It has been suggested that Timeline of the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Croatia be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2020.
This article is about a current pandemic where information can change quickly or be unreliable. The latest page updates may not reflect the most up-to-date information. (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|2020 coronavirus pandemic in Croatia|
Pandemija koronavirusa u Hrvatskoj 2020. (in Croatian)
Map of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic in Croatia by county as of 1 April 2020
|First outbreak||Wuhan, Hubei, China|
via Italy, Austria,
|Arrival date||25 February 2020|
(1 month, 1 week and 1 day)
The 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Croatia (Croatian: Pandemija koronavirusa u Hrvatskoj 2020.) is the current pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the Republic of Croatia caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus strain. The first case was reported in Zagreb on 25 February, when a patient who had come from Italy was tested positive. The same day, the second case related to the first one was confirmed. In March 2020, a cluster of cases were reported in numerous Croatian cities. On 12 March, the first recovery was reported, and on 18 March the first death from the virus was confirmed.
On 19 March, the number of recorded cases surpassed 100. On 21 March, it surpassed 200. On 25 March, it surpassed 400. On 31 March, it surpassed 800.
On 22 March an intense earthquake hit Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, causing problems in enforcement of social distancing measures set out by the Government. It was the strongest earthquake in Zagreb since the 1880 earthquake.
Concerns over the virus began as soon as it began its rapid rise in China and its effects on the international scale became clear. Concerns were raised about the increased probability of the virus entering Croatia because of the number of Chinese workers working on Pelješac Bridge. Some of the institutions in Croatia preemptively reacted to the potential threat.
The airports in Croatia were prepared and they started going through passive measures and being vigilant.
The Ministry of Health warned those travelling to China to avoid sick people, animals, and markets, not to eat any raw or semi-cooked animals, and to wash their hands often and to notify their doctor of their plans to travel to China.
After relieving Milan Kujundžić from the position of Health Minister, on 31 January, Vili Beroš was confirmed as the new Health Minister by the Croatian Parliament. Prime Minister Andrej Plenković cited the coronavirus problem as one of the reasons for the change. Beroš held a meeting with the Ministry's Crisis Headquarters on his first day regarding the coronavirus epidemic.
The Croatian Public Health Institute introduced special health inspection measures on 2 February for persons arriving from China or had been in China recently. On 3 February, Beroš met with Stella Kyriakidou, the European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety, and Janez Lenarčič, the European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, to discuss the situation with the coronavirus. Following a meeting with the EU health ministers on 13 February, Beroš said that the closure of EU borders is a possible measure.
Beroš adopted a decision to establish a quarantine unit at the Hospital for Infectious Diseases "Dr. Fran Mihaljević" in Zagreb on 21 February, for suspected or confirmed infected persons with coronavirus. A Croatian citizen who spent time on the Diamond Princess cruise ship was quarantined in that unit on the following day. He had no symptoms, but was placed in a 14-day quarantine as a precautionary measure. Plenković said that the Crisis Headquarters will meet on a daily basis and that the Government will take any measure necessary to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.
On 18 March, it was announced that, as of the next day, all cultural institutions in Croatia will be closed.
The same day, the Croatian National Theater in Zagreb decided, in collaboration with the daily newspaper 24sata, to allow citizens access quality cultural content through a YouTube channel, which will feature daily performances from the branches of opera, ballet and drama, and the viewers will be able to watch some of the most popular performances of the Theater, such as One Song a Day Takes Mischief Away, Swan Lake and Ero the Joker.
On 20 March, Croatian National Theatre Ivan pl. Zajc in Rijeka started with an online virtual program Zajc With You on their YouTube channel, as an act responsibility and in solidarity with its audience, citizens of Rijeka and the wider community, especially those most vulnerable ones, either because of their age or because they are "on the front line of defense against the virus". Some ensembles will not continue their regular and usual work, because it involves gathering of more people, such as orchestras or choirs, and physical contact, such as ballet ensembles.
Croatian Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Zdravko Marić was asked to comment on to what extent the virus has affected the national economy, and if it could trigger an economic crisis. He said:
"It is very difficult to forecast what will happen because the situation is changing on a daily basis. The situation is very serious, so I have to choose my words carefully. A lot of people are making off the cuff statements. No one in government is negating the problem, the problem is quite evident. But right now we cannot forecast the scope of its effect. No one can. Primarily because no one knows how long the coronavirus crisis will last."
Minister Marić added that it was far too early to make any predictions regarding the national economy in 2020 and budgetary revenues:
"Right now I don't want to speculate on what its effects will be. Our budgetary projection for economic growth, GDP growth this year is 2.5%, it remains to be seen if we will have to adjust the figure down and if so by how much."
On 14 March, the Government banned price increases and set the 30 January price as the highest possible for the following products: flour, milk, milk powder, eggs, sugar, salt, rice, pasta, fresh meat, fish, fruit, vegetables, canned meat, canned fish, edible oil, baby food, baby diapers, drinking water, laundry detergent, dishwasher detergent, soap, as well as water disinfectants, space disinfectants, hand sanitisers including concentrated alcohol, hazmat suits and other protective clothes and shoes, goggles, protective gloves, protective shoe covers, protective masks, respirators/transport fans, medication, medical products and bed covers for medical system; to avoid price increases amid panic buying. Prime Minister Plenković informed President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen of the Government's decision a day later. State Inspectorate announced that price inspections would start on 17 March with the fines varying from 3,000 to 15,000 HRK.
On 17 March, Prime Minister Plenković announced closing shopping centres, some shops, restaurants, cinemas, theatres, reading rooms, libraries, gyms, sports centres, fitness centres, recreation centres, dance schools, children's and other workshops, exhibitions, fairs, nightclubs and discos.
The City of Zagreb reported 6% fewer arrivals in February than in the same period the previous year. The impact was visible from the contrast to January, which recorded 10% growth compared to the same period the previous year. According to data from evisitor
On 14 March, Split City Museum limited its activity and closed the Cellars of Diocletian's Palace and Gallery Emanuel Vidović for visitors. In the week from 16 to 22 March, hotels and restaurants in the country recorded 78% decline in revenue compared to the previous week.
On 11 March, it was announced that kindergartens, schools and faculties in Istria County would be closed from 13 March, with students of the first four grades of primary school keeping up with classes via the TV channel HRT 3 or via Sharepoint from Microsoft Office.
On 13 March, Prime Minister Plenković announced that all kindergartens, schools and faculties in Croatia would be closed for a fortnight starting on 16 March.
On 16 March, Minister of Education Blaženka Divjak confirmed that the same day CARNET, responsible for online classes in Croatia, had been a victim of a cyberattack making the online classes impossible at that moment. Later the same day, Minister Divjak reported that CARNET had been under ten cyberattacks during the day; however, she confirmed that the online classes had gone successfully.
On 2 March, Zagreb Philharmonic Orchestra issued a statement that their joint concert with Filarmomica di Milano conducted by Daniele Gatti, set to be held in Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall on 10 March, had been cancelled due to the Italian orchestra coming from the affected Italian area which would've increased the risk of exposure to the virus.
On 18 March, Eurovision Song Contest 2020 was cancelled due to the virus pandemic in Europe. However, Croatian representative Damir Kedžo, set to perform his song "Divlji vjetre" (Wild Wind), is expected to perform at the next edition of the contest as well.
Archbishop of Zagreb Josip Bozanić supported the removal of holy water from church entrances and handshakes from the Mass, and recommended believers to receive the communion bread from priests into their own hands instead of directly into their mouth. He also recommended believers who had symptoms of respiratory system infection, had visited affected areas, had been in contact with a carrier of the virus, were elderly or suffered from chronic illnesses not to attend the Mass.
The Croatian Football Federation (HNS) on 11 March ordered that all Prva HNL matches would be played behind closed doors until 31 March. The measure applied to all competitions under HNS, as well as all UEFA qualifying matches hosted by Croatia. The same day HNS announced that Croatia national football team would not play its friendly games against Switzerland and Portugal scheduled for 26 and 30 March in Doha due to the virus pandemic in Qatar. On 12 March, HNS decided to suspend all competitions until 31 March. On 13 March, HNS agreed with the national team manager Zlatko Dalić not to play any matches during the March international break.
On 14 March, Dalić was confirmed to be in self-isolation until 18 March as well as HNS president Davor Šuker, director Damir Vrbanović, spokesman Tomislav Pacak, and director of International Affairs and Licensing Department Ivančica Sudac. They had all been at the 2020–21 UEFA Nations League draw and the UEFA Congress in Amsterdam on 2 March where they had been in contact with Football Association of Serbia president Slaviša Kokeza who tested positive for the virus at the Clinical Centre of Serbia. They left self-isolation on 18 March after none of them had symptoms of the disease. The same day Šuker revealed that he would support UEFA Euro 2020's postponement at a videoconference in Nyon on 17 March.
On 24 March, Croatia national football team donated 4,200,000 HRK for fighting the pandemic. The same day, it was announced that Atlético Madrid and Croatia player Šime Vrsaljko donated 62,500€ to General Hospital in his hometown Zadar for purchase of two respirators. Dalić donated 40,000 HRK to Fra Mihovil Sučić Hospital in his hometown Livno, Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as Utah Jazz and Croatia national basketball team player Bojan Bogdanović who donated 50,000 USD to University Clinical Hospital in his hometown Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
On 25 March, first athlete from the country tested positive for the virus, boxer Toni Filipi and his coach Tomo Kadić.
On 26 March, GNK Dinamo Zagreb fired coach Nenad Bjelica's assistants because they, alongside Bjelica and the players, refused to accept pay cuts. The players stated that the pay cuts were not the problem, claiming that the club had not previously informed them and had led no negotiations with them, therefore reached no agreement about the pay cuts.
On 30 March, AS Monaco and former Croatia goalkeeper Danijel Subašić donated 500,000 HRK to hospitals in Zadar and Split. The same day, Real Madrid player and Croatia captain Luka Modrić donated 100,000€ to Zadar General Hospital for purchase of an X-ray generator.
On 1 April, KK Cibona fired all of their employees apart from the players due to inability to pay their wages, including even the coach Ivan Velić. The same day, the Croatian Basketball Federation has decided to cancel all competitions for the 2019–20 season. The same day, UEFA decided to postpone all international matches scheduled for June until further notice, therefore postponing Croatia national team's friendly games with Turkey and France, scheduled to be played in Osijek and Nice respectively.
On 2 March, the first flights to Zagreb were cancelled at 9:50 AM (CET). Korean Air also announced that it would be cancelling flights on the Seoul-Zagreb line (which had been due to begin on 31 March) until 23 April.
On 13 March, Croatia Airlines issued a statement that passengers who had visited the following countries in the previous 14 days would be obliged to spend 14 days in quarantine: Italy, China PR (province of Hubei), Korea (city of Daegu and province of Cheongdo), and Germany (Heinsberg in state of North Rhine-Westphalia). Furthermore, passengers who had visited the following countries in the previous 14 days would be obliged to spend 14 days in self-isolation: France, Sweden, Switzerland, Spain, Germany (apart from the aforementioned German area), Austria, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, China (apart from the aforementioned Chinese area), Korea (apart from the aforementioned Korean area), Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, Bahrain and Slovenia (White Carniola). Those who did not have residence in Croatia or an address to spend the self-isolation at would be placed in quarantine instead, and those who refuse would be sent back to where they came from.
On 14 March, Croatia closed all borders with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
On 15 March, Croatian Institute for Public Healthcare director Krunoslav Capak confirmed citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia would not be obliged to stay in self-isolation. However, later the same day, it was confirmed by Police Department of Brod-Posavina Chief Antun Valić that since the previous night passengers entering the country from Bosnia and Herzegovina were obliged to stay in 14-day self-isolation.
On 18 March, it was announced that, as of the next day, 27 border crossing stations on the border with Slovenia would be closed.
On 22 March, all public transport services were suspended in Croatia for the next 30 days. The suspension refers to public passenger transport by road within the country (except for taxi services), international public passenger transport by road, passenger transport by rail, tram and other city public transportation, as well as all other types of public transportation (such as funicular railway).
On 23 March, the Croatian National Civil Protection Headquarters announced that citizens, with some exceptions, would not be allowed to leave their city or municipality.
On 15 February, during a Croatian Table Tennis Superleague match which was played in Dubrovnik between the local team Libertas Marinkolora and guest team STK Starr from Varaždin, a number of insulting comments were posted on the official Libertas Marinkolora Facebook page towards a Croatian player of Chinese origin, Tan Ruiwu of STK Starr which referenced the coronavirus. This included a comment by the manager of Libertas Marinkolor Marko Habijanec in which he instructed one of his players (who was facing Tan in the next match) to "Beat this virus." The comments were subsequently deleted. Libertas Marinkolor eventually issued an apology and condemnation of the incident.
On 11 March, a bus traveling from Vienna was denied from entering the country on the Macelj border crossing due to four Singaporean passengers who were asked to return to Vienna despite having clear documents. After being explained by the station doctor that they would be obliged to spend 14 days in quarantine financed by themselves, they gave up on entering the country. However, the police then asked the bus driver to go back to Vienna as well and told him that "he shouldn't have let the Singaporeans in the bus in the first place".
On 25 February, the first case in Croatia was confirmed. A 26-year-old man who had stayed in Milan, Italy from 19 to 21 February tested positive and was hospitalised at the University Hospital for Infectious Diseases Dr. Fran Mihaljević in Zagreb.
On 26 February, two new cases were confirmed: The twin brother of the first patient was admitted to the same hospital in Zagreb, while a man who had worked in Parma was hospitalised in Rijeka. The same day Osijek Clinical Hospital Centre banned visits.
By 29 February there were seven confirmed cases of COVID-19, all of which were present in Zagreb and Rijeka.
On 2 March, the eighth case of the virus was confirmed in Rijeka (the fifth case in the city).
On 6 March, another case was confirmed in Varaždin, a 60-year-old patient who had tested positive.
On 7 March, the third case was confirmed in Varaždin, bringing the total number of infected in Croatia to twelve.
On 11 March, the sixteenth case was confirmed, a young man who had been to a fair in Munich. The same day, three more cases were reported. All three had travelled from Austria and Germany. The same day, a ferry from Ancona with 93 passengers sailed into the Port of Split. 57 of them were citizens of Croatia, nine of them were citizens of Italy, six of them were citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina, three of them were citizens of Montenegro, and the rest were from various other countries. They were placed into quarantine in Hotel Zagreb in Duilovo, Split.
On 12 March, the first recovery from the virus was reported. The twin brother of patient zero had tested negative to the virus twice and was released from hospital. However, on the same day eight new cases were reported. Three of them were closely related to the patients from Rijeka and were asymptomatic. The other two had travelled from Austria and Germany to Zagreb. The first case of the virus was confirmed in Sisak. The patient is from Mošćenica and had worked in Italy. Two more cases were reported in Pula, both of whom came from Italy.
On 13 March, five new cases were reported; two in Pula and three in Zagreb. One of the cases in Zagreb was a child, subsequently all children from the kindergarten the child attended were placed into quarantine. It was the first recorded case of an infected child. During the night from 13 to 14 March, fourteen workers of Brodosplit were placed into quarantine in Split after coming back from temporary work in Italy, bringing the total number of quarantined in Split to 47.
On 14 March, five new cases were reported, bringing the total number of infected to 37; one in each of Zagreb, Varaždin and Sisak, as well as first two cases in Osijek. Patients in Osijek were middle-aged spouses from Ernestinovo who are closely related to one of the patients hospitalized in Zagreb. The patient zero had recovered and was released from the hospital during the day. By the end of the day, the 38th and 39th case were confirmed; a woman who came back from Romania and a close relative of the couple from Ernestinovo who was hospitalized in Osijek.
On 15 March, ten new cases were reported; five in Zagreb and five in Osijek. Number of quarantined increased to 51; 49 in Split and two in Dubrovnik. Two of the patients from Zagreb were confirmed to be doctors of Clinical Hospital Dubrava who got infected outside of the hospital, subsequently leading to its evacuation. The hospital was then chosen to be turned into a respiratory centre for the most severe cases, while other patients were going to be relocated to University Hospital Centre Zagreb or Sisters of Charity Hospital or released home.
On 16 March, seven new cases were confirmed; five in Zagreb, one in Rijeka and the first case in Karlovac, bringing the total number of infected in the country to 56. Minister of the Interior Davor Božinović confirmed 174 reports of self-isolation regime breaking. The same day, a third and fourth recoveries in the country were confirmed; the first hospitalized patient from Rijeka and a young woman in Zagreb.
On 17 March, thirteen new cases were reported bringing the total number of recorded cases to 69. Minister Beroš stated that 1,014 samples had been processed and that 9,598 people where under medical control. The number of quarantined in the country was confirmed to be 63. Minister Božinović confirmed receiving 500 reports of self-isolation regime breaking, 93 of whom were proven to have broken it and would face sanctions. Three of the cases were three doctors from University Hospital Centre Zagreb and University Psychiatric Hospital Vrapče. Doctors from the former hospital were said to have gone skiing in Austria without previously informing their superiors. First cases were confirmed in Zabok and Slavonski Brod, both of whom had come from Austria. The same day, patients from Križine Hospital Split were moved to Firule Hospital Split, as the former was intended exclusively for the coronavirus cases. Doctors and medical staff were helped out by KK Split players and Hajduk Split ultras group Torcida in the transportation process.
On 18 March, President Zoran Milanović gave a televised address to the nation concerning the pandemic. Twenty new cases were reported, including the first ones in Dalmatia; a young woman from Biograd who had come back from a tourist trip to Zanzibar via Dubai with her sister and had previously spent time in self-isolation with her family was hospitalized in Zadar, and an elderly couple who were hospitalized in Split. The number of infected doctors increased to nine.
On 19 March, sixteen new cases were reported bringing the number to 105. First cases were reported in Dubrovnik and Šibenik. The same day, an elderly man from Brtonigla who died the day before in self-isolation was confirmed to have had the virus; however, the virus wasn't confirmed to be the cause of death. Prime Minister Plenković gave a televised address to the nation concerning the pandemic, calling it "the biggest crisis Croatia has faced since the War of Independence". The same day, patients were being moved from Clinical Hospital Dubrava as it was being turned into a respiratory centre for the most severe cases of the virus. Doctors and medical staff were helped out by Dinamo Zagreb ultras group Bad Blue Boys.
On 20 March, 23 new cases were reported. Amongst the new cases is a first case of an infected priest; a retired priest from Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vrhbosna who lived in Sesvetski Kraljevec. The first case was recorded on the islands; a man from Vrboska on Hvar who had been working in Austria was hospitalized in Split. The same day Arena Zagreb was started being turned into a hospital for lighter cases. Minister Beroš reported receiving a donation of medical equipment from a Saudi Arabian man.
On 22 March, an intense earthquake (5.4 on the Richter scale) hit the city of Zagreb, at 6:24 AM and was followed by multiple aftershocks with the largest being a Mw4.8 event at 7:01 AM. The earthquake could also be felt across the rest of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Slovenia, and Austria. It was the strongest earthquake in Zagreb since the 1880 earthquake. The same day, 29 new cases of COVID-19 were reported, including the first case in Čazma; a woman who had come back from Turkey.
On 24 March, 67 new cases were reported, bringing the number of the infected to 382. The number of recovered increased to 16. The first case was recorded in Vinkovci; a woman who had worked in Austria.
On 25 March, 60 new cases were reported, increasing the number of infected to 442. Three soldiers of Croatian Army on a mission in Lithuania were confirmed to have been tested positive as well. Croatian Institute for Public Health director Krunoslav Capak confirmed eight cases of the virus and thirty individuals who have the symptoms on the island of Murter, and backed up cutting transportation ties with the island until the individuals with the symptoms are tested. Minister Božinović confirmed nobody entered the country in the previous week and announced a convoy of 400 people who were going to travel from Austria and Slovenia to Serbia accompanied by police. The first death was confirmed, as the man who had died on 18 March was confirmed after the autopsy to have died due to the virus.
On 26 March, 39 new cases were reported, bringing the number of infected to 481. Minister of Defence Damir Krstičević announced sending a Croatia Airlines plane to Afghanistan to return 105 soldiers of Croatian Army home, as well as 26 soldiers of Montenegrin Army, seven soldiers of North Macedonian Army and two soldiers of Albanian Army. Epidemiologist Alen Medić, from Institute of Public Health Zadar, stated that he would request quarantine to be proclaimed in Biograd na Moru, just like on Murter, due to circa eighty people being suspected of being infected. The same day two new deaths were recorded in the country. Both of the deceased were elderly oncological patients from Zagreb and Slavonski Brod, respectively.
On 28 March, 71 new cases were reported. Two new deaths were confirmed; a 92-year-old woman "with significant comorbidity" from Pula and a 60-year-old man from Karlovac. Director Capak confirmed eight new cases on Murter, which had previously been on lockdown. He also recommended the citizens to maximally avoid going outside due to air pollution in Zagreb, which could have caused respiratory problems and whose source was out of the country.
On 29 March, 56 new cases were reported, increasing the number of infected to 713. Sixth death was confirmed; 84-year-old man who died in Clinical Hospital Dubrava, having previously suffered a stroke. The number of recovered increased to 52 and the number of patients on ventilators increased to 26. Minister Beroš announced anticipation of a China Eastern Airlines plane carrying 12.5 tonnes of medical equipment from Shanghai via Frankfurt to Zagreb. Minister Božinović announced that a security guard from the Bilice prison in Split had been tested positive for the virus.
On 30 March, 77 new cases were reported, bringing the number of infected to 790. The number of recovered increased to 64 and the number of patients on ventilators increased to 27. No new death cases were reported.
On 31 March, 77 new cases were reported, increasing the number of the infected to 867, 32 of which were on ventilators. Total number of recovered patients increased to 67. As of that day, all counties of Croatia recorded at least one case of infection. Minister Božinović warned citizens about tomorrow's April Fools' Day and directed them not to spread any misinformation as a joke. Teaching Institute for Public Health introduced a "drive in" method of diagnosing the infection, where a patient does not leave their vehicle and their sample is instead taken through a car window. However, the method requires making an appointment with a family medicine doctor previously.
On 1 April, 96 new cases were reported, which was a record increase in a single day. The number of patients on ventilators increased to 34. Six more patients recovered and were released home. No deaths were recorded. Direktor Capak spoke about the passengers of a flight from Turkey that landed in Croatia on 16 March, stating that 41 recorded cases were connected to that flight. It was reported that 150 samples were taken by the "drive in" diagnosing method during its first day.
The following depicts the growth of the coronavirus cases in Croatia since 25 February 2020 to 2 April 2020, 2:00 PM (CEST). Full official data updates regularly, every day, at 2:00 PM. Before 29 March 2020 full official data was updated at 4:00 PM.
Growth factor is defined as today's new cases/new cases on the previous day. It is an indicative of the evolution of the pandemic. A continuously decreasing factor indicates that the pandemic is under control.
|City of Zagreb[ii]||279||+10||2||+1||12||=|||
|As of 2 April 2020, 2:00 PM (CEST)|
|Samples processed||8,352 (+672)||[a]|
|In self-isolation||21,071 (+1,001)||[b]|
|Patients on respirators||35||[e]|
|Infected medical workers||134 (+16)||[g]|
|Infected police officers||9||[i]|
|Average patient age||48.27||[j]|