] China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China HaiYang 1D CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[297] China Long March 2D 2D-Yxx[49] China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China Shijian 19 CAST Low Earth Technology demonstration  
First flight of the New Generation Recoverable Satellite (NGRS).
2020 (TBD)[298] China Long March 3B China Xichang or Wenchang China CAST
China Fengyun 4B[299] CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
2020 (TBD)[162] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China Ziyuan III-03 CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[300] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China HaiYang 2C CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[301] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China HaiYang 2D[302] CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[303] China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China Fengyun 3E[304] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2020 (TBD)[305] China Long March 4C China Jiuquan or Taiyuan China CASC
China WCOM[306] CAS Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[300] China Long March 6[307] China Taiyuan LC-16 China CAST
China HaiYang 3A CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[308] China Long March 6A China Taiyuan LC-16 China SAST
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) Flight test  
Maiden flight of Long March 6A.
2020 (TBD)[308] China Long March 8 China Wenchang LC-2[309] China CASC
China TBA CASC Low Earth (SSO) Flight test  
Maiden flight of Long March 8, which will test vertical takeoff, vertical landing technologies.
2020 (TBD)[310] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
China HaiYang 3B CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[311] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
China HaiYang XX CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
Ocean Salinity Observation Satellite (Experimental).
2020 (TBD)[312][313] China Nebula 1 China TBA China Deep Blue Aerospace
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Nebula 1.
H2 2020 (TBD)[121] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Aditya-L1 ISRO Sun–Earth L1 Heliophysics  
2020 (TBD)[300] India PSLV-XL[146] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Cartosat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[121] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India CCI-Sat ISRO Low Earth Signals intelligence  
2020 (TBD)[314] India PSLV-XL C52[146] India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India IRNSS-1J ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation  
2020 (TBD)[300] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Resourcesat-3S ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[315] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-2A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[316][317] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Bars-M 3L VKS Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2020 (TBD)[51] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/x Russia RVSN RF
Russia Meridian-M 10 (20L)[52] Ministry of Defence Molniya Communications  
2020 (TBD)[318] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M[319] Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Neitron №1[320] Ministry of Defence ? Reconnaissance  
2020 (TBD)[321] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Russia RVSN RF
Russia EKS Kupol-4 VKS Molniya Missile warning  
2020 (TBD)[322][317] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Pion-NKS 901[323] VKS Low Earth (SSO) ELINT  
Part of the Russian Liana ELINT system.
2020 (TBD)[324][325] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat[62] Russia Vostochny Site 1S France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Vostochny flight 1.
2020 (TBD)[324][326] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat[62] Russia Vostochny Site 1S France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Vostochny flight 2.
2020 (TBD)[324][326] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat[62] Russia Vostochny Site 1S France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Vostochny flight 3.
2020 (TBD)[62][326] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Vostochny Site 1S France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Vostochny flight 4.
2020 (TBD)[62][327] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Baikonur flight 3.
2020 (TBD)[62][327] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Baikonur flight 4.
2020 (TBD)[62][326] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Baikonur flight 5.
2020 (TBD)[62][326] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Baikonur flight 6.
2020 (TBD)[62][326] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Baikonur flight 7.
2020 (TBD)[328] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT VS26 France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34[183] OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Kourou flight 2.
2020 (TBD)[329] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Italy COSMO-SkyMed (CSG) 2 ASI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[154][330] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
France Pléiades-Neo 1[331] CNES Low Earth Earth observation  
France Pléiades-Neo 2[331] CNES Low Earth Earth observation  

Suborbital flights

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
9 January
08:00:00
Japan S-310 45 Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
JAXA Suborbital Technology 9 January Successful
Apogee: 131 km[332]
19 January India K-4 India Visakhapatnam India Indian Navy
Indian Navy Suborbital Missile test 19 January Successful
Apogee: 500 km? The missile was from a submerged platform located in the coastal waters of Andhra Pradesh. This test was undertaken in full operational configuration during which the missile traversed a distance of over 3,500 km in approximately 21 minutes.[333]
19 January
15:30[74]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Dragon 2 SpaceX Suborbital Test flight 19 January Successful
Apogee: 40 km.[334] In-flight abort test at Max Q. It was planned that the capsule from the first demonstration mission SpX-DM1 would be used, but that capsule having been subsequently destroyed after the mission in a fire during a ground-test, a new capsule was assigned for this mission.[335][336][337]
24 January India K-4 India Visakhapatnam India Indian Navy
Indian Navy Suborbital Missile test 24 January Successful
Apogee: 500 km?
27 January
13:40
Canada Black Brant IX United States Poker Flat Research Range United States NASA
United States PolarNOx 2 Virginia Tech Suborbital Thermosphere research 27 January Successful
Apogee: 260 kilometres (160 mi)
5 February
08:33
United States Minuteman-III United States Vandenberg Air Force Base LF-04 United States US Air Force
United States FTU-2 US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 5 February Successful
12 February United States UGM-133 Trident II United States USS Maine (SSBN-741), Pacific Missile Range Facility United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 12 February Successful
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation (DASO) 30
16 February United States UGM-133 Trident II United States USS Maine (SSBN-741), Pacific Missile Range Facility United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 16 February Successful
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation (DASO) 30
20 March
08:30
United States UGM-27 Polaris (STARS) United States Barking Sands LC-42 United States US Navy
United States C-HGB US Navy Suborbital Technology 20 March Successful
Common-Hypersonic Glide Body, successful hypersonic glide vehicle test[338]
Upcoming launches
TBD
[339]
Taiwan Hapith I Taiwan Taitung Launch Site Taiwan TiSPACE
Taiwan Ionosphere Scintillation Package (ISP) NSPO Suborbital Flight test  
Maiden flight of Hapith I. Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)[339]
H1 2020 (TBD)[341] Spain Miura 1 Spain El Arenosillo Spain PLD Space
Suborbital Microgravity Research  
Maiden flight of Miura 1. Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi).[340]
2020 (TBD)[342] United Kingdom Skyrora 1 United Kingdom TBA United Kingdom Skyrora
Suborbital  
Maiden flight of Skyrora 1.
2020 (TBD) Russia RS-28 Sarmat Russia Plesetsk Russia RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test  

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
29 January Parker Solar Probe 4th perihelion
17 February Juno 25th perijove of Jupiter
10 April Juno 26th perijove
10 April BepiColombo Gravity assist at Earth
2 June Juno 27th perijove
7 June Parker Solar Probe 5th perihelion
11 July Parker Solar Probe Third gravity assist at Venus
25 July Juno 28th perijove
August[3] OSIRIS-REx Touch-and-go maneuver on Bennu for sampling
16 September Juno 29th perijove
27 September Parker Solar Probe 6th perihelion
16 October BepiColombo First gravity assist at Venus
8 November Juno 30th perijove
26 December Solar Orbiter First gravity assist at Venus[343]
30 December Juno 31st perijove
December Hayabusa2 Sample return to Earth

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

China: 8Europe: 2India: 0Iran: 1Israel: 0Japan: 1North Korea: 0Russia: 5Ukraine: 0USA: 9Circle frame.svg
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 China 8 6 2 0
 Europe 2 2 0 0
 India 0 0 0 0
 Iran 1 0 1 0
 Japan 1 1 0 0
 Russia 5 5 0 0 Includes Soyuz launches from Kourou
 United States 9 9 0 0 Includes Electron launches from Mahia
World 26 23 3 0

By rocket

By family

By type

By configuration

By spaceport

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
China
France
India
Iran
Japan
Kazakhstan
New Zealand
Russia
United States
Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur  Kazakhstan 3 3 0 0
Cape Canaveral  United States 6 6 0 0
Jiuquan  China 1 1 0 0
Kennedy  United States 1 1 0 0
Kourou  France 2 2 0 0
Mahia  New Zealand 1 1 0 0
MARS  United States 1 1 0 0
Plesetsk  Russia 2 2 0 0
Semnan  Iran 1 0 1 0
Taiyuan  China 1 1 0 0
Tanegashima  Japan 1 1 0 0
Wenchang  China 1 0 1 0
Xichang  China 5 4 1 0
Total 26 23 3 0

By orbit

5
10
15
20
  •   Transatmospheric
  •   Low Earth
  •   Low Earth (ISS)
  •   Low Earth (SSO)
  •   Low Earth (retrograde)
  •   Medium Earth
  •   Geosychronous
    (transfer)
  •   Inclined GSO
  •   High Earth
  •   Heliocentric
  •  
Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric 0 0 0 0
Low Earth / Sun-synchronous 16 15 1 0 Including flights to the ISS
Geosynchronous / GTO 7 5 2 0
Medium Earth / Molniya 2 2 0 0
High Earth / Lunar transfer 0 0 0 0
Heliocentric orbit / Planetary transfer 1 1 0 0
Total 26 23 3 0

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Ariane 5 carries two satellites per mission; manifested payloads still need to be paired.

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