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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Jersey

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Jersey
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationJersey
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseImported from Italy
Arrival date10 March 2020
(3 weeks and 3 days ago)
Confirmed cases81[1][2][3]
Deaths
2[4][5]
Official website
gov.je/coronavirus

The 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Bailiwick of Jersey is part of an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case in Jersey was confirmed on 10 March 2020 when a person tested positive on the island after returning from Italy.

Background

A new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) was first identified in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in late December 2019 as the cause of a cluster of cases of an acute respiratory disease now referred to as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).[6] As of March 2020 more than 170 countries and territories have been affected, with major outbreaks in China, Italy, South Korea and Iran.[7][8] On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) characterised the spread of COVID-19 as a pandemic.[9][10]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in the Bailiwick of Jersey  ()
     Deaths        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-10
1(n.a.)
2020-03-11
2(+100%)
2(=)
2020-03-16
5(+150%)
5(=)
2020-03-18
6(+20%)
2020-03-19
10(+67%)
2020-03-20
12(+20%)
2020-03-21
15(+17%)
15(=)
2020-03-23
16(+7%)
16(=)
2020-03-26
32(+100%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-27
52(+63%) 1(=)
2020-03-28
61(+17%) 1(=)
2020-03-29
63(+3%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-30
81(+29%) 2(=)
2020-03-31
81(=) 2(=)
2020-04-02
96(+19%) 2(=)
Data sourced from the Government of Jersey website.
Last updated 15:05 2 April 2020.
  • On 10 March, the first case was confirmed. The infected person had travelled from Italy.[11]
  • On 11 March a second case was confirmed.[12]
  • On 20 March there were 10 cases confirmed in Jersey, two of which were believed to have been contracted within the island.[13][14]
  • On 25 March a person in their 80's died. They had long-term health conditions and had been receiving palliative care before contracting COVID-19.[15]
  • On 29 March a second person died. They were in their 70's and had long-term health conditions before contracting the virus.[16]
  • On 30 March, the Chief Minister stated that there were ten patients with COVID-19 being treated at the hospital.[17]
  • On 2 April, the total number of cases confirmed stands at 96,[2] with nine patients being treated in hospital.

Testing

Tests are currently sent to Colindale in London for processing,[18] with results taking between 48 hours and five days.[19] Arrangements are being made to establish a test facility on island, perhaps as soon as the end of April 2020.[20] Five thousand test kits have been ordered.[21]

On 15 March a testing centre was opened at Five Oaks.[22]

On 2 April the government announced that it had ordered 5,000 COVID-19 PCR tests from Cepheid Inc in California and two other suppliers. 150,000 serology tests have been ordered from a UK supplier.[18] The serology tests will identify antibodies in people who have developed immunity. They are due to arrive in batches with the first batch expected in April.[18] They intend to test all households in order to enable a phased 'managed exit from the stay home restrictions'.[23] Islanders will be asked to attend mobile testing centres around the island.[18]

As of 3:05pm on 2 April there have been 1,215 tests, of which 96 were confirmed positive and 247 are awaiting results.[24] Two people have died as a result of COVID-19.[24]

Government response

Overview of response

On 12 March the advice from Senator John Fondré, Chief Minister of Jersey was to maintain a semblance of normal life, including continuing to go on holidays off-island,[25] but by 14 March his advice changed, requesting over-65s to start social distancing,[26] and on 20 March he extended this advice to islanders of all ages.[27] Islanders must avoid non-essential travel.[28][29]

From 20 March all travellers arriving on the island, other than essential workers, must self-isolate for 14 days.[29]

From midnight on 26 March those aged over 65 and people with certain underlying medical conditions must self-isolate.[30]

On 26 March the Chief Minister called for young people to heed the social distancing advice for the sake of their family members, and bemoaned the spread of unhelpful rumours by conspiracy theorists over social media.[31]

On 28 March, islanders were told that if one or more people in a household develops COVID-19 symptoms then all the other members of the household must also self-isolate for 14 days.[32]

On the evening of 29 March the Chief Minister announced a lockdown, effective from 8am the following morning. Islanders must stay at home other than for short periods for specific purposes, unless they are employed in an essential function.[33]

The States Assembly passed new legislation, including a law to empower the police to remove people from public areas, enforce self-isolation, testing and screening, and detain those who are potentially infected.[34]

Financial support

On 12 March, the Minister for Economic Development announced deferred social security and GST payments, and deferred rent for businesses where the government was the landlord.[35] On 20 March, he announced that government would pay a subsidy of up to £200 a week to workers in the hospitality, retail, wholesale and agriculture and fisheries industries until the end of April.[36] He announced an enhanced package of support on 26 March, using the island's strategic reserve - the so-called 'rainy day fund' - to pay up to 80% of the wages of affected staff in certain industries, capped at £1,600 a month.[37]

Healthcare

On 19 March, the Minister for Health and Community Services announced that the General Hospital would be closed to visitors.[38]

On 20 March government announced that non-essential operations and outpatient appointments would be cancelled for a four-week period.[39]

On 30 March the Chief Minister stated that ten patients were being cared for at the General Hospital,[40] and that the island has 27 ventilators. People who have worked in the health sector such as dentists and pharmacists were asked to volunteer to support the health service.[41]

Education and childcare

On 18 March, it was announced that all schools and colleges would close for at least four weeks starting from 23 March.[42]

People deemed to work in essential roles are able to apply for their children to attend school or child care so that they can continue to perform their roles.[43]

Restrictions and shutdowns

Food and hospitality

On 22 March, ministers announced that pubs, bars and nightclubs should close.[44]

Closures and cancellations

On 10 March the Lions Club announced that its Swimarathon, a charity fund raising swimming event due to have over 3,500 participants would not take place in 2020.[45]

On 17 March, Cineworld announced the closure of the only cinema on the island.[46]

On 18 March, organisers of the 75th Liberation Day celebrations announced that they would be scaled back.[47]

On 23 March, government announced that its sports centres would close,[48] and Jersey Zoo announced that it would be closed from 24 March until further notice.[49]

On 26 March the organisers of the Jersey Battle of Flowers announced that the event, which was next due to take place in August 2020, would be cancelled for the first time in 70 years.[50]

On 28 March the organisers of the 2020 TMF Island Walk announced that the annual sponsored round-the-island walk due to take place on 20 June would be postponed until later in the summer or may not take place. The event usually attracts 1,500 walkers.[51]

Other reactions

Consumer response

In late February, stocks of hand sanitiser were running low,[52] and in early March, Jersey supermarkets reported unprecedented demand for certain items such as toilet roll. Some retailers introduced restrictions to prevent people from stockpiling.[53]

Travel

On 3 March, France and Germany were added to the list of countries from which travellers would need to self-isolate for 14 days.[54]

On 5 March, the airline Flybe which had been founded in Jersey and serviced the most air routes from the island went into administration, citing Coronavirus as part of the reasaon for its collapse.[55]

On 11 March, Channel Islands airline Blue Islands announced that flights between Jersey and London City Airport would be cancelled temporarily.[56]

On 13 March, Condor Ferries announced that the Commodore Clipper would not carry passengers for a month in order to ensure the continuity of its freight service using the ship.[57]

On 17 March, Condor Ferries announced that sailings to and from Saint-Malo would be suspended from 24 March to at least 2 April.[58] The company subsequently announced that it would cancel all passenger sailings from 27 March until at least 30 April.[59]

On 20 March, Blue Islands announced that flights between Jersey and Guernsey would be suspended.[60]

On 26 March, the island's bus operator LibertyBus announced a reduced timetable from 28 March.[61]

On 28 March, Jersey Airport announced that British Airways flights between Gatwick and Jersey will be suspended from 31 March until the end of April.[62]

On 30 March, EasyJet announced that it was grounding its entire fleet until further notice. EasyJet operated several flights a day between Jersey and London Gatwick as well as to other regional airports such as Liverpool.[63]

On 1 April the Jersey government announced that it was in negotiation with Blue Islands for the airline to provide continuity of air travel to the UK for passengers whose travel is deemed essential.[64]

Funerals

Restrictions on funerals include a ban on church services and only immediate family may attend.[65]

Telecommunications

On 19 March, the island's telecommunications operators announced a free increase in broadband speed to 1Gb/s for all subscribers.[66]

Statistics

Number of cases per day

The figures below count only confirmed cases from tests; the actual number of infections and cases are likely to be higher than reported.[67]

Last updated 15:05 2 April 2020. Data sourced from the Government of Jersey website.

Date Confirmed cases Deaths Tested
New Total New Total New Total
10 March 1 1 0 0 85
11 March 1 2 0 0 7 92
12 March 0 2 0 0 19 111
13 March 0 2 0 0 23 134
14 March 0 2 0 0 33 167
15 March 0 2 0 0 15 182
16 March 3 5 0 0 38 220
17 March 0 5 0 0 6 226
18 March 1 6 0 0 73 299
19 March 4 10 0 0 34 333
20 March 2 12 0 0 51 384
21 March 3 15 0 0 14 398
22 March No data published
23 March 1 16 0 0 23 421
24 March 0 16 0 0 0 421
25 March No data published
26 March 16 32 1 1 83 504
27 March 20 52 0 1 149 653
28 March 9 61 0 1 58 711
29 March 2 63 1 2 20 731
30 March 18 81 0 2 98 829
31 March 0 81 0 2 0 829
1 April No data published
2 April 15 96 0 2 0 1,215
Total 96 2 1,215

Graphs

Total confirmed cases

Last updated 15:05 2 April 2020. Data sourced from the Government of Jersey website.

New cases per day

Last updated 15:05 2 April 2020. Data sourced from the Government of Jersey website.

See also

References

  1. ^ Jersey, States of. "Coronavirus (COVID-19) cases". www.gov.je. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Live updates: Number of Coronavirus cases in the Channel Islands". itv.com. ITV News. ITV. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  3. ^ https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries
  4. ^ Fitch, Zoe (26 March 2020). "First coronavirus death in Channel Islands confirmed". guernseypress.com. Guernsey Press. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  5. ^ "COVID-19 update from Health Minister". gov.je. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  6. ^ "WHO Statement Regarding Cluster of Pneumonia Cases in Wuhan, China". WHO. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Coronavirus Update (Live)". Worldometer. 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases by Johns Hopkins CSSE". gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  9. ^ "WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 11 March 2020". WHO. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Coronavirus confirmed as pandemic". BBC News. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  11. ^ Maguire, Jack. "First coronavirus case in Jersey confirmed". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Coronavirus: Second case confirmed in Jersey". ITV News. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Number of coronavirus (COVID-19) tests and confirmed cases in Jersey". Government of Jersey. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Coronavirus: Hospital visits stopped, two patients treated for COVID-19". Jersey Evening Post. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  15. ^ Heath, Richard. "Jersey suffers first coronavirus death". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Second person dies in Jersey after contracting Coronavirus". ITV News. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  17. ^ Express, Bailiwick. "WATCH: 5,000 test kits on their way to Jersey". Bailiwick Express. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  18. ^ a b c d Live: Update from Dr. Ivan Muscat, Medical Officer of Health. Retrieved 2 April 2020 – via Facebook Live.
  19. ^ Jersey, States of. "32 test positive for COVID-19 to date". gov.je. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Jersey could have Coronavirus testing site by end of April". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  21. ^ Express, Bailiwick. "WATCH: 5,000 test kits on their way to Jersey". Bailiwick Express. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  22. ^ "Coronavirus testing centre opened in Jersey". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  23. ^ "Coronavirus testing update: Island-wide testing confirmed". gov.je. 2 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  24. ^ a b "Number of coronavirus (COVID-19) tests and confirmed cases in Jersey". gov.je. Government of Jersey. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  25. ^ Stephenson, Lucy. "Coronavirus: 'Keep calm and carry on' advice from Jersey's government". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Coronavirus: All islanders over 65 should start social distancing says Jersey Government". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  27. ^ "Jersey's Chief Minister: All islanders to practice social distancing". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  28. ^ Maguire, Jack. "New measures announced to combat coronavirus". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  29. ^ a b "All travellers to Jersey must self isolate for 14 days". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  30. ^ "Health Minister announces new measures for people aged over 65". gov.je. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  31. ^ Maguire, Jack. "COVID-19: 'Young people vital in helping to slow the spread', says Chief Minister". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  32. ^ Heath, Richard. "Entire households now being told to isolate if a member has coronavirus symptoms". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  33. ^ "'Stay at Home': Advice for Islanders". gov.je. 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  34. ^ "Police: Don't call us over lockdown breaches". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  35. ^ Stephenson, Lucy. "Measures to protect Jersey economy amid coronavirus outbreak". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  36. ^ "Jersey's Government announces economic rescue package for vulnerable businesses". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  37. ^ Heath, Ian. "'Biggest economic support package in Jersey's history' announced to help firms through coronavirus outbreak". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  38. ^ "Jersey General Hospital closes to visitors over Coronavirus cases". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  39. ^ "Operations and outpatient appointments cancelled at Jersey's hospital". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  40. ^ "Ten of Jersey's positive Coronavirus cases are in hospital". ITV News. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  41. ^ "Call out for additional health staff". gov.je. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  42. ^ "Schools and colleges to close to students to reduce the spread of Covid-19". Government of Jersey. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  43. ^ "Second wave of critical workers announced". gov.je. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  44. ^ "Coronavirus: Bars and nightclubs to close in Jersey". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  45. ^ "Coronavirus: Jersey's swimarathon cancelled". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  46. ^ "Coronavirus: Jersey's only cinema to close until further notice". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  47. ^ "Coronavirus: Jersey's Liberation 75 celebrations scaled back". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  48. ^ "Coronavirus: Jersey sports centres to close from today". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  49. ^ "Coronavirus: Durrell team 'devastated' as zoo closes until further notice". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  50. ^ "Jersey Battle of Flowers cancelled". ITV News. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  51. ^ "Charities". islandwalk.je. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  52. ^ "Coronavirus: Hand sanitiser stocks run low". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  53. ^ "Bulk buying restricted in Channel Island shops in bid to stop panic buying". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  54. ^ "France added to list of affected areas in Guernsey and Jersey travel advice". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  55. ^ Maguire, Jack. "Coronavirus and Flybe collapse: 'Perfect storm' impacts on tourism". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  56. ^ Stephenson, Lucy. "Flights cancelled as coronavirus puts travellers off". www.jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  57. ^ "No passengers to travel on Commodore Clipper for the next month due to Coronavirus". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  58. ^ "Condor to bring passengers home from St Malo, and then suspend sailings". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  59. ^ "Sailing update information". Condor Ferries. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  60. ^ "Blue islands flights to Guernsey stop". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  61. ^ "Bus journeys in Jersey reduced during coronavirus pandemic". ITV News. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  62. ^ @JERairport (28 March 2020). "Due to the current situation BA Jersey/Gatwick services will be suspended as from Tuesday 31 March until end of April. Passengers due to travel during this period should contact the airline directly for alternative options" (Tweet). Retrieved 28 March 2020 – via Twitter.
  63. ^ "easyJet Statement - fleet grounding". www.jerseyairport.com. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  64. ^ "Essential air travel service". gov.je. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  65. ^ "Drastic changes to funerals in Jersey to prevent spread of Coronavirus". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  66. ^ "Free fibre internet upgrade for Jersey during Coronavirus". ITV News. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  67. ^ Lau, Hien; Khosrawipour, Veria; Kocbach, Piotr; Mikolajczyk, Agata; Ichii, Hirohito; Schubert, Justyna; Bania, Jacek; Khosrawipour, Tanja (March 2020). "Internationally lost COVID-19 cases". Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection. doi:10.1016/j.jmii.2020.03.013. PMID 32205091.

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