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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Syria

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Syria
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationSyria
Arrival date22 March 2020
(1 week and 4 days)
Confirmed cases16[1]
Recovered0
Deaths
2[2]

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was reported to have spread to Syria on 14 March 2020, based on indirect evidence from Pakistan where 8 individuals with a travel history including Syria were confirmed to have the virus.[3] The Syrian government denied any COVID-19 cases in the country by 14 March,[4] but on 22 March, the Health Minister of Syria reported the first case in Syria.[5]

The Kurdish-led Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria has taken a range of measures to prevent the spread of the disease including a region-wide curfew and the closing of all non-essential businesses as well as schools.[6][7] Syria is considered especially vulnerable to the epidemic due to the ongoing Syrian Civil War and dire humanitarian situation.[8][9]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in Syria  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-22
1(n.a.)
1(=)
2020-03-25
5(+400%)
5(=)
2020-03-29
10(+100%) 1
2020-03-30
10(=) 2
2020-04-02
16(+60%) 2
Sources:

March 2020

2 March: The government of the Kurdistan Region in Iraq, ordered the complete closure of the Semalka Border Crossing at the Iraq-Syria border into the Kurdish-led Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria until further notice as “a precautionary measure to prevent the transmission of the coronavirus to the areas of autonomous administration of North and East Syria, excluding emergency cases”.[10]

10 March: The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that there have been outbreaks of COVID-19 in Tartus, Damascus, Homs and Latakia provinces. According to the UK-based monitor's sources, a strict gag order has been issued to forbid medical personnel from discussing the issue.[11]

11 March: A health official from the Jazira Region in the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria said that there are no documented cases of Covid-19 in the province. Kurdistan TV reported from Qamishli, the largest Kurdish city in Syria, stating that 1% of the population in the city are wearing protective masks, as pharmacies and medical equipment sales centers were running low on the supply of masks. Furthermore, by 11 March, four suspected cases of Covid-19 had been reported to the Syrian Health Authority, which contacted the World Health Organization. The tests came back as negative.[12]

14 March: The Pakistani Chief Minister of Sindh province alleged that nationals returning from the Middle East had imported the disease.[3] Out of 14 confirmed cases in Sindh province, eight had a travel history that included Syria.[3] The day earlier, World Health Organization said that all Pakistani cases were imported, but without mentioning the exact origin of those.[3] The Syrian government denied any cases of COVID-19 in the country.[4] Nevertheless, authorities delayed upcoming parliamentary elections, shut down schools, and canceled most public events to prevent any spread of the coronavirus.[4] The Kurdish-led Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria canceled all gatherings, limited entry to the region to residents only on Tuesdays of each week and closed all schools, universities and educational institutes until further notice.[6]

19 March: The Kurdish-led Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria imposed a curfew starting from March 23 at 06:00 am and prohibited movement among the subregions of northeastern Syria, as well as among the major cities within each region starting from March 21 at 06:00. Restaurants, cafes, commercial centers, bazaars, public parks, private medical clinics, wedding halls and mourning tents are to be closed while hospitals, public and private health centers, international organizations, the Red Cross and Crescent, pharmacies, sterilization committees, cleaners, bakeries, food stores, food and baby milk trucks and fuel tanks were excluded from the ban.[7]

20 March The Damascus Governorate and the Syrian Arab Red Crescent begins disinfection of the Yusuf al-Azma Square and other areas of Damascus.[13]

22 March: The Health Minister of Syria reported the first case in Syria.[5]

24 March: The Ministry of Interior declared a curfew from 6 PM to 6 AM, effective starting next day (Wednesday, 25 March)[14]

25 March: The Ministry of Health reported three new cases. The three new cases were among those quarantined in the Dwair center after being abroad. Later that day, around 19:00 local time, one new case was reported.[15]

27 March: The government declared that commuting of citizens between province centers and all other urban and rural areas is disallowed at all times excluding those with clearance, starting Sunday March 29 at 2 p.m. local time.[16]

29 March: The Ministry of Health said that a woman has died just after she arrived in hospital, they did a test and the results came positive.[17] Later that day, four new cases were registered.[17]

30 March: The Ministry of Health said that a new person has died.[2]

2 April: The Ministry of Health declares 6 new cases.[1]

Graphs

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Syrian governorates
Governorate Cases (16) Recov. (0) Deaths (2)
Aleppo - - -
al-Raqqa - - -
As-Suwayda - - -
Damascus 5 0 0
Daraa - - -
Deir ez-Zor - - -
Hama - - -
Hasaka - - -
Homs - - -
Idlib - - -
Latakia - - -
Quneitra - - -
Rif Dimashq 1 0 1
Tartus - - -
Unspecified 10 0 1

References

  1. ^ a b "Health Ministry: 6 new coronavirus infections detected in Syria to raise the total number of 16 cases". Syrian Arab News Agency. 2 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Health Ministry: Second death case of coronavirus registered in Syria". Syrian Arab News Agency. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d "Pakistan blames Syria for Coronavirus outbreak". Daily Times. 14 March 2020. Archived from the original on 15 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Syria, insisting it is coronavirus-free, takes broad steps to prevent spread". Reuters. 14 March 2020. Archived from the original on 15 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020 – via www.reuters.com.
  5. ^ a b "Health Minister: First case of Coronavirus registered in Syria in patient who had come from abroad, appropriate measures have been taken to deal with the case". Sana.sy. 22 March 2020. Archived from the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b http://www.hawarnews.com/en/haber/to-prevent-coronas-emergence-spread--curfew-in-north-and-east-syria-h15366.html
  8. ^ "In Syria's northwest, medics fear the worst if coronavirus hits crowded camps". Reuters. 11 March 2020. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020 – via www.reuters.com.
  9. ^ "Syrian refugees are experiencing their worst crisis to date. Coronavirus will make it worse". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 1 March 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Officials to close Syria-Kurdistan Region border to block coronavirus". kurdistan24.net. Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  11. ^ Petkova, Mariya (16 March 2020). "Concern mounts of 'catastrophic' coronavirus outbreak in Syria". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  12. ^ Shivan Ibrahim (11 March 2020). "Is COVID-19 lurking in Syria's Kurdish northeast?". Al-monitor.com. Archived from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Disinfection campaign in streets and neighborhoods of Damascus, Photos". sana.sy. 20 March 2020. Archived from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Syria adds night curfew to coronavirus curbs". Reuters. 30 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Health Ministry: Four case of Coronavirus detected in Syria to raise the total number to Five". sana.sy. 25 March 2020. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  16. ^ "As part of efforts to confront Coronavirus, commuting between province centers and other areas to be restricted". sana.sy. 27 March 2020.
  17. ^ a b "Health Ministry: A woman infected with coronavirus dies as she enters hospital with emergency case". Syrian Arab News Agency. 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
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