Wiki.RIP

2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Czech Republic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Czech Republic
COVID-19 outbreak Czechia per capita cases map.svg
Confirmed cases per million residents by region
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationCzech Republic
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China via Italy
Index caseUnknown
Arrival date1 March 2020
(1 month and 3 days ago)
Confirmed cases4,190[1]
Recovered74[1]
Deaths
56[1]
Official website
https://onemocneni-aktualne.mzcr.cz/covid-19

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic saw its first three confirmed cases in the Czech Republic on 1 March 2020. On 12 March, the government declared a state of emergency, for the first time in the country's modern history for the area of the entire country. On 16 March, the country closed its borders, forbade the entry of foreigners and issued a nationwide curfew. While originally planned until 24 March, the measures were later extended until 1 April[2][3] and then again until 12 April.[4]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in the Czech Republic  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases

Mar Mar Apr Apr Last 15 days Last 15 days

Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-01
3(n.a.)
2020-03-02
3
2020-03-03
5(+67%)
2020-03-04
5
2020-03-05
8(+60%)
2020-03-06
19(+138%)
2020-03-07
26(+37%)
2020-03-08
32(+23%)
2020-03-09
38(+19%)
2020-03-10
63(+66%)
2020-03-11
94(+49%)
2020-03-12
116(+23%)
2020-03-13
141(+22%)
2020-03-14
189(+34%)
2020-03-15
298(+58%)
2020-03-16
383(+29%)
2020-03-17
450(+17%)
2020-03-18
560(+24%)
2020-03-19
765(+37%)
2020-03-20
889(+16%)
2020-03-21
1,047(+18%)
2020-03-22
1,161(+11%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-23
1,287(+11%) 1
2020-03-24
1,472(+14%) 3(+200%)
2020-03-25
1,763(+20%) 10(+233%)
2020-03-26
2,022(+15%) 10(+0%)
2020-03-27
2,395(+18%) 12(+20%)
2020-03-28
2,657(+11%) 17(+42%)
2020-03-29
2,817(+6%) 23(+35%)
2020-03-30
3,001(+7%) 29(+26%)
2020-03-31
3,308(+10%) 36(+24%)
2020-04-01
3,589(+8%) 44(+22%)
2020-04-02
3,858(+7%) 50(+14%)
2020-04-03
4,190(+9%) 56(+12%)
Sources:
COVID-19 cases in the Czech Republic[1]
Date Confirmed Recovered Deaths Active
cases
Tested
(Total)
New Total New Total New Total
28 February 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 193
29 February 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 200
1 March 3 3 0 0 0 0 3 211
2 March 0 3 0 0 0 0 3 262
3 March 2 5 0 0 0 0 5 340
4 March 0 5 0 0 0 0 5 407
5 March 3 8 0 0 0 0 8 483
6 March 11 19 0 0 0 0 19 594
7 March 7 26 0 0 0 0 26 787
8 March 6 32 0 0 0 0 32 928
9 March 6 38 0 0 0 0 38 1,193
10 March 25 63 0 0 0 0 63 1,358
11 March 31 94 0 0 0 0 94 1,816
12 March 22 116 0 0 0 0 116 2,353
13 March 25 141 0 0 0 0 161 3,094
14 March 48 189 0 0 0 0 189 4,065
15 March 109 298 0 0 0 0 298 5,068
16 March 85 383 3 3 0 0 380 6,302
17 March 67 450 0 3 0 0 447 7,664
18 March 110 560 0 3 0 0 557 9,402
19 March 205 765 0 3 0 0 762 11,619
20 March 124 889 1 4 0 0 885 13,704
21 March 158 1,047 2 6 0 0 1,041 15,584
22 March 114 1,161 0 6 1 1 1,154 17,377
23 March 126 1,287 1 7 0 1 1,279 19,624
24 March 185 1,472 3 10 1 2 1,459 22,600
25 March 291 1,763 0 10 5 7 1,743 26,698
26 March 259 2,022 0 10 0 7 2,002 31,127
27 March 373 2,395 1 11 2 9 2,372 36,374
28 March 262 2,657 0 11 5 14 2,629 40,700
29 March 160 2,817 0 11 6 20 2,783 43,498
30 March 184 3,001 14 25 6 26 2,947 48,811
31 March 307 3,308 20 45 7 33 3,227 55,017
1 April 281 3,589 16 61 8 41 3,484 60,990
2 April 269 3,858 10 71 6 47 3,737 67,281
3 April 332 4,190 3 74 6 53 4,062 74,170

28 January

As of 28 January, 20 suspected cases were tested with negative results.[1]

Week 9 (24 February — 1 March)

28 February — As of 28 February, 170 suspected cases were tested with negative results. 307 people were in home quarantine imposed by a regional health authority, 77 of them were in South Bohemian Region.[1]

1 March — The Minister of Health, Adam Vojtěch, reported that three cases of COVID-19 had been confirmed by the National Reference Laboratory.[5] The three cases are treated at the Bulovka Hospital in Prague; one of the cases had been found in Ústí nad Labem, but was transported to the Bulovka Hospital.[5] All cases were connected with northern Italy. One case was a man who returned from a conference in Udine, the second case was a woman (tourist, US citizen) studying in Milan and the third case was a man who returned from a skiing holiday in Auronzo di Cadore.[6][7]

Week 10 (2 March — 8 March)

2 March — Another case was confirmed, a woman who was on skiing holiday in Auronzo di Cadore and was staying in the same hotel as the man from a previous case.[8]

3 March — Another case was reported, a woman from Ecuador studying in Milano, a friend of the US tourist who tested positive several days prior.[9]

Government started taking active measures (see policies section below).

5 March — Four new cases were identified a Czech and an Italian who returned from Italy by end of February, third was related to case #3 and fourth was related to case #6.[10]

6 March — Obligatory 14 days quarantine for people returning from selected parts of Italy announced (see policies section below).[11][12] As of 6 March 1,011 people were already in home quarantine imposed by regional health authority, 341 of them in Prague, 160 in South Bohemian Region and 63 in Central Bohemian Region.[1]

Week 11 (9 March — 15 March)

9 March — Bulovka Hospital in Prague has announced that all but two tourists (from US - case #2 and from Ecuador - case #5) have been released to home quarantine.[13]

10 March — Positive cases were being identified in ever increasing number of regions.[14]

The Czech Republic became one of the first countries in EU to close its schools.[15]

11 March — A first patient with COVID-19 reached state that required an intensive care unit.

12 MarchThe Czech government has declared a state of emergency for 30 days and adopted a number of measures (see policies section below).[16][17]

13 March — Brno University Hospital (a COVID-19 testing center) was hacked, disrupting services.[18][19]

15 March — Shortly before midnight, Prime Minister Andrej Babiš announced approval of the nationwide quarantine (see policies section below).

Week 12 (16 March — 22 March)

16 March — Starting at midnight, an hour after the nationwide quarantine declaration was approved the previous day, nearly 11 million Czech residents were placed under quarantine (see policies section below).[2]

The Czech Republic became on of the first countries in the EU to completely close it's borders (with exemptions including international freight transport, see policies section below).[2]

First recovery reported: three people were cleared that day.[20]

18 March — The Czech Republic became the first country in the EU to introduce mandatory face cover (see policies section below).[21]

21 March — Deliveries of protective gear purchased by Czech Government in China started: a heavy cargo plane Antonov An-124 provided through NATO Support and Procurement Agency brought 100 tons of masks, respirators and coronavirus tests from China, while a China Eastern plane brought seven million facemasks.[22]

This helped to alleviate the shortage of personal protective equipment (PPE) in the Czech Republic. According to Security Information Service, the shortage happened after Chinese embassy conducted massive purchases of respirators available on Czech market during January and February and transferred them to China.[23]

22 MarchFirst death reported: a 95-year-old man.[24] While COVID-19 positive, at the time of death, the man was not at ICU and did not suffer from pneumonia that is a COVID-19 specific type of death. The man suffered from chronical heart issues and had also a pacemaker. The cause of death was formally established as a "complete exhaustion of organism".[25]

Week 13 (23 March — 29 March)

23 March — The local health authority in the Moravian-Silesian Region announced that 80% of COVID-19 examinations that were conducted in the region in the previous days with use of fast-test kits that government procured and airlifted from China (altogether 300,000 kits bought by the Czech Government for total price of CZK 54mil - approx. USD 2,1mil) came out wrong when double-checked through standard testing.[26][27]

Use of remdesivir

Remdesivir, originally developed by Gilead Sciences for ebola treatment, was approved for experimental use for COVID19 patients in serious condition on 17 March 2020 (see below).

On 23 March, an Uber driver hospitalized in Prague was the first patient in the Czech Republic that received remdesivir. The patient had been on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for over a week before his remdesivir treatment started.[28] Patient condition was slightly improving before being given remdesivir treatment and his condition still remains very bad.[29]

The patient's state got significantly better within a couple of days. After four doses, doctors could take him off ECMO and back to ventilator on 27 March. There were six more doses planned for the patient.[30]

24 March — A second death was reported: a 45-year-old man died after six days in a hospital in Havířov. The patient was suffering from advanced cancer with metastases to multiple organs. The cause of death was established as multiple organ failure due to cancer but COVID-19 infection accelerated the patient's death.[31]

A third death was reported: a 71-year-old woman died in Všeobecná fakultní nemocnice in Prague. The woman suffered from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as well as other illnesses, so it wasn't immediately clear that she may be COVID-19 positive. Only after being hospitalized the woman informed doctors that her relative recently returned from Italy and was then tested for COVID-19. The woman was connected to a ventilator but died three days after start of hospitalization.[32]

Apart from the Uber driver on ECMO, there were 19 other patients in hospitals in serious condition, all of them connected to ventilators.[32]

25 March — A fourth and fifth death was reported: The fourth victim of the disease is a 82-year-old from Prague with long-term chronic health problems. The fifth patient is a 88-year-old man from the Central Bohemian Region who was at home getting treatment and was suffering from a chronic disease.[33]

A sixth patient died at Thomayer Hospital. The 75-year-old patient suffered from diabetes and Parkinson's disease and also had advanced heart problems. The patient had been in the hospital since January and got infected while in post-operative care. After this patient tested positive for COVID-19, the hospital tested all 29 other patients in the same ward on 22 March, all negative. The test was repeated again on 25 March, this time with positive outcomes for 13 patients. Several of the hospital's staff had become infected earlier, probably while taking care of the Uber driver who would later become the first remdesivir receiver in the country. This patient was originally admitted with simple pneumonia without initial indication for COVID-19. Two of the infected nurses were hospitalized at the local pulmonary ward at the time of the sixth patient's death.[33][34]

The government was planning to evacuate Czechs from Australia and New Zealand by the end of the week. Hundreds of Czechs still remained abroad, mainly in Oceania and Southeast Asia.[33]

An Antonov An-124 provided through the NATO Support and Procurement Agency arrived again with 24 tons of medical products purchased by the Czech government in China. The shipment included 52,600 protective suits, 70,900 protective glasses, 250,000 gloves, 1,160,000 respirators and eight million masks. Further government purchased personal protection equipment shipments were planned for delivery with use of planes by the companies Smartwings and China Eastern, which were contracted for nine flights per week for six weeks in advance.[35]

Pendlers (Cross-border workers) Cross-border workers were originally exempted from the complete travel ban. As Germany and Austria gradually became major centers of COVID-19 outbreak, the Government started tightening up rules for pendlers. By 26 March, Czechs commuting to work in Austria and Germany were required to remain in those countries for at least 21 days. Upon return, they would be quarantined for 14 days. Czechs working in health, social services, and emergency services abroad were not subject to the new rules.[36][37]

26 March — A Taiwanese student in her twenties, who recently returned to Taiwan from the Czech Republic tested positive for coronavirus. She left the Czech Republic after 8 months in the country on 19 March 2020, announced symptoms (fever, diarrhea) to Taiwanese authorities on 24 March and was diagnosed COVID-19 positive on 26 March 2020.[38]

34 patients were in severe condition. Three people died, bringing the total to 9. The eighth and ninth victim are from a senior-home in Michle, Prague. They had both serious chronic diseases.[39]

27 March — Despite having been quarantined already for two weeks, at least six retirement homes were hit by the spread of the COVID-19 virus.[40] Authorities noted also the rising number of COVID-19 positive healthcare workers.[41]

As the capacity for COVID-19 testing increased, authorities eased requirements for free testing. Anyone with a fever, dry cough or shortness of breath may be eligible for a free COVID-19 test.[42]

29 March — Five people died. Among the victims was a 45-year-old nurse from Thomayer Hospital, an elderly woman from a senior home in Michle and an elderly woman from a senior home in Břevnice. There were 227 patients in hospitals, 45 of them in severe condition.[43]

Week 14 (30 March — 5 April)

30 March — In South Moravia, testing of the so-called "smart quarantine" was started: local travel history of infected persons were to be tracked using data from mobile phones and bank cards. 300 military personnel were deployed to reinforce local health authority for the purpose of tracing patients' contacts and collecting samples. If this approach is deemed successful by the authorities for diminishing the pandemic, the "smart quarantine" method is planned to replace the existing nationwide curfew policy.[44] The city of Uherský Brod started thorough disinfection of all common areas of apartment buildings and public areas after a significant increase in COVID-19 infections. Health authority registered thirty new cases in the town.[45]

31 March — In a community of 72 people living in a retirement home in Litoměřice, 52 positive tests were confirmed.[46] Employees of the retirement home in Česká Kamenice decided to stay with their clients 24 hours a day until the 15th of April, to avoid the seniors getting COVID-19.[47]

Czech Government donations to other countries
  • 10,000 protective suits were donated to Italy and Spain each on 26 March (delivered on 30 March). Apart from purchasing and airlifting PPE from China, the Czech Republic had many protective suits because it's army includes NATO unites designated for countering chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear warfare.[48]
  • One million face masks and 200.000 FFP2 respirators were donated to to Slovenia on 1 April 2020.[49]

1 April — One month ago the Czech Republic reported the first coronavirus case. A second senior from the Litoměřice retirement home died, as well as seniors from Prague and Moravia-Silesia.[50] The Department of Infectious Diseases of the Central Military Hospital in Prague has treated COVID-19 patients with hydroxychloroquine. Eight of them have already been released for home quarantine. The evaluation of preliminary results of this therapy will be carried out in April. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine were originally used to treat malaria, but at present they also help patients with autoimmune diseases - rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers these substances as one of the options to treat COVID-19.[51]

2 April — One victim died at the General University Hospital in Prague (VFN); another victim was a 79-year-old patient hospitalized at the Hradec Králové University Hospital.[52] The government decided to extend the border control by 20 days. Border checks with Germany and Austria will last until midnight Friday, April 24.[53]

3 April — The Czech State Institute for Drug Control (SUKL) has approved the use of blood plasma from the recovered patients for the treatment of COVID-19.[54]

All people who have died today were all over the age of 60. Two are from Prague, one victim from the Moravian-Silesian region, one from Plzeň and one from the Ústí region.[55]

The patient who is treated at the General University Hospital Prague (Všeobecná Fakultní Nemocnice) with remdesivir is conscious and is recovering. It cannot be said yet whether remdesivir was essential for the recovery of the patient. The patient is the only one in the Czech Republic who has been approved by the US company Gilead Sciences to be treated with remdesivir. The hospital had to obtain the drug directly from the company that made it, on the basis of an application describing the patient his condition.[56]

A public controversy has arisen around shipments of personal protective equipment that the Czech Government purchased and airlifted from China. On 31 March, Mayor of Prague publicly praised Government of Taiwan for donating respirators to the Czech Republic, while pointing out that all of the equipment from China was purchased, none was donated. Representatives of China's business interest in the Czech Republic countered by claiming that China donated personal protective equipment that was to be handed over to Czech hospitals on 1 April. According the media, Czech authorities received a promise of donation of PPE, however none have reached the country by 3 April 2020.[57]

Statistics

Current active cases and hospitalization

*UPV: Artificial lung ventilation *ECMO: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (advanced method of life support) *source: https://onemocneni-aktualne.mzcr.cz/covid-19

New confirmed cases per day

* Laboratory-proven COVID-19 disease as reported by regional hygiene stations and laboratories

New confirmed recovered and deaths per day

Epidemic curve

Flattening the curve

Inhibiting new infections to reduce the number of cases at any given time—known as flattening the curve—allows healthcare services to better manage the same volume of patients.[58] Dashed line indicates healthcare capacity.

The main priority of affected nations currently is to move to a slower doubling time of new cases, to ensure less crowded hospitals and therefore a lower case fatality rate.[59][60]

Governments of different countries take different approaches to flatten the epidemic curve. Beside travel bans and isolation of complete communities, citizens are also often requested to stay at home and keep social distance.[59]

Research indicates that measures must be applied rigorously and immediately in order to be effective. Also, the national community's commitment to supporting/tolerating the restrictions and following the advice of health authorities plays an important role in the success of flattening the epidemic curve and limiting the spread of the virus.[61][62]

For example, in South Korea mass testing efforts were successful. The South Korean national testing capacity reached 15,000 tests per day. Compared to population size, the Czech Republic reached the same rate of testing on 23 March 2020. The Ministry of Interior in South Korea also rolled out a smartphone app that can track the quarantined and collect data on symptoms, so scientists are able to see more epidemiological data.[63]

Curve comparison

Comparing cumulative numbers of confirmed cases in selected countries, including the Czech Republic, shows the different curves of the epidemic in different countries.[64][65] The chart shows the number of known cases and the pace at which the number increases on a logarithmic scale. The actual number of people infected may be and likely is, significantly higher, as only cases where the virus was confirmed by laboratory testing are shown. Many cases may only have an asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic course of the disease and never seek treatment. In yet others, the infection may still be in the incubation period, when it is asymptomatic and may not yet be detectable even by testing.[66]

COVID19 Epidemic curve selected countries (Logarithmic scale / from the 100th case)

*Datasource: Wikipedia

Czech restriction actions:/ Day0: Schools closed / Day2: State of Emergency: close of sport facilities&close restaurants&bars at 8pm,border control,travel restrictions,ban 30+events /Day3: Criminalize spreading virus on purpose/Day4: Complete closure all shops restaurants&bars ex:foodstores,petrol,pharmacies/Day5: Nationwide quarantine ex: shopping, employment need/ Day6: Borders closed&closure municipalities in Olomouc region/ Day8: Mandatory nose&mouth cover / Day9: Special 7-9 shop-opening hours for seniors.

Basic reproduction number

In epidemiology, the basic reproduction number (sometimes called basic reproductive ratio, or incorrectly basic reproductive rate, and denoted R0, pronounced R nought or R zero[67]) of infection can be thought of as the expected number of cases directly generated by one case in a population where all individuals are susceptible to infection.[68] The definition describes the state where no other individuals are infected or immunized (naturally or through vaccination).

The higher the R ratio number, the faster the disease spreads. If R is less than one, the reproduction within the population decreases.[69][70]

Development of R ratio in the Czech Republic


During the second half of March 2020 the progress of the pandemic in the Czech Republic showed a decrease in the R0 ratio from the value above 2.0 down to the value 1.5 or below. The day-to-day ratio of the total number of cases decreased in a similar way, falling below 10 percent at the end of March.

On 1 April, the Director of the Institute of Health Information and Statistics announced that the R0 number ranged from 0.87 to 1.33 with the most likely value of 1.1.[71][72]

Case details

Detailed information was reported regarding most of the first 99 cases, up to 12 March 2020:

Policies to fight the contagion

Policy details
Type of Measure Specific Details Date enacted In force Note Authority
Soft measures Suspension of issuing of new visas in China. Visas issued prior remained valid. 30 January 2020 Indefinitely. Ministry of Foreign Affairs[105]
Suspension of direct flights to/from China. Ten direct flights a week, all of them canceled. 8 February 2020 From 9 February onwards (indefinitely). Ministry of Health[106]
Restrictions on sale of medical means FFP3 respirators may only be sold to:
  • healthcare providers
  • welfare providers
  • Czech Republic government and its component agencies
  • resellers of FFP3 based in the Czech Republic, provided resellers will sell only to the other groups mentioned
3 March 2020 From 4 March onwards (indefinitely) / replaced on 6 March (see below) According to daily Deník N the FFP3 respirators sale ban was preceded by a memo from Security Information Service to the government, according to which Chinese embassy in Prague was conducting massive purchases of respirators available on Czech market during January and February and transferring them to China.[23]

This led to shortage of FFP3 respirators for use by healthcare providers which lasted for weeks after the ban was passed.

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-8/PRO[107]
Hand sanitizers export ban.

Ban on export of hand sanitizers listed in Annex 1, Category 1 of EU Regulation No. 528/2012 (with exemption of small amounts for personal use).

5 March 2020 From 5 March onwards (indefinitely). Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-9/PRO[108]
FFP3 respirators may only be sold to:
  • Czech Republic government and its agencies
  • resellers of FFP3 based in the Czech Republic, provided resellers will sell only to the other groups mentioned
6 March 2020 From 6 March onwards (indefinitely). Adopted in order to cut price gouging. Respirators now to be distributed by the government. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-12/PRO[109]
Ban on export of drugs 17 March 2020 From 17 March onwards (indefinitely). 17 March - 1 April 2020 - general ban on export of drugs.

From 1 April onwards - ban on export of selected drugs.

Ban only on export of drugs destined for Czech market. Drugs manufactured directly to foreign order may still be exported.

Government Regulation No. 104/2020 Coll. (until 1 April)[110]

Government Regulation No. 146/2020. Coll (after 1 April)[111]

Duty to report gatherings over 5,000 people. Organizers must inform health authorities about all planned gatherings where they expect 5,000 or more visitors during a single day 4 March 2020 From 4 March onwards (indefinitely). Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 9826/2020-1/HES[112]
Suspension of direct flights to/from selected regions of Italy. All direct flights to/from Italian regions Emillia-Romagna, Piemont, Lombardia, Venetia suspended. 2 March 2020 From 5 March 2020 to March 19, 2020. Around 100,000-110,000 Czechs visited Northern Italy over the previous month (mostly for skiing holidays). Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-6/PRO[113]
Suspension of direct flights to/from South Korea. All direct flights to/from South Korea suspended. 2 March 2020 From 5 March 2020 onwards (indefinitely).

Revoked on 24 March 2020.

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-5/PRO[114]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-15/PRO (revocation)[115]

Suspension of issuing of new visas in Iran. Applies to all applicants requesting visas in Iran. 7 March 2020 From 7 March onwards (indefinitely). Ministry of Foreign Affairs[116]
Random medical checks at major border crossings Major border crossings (Rozvadov, Folmava, Železná ruda, Dolní Dvořiště, Strážný, Mikulov, Hatě, Břeclav, Cínovec, and Pomezí) manned by a combination of police, customs, and fire service personnel.

Drivers provided with informational leaflets in Czech, English, German and Italian.

Random temperature checks of vehicle occupants.

Similar measures put in place at all international airports as well as in cross-border trains.

7 March 2020 From 9 March 7 AM onwards (indefinitely). People with symptoms can either turn back at the border or be transported by a HAZMAT ambulance for medical examination at the nearest hospital.

Army deployed on 10 March (see below).

Government[117][118]
Quarantine Spectators banned from attending the World Biathlon Cup Championship race in Nové Město na Moravě. Championship can take place, but no spectators allowed. 2 March 2020 From 5 March 2020 to 8 March 2020. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 5503/2020-7/PRO[114]
Residents returning from abroad ordered to self-quarantine for 14 days. All residents of the Czech Republic (citizens and non-citizens), as well as other persons working in the Czech Republic who return to the country from Italy, are ordered to contact their general practitioner by phone or email and self-quarantine for 14 days. Exemptions: (1) truck drivers that use FFP2 or FFP3 respirators while out of the vehicle in Italy, (2) ambulance crews under specific conditions and (3) pilots that did not leave airplane while in Italy. 7 March 2020 From 7 March onwards (indefinitely). Measure replaced a similar one that was issued a day earlier, which did not include any exemptions.

Up to CZK 3 million fine for breach of self-quarantine.

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10381/2020-1/MIN/KAN[117]
Anyone who visited one of the selected countries over the past 14 days subject to mandatory self-quarantine of 14 days. List of countries may be updated daily.

Anyone crossing borders into the Czech Republic must allow authorities to perform a medical check.

10 March 2020 From 10 March onwards (indefinitely). Up to CZK 3 million (about EUR 120,000) fine for breach of self-quarantine. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10653/201-1/MIN/KAN[119]
All residents of the Czech Republic (citizens and non-citizens) who return from selected countries.

List of selected countries subject to daily updates, as of the day of measure adoption they are: China, South Korea, Iran, Italy, Spain, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Great Britain, Denmark, and France.

Freight drivers exempted and recommended to "limit contact with locals as far as feasible".

13 March 2020 From 13 March onwards (indefinitely). Exemptions:
  • International freight transport: drivers, flight crews, train crews, ship crews. Also exempt are freight transport workers employed abroad.
  • Diplomatic staff.
  • Emergency services while on duty (police, EMT, fire, mountain rescue, etc.).
  • Persons who verifiably periodically cross borders, especially workers with a place of employment no further than 100 kilometers from the border.
  • Citizens of Germany, Austria, Poland and Slovakia who verifiably periodically cross borders, especially workers with a place of employment no further than 100 kilometers from the border.
  • Epidemiology, humanitarian and health experts.
  • Members of the European Parliament.
  • Minors that are citizens of an EU Member state and whose parent is a Czech citizen.
  • Persons transporting blood, bone marrow and/or organs for purpose of transplantation.
  • Persons with a serious medical condition for purpose of undertaking medical procedures abroad.
  • Persons who merely used Airport Transit Zones within selected countries.

Up to CZK 3 million (about EUR 120,000) fine for breach of self-quarantine.

Government Resolution No. 209/2020 Coll.[120]

Ministry of Interior Notice on Exemptions from travel restrictions during the State of Emergency[121]

Confirmed COVID-19 patients' contacts quarantined for 14 days. Authorities actively seek all people who were in contact with confirmed COVID-19 patients. Those are then ordered to mandatory 14 days' self-quarantine. 7 March 2020 From 8 March onwards (indefinitely). Up to CZK 3 million (about EUR 120,000) fine for breach of self-quarantine. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10386/2020-1/MIN/KAN[122]
Hospital visits ban. Ban on visits in hospitals and similar facilities. Exemptions for visits to patients who are (1) minors, (2) legally incapacitated, (3) pregnant or (4) terminally ill. 9 March 2020 From 10 March onwards (indefinitely). Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10519/2020-1/MIN/KAN[123]
Public gatherings banned. Gatherings of 100 or more people banned. 10 March 2020 From 10 March 6 PM onwards (indefinitely). Ban on private and public gatherings of 100 or more people, including theaters, music events, cinemas, sports, etc. Exemptions for (1) legislature, (2) executive government, (3) courts and (4) public or private assemblies mandated by law (e.g. shareholder meetings) Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10666/2020-1/MIN/KAN[124]
Gatherings of 30 or more people banned. 12 March 2020 From 13 March 6 PM onwards (indefinitely). Ban on any private and public gatherings of 30 or more people. Exemptions for (1) legislature, (2) executive government, (3) courts, (4) public assemblies mandated by law and (5) funerals. Government Resolution No. 199/2020 Coll.[125]
Gatherings of more than 2 people banned. 23 March 2020 From 23 March until 1 April.

Extended until 11 April.

Ban on any gathering at the publicly accessible place of more than 2 people. Exemptions for (1) members of same household, (2) exercise of profession and (3) funerals as long as the distance of 2 meters in between persons is kept. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-1/MIN/KAN[126]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-4/MIN/KAN[127]

Schools suspended. All pupils and students banned from personally attending classes (including university lectures). Staff may continue to work and assign homework for students.

Kindergartens and creches remain open.

10 March 2020 From 11 March onwards (indefinitely). From 13 March onwards ban extended to include also extracurricular/after school activities. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 10676/2020-1/MIN/KAN (11-13 March 2020)[124]

Government Resolution No. 201/2020 Coll. (from 13 March onwards)[128]

Closure of services Restaurants closed. 12 March 2020 From 13 March 8 PM onwards (indefinitely) / replaced on 14 March. Restaurants may operate from 6 AM to 8 PM. Home delivery possible 24/7. Government Resolution No. 199/2020 Coll.[125]
12 March 2020 From 13 March 8 PM until 24 March 6 AM.

Extended to 1 April.

Extended to 11 April.

Restaurants in shopping centres over 5,000m2 in size closed. Government Resolution No. 199/2020 Coll. (until 14 March)[125]

Government Resolution No. 211/2020 Coll. (after 14 March)[129]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 13361/2020-2/MIN/KAN[130]

14 March 2020 From 14 March 6 AM until 24 March 6 AM.

Extended to 1 April.

Extended to 11 April.

All publicly accessible restaurants closed.

Restaurants may sell food through shopfront windows with any opening hours (incl. 24/7), so long as customers do not enter the premises.

Home delivery possible 24/7.

Government Resolution No. 211/2020 Coll.[129]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12746/2020-1/MIN/KAN[131]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 13361/2020-2/MIN/KAN[130]

Public banned from entering premises of selected services.

Closure of all fitness centers, baths, tanning salons, saunas, wellness providers, dance and social clubs, entertainment providers, public libraries, galleries.

12 March 2020 From 13 March 6AM onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 199/2020 Coll.[125]
Tourist information centers closed.

Public banned from entering tourist information centres and swimming pools.

13 March 2020 From 14 March 6 AM onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 208/2020 Coll.[132]
Marketplaces closed

Ban on retail trade at marketplaces.

13 March 2020 From 14 March 6 AM onwards (indefinitely). While having a general effect, the resolution also specifically names Little Hanoi. Government Resolution No. 208/2020 Coll.[132]
General closure of services and retail sale 14 March 2020 From 14 March 6 AM until 24 March 6 AM.

Extended to 1 April.

Extended to 11 April.

Ban on the provision of services and retail sale with the exception of:
  • food retail (from 24 to 30 March: only if customers are provided with single-use gloves upon entry for free)
  • IT and other electronics and home appliances
  • petrol stations and other fuels
  • chemists
  • pharmacies
  • sale of small domestic animals
  • glasses and other optics
  • newspapers and magazines
  • tobacco products
  • laundry services
  • sale over the Internet or by telephone of goods that are otherwise generally available in the given physical shop
  • the scope of exceptions extended from 24 March on, see Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12746/2020-1/MIN/KAN

Hotels may lodge only foreigners.

Government Resolution No. 211/2020 Coll.[129]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12746/2020-1/MIN/KAN[131]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 13361/2020-2/MIN/KAN[130]

Casinos closed 14 March 2020 From 14 March onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 211/2020 Coll.[129]
Crossborder public transport ban. Any road vehicles with a capacity of more than 9 people (incl. driver) banned from crossing borders with an exemption of (1) larger vehicles bringing Czech citizens or long-term/permanent residents to the Czech Republic, (2) larger vehicles taking foreigners out of the Czech Republic (exemption: empty buses, passenger trains, and ships may return to the Czech Republic).

Crossborder passenger rail and passenger ship transport banned.

Only Václav Havel Prague International Airport may be used for international flights.

An individual exemption may be granted by the Minister of Transportation.

12 March 2020 From 14 March onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 200/2020 Coll.[133]
Prison visits ban. Family members banned from visiting relatives in prisons and jails. Defense attorneys exempted from the ban. Individual exceptions may be granted by the Minister of Justice. 13 March 2020 From 14 March onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 204/2020 Coll.[134]
Sporting venues closed Public banned from entering sporting venues for 30 or more people, both indoor and outdoor. 13 March 2020 From 14 March 6 a.m. onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 208/2020 Coll.[132]
NATIONWIDE CURFEW Restrictions on free movement, with wide exemptions:

Ban on the free movement of persons with the following exceptions:

  • a) reaching the workplace or profession
  • b) necessary visits to family or close persons
  • c) necessary travel for purchase of essentials (e.g. groceries, medicine, medical and hygiene supplies, pet food, etc.) including essentials for relatives and children, essential use of financial and post services, and personal vehicle refueling.
  • d) necessary travel as mentioned in c) on behalf of another (e.g. neighbour, volunteer help)
  • e) travel to medical and social care facilities, including accompanying of another person for this purpose
  • f) travel to attend to urgent official matters, including accompanying of another person for this purpose
  • g) job performance (or attendant matters) in security, public health, individual spiritual service, public transport, and other infrastructure, citizen services (includes home deliveries)
  • h) movement in open countryside or parks
  • i) return travel to the place of residence
  • j) funerals

Order for persons to

  • a) limit their movement through public places as much as possible (with exceptions mentioned above)
  • b) limit contact with others as much as possible
15 March 2020 From 16 March to 24 March 6 AM (Government Resolution)

From 24 March 6 AM to 1 April 6 AM (Ministry of Health Protection Measure)

Extended until 11 April.

Measure is aimed to clamp down on flaunting of previous measures, e.g. groups of people gathering in front of pubs' "beer takeout" windows, etc. Government Resolution No. 215/2020 Coll.[135]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-1/MIN/KAN[126]

Ministry of Health Proteciton Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-4/MIN/KAN[127]

Regional quarantine Quarantine of town of Litovel and 18 nearby municipalities including Uničov and Červenka.

The quarantine zone covers about 24,000 people. A cluster of 25 patients identified on 16 March 2020. By 21 March 2020 there were 54 confirmed patients within the quarantine zone out of 62 total confirmed cases in Olomouc region.

16 March 2020 From 16 March onwards (indefinitely).

Lifted on 30 March 2020

People living and working within the quarantined area can go to work.

People living within the area and working outside, and vice versa, must stay at home.

Workers returning from night shifts in the area to homes outside of the area ordered into 14 days' self-quarantine.

Police checkpoints on roads to the area. Only supply trucks, police, emergency, and fire rescue service can enter/leave town.

Military field mini-hospital build in Litovel on 19 March.[136]

Local health authority.[137]
Quarantine of municipality of Kynice, where a number of people were infected during the local volunteer fire department's ball.

The municipality has a population of 95.

16 March 2020 From 16 March onwards (indefinitely).

Lifted on 1 April 2020[138]

Same conditions as in other quaranteened areas. Local health authority.[139]
Social distancing measures Public authorities' activity reduction 12 March 2020 14 March to 1 April.

Extended until 11 April.

Public authorities restricted to perform only to necessary duties. Restrictions on duties requiring personal contact with the public. Restriction of office hours to 3 hours on Monday and Wednesday. Only the lowest possible number of employees to be present when necessary. Duty to implement rotations of employees in a way that prevents contact between selected groups. Government Resolution No. 194/2000 (until 24 March)

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-3/MIN/KAN (from 24 March onwards)[140]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12745/2020-5/MIN/KAN (from 1 April onwards)[141]

Obligatory face cover (respirator or similar) 18 March 2020 From 19 March until 30 March

From 30 March onwards (indefinitely)

Ban on movement outside of the home without having mouth and nose covered by a respirator, face mask or similar.

Exemptions:

  • car drivers, if they are alone within a closed vehicle,
  • children younger than 2 years.
Government resolution No. 247 (published as No. 106/2020 Coll.) (until 30 March)[142]

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 13894/2020-1/MIN/KAN (after 30 March)[143]

Elderly only shopping time (65+) 18 March 2020 From 19 March onwards (indefinitely). Only elderly (65+) can enter establishments (grocery shops, post offices and others that are still open) at the selected time. The timeframe for elderly changes periodically:
  • 19–20 March - 10 AM to 12 AM
  • 21–24 March - 7 AM to 9 AM
  • from 25 March onwards - 8 AM to 10 AM (only establishments with over 500m2 public area)
Ministry of Health Resolution No. MZDR 12390/2020-1/MIN/KAN, replaced by MZDR 12501/2020-3/MIN/KAN,[144] replaced by Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12744/2020-2/MIN/KAN[145]
Local assemblies only online 23 March 2020 From 24 March onwards (until the end of State of Emergency). Municipal and regional assemblies shall convene only for necessary purposes (measures regarding COVID-19 or necessary to prevent other damages) and shall take place only online. Recommendation to broadcast online assemblies publicly on the internet. Government Resolution No. 274/2000 Coll.[146]
Electronic data boxes use for free 23 March 2020 From 24 March onwards (until the end of State of Emergency). "Electronic data boxes" is a secure means of online communication run by the Government that may be used for formal delivery of documents. Normally only communication with authorities is free while communication between private entities is subject to a fee. This fee was waived until the end of the State of Emergency. Government Resolution No. 275/2000 Coll.[146]
Hard measures STATE OF EMERGENCY Declaration of State of Emergency, the highest nationwide exceptional state the executive government may declare on its own authority (without Parliament ratification). Executive government (Cabinet headed by Prime Minister) has considerably extended powers under the State of Emergency. State of Emergency may be declared by Government for at most 30 days; any extension must be ratified by Parliament. A number of concrete special measures were announced at the same time. 12 March 2020 From 12 March 2020 2PM for a period of 30 days.

Subject to possible extension.

Most other measures adopted "indefinitely" remain in force only as long as the State of Emergency lasts, as without it the Government lacks the constitutional authority to limit the associated rights. Government Resolution No. 194/2020 Coll.[147]
Border enforcement Provisional enforcement of borders with Germany and Austria and limitations on international flights. Only selected border crossings remain open:
  • Germany (unlimited): Strážný, Pomezí nad Ohří, Rozvadov, Folmava, Železná Ruda, Krásný Les, Hora Svatého Šebestiána
  • Germany (limited to regulars only, e.g. cross-border workers, etc.; 5 AM to 11 PM): Všeruby, Jiříkov, Vojtanov, Cínovec
  • Austria (unlimited): Dolní Dvořiště, České Velenice, Hatě, Mikulov
  • Austria (limited to regulars only, e.g. cross-border workers, etc.; 5 AM to 11 PM):Vratěnín, Valtice, Nová Bystřice
  • International flights only to/from Václav Havel International Airport and Kbely Airport (both near Prague), other airports limited to domestic flights.
12 March 2020 From 14 March 2020 onwards. Czech Republic is a party to Schengen Treaty and does not normally enforce its border with other EU countries. Government Resolution No. 197/2020 Coll.[148]
Travel ban - selected countries Foreigners coming in from selected countries banned from entering the Czech Republic (foreigners with long-term or permanent residency permits exempted). Czech citizens and foreigners with long-term or permanent residency banned from entering selected countries. Suspension of processing of all visa applications (individual exceptions possible).

List of selected countries subject to daily updates, as of the day of ban entry into force they are China, South Korea, Iran, Italy, Spain, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Great Britain, Denmark, and France.

Measure replaced by a complete travel ban effective from 16 March 2020, see below.

People passing border crossings subject to random medical checks. Police and customs officers with FFP3 respirators and goggles stopping cars, fire service personnel conducting medical checks in HAZMAT suits, HAZMAT ambulance ready to take potential patients to the nearest hospital for detailed screening.

12 March 2020 From 14 March 2020 onwards. Czech Republic is a party to Schengen Treaty and does not normally enforce its border with other EU countries. Government Resolution No. 198/2020 Coll.[149]
COMPLETE BORDERS CLOSURE
  • Czech citizens:
    • Not allowed to leave the country unless they have long-term or permanent residency abroad.
    • May return to the country; subject to mandatory 14 days' self-quarantine (see above).
  • Foreigners with long-term or permanent residency:
    • Allowed to leave the country.
    • May return to the country if they were outside when measure adopted; subject to mandatory 14 days' self-quarantine (see above).
    • May not return to the country if left while the measure was in force.
  • Foreigners without long-term or permanent residency:
    • Allowed to leave the country.
    • Not allowed to enter the country.
13 March 2020 From 16 March onwards (ban of 13 March).

From 31 March until 12 April 2020 (ban of 30 March).

Exemptions:
  • International freight transport: drivers, flight crews, train crews, ship crews. Exempt also freight transport workers employed abroad.
  • Diplomatic staff.
  • Emergency services while on duty (police, EMT, fire, mountain rescue, etc.).
  • Persons who verifiably periodically cross borders, especially workers with a place of employment no further than 100 kilometers from the border.
  • Citizens of Germany, Austria, Poland and Slovakia who verifiably periodically cross borders, especially workers with a place of employment no further than 100 kilometers from the border.
  • Epidemiology, humanitarian and health experts.
  • Members of the European Parliament.
  • Minors who are citizens of an EU member state with at least one parent who is a Czech citizen.
  • Persons transporting blood, bone marrow and/or organs for purpose of transplantation.
  • Persons with a serious medical condition for purpose of undertaking medical procedures abroad.
Government Resolution No. 203[150] & Ministry of Interior Notice on Exemptions from travel restrictions during the State of Emergency[121] (until 30 March)

Government Resolution No. 334 published as 142/2020 Coll.[4] (from 31 March)

Other measures Army deployed Army units deployed to support border enforcement (see above). 10 March 2020 From 10 March 2020 onwards (indefinitely). 2,100 Czech Army personnel ordered to full readiness.

Army also used for distribution of medical equipment around country (respirators etc.).

Government decision[151][152]
Soldiers deputised

Soldiers and Customs Service agents being deployed at the border deputised for police duty.

15 March 2020 From 15 March 2020 onwards (indefinitely). Grants police powers to Army soldiers and Customs officers, who previously could only serve in support roles. This allows a significantly lower number of police officers to be deployed at the borders and their redeployment back to standard policing duty. Government decision[153]
Soldiers deployed to reinforce health authority. 30 March 2020 From 30 March 2020 onwards (indefinitely). 300 soldiers deployed to reinforce health authority for the purpose of tracing contacts of COVID-19 positive patients and for collecting their samples. Government Resolution No. 333 published as No. 141/2020 Coll.[4]
Trucks allowed to drive on Sundays Generally, freight trucks are banned from driving on Sundays in order to ease weekend return traffic. This long-standing ban was lifted in order to mitigate possible freight disruptions stemming from other measures or general COVID-19 impact. 13 March 2020 From 13 March 2020 onwards (indefinitely). Government Resolution No. 205/2020 Coll.[154]
Release of emergency funding CZK 500 million released from Government Emergency Fund for emergency purchases of medical tools needed to fight COVID-19. 13 March 2020 Government Resolution No. 206/2020 Coll.[155]
Provision of welfare Students of secondary and tertiary schools welfare programs compelled to work duty, actual work subject to later call-up.

Welfare providers are ordered to provide welfare to recipients whose life or health may be in jeopardy (providers cannot refuse provision of welfare).

13 March 2020 From 16 March onwards (indefinitely). Welfare provision aimed at persons that are not self-sufficient (elderly, crippled, etc.). Government Resolution No. 207/2020 Coll.[156]
Social and economical support measures Income tax deadline extended

Deadline for Income Tax submission moved by 3 months for natural persons (new date is 1 July)

12 March 2020 [citation needed]
Loans repayment delayed

Banks will provide an option of delaying loan payments for people and small businesses affected by the coronavirus

12 March 2020 [citation needed]
Gun sales registration period waived. 16 March 2020 From 16 March until end of the curfew In general, purchased firearms must be physically presented to the police for registration within 10 days from the sale (see Gun laws in the Czech Republic). Firearm sales still possible when delivered directly to customers' homes.

Firearm registrations deemed non-essential by the Ministry of Interior Explanatory Note, as part of the general suspension of non-essential visits to government offices. Gun license holders instructed to merely inform police about a purchase by post or electronic communication and visit station for registration after the end of curfew.

Also, exams required for new firearm licenses suspended. New permits to purchase B-category firearms issued only remotely (by post or electronic communication).

Ministry of Interior Explanatory Note No. MV- 49249-2/OBP-2020[157]
Criminal sanctions COVID-19 added to list of diseases the willful spreading of which constitutes a felony. 13 March 2020 Up to 10 years imprisonment in case of criminal negligence. Government Resolution No. 210/2020 Coll.[158]
Healthcare provision support measures Drive-through testing 14 March 2020 "Drive-through" tents set up in front of designated hospitals around the country. Patients don't need to leave their cars in order to be tested.

Testing is free for people with prescriptions by the health authorities. Prescriptions are granted remotely (phone and email) based on symptoms and travel history. People lacking prescriptions may pay for their own tests. Prices vary depending on the hospital from CZK 1,300 to CZK 3,000 (€50 to €120). Some drive-through locations do not offer paid testing due to capacity limitations (i.e. they test only those with a prescription).

[159]
COVID-19-only hospitals 15 March 2020 Two hospitals, Na Homolce Hospital [cs] in the capital and largest city of Prague, St. Anna University Hospital [cs] in the second largest city of Brno, were designated to deal with COVID-19 only. Both cities have several other hospitals to take up the caseload of other conditions.

Military BSL-4 reserve hospital at Biological Defense Center in Těchonín put into a state of readiness.

[citation needed]
28 March 2020 After COVID-19 infection spread in at least seven retirement homes, several hundred beds were set aside for quarantine and treatment of elderly with mild symptoms at:
  • Na Bulovce hospital in Prague
  • Na Františku hospital in Prague
  • Health resort at Lázně Toušeň
  • Non-emergency section of Military BSL-4 reserve hospital at Biological Defense Center in Těchonín
Ministry of Health decision[160]
Medicine students' work duty 15 March 2020 From 16 March until the end of State of Emergency 5th and 6th-year students of General Medicine compelled to work duty, actual work subject to later call-up.

Last-year students of nursing, paramedics, and several other related fields compelled to work duty, actual work subject to later call-up.

Government Resolution No. 220/2020 Coll.[161]
Healthcare workers' vacation ban 23 March 2020 From 24 March until the end of State of Emergency Healthcare workers banned from taking a vacation (time-off). Government Resolution No. 278/2000 Coll.[146]
Remdesivir provisional approval 17 March 2020 From 17 March for a period of 9 months Remdesivir, originally developed by Gilead Sciences for ebola treatment, was approved for experimental use for COVID19 patients in serious condition. Ministry of Health Decision No. MZDR 12059/2020-3/OLZP[162]
Plaquenil prescription restrictions 23 March 2020 From 23 March 8 PM onwards (indefinitely) Hydroxychloroquine, sold under the brand name Plaquenil among others, is a medication used for the prevention and treatment of certain types of malaria. Plaquenil showed promise in some COVID-19 trials. Only doctors with selected specializations can prescribe it under the measure. Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12756/2020-2/MIN/KAN[163] (until 3 April)

Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12756/2020-3/MIN/KAN[164] (after 3 April)

Hospitalized patients' information database 24 March 2020 From 24 March onwards (indefinitely) Central database about COVID-19 hospitalized patients. Hospital providers ordered to:
  • insert data about the state of hospitalized COVID-19 patients daily
  • insert data about every new patient that gets either to serious condition, requires ventilator or ECMO within one hour
  • insert data about every patient whose state changes as regards serious condition, use of ventilator or ECMO within one hour
Ministry of Health Protection Measure No. MZDR 12996/2020-1/MIN/KAN[165]

Interpersonal solidarity

Demonstration of making facemasks without sewing

The COVID-19 pandemic in the Czech Republic has created a wave of solidarity in a variety of areas, including:

  • Due to the lack of protective face-masks, volunteers sewed masks for other people and also shared instruction videos online.[166]
  • Programs were launched to help the most vulnerable group -and seniors, on a non-commercial basis, by buying food and medicines.[167]
  • On Monday, March 23, Czech National Television launched a temporary new television channel ČT3, which is to bring practical advice, news and a selection of ČT's classic programs from the archive for older people.[168]
  • The Vietnamese community in the Ústí nad Labem region raised CZK 140,000 for a donation of a ventilator to a hospital in Ústí nad Labem[169]
  • Due to the closure of Czech schools, Czech National Television launched an educational program for home education. The program "UčíTelka" is focusing on teaching first-grade pupils. The program "Odpoledka" on teaching second-grade pupils and program "Škola doma" for ninth grade pupils preparing them for entrance exams to secondary schools.[170]
  • Czech manufacturer of 3D printers Prusa Research contributed to the "free use project" of shared bicycles company Rekola to enable access to transport with a lower risk of virus transmission than public transport.[171] Prusa Research also designed, produced and distributed protective face shields for medical professionals.[172]
  • The Žufánek family distillery from Boršice will produce and distribute for free disinfectant gels without the necessary permit from the health and agriculture department.[173]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Current occurrence of the COVID-19 disease in the Czech Republic". onemocneni-aktualne.mzcr.cz. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "The Latest: Peru, Honduras enacting new containment measures". AP NEWS. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Czech Republic goes into quarantine to slow down coronavirus spread". Radio Prague International. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b c https://aplikace.mvcr.cz/sbirka-zakonu/ViewFile.aspx?type=c&id=38829
  5. ^ a b c d e "V Česku jsou tři lidé nakažení koronavirem. Předtím byli v Itálii". ČT24 (in Czech).
  6. ^ "V Česku se objevily první případy koronaviru. Všichni přijeli ze severní Itálie | Aktuálně.cz". Aktuálně.cz - Víte, co se právě děje (in Czech). 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Akademik, lyžař a studentka z Itálie. Kdo je trojice nakažených v Česku? - Seznam Zprávy". seznamzpravy.cz. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Česko má čtvrtý případ nákazy koronavirem - novinky.cz". www.novinky.cz. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Pátý případ koronaviru v Česku. Žena přitom měla první test negativní - novinky.cz". www.novinky.cz. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Počet nakažených koronavirem stoupl na 12, mezi nimi muž a dítě z Prahy". www.idnes.cz. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Coronavirus: Czechs returning from Italy to stay in two-week quarantine". Radio Prague International. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Ministry of Health Issues an Extraordinary Measure of Quarantine for Persons Returning from Italy". www.mzcr.cz. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g "Na Bulovce zůstaly dvě cizinky. Jsou to spíše klientky, řekla primářka". iDNES.cz. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  14. ^ "COVID-19: Aktuální počty onemocnění koronavirem v ČR". www.mzcr.cz. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Coronavirus: Czech schools close, large events banned". Radio Prague International. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Vyhlášení nouzového stavu". www.vlada.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Czech government declares state of emergency in response to coronavirus epidemic". Radio Prague International. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  18. ^ Cimpanu, Catalin (13 March 2020). "Czech hospital hit by cyberattack while in the midst of a COVID-19 outbreak". ZDNet.
  19. ^ "Základní provoz nemocnice v Brně i po kybernetickém útoku funguje, řekl ředitel". ČT24 (in Czech).
  20. ^ "Breaking: Czech Republic reports first three cases of coronavirus recovery - Prague, Czech Republic". Expats.cz Latest News & Articles - Prague and the Czech Republic. 16 March 2020.
  21. ^ "Government bans going out without covered mouth and nose". www.radio.cz. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Two planeloads of protective gear arrive from China". Radio Prague International. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  23. ^ a b Prchal, Lukáš (24 March 2020). "Čína v Česku skupuje respirátory a roušky, varovala Babiše a ministry BIS". Deník N (in Czech). Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  24. ^ "Czech Republic has first coronavirus-related death". Radio Prague International. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  25. ^ ""Zemřel spíš s koronavirem než na něj." První mrtvý v Česku trpěl řadou nemocí". Aktuálně.cz (in Czech). 22 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Rychlotesty nejsou k plošnému užití, slouží jen u rizikových skupin". iDNES.cz. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  27. ^ "Prymula: O chybovosti rychlotestů jsme věděli. Měníme nařízení - Novinky.cz". www.novinky.cz. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  28. ^ "Vědec: Koronaviry zajímaly jen "podivíny". Remdesivir je v Česku díky Antonínu Holému". Aktuálně.cz (in Czech). 24 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  29. ^ "Remdesivir mohl pacientovi pomoci, jistotu však lékaři nemají - Novinky.cz". www.novinky.cz. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  30. ^ "Pacient s remdesivirem už nepotřebuje mimotělní oběh, jeho stav zůstává vážný". iDNES.cz. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  31. ^ "Koronavirus na hematologické klinice. V karanténě jsou zaměstnanci i pacienti". iDNES.cz. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  32. ^ a b "Třetí českou obětí koronaviru je 71letá žena, nakazila se od příbuzné". iDNES.cz. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  33. ^ a b c "V Krumlově je deset nakažených, klienti i personál sociální služby". Seznam Zprávy. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  34. ^ "V pražské nemocnici, kde zemřel muž s koronavirem, je nakaženo 13 seniorů". Novinky.cz. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  35. ^ "V Mošnově a Parubicích přistála letadla s materiálem z Číny". ČeskéNoviny.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  36. ^ "New rules apply for Czechs commuting for work in Austria, Germany". Radio Prague International. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  37. ^ https://www.mvcr.cz/mvcren/article/coronavirus-information-of-moi.aspx
  38. ^ 案236至252例確診 新增17例確診,15例境外移入、2例本土 中央流行疫情指揮中心 2020-03-26
  39. ^ "Babiš chce v Česku prodloužit nouzový stav, počet nakažených stoupl na 2279". Seznam Zprávy. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  40. ^ "Koronavirus už zasáhl šest domovů pro seniory. Izolovat víc nezvládáme, říkají". iDNES.cz. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  41. ^ "Nakažení senioři: nejhorší scénář. V domovech jich onemocněly desítky". iDNES.cz. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  42. ^ "Česko má 2 279 nakažených. Nově stačí k testu horečka, suchý kašel či dušnost". iDNES.cz. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  43. ^ https://www.seznamzpravy.cz/clanek/v-cesku-je-2663-nakazenych-koronavirem-96462
  44. ^ https://www.novinky.cz/zahranicni/koronavirus/clanek/chytra-karantena-se-zacne-testovat-na-jihu-moravy-jak-bude-fungovat-40318396
  45. ^ https://www.novinky.cz/zahranicni/koronavirus/clanek/on-line-v-cr-je-uz-2817-infikovanych-koronavirem-40318526
  46. ^ https://www.seznamzpravy.cz/clanek/pripadu-koronaviru-v-cr-v-pondeli-pribylo-184-je-jich-pres-3000-96922
  47. ^ https://nasregion.cz/decinsko/nebudou-chodit-domu-rozhodly-se-pracovnice-domova-senioru
  48. ^ "Coronavirus: Czech state to offer Italy and Spain 10,000 protective suits". Radio Prague International. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  49. ^ https://denikn.cz/minuta/331892/
  50. ^ https://www.pragueresident.com/caseupdate/
  51. ^ https://www.ceskenoviny.cz/zpravy/v-uvn-zacali-podavat-pacientum-s-covid-19-hydroxychlorochin/1874596
  52. ^ https://www.ceskenoviny.cz/zpravy/s-nemoci-covid-19-v-cr-zemrelo-44-lidi-uzdravilo-se-67-pacientu-/1874646
  53. ^ https://www.ceskenoviny.cz/zpravy/ochrana-hranic-s-nemeckem-a-rakouskem-potrva-do-pulnoci-24-dubna/1874653
  54. ^ https://news.expats.cz/coronavirus-in-the-czech-republic/czech-doctors-may-begin-using-plasma-from-recovered-patients-to-treat-covid-19/?utm_content=article&utm_medium=article-banner&utm_campaign=article-banner&utm_source=facebook&fbclid=IwAR2Q_jBRFeVsBAP72NGyLYztcs-tH-GNJD5YsxEbrmVKcOIWFf8fF4Copi4
  55. ^ https://www.ceskenoviny.cz/zpravy/lidi-vylecenych-z-covid-19-je-v-cr-72-obeti-pribylo-na-53/1875174
  56. ^ https://www.ceskenoviny.cz/zpravy/pacient-ktery-se-lecil-remdesivirem-se-uzdravuje/1875162
  57. ^ https://hlidacipes.org/darovane-rousky-z-ciny-jsou-pry-na-ceste-dorazi-pozdeji-nez-jinam-do-evropy-zato-i-s-krteckem/?fbclid=IwAR0oIqSrBK8chGJroW6MN6-o3eosSkDhkPygP7SbPmAdj8SMiJXPpU2uIFU
  58. ^ Wiles, Siouxsie (9 March 2020). "The three phases of Covid-19 – and how we can make it manageable". The Spinoff. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  59. ^ a b https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/managing-epidemics-interactive.pdf
  60. ^ https://www.seznamzpravy.cz/clanek/v-italii-umira-uz-8-nakazenych-proc-je-smrtnost-dvakrat-vetsi-nez-v-cine-93717
  61. ^ Maharaj, Savi; Kleczkowski, Adam (20 August 2012). "Controlling epidemic spread by social distancing: Do it well or not at all". BMC Public Health. 12: 679. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-679. PMC 3563464. PMID 22905965.
  62. ^ https://medium.com/@tomaspueyo/coronavirus-the-hammer-and-the-dance-be9337092b56
  63. ^ Normile, Dennis (17 March 2020). "Coronavirus cases have dropped sharply in South Korea. What's the secret to its success?". Science. doi:10.1126/science.abb7566.
  64. ^ "COVID19 Epidemic curve selected countries". datawrapper.dwcdn.net. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  65. ^ https://onemocneni-aktualne.mzcr.cz/covid-19
  66. ^ "COVID-19 infections in U.S. may be much higher, new estimates show". sciencedaily.com. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  67. ^ Milligan, Gregg N.; Barrett, Alan D. T. (2015). Vaccinology: an essential guide. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell. p. 310. ISBN 978-1-118-63652-7. OCLC 881386962
  68. ^ Christophe Fraser; Christl A. Donnelly; Simon Cauchemez; et al. (June 19, 2009). "Pandemic Potential of a Strain of Influenza A (H1N1): Early Findings". Science. 324 (5934): 1557–1561. Bibcode:2009Sci...324.1557F. doi:10.1126/science.1176062. PMC 3735127. PMID 19433588.
  69. ^ https://www.seznamzpravy.cz/sekce/koronavirus-stopcovid
  70. ^ https://oxfordmedicine.com/view/10.1093/med/9780199596614.001.0001/med-9780199596614-chapter-6
  71. ^ https://www.ceskenoviny.cz/zpravy/sejde-se-ustredni-krizovy-stab-ministerstvo-zhodnoti-epidemii/1873478
  72. ^ https://denikn.cz/331492/cislo-kterym-ministerstvo-zdravotnictvi-doklada-uspech-vladni-politiky-kleslo-na-11-neznamena-to-skoro-nic-vysvetlujeme-proc/
  73. ^ "Czech Republic Cancels Flights, Bars Fans From Races Over Coronavirus". The New York Times. 2 March 2020. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  74. ^ "Matce v Praze odhalila koronavirus soukromá klinika. Školáci jsou v izolaci - idnes.cz". www.idnes.cz. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  75. ^ "Počet nakažených koronavirem stoupl na 12, mezi nimi muž a dítě z Prahy". www.mzcr.cz. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  76. ^ "Primátor Hřib předběhl hygieniky, ministra i premiéra a ohlásil nový, ovšem nepotvrzený, případ koronaviru - novinky.cz". www.novinky.cz. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  77. ^ a b "Testy prokázaly další tří případy koronaviru v Česku, celkem je jich osm". www.idnes.cz. 4 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  78. ^ "Pacientka v Ústí je první nakaženou koronavirem až na území Česka". www.idnes.cz. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  79. ^ a b "19 cases confirmed, one of them is an infant". Echo24.cz. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  80. ^ a b "Adam Vojtech's Twitter (Czech Minister of Health)". twitter.com/adamvojtechano.
  81. ^ "3 Who Attended Biogen Meeting in Boston Test Positive for Coronavirus". www.nbcboston.com.
  82. ^ a b "19 cases of coronavirus in the Czech Republic, age from 1 to 68". idnes.cz. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  83. ^ a b c d e f g "19 cases of coronavirus in the Czech Republic, age from 1 to 68". idnes.cz. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  84. ^ a b c "Koronavirus: 32 případů, kontroly na hranicích i omezení v domovech seniorů". idnes.cz. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  85. ^ a b "Twitter update from Minister of Health". twitter.com. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  86. ^ "Twitter update from Minister of Health". twitter.com. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  87. ^ a b c "V Česku je 35 případů nákazy novým koronavirem. Přibyly na Zlínsku a v Praze". ct24.ceskatelevize.cz. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  88. ^ "Minister of Health announces case 36". Twitter/AdamVojtech. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  89. ^ "Minister of Health announces case 37". Twitter/AdamVojtech. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  90. ^ "Ztráta kontroly nad koronavirem? Taxikář je zlomový případ, řekl Prymula". iDNES.cz. 9 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  91. ^ "Řidič Uberu byl podle hygieny v kontaktu s téměř stovkou lidí. Nakazit ho mohli němečtí klienti Airbnb". iROZHLAS.
  92. ^ "Minister of Health announces case 39". Twitter/AdamVojtech. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  93. ^ "Minister of Health announces case 40". Twitter/AdamVojtech. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  94. ^ https://www.idnes.cz/olomouc/zpravy/prostejov-koronavirus-sedmy-vyleceny-torray-japonec-olomoucky-kraj.A200323_152120_olomouc-zpravy_stk
  95. ^ "Prostejov reports the first case of coronavirus disease". prostejovsky.denik.cz. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  96. ^ "Koronavirus was first brought by a skier from Austria, reports hygienists from Pardubice". novinky.cz. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  97. ^ a b c "Rapid increase. There are already 61 people infected with new coronavirus in the Czech Republic". idnes.cz. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  98. ^ a b "The Olomouc Region already has 3 infected with coronavirus". olomoucky.denik.cz. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  99. ^ "Minister of Health announces case 64". Twitter/AdamVojtechAno. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  100. ^ a b c "Coronavirus first reported by laboratory from Brno, 67 infected in total". idnes.cz. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  101. ^ "Koronavirus potvrzen i v Brně, onemocněla i 84letá žena". novinky.cz. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  102. ^ "Already 94 infected. If spread speeds up we will close the border". idnes.cz. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  103. ^ a b c d "Infected count topped 100, half of infected are in Prague, said Babis". idnes.cz. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  104. ^ "A nurse from Frydek-Mistek hospital has been infected. She had no travel history". irozhlas.cz. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  105. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs stops issuing visas for Chinese citizens". novinky.cz. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  106. ^ "Government bans direct flights from China due to coronavirus". novinky.cz. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  107. ^ File:Mimořádné opatření - zákaz vývozu všech respirátorů třídy FFP3 mimo ČR.pdf
  108. ^ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9_opat%C5%99en%C3%AD_-_z%C3%A1kaz_v%C3%BDvozu_desinfekce_rukou.pdf
  109. ^ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/53/Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9_opat%C5%99en%C3%AD_-_prodej_osobn%C3%ADch_ochrann%C3%BDch_prost%C5%99edk%C5%AF_t%C5%99%C3%ADdy_FFP3.pdf
  110. ^ https://aplikace.mvcr.cz/sbirka-zakonu/ViewFile.aspx?type=c&id=38815
  111. ^ https://aplikace.mvcr.cz/sbirka-zakonu/ViewFile.aspx?type=c&id=38833
  112. ^ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9_opat%C5%99en%C3%AD_-_nahl%C3%A1%C5%A1en%C3%AD_kon%C3%A1n%C3%AD_akc%C3%AD_nad_5000_osob.pdf
  113. ^ https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40428&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Ochrann%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20MZ%20%C4%8CR_lety%20It%C3%A1lie.pdf
  114. ^ a b https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40429&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Ochrann%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20MZ%20%C4%8CR_lety%20Korea.pdf
  115. ^ https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40697&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Zru%C5%A1en%C3%AD%20ochrann%C3%A9ho%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20ze%20dne%202.%20b%C5%99ezna%202020%20k%20z%C3%A1kazu%20let%C5%AF%20z%20Korejsk%C3%A9%20republiky.pdf
  116. ^ "The Czech Republic has 5 new infections, total has grown to 26". iRozhlas.cz. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  117. ^ a b Ministerstvo zdravotnictví vydalo nové mimořádné opatření týkající se karantény osob, které se vracejí z Itálie
  118. ^ "The Czech Republic has 26 infected. Mandatory quarantine also for foreigners". iDNES.cz. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  119. ^ Cizinci, kteří překročí hranice ČR, budou kontrolováni na příznaky infekčního onemocnění
  120. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/DOC130320-130320_209.pdf
  121. ^ a b Výjimky z omezení cestování - Ministerstvo vnitra České republiky
  122. ^ Karanténu pro kontakty nakažených osob budou nově na dálku rozhodovat praktičtí lékaři
  123. ^ Ministerstvo zdravotnictví zakazuje návštěvy všem poskytovatelům zdravotních služeb lůžkové péče a zařízením sociálních služeb
  124. ^ a b Mimořádná opatření Ministerstva zdravotnictví zakazují konání hromadných akcí nad 100 osob i výuku na školách
  125. ^ a b c d https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/Opatreni-o-zakazu-poradani-kulturnich--sportovnich-a-dalsich-akci-s-ucasti-nad-30-osob_1.pdf
  126. ^ a b https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40682&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20voln%C3%BD%20pohyb%20osob%20na%20%C3%BAzem%C3%AD%20%C4%8CR.pdf
  127. ^ a b https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40761&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20prodlou%C5%BEen%C3%AD%20omezen%C3%AD%20pohybu%20osob.pdf
  128. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/Opatreni-o-zakazu-skolni-dochazky--vzdelavacich-a-volnocasovych-aktivit-ve-skolstvi_1.pdf
  129. ^ a b c d Vláda rozhodla o uzavření všech obchodů kromě prodejen potravin, lékáren, drogerií, čerpacích stanic a některých dalších | Vláda ČR
  130. ^ a b c https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40762&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20prodlou%C5%BEen%C3%AD%20z%C3%A1kazu%20maloobchodn%C3%ADho%20prodeje.pdf
  131. ^ a b https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40685&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20omezen%C3%AD%20maloobchodn%C3%ADho%20prodeje.pdf
  132. ^ a b c https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/DOC130320-130320_208.pdf
  133. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/Opatreni-v-mezinarodni-osobni-doprave_1.pdf
  134. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/DOC130320-130320_204.pdf
  135. ^ https://apps.odok.cz/attachment/-/down/IHOABMQVW63P
  136. ^ http://www.acr.army.cz/informacni-servis/covid/nasazeni-prislusniku-armady-cr-a-vojenske-policie-v-obci-litovel-220237/
  137. ^ Kvůli koronaviru je v izolaci oblast kolem Litovle - iDNES.cz
  138. ^ https://www.irozhlas.cz/zpravy-domov/kynice-izolace-konec-karanteny-koronavirus-hasici-dezinfekce_2004011116_tzr
  139. ^ Hygienici zcela uzavřeli Kynice, kde se virus rozšířil na hasičské zábavě - Novinky.cz
  140. ^ https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40684&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20prodlou%C5%BEen%C3%AD%20omezen%C3%AD%20%C4%8Dinnosti%20OVM%20a%20SO.pdf
  141. ^ https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40760&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20prodlou%C5%BEen%C3%AD%20na%C5%99%C3%ADzen%C3%AD%20omezen%C3%A9ho%20provozu%20OVM%20a%20SO.pdf
  142. ^ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c8/Sb0041-2020.pdf
  143. ^ http://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40763&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20no%C5%A1en%C3%AD%20ochrann%C3%BDch%20prost%C5%99edk%C5%AF%20d%C3%BDchac%C3%ADch%20cest.pdf
  144. ^ [1] Mimořádné opatření MZDR 12501/2020-3/MIN/KAN, Ministry of Health
  145. ^ https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40683&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20vy%C4%8Dlen%C4%9Bn%C3%AD%20prodejn%C3%AD%20doby%20pro%20seniory.pdf
  146. ^ a b c https://aplikace.mvcr.cz/sbirka-zakonu/ViewFile.aspx?type=c&id=38821
  147. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/Usneseni-vlady-k-vyhlaseni-nouzoveho-stavu.pdf
  148. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/Opatreni-o-docasnem-znovuzavedeni-ochrany-vnitrnich-hranic-CR_1.pdf
  149. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/Opatreni-o-zakazu-vstupu-do-CR-a-cestovani-do-rizikovych-zemi_1.pdf
  150. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/DOC130320-130320_203.pdf
  151. ^ Armáda podpoří jednotky IZS na hraničních přechodech | Armáda ČR
  152. ^ Armáda pošle kvůli koronaviru na hranice až 2 100 vojáků - Natoaktual.cz
  153. ^ https://apps.odok.cz/attachment/-/down/IHOABMQVVU7X
  154. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/DOC130320-130320_205.pdf
  155. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/DOC130320-130320_206.pdf
  156. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/DOC130320-130320_207.pdf
  157. ^ https://www.mvcr.cz/soubor/zajistovani-spravnich-cinnosti-v-oblasti-zbrani-v-dobe-nouzoveho-stavu.aspx
  158. ^ https://www.vlada.cz/assets/media-centrum/aktualne/DOC130320-130320_210.pdf
  159. ^ Koronavirus: Laboratoře, které mohou testovat a kde si můžete test zaplatit | Blesk.cz
  160. ^ https://www.irozhlas.cz/zpravy-domov/domovy-pro-seniory-vyhrazena-luzka-v-nemocnicich-techonin-seniori-karantena-adam_2003281300_vtk
  161. ^ https://apps.odok.cz/attachment/-/down/IHOABMRE46CG
  162. ^ https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40603&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20LP%20Remdesivir.pdf
  163. ^ https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40681&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20p%C5%99edepisov%C3%A1n%C3%AD%20l%C3%A9%C4%8Div%C3%A9ho%20p%C5%99%C3%ADpravku%20Plaquenil%2023.%203.%202020.pdf
  164. ^ https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40852&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20p%C5%99edepisov%C3%A1n%C3%AD%20l%C3%A9%C4%8Div%C3%A9ho%20p%C5%99%C3%ADpravku%20Plaquenil.pdf
  165. ^ https://www.mzcr.cz/Soubor.ashx?souborID=40693&typ=application/pdf&nazev=Mimo%C5%99%C3%A1dn%C3%A9%20opat%C5%99en%C3%AD%20-%20z%C3%A1znam%20o%20hospitalizovan%C3%A9m%20pozitivn%C3%ADm%20n%C3%A1lezu%20v%20ISIN.pdf
  166. ^ https://ct24.ceskatelevize.cz/domaci/3063778-jak-si-vyrobit-nouzovou-rousku-bez-siti-socialni-site-radi-kus-latky-ministerstvo-i
  167. ^ https://zlinsky.denik.cz/zpravy_region/pomoc-nejohrozenejsim-seniorum-privezou-nakupy-az-domu-20200318.html
  168. ^ https://www.ceskatelevize.cz/porady/10000000408-naladte-se-na-ct3/
  169. ^ https://ustecky.denik.cz/zpravy_region/vietnamska-komunita-se-slozila-na-plicni-ventilatory-pro-usteckou-nemocnici-20200323.html
  170. ^ https://www.novinky.cz/domaci/clanek/ceska-televize-zacina-ucit-deti-zakladnich-skol-40316814
  171. ^ https://josefprusa.cz/prusa-research-a-boj-s-koronavirem-jak-je-dulezite-byt-pripraven/
  172. ^ https://josefprusa.cz/od-navrhu-k-hromadnemu-3d-tisku-zdravotnickych-stitu-behem-tri-dnu/
  173. ^ https://zpravy.aktualne.cz/ekonomika/zufanek-dezinfekce/r~84235f126d0611ea80e60cc47ab5f122/

External links

Information from the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic - COVID-19
Hospitals with COVID-19 testfacility - Blue is with self-pay testfacility
List of laboratories testing on COVID-19 in Czech Republic
Important-phone-numbers and links// Emergency contact numbers
Most services are available 24h and seven days a week
What is Wiki.RIP There is a free information resource on the Internet. It is open to any user. Wiki is a library that is public and multilingual.

The basis of this page is on Wikipedia. Text licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License..

Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. wiki.rip is an independent company that is not affiliated with the Wikimedia Foundation (Wikimedia Foundation).

E-mail: wiki@wiki.rip
WIKI OPPORTUNITIES
Privacy Policy      Terms of Use      Disclaimer