On 28 February, the country confirmed its first positive case of COVID-19. The patient, a Russian national, had traveled from Iran. Two more cases were later confirmed in the country and they were all isolated. They were Azerbaijani nationals who returned from Iran. On the same day Azerbaijan closed borders with Iran for 2 weeks.
On 2 March, educational processes and other related activities were suspended from 3–9 March in all educational institutions across the country to prevent the spread of COVID-19 infection, to increase the effectiveness of measures taken in this sphere, and to intensify medical prophylactic, disinfection and other preventive measures. The suspension date was later extended through to 27 March.
On 4 March, Azerbaijan stopped letting trucks and imports coming from Iran to enter the country.
On 5 March, three more people, arriving from the Islamic Republic of Iran to Azerbaijan, tested positive for COVID-19. One of them was a German citizen born in 1988, and two others were Azerbaijani citizens (1994 and 1999) studying in Iran's Qom. Those people were placed in isolation in a designated hospital. Operative headquarters under the Cabinet of Ministers said total of 276 people who came from Iran are being kept under quarantine on compulsory condition for 14–29 days.
On 7 March, three Azerbaijani citizens, who returned from the Islamic Republic of Iran, were diagnosed with the coronavirus COVID-19. One of them, born in 1938, some time after returning from Iran, went to the hospital due to a health problem. During the examination, he was diagnosed with pneumonia, and laboratory analysis confirmed the fact of infection with coronavirus. Two others, students born in 1993 and 1994, studying in the Iranian city of Qom, were quarantined while crossing the Iran-Azerbaijan border and they had a coronavirus infection.
On 9 March, two Azerbaijani citizens (born in 1966 and 1978) who arrived in the country from Iran were infected with the coronavirus COVID-19.
On 10 March, two Azerbaijani citizens (born in 1960 and 1984) tested positive for coronavirus after returning from Iran, Operational Headquarters under the Cabinet of Ministers reported. Three Azerbaijanis, who previously tested positive for coronavirus (born in 1973, 1997 and 1998) recovered after receiving treatment in special hospitals and have already been discharged.
On 11 March, two more cases have been confirmed. One of them, born in 1969, tested positive for COVID-19 after admitting to hospital for chronic kidney disease as a complication of SLE. She returned from Iran a while ago. The other one was a student born in 1997, who developed fever after returning from Italy. Both of them put in isolation in special hospital.
On 12 March, the woman died from multiorgan failure, which diagnosed a day ago with COVID-19. This marked the first death of coronavirus in Azerbaijan.
On 14 March, three Azerbaijanis, who previously tested positive for coronavirus recovered after receiving treatment in special hospitals and have already been discharged. Azerbaijan temporarily closed land and air borders with Turkey mutually after telephone conversation between President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev and President of the Republic of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan The Operational Headquarters under the Azerbaijani Cabinet of Ministers conducted the measures on social isolation that applied countrywide from March 14. These measures included banning of wedding, mourning ceremonies and other mass gatherings, closure of cultural facilities, theatres, museums, cinemas, entertainment centres, sport centres and other related facilities, prohibition of patient visits by relatives in all medical establishments, specific guidelines for cafes, restaurants, shops, malls, public transportation and etc.
On 15 March, four more cases have been confirmed. Later on the day two more cases confirmed.
On 17 March, as preventive measures on the spread of coronavirus infection (COVID-19), entry to Baku and Sumgayit cities as well as to Absheron region was limited. On the same day it was reported that with 9 more cases, total number of cases rose to 34.
On 18 March, Operational headquarters reported that four more patients have been discharged form hospitals after recovering.
On 19 March, Azerbaijan's President Ilham Aliyev signed a decree on March 19 on a number of measures to reduce the negative consequences of coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and the impact of volatility caused by this infection in the world energy and stock markets on Azerbaijan's economy, macroeconomic stability, employment and business entities in the country. According to the decree, the Cabinet of Ministers was allocated $1 billion manats from the state budget to finance the measures.Azerbaijani President ordered to establish Support Fund Against Coronavirus. Initially 20 million manats allocated from President's Contingency Fund to this fund to enhance effectiveness of fight against coronavirus. It was later reported that President Ilham Aliyev donated his annual salary to this fund. Later on the day Operational Headquarters under the Cabinet of Ministers reported that ten more people tested positive for coronavirus.
On 20 March, it was reported that an number of government agencies will get a paid leave from March 29 to April 29. Suspension of educational centers further extended through April 19.
On 21 March, nine more people tested positive. Azerbaijan strict rules and reduction of working hours were applied to cafes, restaurants, tea houses, internet clubs and other public catering services.
On 22 March, twelve more cases, including first human to human transmission inside country was confirmed. Shopping centers, malls, and other crowded social and cultural facilities closed for a month.
“Yeni klinika” medical institution in Baku opened 28 March 2020 where since the next day COVID-19 infected people with serious symptoms got treatment
On 25 March, Chairman of the Azerbaijani Community of Nagorno Karabakh region of the Republic of Azerbaijan Tural Ganjaliyev reported that some members of the Armenian Community of Nagorno Karabakh region of the Republic of Azerbaijan have appealed to him as an elective representative and informed on the increase of the people, infected with severe respiratory disease, pneumania, poor condition of health infrastructure, lack of test kits and medical staff, and expressed their concerns that Armenia and illegal regime hide infection cases of coronavirus (COVID-19) from population.
On 31 March, Azerbaijan declared nationwide quarantine. People are required to stay in private houses and apartments, permanent or temporary places of residence until 20 April.
On 2 April, it was reported that in order to obtain permission to leave the place of residence, people must get SMS permissions to go outside for vital services (urgent medical need, to purchase food and other goods or medicines). In order to leave the place of residence in the event of a situation that poses a direct threat to life and health, sending an SMS is not required.
Below chart is generated based on daily reports from the website of Ministers Cabinet of Azerbaijan Republic according to the press release of Operational Headquarters under the Cabinet of Ministers on confirmed cases of COVID-19.
On 26 February, Georgia confirmed its first COVID-19 case. A 50-year-old man, who returned to Georgia from Iran, was admitted to Infectious Diseases Hospital in Tbilisi. He came back to the Georgian border via Azerbaijan by taxi.
On 28 February, Belarus confirmed its first case. A student from Iran tested positive on 27 February and was admitted to a hospital in Minsk. The individual arrived in Belarus via a flight from Baku, Azerbaijan, on 22 February.
On 11 March, Health Ministry of Kuwait confirmed two people to have COVID-19, who came in contact with an infected person whom arrived in Kuwait from Azerbaijan.
On 15 March, charter flights started to launch for the return of Azerbaijan citizens from Turkey since mutual trips of Turkish and Azerbaijani citizens by air and land have been temporarily suspended to prevent the spread of coronavirus. Those returned from Turkey quarantined for 14–28 days.
On 17 March, Azerbaijan started to launch charter flights from European Union countries, Russia and other countries to evacuate citizens.
On 4 March, first tour of the Baku Road Bicycle Racing Cup (supposed to be held on March 7–8) and Azerbaijani Basketball Championship matches have been cancelled. On 10 March, the traditional festivities related to Novruz holiday in Baku and Azerbaijan's regions in March have been canceled.
On 13 March, 55th European Karate Championship (supposed to be held on March 25–29) had been cancelled. Also the Azerbaijan Premier League was postponed due to the pandemic. Additionally the finals for the Baku World Cup for artistic gymnastics (scheduled for 14–15 March) was cancelled after qualifications had already taken place.