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2020 coronavirus pandemic in North America

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in North America
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationNorth America
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseSnohomish County, Washington, United States
Arrival date21 January 2020
Confirmed cases230,510[1]
Recovered10,800[1]
Deaths
5,411[1]
Territories
40[1]

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have reached North America in January 2020. As of 25 March 2020, all North American countries (including Central America and the Caribbean) have reported at least one case of COVID-19.

Pandemic by country/region

Summary table of confirmed cases in North America (as of 1 April 2020)[2]
Country/Region Confirmed Deaths Recovered Main article Ref
 United States 244,678 5,758 9,058 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the United States [2][3]
 Canada 11,268 138 1,971 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Canada [4][2][5]
 Mexico 1,510 50 633 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Mexico [6][2]
 Panama 1,475 37 10 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Panama [2]
flag Dominican Republic 1,380 60 16 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Dominican Republic [7][8]
flag Costa Rica 396 2 6 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Costa Rica [2]
flag Puerto Rico 286 11 2 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Puerto Rico [2]
flag Cuba 212 6 12 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Cuba [2]
flag Honduras 172 10 3 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Honduras [2]
flag Martinique 119 2 27 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Martinique [2]
flag Guadeloupe 114 2 22 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Guadeloupe [2]
flag Trinidad and Tobago 87 3 1 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Trinidad and Tobago [2]
flag Aruba 55 0 1 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Aruba [2]
flag Guatemala 39 1 12 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Guatemala [9][10][2]
flag Jamaica 36 1 2 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Jamaica [2]
flag Barbados 34 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Barbados [2]
flag El Salvador 32 1 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in El Salvador [2]
flag United States Virgin Islands 30 0 21 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the United States Virgin Islands [2]
flag Bermuda 27 0 10 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Bermuda [2]
flag Collectivity of Saint Martin 21 2 2 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Collectivity of Saint Martin [2]
flag The Bahamas 15 0 1 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Bahamas [2]
flag Haiti 15 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Haiti [2]
flag Saint Lucia 13 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Saint Lucia [2]
flag Cayman Islands 12 1 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Cayman Islands [2]
flag Dominica 12 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Dominica [2]
flag Curaçao 11 1 2 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Curaçao [2]
flag Greenland 10 0 2 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Greenland [2]
flag Grenada 9 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Grenada [2]
flag Saint Kitts and Nevis 8 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Saint Kitts and Nevis [2]
flag Antigua and Barbuda 7 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Antigua and Barbuda [2]
flag Sint Maarten 6 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Sint Maarten [2]
flag Saint Barthélemy 6 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Saint Barthélemy [2]
flag Montserrat 5 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Montserrat [2]
flag Turks and Caicos Islands 5 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Turks and Caicos Islands [2]
flag Nicaragua 4 1 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Nicaragua [2]
flag Belize 3 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Belize [2]
flag British Virgin Islands 3 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the British Virgin Islands [2]
flag Anguilla 2 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Anguilla [2]
flag Caribbean Netherlands 2 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in North America#Caribbean Netherlands [2]
flag Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 0 1 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines [2]
Total 213,111 4,390 8,563 [2]

Confirmed cases

Counting of cases are subject to the number of tested people.

Antigua and Barbuda

The Bahamas

Barbados

As of 18 March there have been two confirmed cases in the country.[11]

Belize

British Overseas Territories

Anguilla

The first two cases of the virus were confirmed on 26 March.[12]

Bermuda

Cayman Islands

Montserrat

The territory's first case was confirmed on 17 March. Schools have been closed and public gatherings banned as a precautionary measure.[13][14]

Turks and Caicos Islands

British Virgin Islands

On 25 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[15]

Canada

The first case of the 2019–20 coronavirus in Canada was confirmed on January 25, 2020, when a man returned to Toronto from travelling in Wuhan, China and two days later, tested positive for coronavirus disease 2019, caused by SARS-CoV-2. As of March 13, 2020, there have been 198 cases of coronavirus reported in Canada with 1 death in 7 provinces. 2 cases have been reported of the passengers who travelled on the Grand Princess: Ontario (79 cases), British Columbia (64 cases, 1 death), Alberta (29 cases), Quebec (20 cases), Manitoba (4 cases), Saskatchewan (2 cases), New Brunswick (1 case) and Grand Princess (2 cases).[16][17][18] Almost all cases had recent travel history to a country with a substantial number of coronavirus cases. Of these cases, eleven (six in BC, five in Ontario) have recovered.[19]

As of March 11, 2020, the Public Health Agency of Canada has evaluated the public health risk of the pandemic as being "low for the general population", but of a higher risk for those over the age of 65, or with underlying conditions.[20] On March 13, 2020 the Government of Canada issued a formal travel advisory against any non-essential travel outside of the country until further notice.[21][22]

Costa Rica

On 6 March, the first case in Costa Rica was confirmed, which was also the first such case in Central America.[23]

Cuba

On 11 March, the first cases in Cuba were confirmed.[24]

Greenland (Denmark)

Dominica

On 22 March, the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed on the island of Dominica. It was a woman who recently came back from the UK.[25]

Dominican Republic

On 1 March, the first case in the Dominican Republic was confirmed, which was also the first case in the Caribbean.[26]

El Salvador

Overseas France

Two cases of the coronavirus were confirmed on 1 March in the French collectivity of Saint Martin, having travelled from France through Dutch Sint Maarten and French collectivity of Saint Barthélemy, where they infected their son who is a resident. They then returned to Sint Maarten and were detected at the airport and transferred to French Saint Martin hospital for isolation.[27] According to the French Ministry of Health situation reports,[28] as of 6 March, there have been two confirmed cases in Martinique, two in Saint Martin and one in Saint Barthélemy.[29]

Region of Guadeloupe

Region of Martinique

Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy

Collectivity of Saint Martin

Grenada

On 22 March, the first case in the country was confirmed.[30]

Guatemala

Haiti

On 19 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[31]

Honduras

On 10 March, the first two cases in Honduras were confirmed.[32]

Jamaica

The government announced a travel ban between China and Jamaica. All people entering Jamaica from China will be subject to immediate quarantine for at least 14 days, and anyone who was allowed to land and shows symptoms of the virus will be put in immediate isolation.[33] In keeping with the new policy, 19 Chinese nationals who arrived at the Norman Manley International Airport on the evening of 31 January were denied entry, quarantined and put on a flight back to China on 1 February.[34]

On 10 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed the first case in Jamaica, a female patient who arrived from the United Kingdom on 4 March. The health minister reported that she has been in isolation since 9 March after showing respiratory symptoms. Following the update, the travel ban imposed was expanded to include France, Germany and Spain.[35]

On 11 March, the country's health minister confirmed the second "imported corona virus [sic]" case.[36]

Mexico

On 28 February 2020, Mexico confirmed its first three cases.[37] The country's first coronavirus-related death was reported on 18 March. Almost every state reported at least one case of infection.[38] Mexico entered Phase 2 of 3, indicating community transmission, on 24 March. Mexico had 292 imported cases of infection, 70 cases linked to importation, and five cases that were unlinked to foreign contact.[39]

Netherlands

Aruba

On 13 March 2020, Prime Minister Evelyn Wever-Croes announced the first two confirmed cases of coronavirus on the island.[40]

As a result, the country restricted entry of all individuals coming from Europe via air and seaports – starting on 15 March and in effect until 31 March – with the exception of those who are Aruban citizens.[40] They also suspended public and private school classes for the week of March 16, as well as all large-scale public gatherings.[citation needed]

Curaçao

Sint Maarten

As of 18 March there has been one confirmed case in Sint Maarten.[41] Schools have been shut for a period of two weeks.[41]

Caribbean Netherlands

Sint Eustatius

By 26 March there were no confirmed cases in the territory, with seven suspected cases coming back negative.[42] Schools have also been temporarily shut on the island.[43] Most international visitors are also currently banned from entering the territory.[44]

The two first cases on St Eustatius were confirmed on April 1.[45]

Nicaragua

Panama

The Panamanian government has enhanced its sanitary control and screening measures at all ports of entry, to prevent the spread of the virus, isolating and testing potential cases.[46]

On 9 March, the health ministry (MINSA) announced Panama's first coronavirus case, a Panamanian woman in her 40s who had returned from Spain.[47][48]

On the following day, the MINSA announced seven more COVID-19 cases and one coronavirus-related death.[49][50][51]

Saint Kitts and Nevis

On 25 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[52]

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

On 11 March, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines confirmed its first case.[53]

Trinidad and Tobago

On 12 March, Trinidad and Tobago confirmed its first case of COVID-19. It was a 52-year-old man who had recently been to Switzerland. He was self-isolated before he began experiencing symptoms of COVID-19.[54]

United States

On 21 January, the United States confirmed its first case, a 35-year-old man living in Snohomish County, Washington, who had travelled from Wuhan to Seattle–Tacoma International Airport on 15 January.[citation needed]

On 27 February, the CDC reported a case in California which may be the first instance of community transmission in the US.[55]

On 29 February, officials of Washington State confirmed the first reported death from coronavirus in the US.[56]

On March 9, the United States remained still limited in its capacity to test people for the illness.[57]

On 26 March, the United States was reported to have more confirmed coronavirus infection cases than any other country in the world, including China.[58][59]

Puerto Rico

As of 19 March the territory has had five confirmed cases.[60] On 17 March governor Wanda Vázquez Garced announced a 24/7 a lockdown, with people only allowed to leave their homes for food, gas or medicines.[61]

United States Virgin Islands

As of 18 March two people have tested positive for the virus.[62]

Prevention in other countries and territories

Caribbean Netherlands

Bonaire

As of 26 March there have been no cases in the territory.[63]

Saba

As of 26 March there have been no cases in the territory. Schools, bars and 'non essential services' are all currently shut.[64]

Overseas France

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

As of 26 March there have been no cases in the territory, with a confinement regime currently in place.[65]

See also

References

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  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao "Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU)". arcgis.com. Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  3. ^ "COVID-19 Coronavirus Outbreak". Worldometer. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  4. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Outbreak update". Public Health Agency of Canada. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Coronavirus Update (Live): 275,118 Cases and 11,376 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Outbreak - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
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  7. ^ Diario, Listin (24 March 2020). "Aumentan a 312 casos de coronavirus en RD". listindiario.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  8. ^ Diario, Listin (24 March 2020). "Aumentan a seis muertes por coronavirus en RD". listindiario.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  9. ^ Nilsen, Av Sondre; Skjetne, Oda Leraan; Sfrintzeris, Yasmin; Røset, Hanna Haug; breaking-avdeling, Carina Hunshamar og VGs. "Live-oppdatering: coronavirusets spredning i Norge og verden". VG Nett. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
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  56. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  57. ^ Madrigal, Robinson Meyer, Alexis C. (9 March 2020). "The Dangerous Delays in U.S. Coronavirus Testing Haven't Stopped". The Atlantic. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
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