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2020 Vanuatuan general election

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Vanuatu

General elections were held in Vanuatu on 19–20 March 2020.[1] The elections were initially intended to be held on 19 March, but logistical problems resulted in some areas voting the following day.[2]

Electoral system

The 52 members of Parliament were elected from eight single-member constituencies and ten multi-member constituencies (of between two and seven seats) by single non-transferable vote.[3]

Background and campaign

The Vanua'aku Pati launched its campaign slogan 'Lets Rebuild Vanuatu' in June 2019 and endorsed the continuation of its Kambak ("come back") policy.[4]

In October 2019, a 'Vot Woman' campaign was launched, supporting all female candidates and calling for guaranteed 50% representation for women in parliament.[5] No women were elected in the 2012 or 2016 elections. There were around 15 female candidates.[6]

An important issue was the future of the lucrative but controversial citizenship by investment, or “passport sales” programs. For a price of about US $150,000, these schemes allow applicants to become citizens in months, without setting foot in the country.[7]

Although there were no confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the islands, there were concerns that fears of the pandemic could keep turnout low. Turnout at the previous election was about 57%.[7]

Results

Unofficial results were gradually released over the following days, with official results being announced later than usual, on 6 April, due to the death of the Chairman of the Vanuatu Electoral Commission, Martin Tete.[8] No women were elected.[9] Turnout was down six percentage points from the prior elections in 2016. Due to the delay in announcing the official results, the Parliament was unable to meet for its first sitting within the normal period required (21 days after the election), and will instead meet for the first time on 20 April.[8]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Leaders Party of Vanuatu 17,992 12.49 5 +4
Vanua'aku Pati 17,460 12.12 7 +1
Reunification Movement for Change 16,298 11.32 7 +4
Land and Justice Party 14,400 10.00 9 +2
Union of Moderate Parties 11,043 7.67 5 –1
National United Party 5,377 3.73 4 0
Green Confederation 3,623 2.52 1 –1
Rural Development Party 3,600 2.50 2 New
Vanuatu Liberal Movement 3,147 2.19 1 New
Nagriamel 2,980 2.07 1 –2
Vanuatu Labour Party 2,866 1.99 0 –1
Iauko Group 2,847 1.38 2 –2
People's Progressive Party 2,664 1.85 1 0
Vanuatu First Party 2,112 1.46 1 New
Vanuatu National Development Party 2,102 1.46 1 –1
People Unity Development Party 1,870 1.30 1 New
Vanuatu Cultural Self-reliance Movement 1,637 1.14 1 New
New Nation Party 1,534 1.07 0 New
Vemarana 1,506 1.05 1 +1
Ngwasoanda Custom Movement 1,300 0.90 1 New
Oceania Transformation Movement 1,252 0.87 0 New
The People's Party 1,232 0.86 0 New
Vanuatu Community Movement 1,028 0.71 0 New
Fren Melanesian Party 996 0.69 0 –1
Kia Koe Party 958 0.67 0 New
Vanuatu Progressive Development Party 825 0.57 1 +1
Upi Nafzan Iskei 729 0.51 0 New
People's Services Party 700 0.49 0 –1
Vanuatu People's Alliance for Change 602 0.42 0 New
Natatok Party 593 0.41 0 0
Vanuatu Progressive Republican Farmer Party 512 0.36 0 0
People's Democratic Party 505 0.35 0 New
National Party 448 0.31 0 0
Imaim 442 0.31 0 New
UCVP Party 436 0.30 0 New
Angai Tagaro 386 0.27 0 New
Melanesian Progressive Party 327 0.23 0 0
United Movements for Vanuatu People 315 0.22 0 New
Vanuatu Presidential Party 294 0.20 0 –1
Nodaru Masan Party 104 0.07 0 New
Shepherds Alliance Party 80 0.06 0 0
People's Action Party 77 0.05 0 0
Namaki Ahute Kastom Movement 71 0.05 0 New
People, Churches, Chiefs Party 70 0.05 0 New
Vanuatu Liberal Party 54 0.04 0 New
Movement for Righteousness, Justice and Peace 37 0.03 0 New
Vanuatu Peoples for Change Party 19 0.01 0 New
Vanuatu Reform Democratic Party 7 0.00 0 0
Independents 14,546 10.10 0 –8
Invalid/blank votes 1,061
Total 145,064 100 52 0
Registered voters/turnout 278,957 52.00
Source: calculation based on VEO

Elected members

Constituency Winning candidate Party
Torres (1 seat) Claude Christophe Antoine Emelee Vanuatu National Development Party
Banks (1 seat) Danis Silas Land and Justice Party
Santo (7 seats) Rick Mahe Tchamako Reunification Movement for Change
Gaetan Pikioune Vanuatu Liberal Movement
Alfred Maoh Land and Justice Party
Stevens Nano Fabiano Vemarana
Samson Samsen Vanuatu Cultural Self-reliance Movement
Pikoune Joshua Leonard Nagriamel
Sakaes Lulu People's Progressive Party
Malo/Aore (1 seat) Rasu Wesley Vanua'aku Pati
Luganville (2 seats) Seremaia Matai Leaders Party of Vanuatu
Marc Ati Iauko Group
Malekula (7 seats) Marcellino Barthemely Reunification Movement for Change
Esmon Saimon Vanua'aku Pati
Gracia Chadrack Leaders Party of Vanuatu
Sanick Asang National United Party
Edmond Julun Land and Justice Party
Sala John Land and Justice Party
Francois Batick Reunification Movement for Change
Ambrym (2 seats) John Dahmasing Salong Land and Justice Party
Bruno Leingkone National United Party
Paama (1 seat) Andy Job Sam Leaders Party of Vanuatu
Pentecost (4 seats) Charlot Salwai Reunification Movement for Change
Marc Melsul Rural Development Party
Silas Bule National United Party
Boe Reve Ephraim Land and Justice Party
Ambae (3 seats) James Bule People Unity Development Party
John Still Tari Qetu National United Party
Jay Ngwele Rural Development Party
Maewo (1 seat) Ian Wilson Ngwasoanda Custom Movement
Epi (2 seats) John Roy Nil Vanuatu Progressive Development Party
Seoule Simeon Reunification Movement for Change
Tongoa (1 seat) Kalo Willie Union of Moderate Parties
Shepherds (1 seat) Seteaoto Willie Pakoa Green Confederation
Efate (5 seats) Norris Kalmet Reunification Movement for Change
Kalkatoa Bakoa Maraki Leaders Party of Vanuatu
Gillion William Land and Justice Party
Hymak Anatole Vanuatu First Party
Ruben John Mark Vanua'aku Pati
Port Vila (5 seats) Ralph Regenvanu Land and Justice Party
Ulrich Sumptoh Reunification Movement for Change
Ismael Kalsakau Union of Moderate Parties
Harry Anthony Union of Moderate Parties
Kenneth Natapei Vanua'aku Pati
Tanna (7 seats) Jothan Napat Leaders Party of Vanuatu
Emanuel Harry Xavier Iauko Group
Robin Kapapa Union of Moderate Parties
Andrew Solomon Napuat Land and Justice Party
Johnny Kaonapo Vanua'aku Pati
Bob Loughman Vanua'aku Pati
Nako Ianatom Natuman Union of Moderate Parties
Southern Islands (1 seat) Edward Nalyal Molou Vanua'aku Pati
Source: VEO

References

  1. ^ General Election Date Set for March 19 Daily Post, 29 October 2019
  2. ^ "OVER 21,000 VOTERS YET TO VOTE". Vanuatu Daily Post. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 2020-03-23.
  3. ^ Republic of Vanuatu: Election for Ni-Vanuatu Parliament IFES
  4. ^ Vanuatu's largest political party endorses candidates for 2020 election Daily Post, 11 June 2019
  5. ^ Historic ‘Vot Woman’ Campaign Launched Daily Post, 8 October 2019
  6. ^ Cain, Tess Newton (2020-03-17). "Coronavirus fears and controversial passport sales: Vanuatu's election explained". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  7. ^ a b Coronavirus fears and controversial passport sales: Vanuatu's election explained by Tess Newton Cain, The Guardian, 17 Mar 2020
  8. ^ a b Malapa, Terence (9 April 2020). "Parliament Summoned". Daily Post. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  9. ^ Malapa, Terence. "2020 GE Unofficial Results: 25 Former MPs Re-elected". Vanuatu Daily Post. Retrieved 2020-03-23.
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