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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Jamaica

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Jamaica
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationJamaica
First outbreakChina
Arrival date10 March 2020
(3 weeks and 3 days)
Confirmed cases47
Recovered2
Deaths
3

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Jamaica in March 2020.

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in Jamaica  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases

Mar Mar Apr Apr Last 15 days Last 15 days

Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-10
1(n.a.)
2020-03-11
2(+50%)
2020-03-12
2(=)
2020-03-13
8(+300%)
2020-03-14
8(=)
2020-03-15
10(+25%)
2020-03-16
12(+20%)
2020-03-17
13(+8%)
2020-03-18
15(+15%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-19
16(+7%) 1(=)
2020-03-20
19(+19%) 1(=)
2020-03-21
19(=) 1(=)
2020-03-22
19(=) 1(=)
2020-03-23
21(+11%) 1(=)
2020-03-24
25(+19%) 1(=)
2020-03-25
26(+4%) 1(=)
2020-03-26
26(=) 1(=)
2020-03-27
30(+15%) 1(=)
2020-03-28
32(+6%) 1(=)
2020-03-29
36(+13%) 1(=)
2020-03-30
36(=) 1(=)
2020-03-31
38(+6%) 2(+100%)
2020-04-01
44(+16%) 3(+50%)
2020-04-02
47(+7%) 3(=)

March 2020

On 10 March 2020, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed the first case in Jamaica, a female patient who arrived from the United Kingdom on 4 March. The health minister reported that the patient has been in isolation since 9 March after showing respiratory symptoms. Following the update, the travel ban imposed was expanded to include France, Germany, and Spain.[1]

On 11 March, the country's health minister Christopher Tufton confirmed the second "imported corona virus" case.[2]

On 13 March, the country announced six additional cases – including the father and another female patient of the first patient.[3] Later that day, the government announced that the community of Bull Bay — where the funeral attended by the first patient took place — was placed under quarantine for 14 days.[4] With four of the cases involving patients travelling through or from the United Kingdom, the country's foreign minister Kamina Johnson-Smith announced that the travel ban would be expanded to include the United Kingdom.[5]

On 15 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed that 19 suspected cases were reported and the patients tested. Of the 19 suspected cases, only two patients were confirmed as having the virus - one coming from Trinidad and Tobago and the other who had "contact tracing from the index case".[6] In the same update, the Ministry confirmed that there were twenty-seven patients in isolation facilities and that Patients 1 and 2 no longer exhibit any symptoms.[citation needed]

On 16 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) and the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) reported that there were five preliminary confirmed cases.[7] Later that day, the government confirmed that only two of the five reported cases tested positive for COVID-19. In response to the increase in cases, the government announced further social distancing measures such as imposed work-from-home directives, the banning of all mass gatherings of more than 20 people, and the shuttering of bars, restaurants, sporting events, et cetera.[citation needed]

On 17 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) and the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) confirmed another case[8] - someone who attended the same funeral as Patient 1.

On 18 March, the Chief Medical Officer of Jamaica confirmed the first COVID-19 death in the country.[9] At the same press conference, the health ministry confirmed two additional cases.[10]

0n 19 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed one additional case bringing the total to 16.

On 20 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed three additional cases bringing the total to 19 (of which, five cases are of local transmission).[11]

On 23 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed two additional cases bringing the total to 21.[12] Of the two new cases, one was identified through contact tracing and was found to have been within close proximity to two patients.[13]

On 24 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed four additional cases bringing the total to 25.[14]

On 25 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional case bringing the total to 26.[15]

On 27 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed four additional cases bringing the total to 30.[16]

On 28 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed two additional cases bringing the total to 32.[17]

On 29 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed four additional cases bringing the total to 36 - including two female patients with a travel history from New York and the first healthcare worker.[18] [19]. The government also reported the recovery of the first patient in Jamaica.

On 31 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed two additional cases bringing the total to 38 - including one patient with a travel history from Boston and Atlanta; and, the first patient under the age of 18 years old. In the same release, the health ministry announced the second coronavirus related death, a previously recovering patient who was determined to have succumbed to cardiac arrest; and, the second recovered patient who has since been released from hospital.[20]

April 2020

On 01 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed six addtional cases bringing the total to 44.[21] All six cases are from the Corn Piece community in Hayes, Clarendon, which has been under quarantine since 19 March. Earlier that day, the health minister tweeted that the country "had reported another COVID19 related death".[22]

On 02 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed three additional cases bringing the total to 47. The patients include a couple in their 70s with a travel history from New York and a 32 year old male with no known travel history.[23]

Reaction

January and February 2020

The government announced a travel ban between China and Jamaica. All people entering Jamaica from China will be subject to immediate quarantine for at least 14 days, and anyone who was allowed to land and shows symptoms of the virus will be put in immediate isolation.[24] In keeping with the new policy, 19 Chinese nationals who arrived at the Norman Manley International Airport on the evening of 31 January were denied entry, quarantined, and put on a flight back to China on 1 February.[25]

March 2020

On 12 March, Prime Minister Andrew Holness ordered all primary and secondary schools closed for 14 days.[26]

On 13 March, the Prime Minister announced the invocation of the special powers[27] to combat further spread of COVID-19.[28] He said the country was seeking 100 Cuban nurses to help, and recruiting retired medical professionals.[29]

On 17 March, the Government of Jamaica issued work-from-home directives to non-essential workers in Jamaica.[30]

On 19 March, the Government of Jamaica placed the community of Corn Piece in Hayes District, Clarendon under quarantine; the community was the home of the patient who succumbed to the illness on 18 March.

On 20 March, the Government of Jamaica announced that all sea and airports will be closed to incoming traffic for a period of 14 days effective 21 March.[31] The Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) announced that it will be drafting final year medical students and retired medical practitioners to "support clinical and surveillance activities".[32]

On 23 March, the Government of Jamaica imposed a stay-at-home order for all Jamaican citizens and residents 75 years and older for a period of 14 days; the order coming into effect on 25 March.[33] Prime Minister Andrew Holness also announced that all public sector workers 65 years and older must work from home;[34] school closures shall extend to the end of the Easter term (8 April);[35] and, that all persons who entered the country on 18 March will be placed on an additional 14 days quarantine.[36]

On 30 March, the Government of Jamaica announced an all-island curfew commencing on 01 April to combat what it believed was an "increase in movement over the weekend". The curfew, between 08pm and 06am each day, should end on 08 April.[37]

April 2020

See also

References

  1. ^ "Update: Jamaica confirms first case of Coronavirus, travel ban expanded". jamaica-gleaner.com. 10 March 2020.
  2. ^ @IRIE_FM (11 March 2020). "Breaking News" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020 – via Twitter.
  3. ^ @darylvazmp (13 March 2020). "6 New COVID-19 cases confirmed" (Tweet). Retrieved 14 March 2020 – via Twitter.
  4. ^ "7, 8 Miles, Bull Bay under quarantine". Jamaica Observer. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Jamaica imposes travel restriction for UK". Jamaica Observer. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  6. ^ @themohwgovjm (15 March 2020). "#COVID19 Update" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  7. ^ JA, MOHW (15 March 2020). "Covid-19 Update: 5 more cases preliminary confirmed.pic.twitter.com/bBWQls5cv7".
  8. ^ Holness, Andrew (17 March 2020). "Jamaica now has 13 confirmed cases of Covid-19-@christufton".
  9. ^ Gleaner, Jamaica (18 March 2020). "BREAKING NEWS: Jamaica has reported its first death from the #COVID-19. The patient died at the isolation facility at Mandeville Regional Hospital this afternoon. Up to Tuesday, Jamaica had recorded 13 cases of the virus.pic.twitter.com/KFLm3kmOR3".
  10. ^ Holness, Andrew (18 March 2020). ""Jamaica now has 15 confirmed cases of Covid-19." -Dunstan Bryan, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Health and Wellness".
  11. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (20 March 2020). "Jamaica now has a total of 19 confirmed cases of COVID-19. 5 of which are from local cases. #Jacovid19".
  12. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (23 March 2020). "#JaCovid19 Update: Jamaica now has a total of 21 confirmed cases of COVID-19. The Breakdown is as follows: •14 imported cases • 6 import-related • 1 still under investigation".
  13. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (23 March 2020). "Details: 1. 61 year old male from Manchester. Travel History: Florida, Dubai, Tanzania and Egypt 2. 51 year old male from Westmoreland. Connected to two imported confirmed cases. He was identified through contact tracing and admitted to a government quarantine facility".
  14. ^ Fitz-Henley, Abka (24 March 2020). "UPDATE: 25 confirmed cases of the #Covid19 in Jamaica. An increase of 4. Details below.pic.twitter.com/nUx7BsknSf".
  15. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (25 March 2020). "We have tested 150 samples: • 26 confirm • 18 pending • 142 home quarantine • 254 released #Jacovid19 #COVID19JAMAICA".
  16. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (27 March 2020). "There are four (4) new confirmed case in the last 24 hours. Jamaica now has a total of 30 confirmed cases of COVID-19. •20 are imported cases (with 1 death) •8 are import-related •2 are under investigation #JaCovid19 #Covid19Jamaica".
  17. ^ JA, MOHW (28 March 2020). "Jamaica now has 32 confirmed cases of #COVID19. @christuftonpic.twitter.com/4KuvebzO97".
  18. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (29 March 2020). "#JaCOVID19 Update: Jamaica now has 34 confirmed cases. Protect yourself and others by taking the necessary precautions to help in the fight against the coronavirus. ⠀pic.twitter.com/fEmcdSBiNm".
  19. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (29 March 2020). "pic.twitter.com/sqWlO1rvvw".
  20. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (31 March 2020). "pic.twitter.com/E2fQMg7ejT".
  21. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (1 April 2020). "Jamaica how has 44 confirmed cases and 3 deaths for #Covid19Jamaica #JaCovid19".
  22. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (1 April 2020). "Jamaica has reported an additional COVID-19 related death. Further details will be announced at the @themohwgovjm press briefing".
  23. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1245821184526225414?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Etweet
  24. ^ "Jamaica imposes travel ban over coronavirus". jamaica-gleaner.com. 31 January 2020. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  25. ^ "Jamaica turns back 19 Chinese nationals under coronavirus travel ban". loopjamaica.com. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  26. ^ "Holness orders closure of all schools". The Star. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  27. ^ The Disaster Risk Management Act, the Emergency Powers Act and the Public Health Act
  28. ^ "Jamaica treating COVID-19 outbreak as a disaster". Jamaica Observer. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  29. ^ "Jamaica declares disaster over coronavirus, seeks Cuban nurses". Reuters. 14 March 2020.
  30. ^ Commerce, JA Chamber (17 March 2020). "Prime Minister Andrew Holness clarifies what is meant by "work from home" for the public and private sector as we as a nation continue to fight the spread of COVID19.pic.twitter.com/TQfXo8H1KA".
  31. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (20 March 2020). "With effect from 11:59PM on Saturday March 21, 2020, and for a period of fourteen (14) days in the first instance, Jamaica's air and seaports will be closed to incoming passenger traffic. Outgoing passenger and cargo will be allowed #JaCovid19".
  32. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (20 March 2020). "PM @AndrewHolnessJM: "Final year med students will support clinical & surveillance activities of the Health and Wellness Ministry A Quarantine Centre will be established at University Hospital" #JaCovid19".
  33. ^ Holness, Andrew (23 March 2020). "With effect from the 25th day of March 2020 for a period of fourteen (14) days, all persons 75 years and older must stay at home, subject to exemptions to be specified. #COVIDー19 #COVID19JAMAICA #covid19containment".
  34. ^ Holness, Andrew (23 March 2020). "With effect from the 25th day of March 2020, for a period of fourteen (14) days, all public sector workers, 65 years and older are to work from home, subject to exemptions to be specified. #COVIDー19 #COVID19JAMAICA #covid19containment".
  35. ^ Holness, Andrew (23 March 2020). "Schools are to remain closed until the end of the Easter Term. #COVIDー19 #COVID19JAMAICA #covid19containment".
  36. ^ Holness, Andrew (23 March 2020). "Every person who entered Jamaica as at 18th March, 2020 must be in quarantine for a further fourteen days after the initial seven days expire. #COVIDー19 #COVID19JAMAICA".
  37. ^ "Prime Minister Announces All-Island Curfew". Jamaica Information Service. 31 March 2020.
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