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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Indonesia

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Indonesia
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Indonesia.svg
Map of provinces with coronavirus cases (as of 3 April)
  Confirmed cases reported
  Suspected cases reported
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Indonesia (Density).svg
Map of provinces with confirmed coronavirus cases (as of 3 April)
  No confirmed cases
  1–9 confirmed cases
  10–99 confirmed cases
  100-999 confirmed cases
  1,000+ confirmed cases
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationIndonesia
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseKemang, Jakarta
Arrival date2 March 2020
(1 month and 2 days)
Confirmed cases1,986[1]
Active cases1,671[1]
Recovered134[1]
Deaths
181[1]
Territories
32 provinces, see below
Official website
National:
covid19.go.id
covid19.bnpb.go.id
covid19.kemkes.go.id
Local:
see cases by province

WhatsApp bot
+6281133399000

Hotline
119 EXT 9[2]

Volunteer Registration
http://deskrelawanpb.bnpb.go.id/covid-19/

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Indonesia on 2 March 2020.[3][4] As of 3 April, the pandemic has spread to all provinces in Indonesia, except East Nusa Tenggara and Gorontalo. All had reported suspected cases.

So far, Indonesia has recorded 181 deaths, more than any other Southeast Asian country. Its fatality rate is also one of the highest in the world. Researchers suggest the main reason for the high rate is probably a lack of testing, resulting in many cases going undetected.[5]

Statistics

COVID-19 cases in Indonesia  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-02
2(n.a.)
2(=)
2020-03-06
4(+100%)
4(=)
2020-03-08
6(+50%)
2020-03-09
19(+216%)
2020-03-10
27(+42%)
2020-03-11
34(+26%) 1(2.94%)
2020-03-12
34(=) 1(2.94%)
2020-03-13
69(+102%) 4(5.79%)
2020-03-14
96(+39%) 5(5.21%)
2020-03-15
117(+22%) 5(4.27%)
2020-03-16
134(+14%) 5(3.73%)
2020-03-17
172(+28%) 7(4.07%)
2020-03-18
227(+32%) 19(8.37%)
2020-03-19
308(+36%) 25(8.12%)
2020-03-20
369(+20%) 32(8.67%)
2020-03-21
450(+22%) 38(8.44%)
2020-03-22
514(+14%) 48(9.33%)
2020-03-23
579(+13%) 49(8.46%)
2020-03-24
685(+18%) 55(8.02%)
2020-03-25
790(+15%) 58(7.34%)
2020-03-26
893(+13%) 78(8.73%)
2020-03-27
1,046(+17%) 87(8.32%)
2020-03-28
1,155(+10%) 102(8.83%)
2020-03-29
1,285(+11%) 114(8.87%)
2020-03-30
1,414(+10%) 122(8.63%)
2020-03-31
1,528(+8.1%) 136(8.90%)
2020-04-01
1,677(+10%) 157(9.36%)
2020-04-02
1,790(+6.7%) 170(9.50%)
2020-04-03
1,986(+11%) 181(9.12%)
Source: Indonesian National Board of Disaster Management
  • All data correspond to number of cases as of 12:00 UTC+7 same day.

Timeline

The positive cases first confirmed in March are not the first Indonesians to have been infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus. In January, an Indonesian maid in Singapore contracted the virus from her employer.[6]

A man from the Netherlands may have been the first confirmed coronavirus patient in Indonesia when he fell ill there in January. He was treated in three hospitals while he was ill in East Java in January 2020.[7][8]

An 11-year-old girl who died at the Slamet Martodirdjo Hospital in Pamekasan in Madura Island in East Java on March 20 has been confirmed as the youngest COVID-19 fatality in the country.[9]

The first confirmed death of coronavirus in the country occurred on 11 March 2020.[10] However, one of Telkom employees died on 3 March when tested positive COVID-19 on 14 March and also infecting his wife and child.[11][12]

February

2 February

  • The Indonesian government evacuated 243 Indonesian nationals from Wuhan, China. The repatriated Indonesians were placed under quarantine in the Natuna Islands but were not tested as they were asymptomatic.[13][14]

24 February

  • 9 Indonesians on board the Diamond Princess tested positive for the virus and were moved to treatment facilities in Japan. The Indonesian government repatriated and then quarantined the remaining 68 crew members, along with the 188 from the World Dream, onto the uninhabited Sebaru Kecil Island in the Thousand Islands off the coast of Jakarta.[15][16]

March

Number of cases (blue) and number of deaths (red) on a logarithmic scale.

2 March

  • President Joko Widodo confirmed the first two cases of COVID-19 in the country in a televised statement.[17] According to the Minister of Health Terawan Agus Putranto, the patients contracted the virus from an infected Japanese person in Depok who later tested positive in Malaysia.[3] Both Indonesian patients were subsequently hospitalized at Sulianti Saroso Infection Center Hospital, North Jakarta.

6 March

  • As of 6 March, Indonesia had only tested 450 individuals out of its 270 million population.[18]

7 March

  • One of the crew evacuated from the Diamond Princess was suspected of contracting the disease and was subsequently transferred to an isolation unit at Persahabatan Central General Hospital, East Jakarta.[19]

8 March

  • A 50-year-old woman from Jakarta tested positive in Melbourne, Australia. She began showing symptoms two days after flying to Perth from Jakarta on 27 February and saw a GP four days after arriving in Melbourne on 2 March.[20]
  • The government of Indonesia announced two more confirmed cases. One patient was infected through close contact with case #1, the other patient being a crew member of the Diamond Princess.[21]

9 March

  • Indonesia confirmed 13 new cases of COVID-19 infection, 2 of them being foreigners.[22] The Indonesian government decided not to disclose the detection location of the patient and the treatment facility used.[citation needed]

10 March

  • 2 patients who were previously confirmed to be positive were subsequently reported as negative, substantiating an explanation made by an Indonesian government representative. The two patients were to be discharged, should further test confirm their negative status.[23]
  • Indonesia confirmed 8 new cases of COVID-19 infection, 2 of them foreigners.[24]
  • A suspected COVID-19 patient fleed from Persahabatan Central General Hospital.[25][26] She was later confirmed as positive of the virus and has returned to the hospital.[27]

11 March

  • Case #25 died due to complications of the disease.[28] The victim was a British national and died in Bali's hospital.[10]
  • Indonesia confirmed 7 new cases of COVID-19 infection, all of them imported cases.[29]

12 March

13 March

  • 3 coronavirus-linked deaths were reported, 1 case in Solo, Central Java.[32][33] The other two were undisclosed.[34][35]
  • Indonesia confirmed 35 new cases of COVID-19 infection, totalling 69 cases.[34]
  • The first affected medical worker died on 13 March.[36]

14 March

15 March

  • Indonesia confirmed 21 new cases of COVID-19 infection, 19 in Jakarta and 2 in Central Java, a total of 117 cases.[45][46]
  • Indonesian President Joko Widodo is said to be undergoing a COVID-19 test in the evening.[47]

16 March

  • Indonesian Vice-President Ma'ruf Amin and Indonesian Interior Minister Tito Karnavian have tested negative on the COVID-19 test.[48][49]
  • Indonesia confirmed 17 new cases of infection, in a total of 134 cases. 14 new cases in Jakarta, 1 new case in Central Java, 1 new case in Banten, and 1 new case in West Java.[50]
  • Indonesia announced that it will start to quarantine asymptomatic COVID-19 patients in their own home.[51]

17 March

  • In response to the growing number of COVID-19 cases in Indonesia, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management declared an emergency period for 91 days, effective until 29 May 2020.[52]
  • The Indonesian government announced 38 new cases of COVID-19, bringing the total number of infections to 172.[53]
  • 1 case recovered, adding to a total of 9 cases recovered.[54]
  • 2 patients died (1 in Semarang and another one still unknown), in a total of 7 deaths.[55]
  • There are mistakes in the counting of the deaths.[56][57] The minister of health reported that the total number of the death is still 5, the same as that on 14 March[58] while two new deaths were reported in the early morning by Governor of Central Java[59] and Governor of Banten.[60] The total number of deaths should be 7.

18 March

  • Indonesia confirmed 55 new cases of COVID-19 infection, bringing the total up to 227 cases.[61]
  • 12 patients died, the number of deaths has now increased to 19.[62] The 19 fatalities mean that Indonesia has now recorded the highest death toll among Southeast Asian countries hit by the coronavirus to date.[63] Indonesia's case fatality rate has reached 8.37% which is double the world case fatality rate (4.07%).[64]
  • 7 Indonesians in India tested positive for COVID-19 were a part of a 10-member team who travelled to Karimnagar for a religious tour.[65]
  • After 2 positive cases, Governor of West Kalimantan Sutarmidji declares an "extraordinary event" until further notice.[66]

19 March

  • Joko Widodo announces 7 critical points (mass rapid tests, incentive for medical personnel, involve religious people, stop exporting medical equipment, stop holiday, incentive for small and medium enterprises, increase food stocks) to accelerate the elimination of COVID-19 outbreak in Indonesia.[67][68][69]
  • Indonesia announced 82 new cases, bringing the total to 309 cases.[70][71] However, it is revised to 308 cases.[72]
  • 4 more patients in DKI Jakarta announced cured from COVID-19.[73]
  • The import of Rapid Test Tools (15 minutes - 3 hours) by Rajawali Nusantara Indonesia from China has been approved by Ministry of Health.[74][75]
  • President Joko Widodo and wife, Iriana, tested negative on the COVID-19 test.[76]
  • Indonesian Chief of Police Idham Azis publishes notice for all policeman to disperse crowds anywhere at anytime, including restaurants, matrimony and religious services, and to deny permits for large events [77]

20 March

  • Indonesia announced 60 new cases, bringing the total to 369 cases. Indonesia also announced 17 recovered and 32 deaths, an increase of 7 deaths.[78]
  • Indonesia Minister of State-Owned Enterprises Erick Thohir that Indonesia has enough drugs for 60,000 COVID-19 patients, and by the end of March could supply up to 4.7 million face masks.[79]
  • President Joko Widodo instructed his officials to shift budgetary priorities. Less prioritized budgets from the state budget (APBN) and regional budget (APBD) are to be reallocated to fund government efforts in combating the coronavirus pandemic, increasing the safety net for Indonesians, and to incentivize small and medium businesses.[80] He also promised to begin deploying rapid coronavirus testing, prioritizing South Jakarta as the worst-hit area.[81]
  • Anies Baswedan declares a state of emergency in Jakarta for the next 14 days (2 April).[82] Anies also urged businesses to suspend operations, and he urged all stakeholders to take drastic actions to prevent the spread of the disease during the state of emergency.[83][84]
  • After 9 positive cases of COVID-19, Khofifah Indar Parawansa declares a state of emergency for East Java.[85]
  • Mayor of Bogor, Bima Arya has tested positive for COVID-19 after a trip to Turkey.[86] Bima and all officials who went on the trip will comply with health protocols that include a minimum 14-day isolation at Bogor Senior Hospital.[87]
  • Detri Warmanto has tested positive for COVID-19. He is the son-in-law of the Minister of Administrative and Bureaucratic Reform, Tjahjo Kumolo.[88]
  • Istiqlal mosque halted Friday prayer for 2 weeks after Anies Baswedan and Indonesian Council of Ulama requested to halt mass religious activities in Jakarta.[89]

21 March

  • Indonesian Air Force is to fly its C-130 Hercules (A-1333) to the Chinese city of Shanghai on Saturday to pick up approximately 9 tonnes of medical equipment. The route is Malang-Natuna-Hainan-Shanghai. The equipment includes disposable masks, N-95 masks, protective clothing, goggles, gloves, shoe covers, infrared thermometers, and surgical caps.[90][91]
  • One person died after having a fever and headaches. The victim, a Russian citizen, died in his boarding house on Jalan Bukit Tunggal Gang 5, West Denpasar.[92]
  • Indonesia announced 81 new cases, totalling 450 cases of COVID-19 infection. Indonesia also announced 20 recovered and 38 deaths, an increase of 6 deaths since 20 March 2020.[93]

22 March

  • Indonesia Medical Association (IDI) announced 6 doctors (dr Toni Daniel Silitonga; dr Ucok Martin SpP; dr Djoko Judodjoko, SpB; dr Hadio Ali SpS; dr Laurentius P, SpKJ; dr Adi Mirsaputra SpTHT) have contracted COVID-19.[94]
  • Indonesia announced 64 new cases, a total of 514 cases. Indonesia also announced 29 recovered and 48 deaths.[95] An increase of 10 deaths with a death rate of 9.33%, which was the biggest death rate so far.[96]

23 March

  • Indonesia announced 65 new cases, bringing the total to 579 cases. Indonesia also announced 30 recovered and 49 deaths.[97]
  • President Joko Widodo inaugurated the first COVID-19 emergency hospital in the country at the former athlete's village for the 2018 Asian Games in Kemayoran, Jakarta. It was slated to be fitted with 3000 beds for patients requiring isolation.[98][99] Later reports suggested that it would house only 1,800 beds for the first phase.[100]

24 March

  • President Joko Widodo announced the cancellation of the annual national examination (Ujian Nasional) for all education levels, except Vocational High School (Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan, SMK) that has been done in almost half of all schools in the country.[101][102][103] He also announced measures to ease motorcycle loans for one year.[104]
  • Indonesia confirmed 107 more cases, 686 in total.[105]

25 March

  • The Indonesian Ministry of Transportation discouraged everyone from travelling home for the Eid al-Fitr holiday to contain the spread of the virus.[106]
  • Indonesia confirmed 105 more cases and corrected the data from the previous day. It should have said 685, while the previous day's data recorded 686. One patient's name was mistakenly registered in two hospitals. The total number of cases becomes 790.

26 March

  • Indonesia announced 103 new cases, bringing the total number to 893.
  • Researchers have estimated that there could be tens of thousands of hidden infections across the country.[107]
  • 40 tonnes of medical equipment from China transported to Jakarta.[108]

27 March

28 March

  • Indonesia announced 109 more cases, bringing the total number to 1,155.
  • A number of cities decided to issue local lockdowns, such as the city of Tegal[113] in Central Java and the province of Papua.[114]
  • Indonesia AirAsia suspends all flights from 1 April until at least 21 April for domestic flights and 17 May for international flights.[115]

29 March

  • Indonesia confirmed another 130 new cases, 1,285 in total.
  • The state railway company Kereta Api Indonesia cancels 28 routes from Jakarta for the month of April.[116]

30 March

  • Indonesia confirmed 129 new cases, bringing the total number to 1,414.
  • Jokowi orders large-scale social restrictions coupled with 'civil emergency' policies.[117]

31 March

  • Indonesia confirmed 114 new cases, 1,528 in total.
  • 30,000 prisoners are planned to be released early to curb spread of COVID-19 inside jails. [118]
  • President Joko Widodo declared public health emergency and invoked the police to enforce large-scale social distancing policy [119], in addition to allocating Rp405 trillion for eradication of COVID-19 and cushioning of social and economical effects due to the pandemic, and announced stimulus for the low-middle class society. [120][121]

April

1 April

2 April

  • Indonesia confirmed 113 new cases, bringing the total to 1,790.
  • Indonesia has now banned foreigners from entering its border. Its citizens returning from abroad have to provide health report and do compulsory self-quarantine.[124]

3 April

  • Indonesia confirmed 196 new cases, the most in a single day since the pandemic began in Indonesia. The total number now is 1,986.

Cases

Cases by province

Coronavirus cases in Indonesia[a]
Province Confirmed Recovered Deaths Active Official website
1986 134 181 1671 covid19.go.id
Aceh 5 0 0 5 covid19.acehprov.go.id
Bali 27 10 2 15 infocorona.baliprov.go.id
Bangka Belitung 2 0 1 1 covid19.babelprov.go.id
Banten 170 7 14 149 infocorona.bantenprov.go.id
Bengkulu 2 0 1 1 bengkuluprov.go.id
Central Java 114 11 18 85 corona.jatengprov.go.id
Central Kalimantan 12 2 0 10 corona.kalteng.go.id
Central Sulawesi 4 0 0 4 dinkes.sultengprov.go.id/category/covid-19
East Java 155 25 11 119 infocovid19.jatimprov.go.id
East Kalimantan 22 0 1 21 covid19.kaltimprov.go.id
East Nusa Tenggara 0 0 0 0 nttprov.go.id/2018/index.php/data-odp-virus-covid-19-di-prov-ntt
Gorontalo 0 0 0 0 dinkes.gorontaloprov.go.id
Jakarta[b] 971 52 90 829 corona.jakarta.go.id
Jambi 2 0 0 2 covid19.jambikota.go.id
Lampung 12 0 1 11 geoportal.lampungprov.go.id/corona/
Maluku 1 1 0 0 corona.malukuprov.go.id
North Maluku 1 0 0 1 malutprov.go.id/tag/satgas-covid
North Kalimantan 8 0 0 8 humas.kaltaraprov.go.id
North Sulawesi 3 1 0 2 corona.sulutprov.go.id
North Sumatera 22 0 3 19 covid19.sumutprov.go.id
Papua 16 3 0 13 papua.go.id/view-detail-berita-7183/update-covid-19-di-papua-26-maret-positif-corona-7-kasus-4-di-kota-jayapura.html
Riau 10 1 0 9 corona.riau.go.id
ppc-19.pekanbaru.go.id
Riau Islands 8 0 1 7 corona.kepriprov.go.id
South Kalimantan 8 0 0 8 corona.kalselprov.go.id
South Sulawesi 82 4 5 73 covid19.sulselprov.go.id
Southeast Sulawesi 6 0 0 6 dinkes.sultraprov.go.id
South Sumatera 12 0 2 10 corona.sumselprov.go.id
West Java 225 12 25 188 pikobar.jabarprov.go.id
West Kalimantan 10 2 2 6 covid19.kalbarprov.go.id
covid19.pontianakkota.go.id
West Nusa Tenggara 7 2 0 5 corona.ntbprov.go.id
West Papua 2 0 1 1 dinkes.papuabaratprov.go.id/artikel/perkembangan-covid19-di-provinsi-papua-barat
West Sulawesi 1 0 0 1 dinkes.sulbarprov.go.id
West Sumatra 8 0 0 8 corona.sumbarprov.go.id
Yogyakarta 27 1 3 23 corona.jogjaprov.go.id
Under investigation 31 0 0 31
Total 1986 134 181 1671 covid19.go.id
Data as of 27 March 2020[125]
  1. ^ Counting by central government is based on treatment location. Local governments may provide different data based on location of original infection or patients' registered residence.
  2. ^ Including repatriated cases.

Detailed case

Case Date Age Sex Nationality Treatment facility Source of infection Detection location Status Note Source
1 2 March 2020 31 Female  Indonesia Sulianti Saroso Infection Center Hospital, North Jakarta Person-to-person spread from a Japanese national. Depok Tested negative for COVID-19 on 13 March.[126] Young woman living in Depok, Indonesia. Came into contact with a Japanese national (who later tested positive in Malaysia) in late-February. Confirmed household transmission or person-to person spread.


[127]
2 64 Tested negative for COVID-19 on 16 March.[128] Mother of case #1.
3 6 March 2020 33 Undisclosed Jakarta Tested negative for COVID-19 on 11 March.[129] Close contact with case #1. Confirmed person-to person spread.


[130][131]
4 31 Close contact with case #1. Confirmed person-to person spread.
5 8 March 2020 55 Male [132]
6 39 Persahabatan Central General Hospital, East Jakarta Unknown method on Diamond Princess ship Sebaru Island, Jakarta Tested negative for COVID-19 on 11 March[133], to discharged for self-quarantine.[134] Previously worked at Diamond Princess.


7 9 March 2020 59 Female Undisclosed Unknown method on foreign country. Undisclosed Have travel history to other country. [135][136]
8 56 Male Person-to-person spread. The spouse of patient #7.
9 55 Female Unknown method on foreign country. Have travel history to other country.
10 29 Male Undisclosed Sulianti Saroso Infection Center Hospital, North Jakarta[137] Person-to-person spread. Tested negative for COVID-19 on 11 March.[138] Foreigner.

Close contact with case #1.

11 54 Female Foreigner.

Close contact with case #1.

12 31 Male  Indonesia Undisclosed Close contact with case #1.
13 16 Female Close contact with case #3.
14 50 Male Persahabatan Central General Hospital, East Jakarta Unknown method on foreign country. Tested negative for COVID-19 on 11 March[133], to be discharged for self-quarantine.[134] Have travel history to other country.
15 43 Female Undisclosed Have travel history to other country.
16 17 Person-to-person spread. Close contact with patient #15.
17 56 Male Unknown method on foreign country. Have travel history to other country.
18 55
19 49 Persahabatan Central General Hospital, East Jakarta Tested negative for COVID-19 on 12 March[139], to be discharged for self-quarantine.[134] Have travel history to other country.[140]
20 10 March 2020 70 Female  Indonesia Undisclosed Unknown method spread on Jakarta Area[141] Undisclosed Close contact with case #1.[140] [142][143]
21 47 Close contact with case #1.[140]
22 36 Unknown method on foreign country.
23 73 Sulianti Saroso Infection Center Hospital, North Jakarta[144]
24 46 Male Undisclosed
25 53 Female  United Kingdom[145] Sanglah Central General Hospital, Denpasar[145] Bali Died on 11 March 2020 at 02:45 (UTC+08:00) due to complication.[146] First person to die after contracting COVID-19 within Indonesian territory.
26 46 Male Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Case #26 is a foreigner.
27 33  Indonesia Sulianti Saroso Infection Center Hospital, North Jakarta[147] First possible community transmission[148] Close contact with case #20.[149]
28 11 March 2020 37 Male Undisclosed Undisclosed Unknown method on foreign country. Undisclosed [150]
29 51
30 84
31 48 Female
32 45 Male
33 29
34 42
35 13 March 2020 57 Female  Indonesia Sulianti Saroso Infection Center Hospital, North Jakarta[151] Undisclosed South Tangerang, Banten[152] Died on 13 March 2020. [153][154]
36 37 Sulianti Saroso Infection Center Hospital, North Jakarta Jakarta Died on 13 March 2020. First Indonesian medical worker to die[155][156]
37 43 Male Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed
38 80 Female
39 54 Male
40 46 Female
41 40 Male
42 66
43 34
44 57
45 29 Female
46 30 Male
47 61
48 35
49 3 dr. Sardjito Central General Hospital Undisclosed Yogyakarta Tested negative for COVID-19 on 20 March, to discharged for self-quarantine[157]
50 59 Muwardi Hospital, Solo Undisclosed Solo, Central Java Died on 12 March 2020; later tested positive for COVID-19 on 13 March 2020.[158] First Indonesian citizen to die after contracting COVID-19 within Indonesian territory.
51 60 Male Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed
52 59 Female
53 24 Close contact with case #22.[140]
54 2 Male
55 26 Female
56 58 Male
57 27 Female
58 51 Male
59 63
60 25 Female
61 58
62 51 Male
63 34
64 49 Female
65 48 Male
66 73
67 25 Female
68 38
69 80
70–75 14 March 2020 Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed [159][160]
76 63 Male  Indonesia Gatot Soebroto Army Hospital, Jakarta Jakarta Budi Karya Sumadi, Indonesian Minister of Transportation.
77–96 Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed
97–117 15 March 2020 19 in Jakarta and 2 in Central Java [161]
118–134 16 March 2020 14 in Jakarta, 1 in Banten, 1 in Central Java, 1 in West Java [162]
135–172 17 March 2020 1 in Central Java, 6 in East Java, 1 in Riau Islands, 30 Unknown [163][164][165]
173–227 18 March 2020 30 in Jakarta, 12 in West Java, 4 in Banten, 2 in Central Java, 1 in North Sumatra, 1 in Lampung, 1 in Riau, 1 in East Kalimantan, 1 in Yogyakarta, 2 Unknown [166]
228–309 19 March 2020 50 in Jakarta, 18 in Banten, 4 in West Java, 3 in Central Java, 3 in South East Sulawesi, 2 in Yogyakarta, 2 in South Sulawesi (#285 & #286),[167] 2 in East Kalimantan, 2 in Riau Islands, 1 in East Java, 1 in North Sumatra, 1 in Riau [168]
310–369 20 March 2020 15 in West Java, 10 in Banten, 7 in East Kalimantan, 6 in East Java, 5 in Jakarta, 3 in Bali, 2 in Central Kalimantan, 2 in Riau Islands, 13 Unknown [169]
370–450 21 March 2020 44 in Jakarta, 14 in West Java, 11 in East Java, 4 in Banten, 2 in Central Java, 1 in Yogyakarta, 5 Unknown [170]
451–514 22 March 2020 39 in Jakarta, 15 in East Java, 4 in Banten, 4 in West Java, 2 in Papua, 1 in Central Java, 1 in Maluku [171]
515–579 23 March 2020 46 in Jakarta, 9 in Banten, 3 in Bali, 2 in East Kalimantan, 1 in Jambi, 1 in North Maluku, 1 in Riau Islands, 2 Unknown [172]
580–686 24 March 2020 71 in Jakarta, 10 in East Java, 9 in Banten, 5 in North Sumatera, 4 in Central Java, 2 in South Sulawesi, 1 in West Java, 1 in Papua, 1 in Yogyakarta, 1 in West Nusa Tenggara, 1 in South Sumatera, 1 in Central Kalimantan, 1 in West Kalimantan, 1 in South Kalimantan [173]
687–790 25 March 2020 39 in Jakarta, 19 in Central Java, 13 in West Java, 11 in Yogyakarta, 9 in South Sulawesi, 3 in Bali, 2 in Banten, 1 in Riau, 1 in West Nusa Tenggara, 7 Unknown [174]
791–893 26 March 2020 53 in Jakarta, 14 in South Sulawesi, 8 in East Java, 5 in West Java, 4 in Papua, 3 in West Sumatra, 2 in Central Java, 2 in Central Kalimantan, 2 in Lampung, 1 in Aceh, 1 in Central Sulawesi, 1 in Riau, 7 Unknown [175]
894–1,046 27 March 2020 83 in Jakarta, 20 in West Java, 17 in Banten, 7 in East Java, 6 in Yogyakarta, 3 in Aceh, 2 in Central Java, 2 in West Sumatera, 2 in South Sulawesi, 2 in West Papua, 1 in Lampung, 7 Unknown [176]
1,047–1,155 28 March 2020 38 in Jakarta, 21 in West Java, 12 in Central Java, 11 in East Java, 10 in Banten, 6 in East Kalimantan, 4 in South Sulawesi, 2 in North Kalimantan, 1 in Central Kalimantan, 1 in Central Sulawesi, 1 in South Sumatera, 2 Unknown [177]
1,156–1,285 29 March 2020 48 in Jakarta, 30 in West Java, 15 in South Sulawesi, 13 in East Java, 8 in Central Java, 5 in West Kalimantan, 3 in Banten, 2 in Papua, 1 in Bali, 1 in Riau, 1 in West Sulawesi, 3 Unknown [178]
1,286–1,414 30 March 2020 25 in West Java, 24 in Jakarta, 22 in Banten, 17 in Central Java, 9 in Bali, 5 in North Sumatera, 4 in Lampung, 4 in South Kalimantan, 4 in South Sulawesi, 3 in West Sumatera, 1 in Bangka Belitung, 1 in East Java, 1 in Jambi, 1 in West Kalimantan, 1 in Riau, 1 in Riau Islands, 1 in Yogyakarta, 5 Unknown [179]
1,415–1,528 31 March 2020 [180]
1,529–1,677 1 April 2020 Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed Undisclosed [181]
1,678–1,790 2 April 2020


Definition

The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia classifies suspects of COVID-19 cases into two levels.[182]

  • Person Under Monitoring (PUM) or Orang Dalam Pemantauan (ODP) – is a person who does not show symptoms or has fever and/or coughing or flu, and has traveled from other countries or regions in Indonesia that are believed to have COVID-19 human transmission or has been in contact with a PUS or a positive COVID-19 case. A PUM may be allowed a stay-at-home quarantine for 14 days with constant inspection.
  • Patient Under Supervision (PUS) or Pasien Dalam Pengawasan (PDP) – is a sick PUM showing symptoms of mild to severe pneumonia or who is positive after a rapid test. He or she may be treated at a hospital or quarantined at a government-appointed facility.

A PUS is then categorized as a positive COVID-19 case if a swab or PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test produce positive results.[182] Due to lower accuracy and fear of false positives, a positive rapid test is not counted into the official number of cases.

On the other hand, the provincial government of Jakarta and a few other provinces define PUM and PUS as follows.[183]

  • PUM is a person who shows symptoms of fever (>38 °C (100 °F)) or has a history of fever or ARI without pneumonia and has a history of travel to an infected country or another region in Indonesia or contact with a positive COVID-19 case in the last 14 days.
  • PUS is a person who shows symptoms of fever (>38 °C (100 °F)) or has a history of fever, ARI, and mild to severe pneumonia, and has a history of travel to an infected country or another region in Indonesia or contact with a positive COVID-19 case in the last 14 days.

Suspected cases

Several travellers who had visited or transited through Bali later tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 shortly after their return to China,[184] Japan,[185] New Zealand,[186] and Singapore.[187]

An additional 50 to 70 people were put under surveillance after coming into contact with the first two confirmed COVID-19 patients. This number includes those who had visited Rumah Sakit Mitra Keluarga Depok, the hospital the two confirmed patients were previously admitted to before being transferred to North Jakarta.[188][189]

A 37-year-old man who died in a hospital in Semarang suspected of having COVID-19 reportedly tested negative, and was instead afflicted by swine flu, probably picked up from recent travels to Spain.[190]

Similarly, in West Sumatra, two people who returned from a foreign country died at Padang's Hospital (Indonesia: Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Dr. M. Djamil). On 13 March, a woman who was being treated as a suspect to have contracted COVID-19 after returning from Umrah has died in Padang's hospital.[191] On 16 March, a 47-year-old man from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia landed at Minangkabau International Airport with a fever and showing symptoms of COVID-19.[192][193][194] He was subsequently hospitalized at Padang's hospital and then died on the same day.[195]

Responses

Central government

Treatment Facilities List[196]

Indonesia banned all flights from and to Mainland China starting from 5 February. The government also stopped giving free visa and visa on arrival for Chinese nationals. Those who live or have stayed in Mainland China in the previous 14 days have been barred from entering or transiting through Indonesia. Indonesians are discouraged from travelling to China.[197]

Starting on 8 March, travel restrictions expanded to include Daejeon and Gyeongsangbuk-do in South Korea, Lombardy, Veneto and Emilia-Romagna regions of Italy, and Tehran and Qom in Iran Visitors with travel history within these countries but outside the aforementioned regions have to provide a valid health certificate during check in for all transportation into Indonesia.[198] Despite the restriction on travellers from South Korea, Indonesia is still allowing flights from South Korea.[199]

The Ministry of Health ordered the installation of thermal scanners for at least 135 airport gates and port docks,[200][201] and announced that provisioning over 100 hospitals with isolation rooms (to WHO-recommended standards) would begin.[202] Starting on 4 March, Jakarta MRT also began scanning the temperature of passengers entering the stations and denying access to those with symptoms of high fever.[203] After the first victim died, the Indonesian government admitted that they have difficulties in detect incoming imported cases on airports, doing contact tracing and also location history for each case.[204]

The Indonesian government plans to turn a site on Galang Island, previously used as a refugee camp for Vietnamese asylum seekers into a 1,000-bed medical facility specially equipped to handle the coronavirus outbreak and other infectious diseases.[205]

On 13 March, the government designated 132 treatment facilities across Indonesia.[196] On 18 March, 227 additional hospitals (109 military hospitals, 53 police Hospitals and 65 state-owned enterprises hospitals) are provisioned to cover more patients across the country.[206] The government also established Coronavirus Disease Mitigation Acceleration Task Force.[207] Doni Monardo has been appointed to lead this team.[208] On the same day, Minister of Home Affairs Tito Karnavian urged all of Indonesian regional leaders to suspend all non-essential travel to foreign country.[209]

On 14 March, the government of Indonesia declared the coronavirus outbreak in Indonesia as a national disaster.[210]

On 15 March, Joko Widodo has called on all Indonesians to practice what epidemiologists call social distancing to slow the spread of COVID-19 in the country.[211] Indonesian tax authorities announced that they will move back the tax reporting deadline to 30 April 2020.[212]

On 16 March, the Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises instructed its employees ages 50 and above to work from home.[213] President Joko Widodo also clarified that the decision to implement lockdown on cities or regencies are only to be made after consultation with the central government.[214] On the same day, as schools are closing in some regions, Minister of Education Nadiem Makarim announced readiness of the Ministry of Education to assist schools in online learning by providing free teaching platforms.[215] Minister of Finance Sri Mulyani announced a shifting of infrastructure budget of 1 trillion IDR into healthcare and pandemic prevention.[216]

Former Asian Games athletes village turned into COVID-19 hospital

On 17 March, COVID-19 health protocols have been released to public.[217][218] Ministry of Foreign Affairs also expanded the travel restriction to temporary abolish visa free entry to Indonesia for one month and deny transit or arrival for visitors who have been in Iran, Italy, Vatican City, Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland, and United Kingdom within the past 14 days.[219]

On 18 March, the government launching covid19.go.id site, an official source of accurate information on controlling the spread of coronavirus in Indonesia.[220][221] On the same day, The Ministry of Finance also announced that Kemayoran Athletes Village, a former athlete's housing for the 2018 Asian Games will be converted to house COVID-19 patients who show only mild symptoms after consultation from doctors .[222][223][224] The conversion was officially completed on 23 March [225]

On 19 March, Bank of Indonesia decided to slash the bank rate to 4.5%, in addition to 6 other fiscal policies, in the attempt to shore up the economy amidst the COVID-19 crisis.[226]

On 27 March, the government is mulling over a plan to ban this year's Idul Fitri mudik (exodus) to prevent city dwellers from spreading the coronavirus to towns and villages across the archipelago.[227]

On 30 March, Jokowi refuses to impose lockdown on Jakarta. Bus routes connecting Jakarta and other cities and provinces will remain open following the cancellation of a plan to temporarily suspend operations of Greater Jakarta-based intercity and interprovincial (AKAP) buses.[228][229]

On 31 March, Indonesia announces Rp 405 trillion COVID-19 budget, anticipates a 5% deficit in a historic move. The government will allocate Rp 75 trillion for healthcare spending, Rp 110 trillion for social protection and Rp 70.1 trillion for tax incentives and credit for enterprises. The biggest chunk, Rp 150 trillion, will be set aside for economic recovery programs including credit restructuring and financing for small and medium businesses.[230]

Regional government

State of Emergency

  • Jakarta: 20 March - 19 April[231][232]
  • Depok: 18 March - 29 May[231]
  • Yogyakarta: 20 March - 29 May[231]
  • Bogor: Undisclosed[231]
  • East Java: Undisclosed[231]
  • Banten: Undisclosed[231]
  • East Kalimantan: Undisclosed[231]
  • West Kalimantan: Undisclosed[231]
  • West Java: 19 March - 29 May[231]
  • Papua: 17 March - 31 March[233]
  • Aceh: 20 March - 29 May[234]
  • North Sumatera: 31 March - 29 May[235]
Regional Quarantine
No Region Date Notes
1 Papua 26 March to 8 April 2020[236]
2 Tegal 30 March[236]
3 Tasikmalaya 31 March [236]
4 Bali
5 Solo
6 Maluku

Aceh

On 12 March, acting Aceh governor Nova Iriansyah advised Acehnese to stay away from vices and activities that are incompatible with religious and Islamic sharia values.[237]

On 15 March, due to the rapid rise of the number of coronavirus infections in the country, the province of Aceh decided to close schools until further notice.[238]

On 16 March, the city of Sabang started to implement travel restrictions to forbid foreign visitors from travelling to their city.[239]

On 20 March, Nova Iriansyah declared a "province-scale" state of emergency in Aceh for 71 days, lasting until 29 May.[234]

Banten

On 15 March, Governor of Banten Wahidin Halim declares "extraordinary event" and decides to close all schools for 2 weeks.[240]

Central Java

On 13 March, the city of Solo in Central Java decided to close all primary schools (SD) and junior high school's (SMP) for next 2 weeks, after three positive cases are found in the city.[241] The mayor of Solo F. X. Hadi Rudyatmo has also declared that the area is under "extraordinary event".[242] On the same day, the Regency of Sragen decided to close all schools from kindergarten to junior high school throughout the regency for at least a week, while closure of senior high school in the regency would be decided by the provincial government.[243]

On 14 March, Central Java governor Ganjar Pranowo decided to close all kindergarten to junior high schools at the province. High schools would remain open during the examination season.[244] The city of Salatiga followed the same decision on 15 March. The city government would also provide a total of Rp. 3 billion for medical support.[245]

On 25 March, the governor announced that schools under control of the provincial government will postpone their opening until 13 April.[246]

On 26 March, the city of Solo,[247] Semarang,[248] Salatiga,[249] and Sukoharjo Regency[248] announced that kindergarten, primary, and junior high school's opening will be postponed until 13 April.

On 27 March, despite statements from President Jokowi that lockdowns are the authority of the central government, mayor of Tegal Dedy Yon Supriyono announced that Tegal will be on lockdown. He ordered that 49 road access to the city to be barricaded with movable concrete barriers, and visitors from outside will be thoroughly checked and have to undergone a 14-day quarantine period.[250] On the other hand, the Governor of Central Java Ganjar Pranowo insisted that the blockade will only happen at some part of the city of Tegal, not on the whole city.[251]

DKI Jakarta

Location of reported COVID-19 cases in Jakarta as of 2 April 2020 [252]

On 2 March, in response to the confirmed cases, DKI Jakarta governor Anies Baswedan halted the issuance of permits for large gatherings.[253] These including concerts by Foals, Babymetal, Head in the Clouds, and Dream Theater.[254][255]

On 13 March, after 69 positive COVID-19 cases, several tourist destinations in Jakarta including Ancol Dreamland, multiple government-managed museums, Ragunan Zoo and Monas was closed for 2 weeks.[256][257][258] The Islamic organization Muhammadiyah formed a "command centre" allocating 20 hospitals in the country to handle the outbreak, with the centre being led by emergency medicine specialist Corona Rintawan.[259]

On 14 March, Jakarta governor Anies Baswedan decided to suspend all school activities and examinations for two weeks in response to prevent further spread of the virus in the capital city of Jakarta.[260]

On 15 March, Jakarta provincial government prepared 500 to 1,000 beds for patient under investigation (PUI) that will be placed on designated COVID-19 treatment facilities.[261]

On 16 March, MRT Jakarta, LRT and Transjakarta started to reduce number of trips, corridors and timetables (06.00 - 18.00), however, this policy was retracted due to long queue in many bus stops and train stations in morning.[262][263][264] Odd-even policy will be halted during outbreak.[265]

On 20 March, Anies Baswedan declared a state of emergency in Jakarta for the next 14 days, lasting until 2 April.[82]

On 28 March, Jakarta provincial government extends the state of emergency until 19 April.[232]

On 2 April, Anies Baswedan Allocates Rp3tn to Fight Coronavirus Outbreak, the budget will be used to fund the city's fight against the virus up until May this year, by gradually allocating Rp1.3 trillion and an additional Rp2 trillion[266]

East Java

Location of confirmed and suspected COVID-19 cases in East Java (2 April 2020).

On 15 March, the city of Malang announced that they will close all schools for two weeks. The closure will begin on 16 March.[267]

On the same day, the Governor of East Java Khofifah Indar Parawansa ordered the closure of all schools throughout the province. Educational institutions were advised to cancel any kind of student exchange until indefinite time, however national examination in the province would not be postponed.[268]

On 16 March, mayor of Malang Sutiaji decided to close all access to the city (lockdown), starting on 18 March. As of 16 March, there is no positive COVID-19 in Malang or in the province of East Java.[269] He would later clarified that the lockdown only applies to the government of Malang, not the general populace.[270]

On 20 March, Khofifah declared a state of emergency for East Java.[85]

North Sumatera

On 31 March, the provincial government of North Sumatera declared a state of emergency until 29 May 2020.[271]

Papua

On 24 March, the provincial government of Papua decided to close any in and out access to Papua except for logistics and medical workers starting from 26 March for 14 days.[272] Indonesian Minister of Home Affairs Tito Karnavian disagreed with the decision, saying that the central government's advice to the regional governments is not to close transportation, but to ban mass gatherings.[273]

South Sumatera

On 30 March, Jakabaring Athletes Village, a former athlete's housing for the 2018 Asian Games in Palembang, be appointed by the Governor of South Sumatera Herman Deru to be the house of PUM's treatment (ODP Center). He named it as "COVID-19 Healthy House" (Rumah Sehat COVID-19).[274]

West Java

On 14 March, the city of Depok and Bogor decided to close all schools from kindergarten to senior high school until 28 March 2020.[275][276] This decision was also followed by the city of Bandung, in which the city opted to close schools for the next two weeks and advised schools to hold online teachings.[277]

On 15 March, West Java COVID-19 distribution map has been released to public.[278] The Regency of Bogor implement "semi-lockdown" on tourist area Puncak for foreign visitors, to prevent them from entering the area.[279]Jalak Harupat, Pakansari and Patriot Chandrabragha stadiums are being prepared for COVID-19 Mass Rapid Test.[280]

West Kalimantan

On 15 March, the governor decided to impose quarantine for all students from kindergarten to senior high school level in the province, until a date which is yet to be decided. During the quarantine period, students must stay at their homes for studying. Exception is given for final year senior/vocational high school students on their respective national final examinations date.[281]

Others

Universities

In response of the outbreak, multiple universities opted to cancel classes and instead would teach students online.[citation needed]

On 16 March, at least 17 universities across Indonesia confirmed that conventional face-to-face lectures would be cancelled and would be replaced by online classes. Graduations and gatherings were cancelled and students and lecturers who had gone abroad from countries with confirmed coronavirus cases with any reasons should self-isolate at home. As of 14 March, numerous universities have closed their classes, such as Universitas Indonesia (UI),[282] Universitas Gajah Mada (UGM), Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), Universitas Gunadharma, Universitas Multimedia Nusantara (UMN), Sekolah Tinggi Akuntansi Negara (STAN), Kalbis Institut, Binus University, Universitas Atmajaya, London School Public Relations (LSPR), Universitas Yarsi, Universitas Pelita Harapan (UPH), Telkom University, Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta (UAJY),[283] Universitas Hasanuddin (UNHAS),[284] Universitas Tarumanegara (UNTAR), Insitut Pertanian Bogor (IPB),[285] and Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI).[286][287]University of Brawijaya, a university in Malang, creates a disinfection chamber as an effort to contain the coronavirus.[288]

Corporations

Mandatory temperature checks warning in healthcare centres in Indonesia due to COVID-19 outbreaks in the country. (March 2020)

On 14 March, Tokopedia and Gojek have begun trial for work at home operations.[289][290]

On 15 March, Unilever Indonesia announced work-from-home policy for their office site, this policy will be started on 16 March until further notice.[291]

On 16 March, Telkomsel, Bank Mandiri, Indonesian Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre and Bank Indonesia announced work-from-home and split-team policy, these policies will be started on 17 March until further notice.[292][293][294]

On 28 March, Indonesia Air Asia (QZ) suspend all domestic and international flights to overcome spread of pandemic. All domestic flights suspended between 1 April and 21 April 2020 while international flights between 1 April and 17 May 2020.[295]

Mayapada Group founder, Dato Sri Tahir donated Rp. 52b in form of Personal protective equipment, medical drugs, disinfectant, operational vehicles and also accommodation.[296]

On 31 March, Grab donated US$10 Mio to reduce Covid-19 impact in Indonesia.[297]

Societal organizations

On 16 March, Indonesian Council of Ulama (MUI) and Muhammadiyah urge to substitute Friday prayer with Zuhr prayer and not to attend any religious activities within heavily virus-plagued areas.[298][299]

On 31 March, Muhammadiyah advises Muslims to not perform tarawih in Ramadan and Idul Fitri prayers.[300]

Travel restrictions

Indonesia has imposed denial of transit and visit for visitors who were in the following countries within the past 14 days:[301]

In addition, Indonesia suspends visa free entry for all visitors into the country for one month. Visitors who wish to enter Indonesia must apply for a visa at the nearest embassy or consulate and produce a valid health certificate and state of purpose.

Indonesians who return from the aforementioned countries are also subject to additional health screening and a 14-day stay-at-home notice or quarantine depending on appearing symptoms.

On 31 March, Indonesia will bar foreign nationals from transiting through or entering the country as the government steps up efforts to curb the spread of COVID-19 in the country without heeding growing calls for a complete lockdown to contain the pandemic. This policy start from 2 April until further notice, but destroy everything.[306][307]

Criticism

Failure to detect the virus

Health experts are concerned that the country is failing to identify the transmission of the virus.[308] Marc Lipsitch, professor of epidemiology at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, "analysed air traffic out of the Chinese city at the centre of the outbreak in China and suggested in a report ... that Indonesia might have missed cases" of coronavirus disease 2019.[309][310][311] Western diplomats[312][313][314] as well as local[308][315] and international[316][317][318] news outlets postulated that the lack of cases within Indonesia result from inadequate testing and under reporting, as opposed to sheer luck and divine intervention.[319][320] On March 22, a research suggested that the official number of infections may only reflect 2% of the real COVID-19 infections in Indonesia.[107][321]

Budget for foreign social media influencers

The government faced backlash after instead pledging to set aside IDR 72 billion ($5m) to pay for social media influencers to attract tourists to Indonesia.[322]

Lack of transparency

Indonesian president Joko Widodo is also criticized by Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry,[323] human rights groups,[324] and also by political party such as Golkar and PKS[325][326] for lack of transparency regarding the information of the COVID-19. Widodo have insisted not to share the travel history details of the patients that tested positive with coronavirus in an attempt to reduce panic and uneasiness in the general public.[327] The public had asked the government to release official national map of COVID-19 confirmed cases' location, as unofficial independent maps may provide incorrect data.[328]

Tests and treatment

Reports have surfaced about patients in Greater Jakarta having to wait for a long time to get tests or treatment for possible cases of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as referral hospitals face increasing strain.[329]

Lockdown policies

Joko Widodo has come under increased pressure to impose a partial lockdown on virus-plagued areas, with scientists saying the country is racing against time to curb the spread of COVID-19 before Eid al-Fitr and that a community quarantine could be the only solution to do exactly that.[330] On 16 March, Jokowi stated that lockdown policies is the authority of the central government, and warned local government to not impose lockdown without the consent of central authority.[331]

On 27 March, dozens of Indonesian medical professors have called for “local lockdowns”, saying that the government's policy of physical distancing is not “effective”. The government is drafting a regulation (PP) to stipulate the procedures and requirements for imposing regional quarantines.[332][333]

Impact

Due to COVID-19, Jakartans rushes to panic-buy toilet rolls, food supplies, masks, hand sanitizers, etc.

Socioeconomic

Surgical face masks in Indonesia have soared in price by over six times the original retail value from around IDR 30,000 to IDR 185,000 (some sources stated it exceeds IDR 300,000) per box in some outlets after the announcement of two citizens test positive for the new coronavirus.[334] Panic buying had been reported since mid-February before the first cases were confirmed.[335] President of Indonesia Joko Widodo has warned against hoarding of face masks and hand sanitizers[336] and Indonesian National Police has started to crack down on suspected hoarders.[337]

Economic

Following the worldwide trend of stock price drops, the IDX Composite weakened even before the first confirmation of the disease in Indonesia.[338] In response to expected economic slowdown in Indonesia due to loss of Chinese economic activity, Bank Indonesia cut its interest rates by 25 basis points to 4.75% on 20 February.[339]

On 12 March, as WHO declares pandemic, IDX Composite tumbled 4.2 percent to 4,937 when Thursday's session was opened, a level unseen in almost four years.[340]

On 13 March, equity trading halted for first time since 2008 over pandemic.[341]

On 17 March, Rupiah weakens to IDR 15,000 per dollar, touching a level unseen since October 2018.[342][343]

JKSE Composite Index 14 days after case #1 (2 March 2020)

On 19 March, IDX Composite halted because of the sharp downturn of more than 5 percent. This is the fourth trading halt that IDX Composite experienced during the coronavirus crisis. Indonesia Financial Service Authority or OJK have mandated a suspension of trading if IDX Composite fell down more than 15 percent.[344]

Numbers of shopping malls started to voluntarily close due to declining foot traffic; only pharmacies, groceries and ATM still operate with limited hours.[345]

Tourism and leisure

Indonesian tourism is also suffering the effect, with Bali suffering a 33% drop in tourism arrivals when compared to January, and a steep 96% reduction of Chinese travellers. Hotels are taking on an exceptionally low occupancy rate, with some hotels experiencing 5% and even 0% occupancy rate due to overspecialization on Chinese visitors, increasing travel restrictions from source countries, and an overall fear of the virus.[346] There is however an increase in interest for domestic tourism,[347] and Chinese tourists already on the island have generally opted to extend their stay.[348] All beaches in Bali are temporarily closed for public.[349]

A beach in Padang appear to be quiet as the Indonesian government calls on the public to implement social distancing

Jakarta ePrix race of the 2019–20 Formula E season will also be postponed due to coronavirus concerns.[350] The city's Capital Investment and One-Stop Service (PM-PTSP) announced it plans to postpone any public events with mass-gatherings from March to April following the news of increasing number of COVID-19 cases to 27.[351]

Numerous music events such has by Rich Brian, Hammersonic, Dream Theater, Babymetal, Slipknot, ONE OK ROCK, and electronic dance music festival "We Are Connected" has been suspended in the country because of the coronavirus concerns.[352][353][354][355][356]

Several local films, such as KKN di Desa Penari, Tersanjung The Movie, and Generasi 90-an: Melankolia, has been delayed, also because of the novel coronavirus pandemic.[357][358][359]

Indonesia International Motor Show 2020 will be postponed due to the coronavirus crisis.[360]

Indonesian Wikipedia gathering (along with other Indonesian languages edition, such as Javanese Wikipedia, Sundanese Wikipedia, Minangkabau Wikipedia, etc.) called "WikiNusantara" (similar to Wikimania but on national scale) scheduled at the end of March is cancelled.[361]


Stimuli policy

First stage

To reduce the impact of COVID-19 pandemic to the national economy, the Government of Indonesia releases a IDR 10.3 trilion stimulus policy to the tourism sector, in the form of ticket price discounts and restaurant tax deductions. The IDR 10.3 trilion budget is given to provide discounted ticket prices for 10 tourist destinations, such as Batam, Denpasar, Yogyakarta, Labuan Bajo, Lombok, Malang, Manado, Lake Toba (Silangit Airport), Tanjung Pandan, and Tanjungpinang, which applies from March to May 2020. Ticket prices for low-cost airlines are discounted by 50%, medium-service by 48%, and full-service by 45%.[362] Specifically for this ticket price discount, the stimulus fund comes from the IDR 444.39 billion-state budget (APBN) for a discounted value of 30% and 25% of passengers per flight.[363] Additionally, there are additional ticket discounts paid by Angkasa Pura I and Angkasa Pura II in the amount of Rp100 billion and PT Pertamina (Persero) in the amount of Rp260 billion through avtur price discounts, so the total ticket price stimulus is IDR 960 billion so that the ticket price can be discounted by 50%.[364]

The stimulus in the form of restaurant taxes borne by the central government was also provided with a value of Rp3.3 trillion. Thus, there is no restaurant tax in the 10 tourist destinations above, but as compensation the local government will get a grant from the central government.[363]

Notable people

Confirmed cases

Notable individuals confirmed COVID-19 positive
No Name Announcement Date Status Status Date Note
1 dr Muhammad Budi Hidayat 13 March Recovered[365][366] 25 March 2020 Head of Class I Port Health Office of Surabaya
2 Budi Karya Sumadi 14 March Minister of Transportation
3 Andrea Dian [id] 18 March[367] Actress
4 Bima Arya Sugiarto 19 March[368] Mayor of Bogor
5 Detri Warmanto [id] 20 March[369] Recovered[370] 26 March 2020 Actor
6 Yana Mulyana 23 March[371] Recovered[372] 27 March 2020 Vice Mayor of Bandung
7 Cellica Nurrachadiana 24 March[373] Regent of Karawang
8 Zulfikri 24 March[374] Director General of Railways, Ministry of Transportation
9 Lely Pelitasari 24 March[375] Vice Director of Ombudsman of the Republic of Indonesia
10 Ninik Rahayu 24 March[375] Member of Ombudsman of the Republic of Indonesia
11 Prof. Idrus A Paturusi 25 March[376][377] Former rector of Hasanuddin University
12 Wander Luiz 27 March[378] Football player for Persib Bandung
13 M. Ichsan Mustari 27 March[379] Head of Health Office of South Sulawesi province
14 Yayan Yuliana 28 March[380][381] Head of Environment Office of Bekasi City
15 Elisa Bunga Allo 29 March[382] Member of Regional Representative Council of Central Sulawesi province
16 Hera Nugrahayu 1 April[383] Secretary of Palangkaraya City

Deaths

Notable individuals who died from COVID-19
No Date of Death Announcement date Place of Death Name Status Notes
1 21 March 2020 22 March 2020 Gatot Soebroto Army Hospital Djoko Judodjoko, dr., Sp.B[384] COVID-19 (+)
2 19 March 2020 22 March 2020 Cimahi Toni Daniel Silitonga, dr.[384] Fatigue - Heart Attack[385]
3 22 March 2020 Hadio Ali, dr., Sp.S[384] COVID-19 (+)
4 22 March 2020 Adi Mirsaputra, dr., Sp.THT[384] COVID-19 (+)
5 22 March 2020 Ucok Martin, dr., Sp.P[384] COVID-19 (+)
6 22 March 2020 Laurentius Panggabean, dr., Sp.kJ[384] COVID-19 (+)
7 23 March 2020 23 March 2020 Persahabatan Central General Hospital, East Jakarta Prof. Dr. Bambang Sutrisna, dr., MHSc[386] COVID-19 (+) Professor of Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia
8 24 March 2020 24 March 2020 Dr Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta Prof. Iwan Dwiprahasto, dr., M.Med.Sc., Ph.D.[387] COVID-19 (+) Pharmacology professor of Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University
9 22 March 2020 25 March 2020 Persahabatan Central General Hospital, East Jakarta Dany Unardi Umar[388][389] COVID-19 (+) Director of PricewaterhouseCoopers Indonesia
10 26 March 2020 26 March 2020 Hasan Sadikin Hospital (RSHS), Bandung Exenveny Lalopua, dr.[390] COVID-19 (+)
11 26 March 2020 27 March 2020 RSUD Bekasi Bartholomeus Bayu Satrio Kukuh Wibowo, dr.[391][392] COVID-19 (+)
12 27 March 2020 27 March 2020 Hasan Sadikin Hospital (RSHS), Bandung Ir. H. Gatot Tjahjono, M.M.[393] COVID-19 (+) Deputy Chairperson, West Java regional representative council of PDI-P
13 27 March 2020 27 March 2020 Kariadi General Hospital, Semarang, Central Java Imam Suroso[394] COVID-19 (+) Member of Commission IX, People's Representative Council
14 27 March 2020 27 March 2020 RSUD Bogor Yuniarto Budi Santosa, drg., M. km.[395][396] COVID-19 (+) Head of Health Office, Bogor City
15 26 March 2020 27 March 2020 RSUD Kab Tangerang Willy Dreeskandar[397][398] COVID-19 (+) Former automotive journalist
16 12 Maret 2020 31 March 2020 RSPI Sulianti Saroso Ninuk Dwi Pusponingrum[399] COVID-19 (+) Nurse of Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital
17 30 March 2020 31 March 2020 Mohammad Hoesin General Hospital in Palembang, South Sumatra H. Efrizal Syamsudin, dr., M.M.[400][401] COVID-19 (+) RSUD Prabumulih Director
18 31 March 2020 31 March 2020 Pelni General Hospital, West Jakarta Ratih Purwarini, dr.[402][403] COVID-19 (+) RS. Duta Indah Director
19 2 April 2020 2 April 2020 Mintoharjo Navy Hospital, Jakarta Laksma TNI (Purn) dr Jeane P.M.R. Winaktu[404][405] COVID-19 (+) Former Chief of the Navy Health Service Dr. Mintohardjo
20 2 April 2020 2 April 2020 Mintoharjo Navy Hospital, Jakarta Letkol (K)W Mulatsih[406] COVID-19 (+) Head of the Cilandak Marine Hospital Nurse Department

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