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2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Dominican Republic

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2020 Coronavirus Pandemic in the Dominican Republic
Casos confirmados COVID-19.png
Confirmed cases by province (as of 1 April 2020)
20200328COVID19 totalCasosRD100k sinletras.png
Confirmed cases per 100 thousand inhabitants (as of 1 April 2020)
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationDominican Republic
First outbreakChina
Index caseBayahibe
Arrival date1 March 2020
(1 month and 3 days)
Confirmed cases1284[1][2]
Recovered9[3]
Deaths
57 [2]
Official website
digepisalud.gob.do

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have spread to the Dominican Republic on 1 March 2020.

Background

On 31 December 2019, the Health Commission of Wuhan, Hubei, China, informed the WHO about a cluster of acute pneumonia cases with unknown origin in its province. On 9 January 2020, the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC) reported the identification of a novel coronavirus (later identified as the SARS-CoV-2) as the cause.[4] The disease in China affected over 80,000 people, causing over 3,200 deaths (as of March 25, 2020) and has now spread to over 140 countries and territories across the world.[5]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in the Dominican Republic  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-01
1
1(=)
2020-03-06
2(+100%)
2(=)
2020-03-08
5(+150%)
5(=)
2020-03-13
11(+120%)
11(=)
2020-03-16
21(+91%) 1
21(=)
2020-03-18
34(+62%) 2(+1)
34(=)
2020-03-20
110(+112%)
2020-03-21
202(+80%) 3(+1)
2020-03-22
245(+21%)
2020-03-23
312(+27%) 6(+3)
2020-03-24
392(+26%) 10(+4)
2020-03-25
488(+25%) 10(=)
2020-03-26
581(+19%) 20(+10)
2020-03-27
718(+24%) 28(+8)
2020-03-28
859(+20%) 39(+11)
2020-03-29
901(+5%) 42(+3)
2020-03-30
1,109(+23%) 51(+9)
2020-03-31
1,284(+16%) 57(+6)
2020-04-01
1,380(+7%) 60(+3)
2020-04-02
1,488(+8%) 68(+8)
Sources: up to 1 April 2020: various news sources, from 18 March 2020 onwards:http://digepisalud.gob.do/

First confirmed cases

On 1 March, the first case in the country and the Caribbean was confirmed. A 62-year-old man from Italy entered the country on 22 February and fell ill on 24 February, when he was transferred to Ramón Lara military hospital from the beach resort of Bayahibe.[6] On 6 March, the second case in the country was confirmed as a Canadian tourist (also vacationing in Bayahibe) was detected.[7] On 8 March, three more cases were confirmed from Dominican tourists that came from a trip to Italy.[8] On 14 March, the Minister of Public Health, Rafael Sánchez Cárdenas, confirmed six new cases. All of the individuals had been outside of the country within the past 14 days.[9]

Local transmission

The first documented case of local transmission seems to have originated from a 56-year old Dominican woman from the town of Villa Riva on Duarte Province [10] who had traveled from Italy to the Dominican Republic on 26 February 2020.[11] The woman, named Oneida Herrera Díaz, refused to be sent to Santo Domingo to be in isolation after receiving her COVID-19 positive diagnosis, returning to her home instead.[12] She seems to have passed on the virus to her neighbour.[13] Two weeks later, Duarte Province confirmed number of cases are only surpassed by the two larger urban centers (Distrito Nacional/Santo Domingo and Santiago) in the number of cases (29) and leads in the number of casualties (4). This cluster of cases seems to have originated around those in close contact with Mrs. Herrera Díaz.[14]

San Pedro Cluster

On the week of 16 March, a number of COVID-19 cases in San Pedro de Macorís Province (including its Senator José Hazim Frappier), the senator from Hato Mayor province, Rubén Toyota, and the Armed Forces Colonel Kalil Haché seem to have contracted the virus during a fundraising dinner on Club 2 de Julio in the city of San Pedro de Macorís.[15][16]

Punta Cana wedding

On 14 March, a high-profile wedding in Cap Cana seemed to be the COVID-19 infection source for a number of its attendees, which included many foreign residents. The wedding received a lot of public criticism for having had a "crazy hour" theme mocking the coronavirus concerns.[17] The chancellor of the Dominican Republic, Miguel Vargas Maldonado would have contracted the virus from his son, who attended the said wedding and also contracted COVID-19.[18]

Costa Favolosa cruise ship

Twenty Dominican doctors were exposed to the virus while celebrating their 30-year medical school graduation anniversary on board the Costa Favolosa cruise ship around the Caribbean. They started the journey on March 2, and before landing on 9 March, at least five in the Dominican party presented COVID-19 symptoms, and later tested as positive for the virus.[19]

First death and notorious casualties

The first COVID-19-related death was announced by health authorities on 16 March 2020, of a 47-year old Dominican woman who had recently traveled from Spain [13] On 24 March 2020, renowned designer Jenny Polanco, who tested positive on 15 March, died too.[20][21] On 27 March, Armed Forces Colonel Kalil Haché died at the Ramón de Lara Hospital;[22] the next day his widow died too.[23] Haché was elevated posthumously to the rank of Brigadier General. On 31 March 2020 writer René Rodríguez Soriano died.

Recoveries

On 23 March, the Minister of Public Health reported two recoveries, a 12-year-old child and a 26-year-old woman.[24]

Management

First measures

A number of schools and universities suspended classes due to COVID-19 concerns on March 16 and 17, with many switching to virtual learning platforms.[25]

National measures

On 17 March, President Danilo Medina gave an address to the nation and declared a state of emergency, announcing a series of measures to try and stop the spread of the virus.[26] He ordered all land, sea, and air borders be closed for the next 15 days, taking effect as of 19 March. Additionally, all commercial business activity will be suspended, with the exception of supermarkets, convenience stores, gas stations, and pharmacies. Schools will remain closed through 13 April, and public employees who are 60 years of age or over, or those with a pre-existing health condition, must stay confined to their residences.[citation needed]

On 20 March 2020, the government decreed a mandatory night curfew from 8pm to 6am until 3 April. Only doctors and health workers, journalists and guardsmen were exempt.[27] However, many residents in the Greater Santo Domingo area resisted the measure; on the first night, 1,714 were arrested during the curfew.[28] On the second night, 2,102 were arrested during the curfew.[29]

On 26 March 2020, the government extended the night curfew schedule to 13 hours: from 5pm to 6am.[30]

Local measures

A number of provinces have decided to limit access to their territories to avoid contagion from COVID-19, such as San José de Ocoa,[31] and El Seibo, which remained case-free (as of 26 March).[32] Other provinces in case-free areas are asking their authorities for similar measures.[33]

International aid

On 3 April 2020, the World Bank released US$150 million to support the Dominican Republic's efforts to contain COVID-19.[34]

Statistics

Casos confirmados del COVID-19, al 03/28/2020
Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of 03/28/2020.


COVID-19 growth from 03/18/2020 through 03/28/2020. Source: Minister of Public Health
As of March 28
Province Cases Deaths Recoveries
Azua 6 0 0
Baoruco 0 0 0
Barahona 2 0 0
Dajabón 0 0 0
Distrito Nacional 376 5 0
Duarte 83 21 0
El Seibo 0 0 0
Elías Piña 0 0 0
Espaillat 15 0 0
Hato Mayor 2 0 0
Hermanas Mirabal 10 0 0
Independencia 1 0 0
La Altagracia 21 0 0
La Romana 15 0 0
La Vega 48 1 0
María Trinidad Sánchez 4 0 0
Monseñor Nouel 11 1 0
Monte Cristi 1 0 0
Monte Plata 1 0 0
Pedernales 0 0 0
Peravia 1 0 0
Puerto Plata 16 0 0
Sánchez Ramírez 7 0 0
Samaná 9 1 0
San Cristóbal 9 0 0
San José de Ocoa 0 0 0
San Juan 3 1 0
San Pedro de Macorís 16 2 0
Santiago Rodríguez 2 0 0
Santiago 97 2 3
Santo Domingo 101 5 0
Valverde 2 0 0
Total 859 39 3
Source: http://digepisalud.gob.do


See also

References

  1. ^ "Coronavirus Update (Live): 928,319 Cases and 46,512 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Outbreak - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Ascienden a 392 los casos positivos al coronavirus (COVID-19) en la República Dominicana. 80 nuevos casos se suman y 10 fallecimiento". Ministerio de Salud Pública (Dominican Republic) (in Spanish). 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Ministerio de Salud Pública confirma 661 casos descartados y 12 provincias libres de COVID-19". Ministerio de Salud Pública (Dominican Republic) (in Spanish). 24 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  4. ^ "China identifies new strain of coronavirus as source of pneumonia outbreak". Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Mapping the Coronavirus Outbreak Across the World". Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  6. ^ |url=Dominican Republic confirms the first case of coronavirus | Elnacional.com.do">"Dominican Republic confirms the first case of coronavirus". Elnacional.com.do. Archived from the original on 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  7. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Canadian tourist is second Dominican Republic virus case". The Jakarta Post.
  8. ^ CDN, Redaccion (8 March 2020). "Salud Pública confirma tres nuevos casos de coronavirus en RD".
  9. ^ "Salud Pública informa seis nuevos casos de coronavirus son importados". Diario Libre. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Primer caso de transmisión local de coronavirus es de persona que tuvo contacto con señora de Villa Riva". Listín Diario. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  11. ^ Olivero, Alexa (13 March 2020). "Caso COVID-19 en Villa Riva: Cuando el coronavirus se le atribuye a la política". Diario Libre. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Centro Médico Siglo XXI: señora de Villa Riva se negó a ir a aislamiento a SD". 9 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  13. ^ a b "República Dominicana reporta primera muerte por coronavirus". Diario Libre. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Imprudencia de señora que regresó de Italia provocó foco de contaminación en Duarte". Diario Libre. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Senador José Hazim entre afectados por Covid-19 en cena de San Pedro de Macorís".
  16. ^ "Senador Rubén Darío Cruz se pone en cuarentena y espera para hacerse la prueba de coronavirus".
  17. ^ "Se desconoce cantidad de contagiados en boda de Punta Cana, "fuente principal" de propagación Covid-19". 21 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  18. ^ "República Dominicana reporta primera muerte por coronavirus". Listín Diario. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  19. ^ "El testimonio de una doctora dominicana que tiene coronavirus". Listín Diario. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  20. ^ "En vivo | Diseñadora Jenny Polanco muere por coronavirus, suman seis en total". www.diariolibre.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  21. ^ "Aumenta a seis los fallecidos y a 312 los infectados por coronavirus en República Dominicana". www.diariolibre.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Reportan muerte de Kalil Haché por coronavirus". Diario Libre. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  23. ^ [1]
  24. ^ "República Dominicana dará el alta a los dos primeros pacientes recuperados del COVID-19". www.diariolibre.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Coronavirus en RD: Colegios y universidades inician clases virtuales". 17 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  26. ^ "República Dominicana en estado de emergencia por el COVID-19". El Periódico (in Spanish). 17 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  27. ^ "República Dominicana establece toque de queda por el coronavirus". efe.com.
  28. ^ "Mil 714 detenidos por violar toque de queda; la mayoría en el Gran Santo Domingo y Santiago". listindiario.com (in Spanish). 21 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  29. ^ "Más de dos mil arrestados en segundo día de toque de queda". Piénsalo (in Spanish). 22 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  30. ^ "Presidente Medina extiende horario del toque de queda en todo el territorio nacional". Periódico El Caribe (in Spanish). 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  31. ^ ""Cierran" entrada a Ocoa para evitar contagio de coronavirus; no tienen casos confirmados". Listindiario.com (in Spanish). 23 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  32. ^ "El Seibo cierra su entrada para evitar coronavirus". portazona.do (in Spanish). 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  33. ^ "Más pueblos quieren cerrar por el Covid-19". Listín Diario.com (in Spanish). 24 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  34. ^ "World Bank Releases US $150 Million for COVID-19 Response in Dominican Republic". Dominican Today. 3 April 2020.
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