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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Peru

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Peru
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Peru.svg
Departments with confirmed coronavirus cases
  Confirmed 1–9
  Confirmed 10–59
  Confirmed 60–99
  Confirmed 100–299
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationPeru
First outbreakCzech Republic, France and Spain
Index caseLima
Arrival date6 March 2020
(4 weeks)
Confirmed cases1,323
Recovered447
Deaths
30

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was reported to have spread to Peru on 6 March 2020 when a 25-year-old man who had traveled to Spain, France and the Czech Republic tested positive.[1]

Timeline

On 6 March the first confirmed case in Peru was announced from a 25-year-old Peruvian living in Lima who had recently returned from travels in France, Spain, and the Czech Republic.[citation needed]

On 10 March 2020, 11 cases were confirmed, from which 7 of the new cases were related to the first known case in Peru.[2] On the following day, two new cases were registered.[3] Due to the global pandemic, the Peruvian government decided to cancel classes in public and private schools, as a precautionary measure until 30 March.[4]

On 15 March, Peruvian President Martín Vizcarra made a national announcement, declaring a 15-day quarantine effective from 16 March, effectively putting in place stringent rules 9 days after the first case was seen in the country. There was a sudden ban on all travel between provinces, all travel into and out of the country, and a ban put on place for planes, boats, trains, buses, and private automobiles.[5]

On 16 March, group of four Mexicans from Tamaulipas who went to Cusco, on vacation could not return to Mexico until 2 April because all flights had been canceled and the borders of Peru were closed.[6] Furthermore, thousands of American, Israeli, Australian, and British tourists trapped mostly in Cusco and Lima were unable to leave the country in the 24 hours between announcement of the quarantine and cessation of all flights. On this day, the President also announced a sum of 380 soles ($106 at the time) would be given to vulnerable families to help while most people are unable to work.[7]

On 17 March, the second full day of quarantine, citizens were required to fill out an online form in order to obtain permission to leave home.[8] Military paraded the streets of Lima to enforce this, and people were not allowed to walk together. At 8pm that night through an organized effort, Peruvians and residents in Peru went out to their balconies and windows to applaud the front-line workers such as doctors, the military, market shop owners, and police to applaud their efforts during the pandemic.[9]

On 18 March, the government tightened the measures of quarantine, implementing a curfew from 8pm-5am where citizens are not allowed to leave their homes. A man who was seen taking out the trash that night was cornered by a dozen police cars and motorcycles, and arrested.[10] 153 other people in Lima and Callao were detained that night for violating curfew.[11]

On 19 March, MINSA informed about the first death because of the virus, a 78-year-old man.[12] On the same day, the death toll was updated to 3.[13]

People in Lima wearing facemasks on 16 March

On 20 March, President Vizcarra announced that Elizabeth Hinostroza would be stepping down from her post as Minister of Health in favor of Victor Zamora Mesia, who the President stated had more experience in the public health sector and was more experienced in the face of this pandemic.[14] The President was also quoted as saying that if all citizens respect the quarantine and abide properly by its laws, the state of emergency could be lifted at the end of the 15-day quarantine,[15] a relief in the face of bordering countries such as Chile declaring a 90-day state of emergency.

On 26 March, President Vizcarra made a national announcement that the quarantine will be amplified by 13 days, lasting until Sunday, April 12, inclusive. He cited the number of infringements of quarantine, especially in the north of the country in the La Libertad department.

On 30 March, the President made further restrictions to the curfew (which was previously 8pm to 5am nationwide), extending its start from 4pm for departments of La Libertad, Loreto, Piura, and Tumbes, and a start of 6 pm for the rest of the country to further limit movement. As a response, grocery stores which were open until 4 pm before now close at 3 pm. As of this date, there were 950 positive tests, 24 deaths, 49 patients in the ICU, and 37 on mechanical ventilation. [16]

On 2 April, the President made a live announcement to the country that for the remaining 10 days of quarantine, they will add one more restriction in order to flatten the curve. Mobilization outside of the house will be limited by days. Only men will be able to leave the house to buy groceries, medicines, or go to the bank on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Only women are allowed outside on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. No one is allowed on Sunday. These restrictions are to allow easy identification by police and military (rather than others that require more precise identification, such as even and odd numbers of each person's DNI number), and to reduce circulation by 50%.[17] Wearing of masks in public was officially declared compulsory, although it was a rule enforced by police and military for a few weeks up to this announcement.[18] As of this date, there are 1,414 positive cases, 189 hospitalized patients, and 51 in the ICU.

Date Total Cases Lima Cases
2020-03-06 1 [19] 1
2020-03-07 6 [20] 5
2020-03-08 7 6
2020-03-09 9 8
2020-03-10 11 [21] 8
2020-03-11 15 [22] 11
2020-03-12 22 [23] 17
2020-03-13 38 [23] 32
2020-03-14 43 37
2020-03-15 71 58
2020-03-16 86 70
2020-03-17 117 96
2020-03-18 145 111
2020-03-19 234 194
2020-03-20 263 212
2020-03-21 318 241
2020-03-22 361 [24] 278
2020-03-23 395 307
2020-03-24 416 [25] 322
2020-03-25 480 369
2020-03-26 580 453
2020-03-27 635 494
2020-03-28 671 518
2020-03-29 852 [26] 639
2020-03-30 950 [16] 718
2020-03-31 1,065 799
2020-04-01 1,323 990
2020-04-02 1,414 1,059
2020-04-03 1,595

Statistics

COVID-19 cases in Peru  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
2020-03-06
1
2020-03-07
6(+500%)
2020-03-08
7(+17%)
2020-03-09
9(+29%)
2020-03-10
11(+22%)
2020-03-11
17(+55%)
2020-03-12
22(+29%)
2020-03-13
38(+73%)
2020-03-14
43(+13%)
2020-03-15
71(+65%)
2020-03-16
86(+21%)
2020-03-17
117(+36%)
2020-03-18
145(+24%)
2020-03-19
234(+61%)
2020-03-20
263(+12%)
2020-03-21
318(+21%)
2020-03-22
363(+14%)
2020-03-23
395(+8.8%)
2020-03-24
416(+5.3%)
2020-03-25
480(+15%)
2020-03-26
580(+21%)
2020-03-27
635(+9.5%)
2020-03-28
671(+5.7%)
2020-03-29
852(+27%)
2020-03-30
950(+12%)
2020-03-31
1,065(+12%)
2020-04-01
1,323(+24%)
2020-04-02
1,414(+6.9%)
2020-04-03
1,595(+13%)
Sources: [27]

Total confirmed cases

Sources: [27]

References

  1. ^ "Peru records first confirmed case of coronavirus, President Vizcarra says". Reuters. 6 March 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2020 – via www.reuters.com.
  2. ^ "Ascienden a once los casos de coronavirus en Perú". CNN (in Spanish). 10 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Coronavirus en Perú: Se incrementa a 13 el número de casos". Correo (in Spanish). 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  4. ^ "No hay clases en colegios públicos y privados hasta el 30 de marzo, anuncia Vizcarra". Correo (in Spanish). 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Coronavirus en Perú: Gobierno anuncia cuarentena obligatoria por 15 días por coronavirus". Gestión. 16 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Cierre de fronteras deja varados a mexicanos en Perú". El Informador :: Noticias de Jalisco, México, Deportes & Entretenimiento.
  7. ^ "Martín Vizcarra anuncia bono de 380 soles a familias que dependan de trabajos diarios". larepublica.pe. 16 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Coronavirus: Mininter habilita web para solicitar permiso especial de tránsito". canaln.pe.
  9. ^ "Coronavirus en Perú: agradecen con aplausos a personal que labora durante estado de emergencia [VIDEO]". larepublica.pe. 18 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Hombre que sacó la basura durante toque de queda fue detenido [VIDEO]". larepublica.pe. 19 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Toque de queda: 153 personas detenidas en Lima y Callao por no acatar medida [VIDEO]". larepublica.pe. 19 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Coronavirus: MINSA anuncia que primer fallecido por COVID-19 en Perú es de 78 años". libero.pe. 19 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Coronavirus en Perú EN VIVO: tres muertos y 234 casos, las cifras de COVID-19 en el país". El Comercio Perú. 19 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Coronavirus en Perú: Reemplazan a Elizabeth Hinostroza como ministra de Salud". Peru21. 20 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Coronavirus en Perú | Martín Vizcarra: Si los días que quedan los trabajamos bien, no sería necesario ampliar estado de emergencia". RPP.
  16. ^ a b "Sube a 950 el número de contagiados y 24 los fallecidos por covid-19". Elperuano.pe. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  17. ^ De 2020, 2 De Abril. "Por el coronavirus, Perú ordenó que hombres y mujeres circulen por separado hasta el 12 de abril". Infobae.
  18. ^ "Coronavirus: Uso de mascarillas será obligatorio para circular por la vía pública". canaln.pe.
  19. ^ "Peru records first confirmed case of coronavirus, President Vizcarra says". Reuters. 6 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020 – via www.reuters.com.
  20. ^ "Peru reports 5 new cases of coronavirus, one day after announcing its first". Infobae (Spanish). 6 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020 – via www.infobae.com.
  21. ^ "REPORTE COMPLEMENTARION°1250-10/3/2020/COEN-INDECI/17:20HORAS (Reporte Nº 2) - CASOS CONFIRMADOS DE CORONAVIRUS EN EL PERÚ" (PDF). indeci.gob.pe.
  22. ^ "Coronavirus | COVID-19 | Minsa: Sube a 17 los casos confirmados con el nuevo virus en el Perú". RPP.
  23. ^ a b "Coronavirus en Perú: 30 muertos, 1,065 casos y más información - EN VIVO". Expreso. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  24. ^ "Número de infectados de Covid-19 se eleva a 363 en Perú: Lima registra 278 casos". Gestión. 22 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Monitoreo Regional COVID-19 (Fuente: Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Prevención y Control de Enfermedades - MINSA)". giscorporativo.com.pe.
  26. ^ "Cifra de contagiados por COVID-19 aumenta 181 en un día". Correo. 30 March 2020.
  27. ^ a b "Ministerio de Salud - MINSA | Gobierno del Perú". Gob.pe. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
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