On 9 March 2020, the first two cases in the country were reported in Burkina Faso.
On 13 March, the third case was also confirmed, is a person who has had direct contact with the first two cases.
On 14 March, 7 cases confirmed in the country. Five of the new confirmed cases have had direct contact with the first two cases. One is an English national currently working in a gold mine in the Burkina Faso and who went to vacation in Liverpool, returning on 10 March, with transits through Vancouver and Paris.
On 15 March, 8 new cases were confirmed according to a statement from the Ministry of Health, bringing the total number of cases to 15.
On 19 March, 33 total cases were confirmed by the Burkina Faso Ministry of Health.
On 20 March, 40 total cases were confirmed. Burkina Faso's education minister said he has tested positive for the coronavirus.
On 21 March, 64 total cases and 3 deaths were confirmed. Minister of Mines and Quarries, Oumarou Idani, tested positive for COVID-19 after returning from a conference in Toronto, Canada. President Roch Marc Christian Kabore on 20 March closed airports, land borders and imposed a nationwide curfew to curb the spread of the pandemic.
On 22 March, 75 total confirmed cases. Four key government ministers are confirmed to be infected, these ministers are: Alpha Barry, Minister of Foreign Affairs; Oumarou Idani, Minister of Mines and Quarries; Stanislas Ouaro, Minister of Education; and Simeon Sawadogo, Minister of Interior. Five cases, including the original couple, have recovered. The U.S. Ambassador to Burkina Faso, Andrew Young, tested positive. Five deaths have been confirmed.
On 23 March, the Burkina Faso Ministry of Health confirmed 100 cases of COVID-19 in Burkina Faso. The U.S. Embassy has begun to repatriate citizens to the United States.Harouna Kaboré, the Minister of Trade, tested positive for coronavirus.
On March 30, with 12 deaths, Burkina Faso has the most fatalities in sub-Saharan Africa. Burkina Faso has just one hospital currently configured to receive coronavirus patients, and it only has a handful of ventilators. At least six government ministers have since tested positive for the virus, as have two foreign ambassadors, from Italy and the United States. A single testing laboratory in Bobo-Dioulasso – a five-hour drive from the capital of Ouagdougou – means suspected cases all over the country have to wait at least 12 hours for results. The government said it wants to establish a second laboratory in Ouagadougou but has no one qualified to set up the equipment in the country. With borders sealed, the process of bringing in an outsider is being delayed.