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2020 United States presidential election

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2020 United States presidential election

← 2016 November 3, 2020 2024 →

538 members of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win
Opinion polls
  Donald Trump official portrait (cropped).jpg Joe Biden 2013.jpg
Nominee Donald Trump
(presumptive)
Joe Biden
(presumptive)
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Florida[a] Delaware
Running mate Mike Pence
(presumptive)
TBD

 
Nominee TBD TBD
Party Libertarian Green
Running mate TBD TBD

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About this image
The electoral map for the 2020 election, based on populations from the 2010 Census.

Incumbent President

Donald Trump
Republican



The 2020 United States presidential election is scheduled for Tuesday, November 3, 2020. It will be the 59th quadrennial presidential election. Voters will select presidential electors who in turn will vote on December 14, 2020,[2] to either elect a new president and vice president or reelect the incumbents Donald Trump and Mike Pence respectively. The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses are being held from February to June 2020. This nominating process is an indirect election, where voters cast ballots selecting a slate of delegates to a political party's nominating convention, who then in turn elect their party's nominees for president and vice president.

Donald Trump, the 45th and incumbent president, has launched a reelection campaign for the Republican primaries; several state Republican Party organizations have cancelled their primaries in a show of support for his candidacy.[3] Trump became the presumptive Republican nominee on March 17, 2020 after securing a majority of pledged delegates.[4] 29 major candidates launched campaigns for the Democratic nomination, which became the largest field of candidates for any political party in the post-reform period of American politics. Former Vice President Joe Biden became the presumptive Democratic nominee when U.S. Senator from Vermont Bernie Sanders, his last major primary opponent, suspended his campaign on April 8, 2020. The winner of the 2020 presidential election is scheduled to be inaugurated on January 20, 2021.

If Biden and Trump are both on the ballot in November, they will respectively be the oldest and second oldest major party nominees in U.S. history,[b] and Biden, if elected and inaugurated in 2021, would immediately upon assuming office be the oldest serving President.[c][citation needed] The 2020 Democratic Party vice presidential nominee is set to be the third female major party vice presidential nominee in United States history, following Democrat Geraldine Ferraro in 1984 and Republican Sarah Palin in 2008 as presumptive Democratic nominee Biden has fully committed to selecting a female running mate.[5]

Background

Procedure

Article Two of the United States Constitution states that for a person to serve as president the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, at least 35 years old and a United States resident for at least 14 years. Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the various political parties of the United States, in which case each party develops a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. The primary elections are usually indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The presidential nominee typically chooses a vice presidential running mate to form that party's ticket, who is then ratified by the delegates (with the exception of the Libertarian Party, which nominates its vice presidential candidate by delegate vote regardless of the presidential nominee's preference). The general election in November is also an indirect election, in which voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College; these electors then directly elect the president and vice president.[6] If no candidate receives the minimum 270 electoral votes needed to win the election, the United States House of Representatives will select the president from the three candidates who received the most electoral votes, and the United States Senate will select the vice president from the candidates who received the two highest totals.

On August 26, 2019, the Maine legislature passed a bill adopting ranked-choice voting both for presidential primaries and for the general election.[7][8] On September 6, 2019, Governor Janet Mills allowed the bill to become law without her signature, which delayed it from taking effect until after the 2020 Democratic primary in March, but puts Maine on track to be the first state to use ranked-choice voting for a presidential general election. The law continues the use of the congressional district method for the allocation of electors, as Maine and Nebraska have used in recent elections.[9] The change could potentially delay the projection of the winner(s) of Maine's electoral votes for days after election day,[10] and will also complicate interpretation of the national popular vote.[11]

The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution states that an individual cannot be elected to the presidency more than twice. This prohibits former presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama from being elected president again. Former president Jimmy Carter, having served only a single term as president, is not constitutionally prohibited from being elected to another term in the 2020 election, though he has no plans to do so, saying, "95 is out of the question. I'm having a hard time walking. I think the time has passed for me to be involved actively in politics, much less run for president."[12]

Demographic trends

The age group of what will then be people in the 18-to-45-year-old bracket is expected to represent just under 40 percent of the United States' eligible voters in 2020. It is expected that more than 30 percent of eligible American voters will be nonwhite.[13]

A bipartisan report indicates that changes in voter demographics since the 2016 election could impact the results of the 2020 election. African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and other ethnic minorities, as well as "whites with a college degree", are expected to all increase their percentage of national eligible voters by 2020, while "whites without a college degree" will decrease. Generation Z, those born after 1996, will more than double to 10% of the eligible voters.[14] Traditionally, all these shifts were thought to potentially be an advantage for the Democratic nominee as they all have historically voted substantially more for Democrats than Republicans and continue to, however; that rate at which these groups, especially Generation Z, vote for Democrats is decreasing with non-whites[15] and young voters[16] both voting for and supporting Republicans at higher rates than before 2016. However, this is counteracted by whites and 65+ voters both voting for and supporting Democrats at a higher rate. These shifts have been slight overall nationally but substantially larger in swing states such as Wisconsin, Michigan and Iowa.[17][18][19][20] These shifts tend to occur more geographically favorably for Republicans than Democrats[21], thus; it is possible Trump could win the Electoral College while still losing the popular vote, possibly by an even larger margin than in 2016.[22]

Simultaneous elections

The presidential election will occur simultaneously with elections to the Senate and the House of Representatives. Gubernatorial and legislative elections will also be held in several states. Following the election, the United States House will redistribute the seats among the 50 states based on the results of the 2020 United States Census, and the states will conduct a redistricting of Congressional and state legislative districts. In most states the governor and the state legislature conduct the redistricting (although some states have redistricting commissions), and often a party that wins a presidential election experiences a coattail effect which also helps other candidates of that party win elections.[23] Therefore, the party that wins the 2020 presidential election could also win a significant advantage in the drawing of new Congressional and state legislative districts that would stay in effect until the 2032 elections.[24]

Impeachment

The House of Representatives voted to impeach President Trump on two counts on December 18, 2019.[25] The trial in the Senate began on January 21, 2020,[26] and ended on February 5, resulting in acquittal by the United States Senate.[27]

This is the first time a president has been impeached during his first term and while running for a second term.[28] Trump continued to hold campaign rallies during the impeachment.[29][30] This is also the first time since the modern presidential primaries were established in 1911 that a president has been subjected to impeachment while the primary season was underway.[31] The impeachment process overlapped with the primary campaigns, forcing senators running for the Democratic nomination to remain in Washington for the trial in the days before and after the Iowa caucuses.[32][33]

Effects of the 2020 coronavirus pandemic

States with at least one local, state, or federal primary election date or method of voting altered as of March 29, 2020.
  Municipal election date altered
  State level primary or election date altered
  State level and municipal primary or election date altered
  Federal level primary or election date altered

Several events related to the 2020 presidential election have been altered or postponed due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. On March 10, following primary elections in six states, Democratic candidates Joe Biden and Bernie Sanders cancelled planned campaign night events and further in-person campaigning and campaign rallies.[34][35] On March 12, President Trump also stated his intent to postpone further campaign rallies.[36] The 11th Democratic debate was held on March 15 without an audience at the CNN studios in Washington, D.C.[37] Several states have also postponed their primaries to a later date, including Georgia,[38] Kentucky,[39] Louisiana,[40] Ohio,[41] and Maryland.[42] As of March 24, 2020, all major-party presidential candidates have halted in-person campaigning and campaign rallies over coronavirus concerns. Political analysts have stated that the moratorium on traditional campaigning coupled to the effects of the pandemic on the nation could have unpredictable effects on the voting populace and possibly, how the election will be conducted.[43][44][45]

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act included money for states to increase mail-in voting.[46]

Government response to the impact of the pandemic from the Trump administration, coupled to the differing positions taken by congressional Democrats and Republicans regarding economic stimulus remains a major campaign issue for both parties.[47][48]

Nominations

Republican Party nomination

Primaries

In election cycles with incumbent presidents running for re-election, the race for their party nomination are usually pro-forma, with token opposition instead of any serious challengers and with their party rules being fixed in their favor.[49][50] The 2020 election is no exception; with Donald Trump formally seeking a second term,[51][52] the official Republican apparatus, both state and national, have coordinated with his campaign to implement changes to make it difficult for any primary opponent to mount a serious challenge.[53][54] On January 25, 2019, the Republican National Committee unofficially endorsed Trump.[55]

Several Republican state committees have scrapped their respective primaries or caucuses.[56] They have cited the fact that Republicans canceled several state primaries when George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush sought a second term in 1992 and 2004, respectively; and Democrats scrapped some of their primaries when Bill Clinton and Barack Obama were seeking reelection in 1996 and 2012, respectively.[57][58] After cancelling their races, some of those states like Hawaii and New York immediately binded their delegates to Trump,[59][60] while other such states like Kansas and Nevada later formally held a convention or meeting to officially award their delegates to him.[61][62]

In addition, the Trump campaign urged Republican state committees that used proportional methods to award delegates in 2016 (where a state's delegates are basically divided proportionally among the candidates based on the vote percentage) to switch to a "winner-takes-all" (where the winning candidate in a state gets all its delegates) or "winner-takes-most" (where the winning candidate only wins all of the state's delegates if he exceeds a predetermined amount, otherwise they are divided proportionally) for 2020.[50][63]

Nevertheless, reports arose beginning in August 2017 that members of the Republican Party were preparing a "shadow campaign" against the President, particularly from the moderate or establishment wings of the party. Then-Arizona senator John McCain said, "Republicans see weakness in this president."[64][65] Maine senator Susan Collins, Kentucky senator Rand Paul, and former New Jersey governor Chris Christie all expressed doubts in 2017 that Trump would be the 2020 nominee, with Collins stating "it's too difficult to say."[66][67] Senator Jeff Flake claimed in 2017 that Trump was "inviting" a primary challenger by the way he was governing.[68] Longtime political strategist Roger Stone, however, predicted in May 2018 that Trump might not seek a second term were he to succeed in keeping all his campaign promises and "mak[ing] America great again".[69]

Former Massachusetts governor Bill Weld then became Trump's first major challenger in the Republican primaries following an announcement on April 15, 2019.[70] Weld, who was the Libertarian Party's nominee for vice president in 2016, is considered a long shot because his libertarian views on several political positions such as abortion rights, gay marriage and marijuana legalization conflict with traditionalist conservative positions.[71]

In addition, businessman Rocky De La Fuente entered the race on May 16, 2019, but was not widely recognized as a major candidate.

Former Illinois representative Joe Walsh launched a primary challenge on August 25, 2019, saying, "I'm going to do whatever I can. I don't want [Trump] to win. The country cannot afford to have him win. If I'm not successful, I'm not voting for him."[72] Walsh ended his presidential bid on February 7, 2020, after drawing around 1% support in the Iowa caucuses. Walsh declared that "nobody can beat Trump in a Republican primary" because the Republican Party was now "a cult" of Trump. According to Walsh, Trump supporters had become "followers" who think that Trump "can do no wrong", after absorbing misinformation "from 'conservative' media. They don't know what the truth is and — more importantly — they don't care."[73]

On September 8, 2019, former South Carolina governor and representative Mark Sanford officially announced that he would be another Republican primary challenger to Trump.[74] He dropped out of the race 65 days later on November 12, 2019, after failing to gain support in Republican circles.[75]

Still, Donald Trump's re-election campaign has essentially been ongoing since his victory in 2016, leading pundits to describe his tactic of holding rallies continuously throughout his presidency as a "never-ending campaign".[76] On January 20, 2017, at 5:11 p.m., he submitted a letter as a substitute of FEC Form 2, by which he reached the legal threshold for filing, in compliance with the Federal Election Campaign Act.[77] Trump has run an active campaign during the primary season, even holding rallies in the February primary states, including South Carolina and Nevada where those Republican races were canceled.[78][79]

Through Super Tuesday, March 3, Trump won every race. Including those states who have canceled their races and have awarded their delegates to him, Trump through Super Tuesday won an estimated 1,023 of the 1,276 required to officially become the presumptive Republican Party nominee.[80] After the March 10 primaries, he was a mere 11 delegates shy of clinching, which he did the following week. As of March 21, he has received 11,446,331 popular votes.

On March 17, 2020, having won every state and every delegate but one, Trump became the presumptive nominee.[81] Weld suspended his campaign the next day.[82]

Presumptive nominee

Republican Party (United States)
Presumptive 2020 Republican Party ticket
Donald Trump Mike Pence
for President for Vice President
Donald Trump official portrait.jpg
Mike Pence official Vice Presidential portrait.jpg
45th
President of the United States
(2017–present)
48th
Vice President of the United States
(2017–present)
Campaign
TrumpPenceKAG.png

Other candidates

The following major candidates have either: (a) held public office, (b) been included in a minimum of five independent national polls, or (c) received substantial media coverage.[83][84][85]

Candidates in this section are sorted by state ballot access
Bill Weld
(suspended)
Joe Walsh
(suspended)
Rocky De La Fuente Mark Sanford
(suspended)
Bill Weld campaign portrait.jpg
Rep Joe Walsh.jpg
Rocky De La Fuente1 (2) (cropped).jpg
Mark Sanford, Official Portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Governor of Massachusetts
(1991–1997)
U.S. Representative from IL-08
(2011–2013)
Businessman and Perennial candidate U.S. Representative from SC-01
(1995–2001, 2013–2019)
Governor of South Carolina
(2003–2011)
Bill Weld campaign 2020.png Joe Walsh 2020 Logo-black.svg Rocky De La Fuente 2020 presidential campaign logo.png Mark Sanford 2020.png
Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign
W: March 18, 2020
255,264 votes
1 delegate
W: February 7, 2020
166,739 votes

Campaign active
71,908 votes

W: November 12, 2019
4,271 votes

[86][87] [88][89] [90] [74][91]

Endorsements

Democratic Party nomination

Primaries

In August 2018, the Democratic National Committee voted to disallow superdelegates from voting on the first ballot of the nominating process, beginning with the 2020 election. This would require a candidate to win a majority of pledged delegates from the assorted primary elections in order to win the party's nomination. The last time this did not occur was the nomination of Adlai Stevenson II at the 1952 Democratic National Convention.[92] Meanwhile, six states will use ranked-choice voting in the primaries: Alaska, Hawaii, Kansas, and Wyoming for all voters; and Iowa and Nevada for absentee voters.[93]

After Hillary Clinton's loss in the previous election, the Democratic Party was seen largely as leaderless[94] and fractured between the centrist Clinton wing and the more progressive Sanders wing of the party, echoing the rift brought up in the 2016 primary election.[95][96]

This divide between the establishment and progressive wings of the party has been reflected in several elections leading up to the 2020 primaries, most notably in 2017 with the election for DNC chair between moderate-backed Tom Perez and progressive-backed Keith Ellison:[97] Perez was elected chairman, and Ellison was appointed the deputy chair, a largely ceremonial role. In 2018, several U.S. House districts that Democrats hoped to gain from the Republican majority had contentious primary elections. These clashes were described by Politico's Elena Schneider as a "Democratic civil war".[98] Meanwhile, there has been a general shift to the left in regards to college tuition, healthcare, and immigration among Democrats in the Senate, likely to build up credentials for the upcoming primary election.[99][100]

Overall, the 2020 primary field had 29 major candidates,[101] breaking the record for the largest field under the modern presidential primary system previously set during the 2016 GOP primaries with 17 major candidates.[102] Several female candidates entered the race, increasing the likelihood of the Democrats nominating a woman for the second time in a row.[103]

Entering the Iowa caucuses on February 3, 2020, however, the field had decreased to 11 major candidates. Pete Buttigieg narrowly defeated Bernie Sanders in Iowa, then Sanders edged Buttigieg in the February 11 New Hampshire primary. Following Michael Bennet, Deval Patrick, and Andrew Yang dropping out, Sanders won the Nevada caucuses on February 22. Joe Biden then won the South Carolina primary, causing Buttigieg, Amy Klobuchar, and Tom Steyer to abandon their campaigns (Buttigieg and Klobuchar then immediately endorsed Biden). After Super Tuesday, March 3, Michael Bloomberg and Elizabeth Warren quit the race, leaving three candidates left: Biden and Sanders, the main contenders, and Tulsi Gabbard, who remained in the race despite facing nigh-on insurmountable odds.[104] Gabbard then dropped out and endorsed Biden after the March 17 Arizona, Florida, and Illinois races.[105] On April 8, 2020, Sanders dropped out, leaving Biden as the only major candidate remaining, and the presumptive nominee.[106]

Presumptive nominee

Democratic Party (United States)
Presumptive 2020 Democratic Party ticket
Joe Biden TBD
for President for Vice President
Joe Biden official portrait 2013 cropped.jpg
47th
Vice President of the United States
(2009–2017)
Campaign
Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg

Withdrawn candidates

The following major candidates have either: (a) served as vice president, a member of the cabinet, a U.S. senator, a U.S. representative, or a governor, (b) been included in a minimum of five independent national polls, or (c) received substantial media coverage.

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal from the primaries
Bernie Sanders Tulsi Gabbard Elizabeth Warren Michael Bloomberg Amy Klobuchar Pete Buttigieg Tom Steyer
Bernie Sanders March 2020 (cropped).jpg
Tulsi Gabbard (48011616441) (cropped).jpg
Elizabeth Warren by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Michael Bloomberg by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Amy Klobuchar by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Tom Steyer by Gage Skidmore.jpg
U.S. senator from Vermont
(2007–present)
U.S. representative from VT-AL
(1991–2007)
U.S. representative from HI-02
(2013–present)
U.S. senator from Massachusetts
(2013–present)
Mayor of New York City, New York
(2002–2013)
CEO of Bloomberg L.P.
U.S. senator from Minnesota
(2007–present)
Mayor of South Bend, Indiana
(2012–2020)
Hedge fund manager
Founder of Farallon Capital and Beneficial State Bank
Bernie Sanders 2020 logo.svg Tulsi Gabbard logo.svg Elizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Mike Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Amy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Pete for America logo (Strato Blue).svg Tom Steyer 2020 logo (black text).svg
Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign
W: April 8, 2020


7,719,341 votes
924 delegates

W: March 19, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
163,526 votes
2 delegates

W: March 5, 2020


2,457,588 votes
75 delegates

W: March 4, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
2,414,053 votes
50 delegates

W: March 2, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
482,684 votes
7 delegates

W: March 1, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
827,392 votes
26 delegates

W: February 29, 2020


244,198 votes


[107] [108][109] [110][111] [112][113] [114][115] [116][117] [118][119]
Deval Patrick Michael Bennet Andrew Yang John Delaney Cory Booker Marianne Williamson Julián Castro
Deval Patrick 2016.jpg
Michael Bennet by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Andrew Yang by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Delaney by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Cory Booker by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Marianne Williamson November 2019.jpg
Julian Castro 2019 crop.jpg
Governor of Massachusetts
(2007–2015)
U.S. senator from Colorado
(2009–present)
Entrepreneur
Founder of Venture for America
U.S. representative from MD-06
(2013–2019)
U.S. senator from New Jersey
(2013–present)
Mayor of Newark, New Jersey
(2006–2013)
Author
Founder of Project Angel Food
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
(2014–2017)
Mayor of San Antonio, Texas
(2009–2014)
Devallogo2020.png Michael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Andrew Yang 2020 logo.svg John Delaney 2020 logo.svg Cory Booker 2020 Logo.svg Marianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Julian Castro 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign
W: February 12, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
18,405 votes

W: February 11, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
39,948 votes

W: February 11, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
103,256 votes

W: January 31, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
15,923 votes

W: January 13, 2020

(endorsed Biden)
28,990 votes

W: January 10, 2020

(endorsed Sanders)
21,409 votes

W: January 2, 2020

(endorsed Warren)
36,072 votes

[120][121] [122][123] [124][125] [126][127] [128][129] [130][131] [132][133]
Kamala Harris Steve Bullock Joe Sestak Wayne Messam Beto O'Rourke Tim Ryan Bill de Blasio
Kamala Harris April 2019.jpg
Steve Bullock by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Joe Sestak August 2019 (3) (cropped).jpg
Wayne Messam by Marc Nozell (cropped).jpg
Beto O'Rourke April 2019.jpg
Tim Ryan by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Bill de Blasio by Gage Skidmore.jpg
U.S. senator from California
(2017–present)
Attorney General of California
(2011–2017)
Governor of Montana
(2013–present)
Attorney General of Montana
(2009–2013)
U.S. representative from PA-07
(2007–2011)
Former Vice Admiral of the United States Navy
Mayor of Miramar, Florida
(2015–present)
U.S. representative from TX-16
(2013–2019)
U.S. representative from OH-13
(2013–present)
U.S. representative from OH-17
(2003–2013)
Mayor of New York City, New York
(2014–present)
Kamala Harris 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Steve Bullock 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg N/A Wayne Messam 2020 presidential campaign logo.png Beto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Timryan2020.png Bill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign
W: December 3, 2019

(endorsed Biden)
862 votes

W: December 2, 2019


601 votes

W: December 1, 2019

(endorsed Klobuchar)
5,251 votes

W: November 19, 2019


0 votes[d]

W: November 1, 2019

(endorsed Biden)
1 vote[d]

W: October 24, 2019

(endorsed Biden)
0 votes[d]

W: September 20, 2019

(endorsed Sanders)
0 votes[d]

[134][135] [136][137] [138][139] [140][141] [142][143] [144][145] [146][147]
Kirsten Gillibrand Seth Moulton Jay Inslee John Hickenlooper Mike Gravel Eric Swalwell Richard Ojeda
Kirsten Gillibrand August 2019.jpg
Seth Moulton August 2019.jpg
Jay Inslee by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Hickenlooper by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Mike Gravel cropped.png
Eric Swalwell (48016282941) (cropped).jpg
MAJ Richard Ojeda.jpg
U.S. senator from New York
(2009–present)
U.S. representative from NY-20
(2007–2009)
U.S. representative from MA-06
(2015–present)
Governor of Washington
(2013–present)
U.S. representative from WA-01
(1999–2012)
U.S. representative from WA-04
(1993–1995)
Governor of Colorado
(2011–2019)
Mayor of Denver, Colorado
(2003–2011)
U.S. senator from Alaska
(1969–1981)
U.S. representative from CA-15
(2013–present)
West Virginia state senator from WV-SD07
(2016–2019)
Gillibrand 2020 logo.png Seth Moulton 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Jay Inslee 2020 logo3.png John Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaign logo.png Gravel Mg web logo line two color.svg Eric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg N/A
Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign Campaign
W: August 28, 2019

(endorsed Biden)
0 votes[d]

W: August 23, 2019

(endorsed Biden)
0 votes[d]

W: August 21, 2019


1 vote[d]

W: August 15, 2019

(endorsed Bennet)
1 vote[d]

W: August 6, 2019

(endorsed Gabbard and Sanders)
0 votes[d]

W: July 8, 2019


0 votes[d]

W: January 25, 2019


0 votes[d]

[148][149] [150][151] [152][153] [154][155] [156][157] [158][159] [160][161]

Endorsements

Libertarian Party nomination

Declared candidates

The following candidates have received over 5% of the vote in the 2020 Libertarian primaries, or have held a major political office.

Candidate Born Experience Home state Campaign Popular vote Contests won Ref
Jacob Hornberger by Gage Skidmore (cropped) (2).jpg
Jacob Hornberger
January 1, 1950
(age 70)
Laredo, Texas
Founder and President of the Future of Freedom Foundation
Independent candidate for U.S. Senate from Virginia in 2002
Candidate for President in 2000
Flag of Virginia.svg
Virginia
Hornbergerlogo.png
October 29, 2019
FEC Filing[162]
8,805
(21.77%)
5
(IA, MN, MO, NY, CA)
[163]
Vermin Supreme August 2019.jpg
Vermin Supreme
June 3, 1961
(age 58)
Rockport, Massachusetts
Performance artist and activist
Candidate for President in 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016
Candidate for Mayor of Detroit, Michigan in 1989
Candidate for Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland in 1987
Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Vermin Supreme 2020 - Free Ponies For All - Campaign Logo.jpg
Campaign
June 26, 2019
FEC Filing[164]
Running mate: Spike Cohen[165]
4,047
(10.01%)
2
(MA, NH)
[166]

Jo Jorgensen
May 1, 1957
(age 62)
Libertyville, Illinois
Psychology senior lecturer at Clemson University
Nominee for Vice President in 1996
Nominee for U.S. representative from SC-04 in 1992
Flag of South Carolina.svg
South Carolina

November 2, 2019
FEC Filing[167]
3,829
(9.47%)
0 [168]
Ken Armstrong POTUS46 Headshot.jpg
Ken Armstrong
April 25, 1957
(age 62)
Pasadena, California
U.S. Coast Guard commissioned officer
(1977–1994)

Former nonprofit executive
Former member of the Honolulu County, Hawaii Neighborhood Board
Flag of Oregon.svg
Oregon

May 10, 2019
FEC Filing[169]
3,328
(8.23%)
0 [170]
Kokesh2013 (cropped).jpg
Adam Kokesh
February 1, 1982
(age 38)
San Francisco, California
Libertarian and anti-war political activist
Nominee for U.S. Senate from Arizona in 2018
Republican candidate for U.S. representative from NM-03 in 2010
Flag of Arizona.svg
Arizona

July 23, 2013
FEC Filing[171]
2,380
(5.88%)
0 [172]
Dan-taxation-is-theft-behrman (cropped).jpg
Dan Behrman
April 24, 1981
(age 38)
Los Angeles, California
Software engineer, internet personality and podcaster
Nominee for Texas state representative from TX-125 in 2014
Flag of Texas.svg
Texas
Dan "Taxation is Theft" Behrman 2020.png
January 30, 2019
FEC Filing[173]
2,080
(5.14%)
0 [174]

Endorsements

Green Party nomination

On July 24, 2019, the Green Party of the United States officially recognized the campaign of Howie Hawkins.[175] On August 26, 2019, Dario Hunter's campaign was also recognized.[176] The remaining candidates may obtain formal recognition after meeting the established criteria by the party's Presidential Campaign Support Committee.[177] On October 26, 2019, Hawkins was nominated by Socialist Party USA, in addition to seeking the Green nomination.[178]

On March 26, 2020 the Green Party stated that the pandemic would prevent third party candidates from appearing on the ballot unless petitioning requirements were reduced.[179]

Declared candidates

Candidate Experience Home state Campaign Projected Delegates Delegations with Plurality Ref
Officially recognized by the party
Hawkins 2010 (1).jpg
Howie Hawkins
Activist; co-founder of the Green Party
Socialist Party USA nominee for President in 2020[180]
Nominee for Governor of New York in 2010, 2014, 2018
Nominee for U.S. Senate from New York in 2006
Flag of New York.svg
New York
Howie Hawkins 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
April 3, 2019

Campaign: May 28, 2019
FEC filing[181]
46 / 402
4
(CA, MO, NC, IL)
[182]
[183]
[184]
Dario Hunter headshot.jpg
Dario Hunter
Youngstown Board of Education member (2016–2020) Flag of California.svg
California
Dario Hunter 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Exploratory committee:
January 21, 2019

Campaign: February 18, 2019
FEC filing[185]
Running mate: Darlene Elias
22 / 402
2
(MA, MN)
[186]
[187]
David Rolde (Green Party US) (1).jpg
David Rolde
Activist Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Campaign: July 14, 2019
FEC filing[188]
5 / 402
0 [189]
[190]
Other candidates
Sedinam Curry (1).png
Sedinam Moyowasifza-Curry
Activist
Candidate for President in 2016
Flag of California.svg
California
Campaign: July 29, 2015
FEC filing[191]
10 / 402
0 [192]
Dennis Lambert (1).jpg
Dennis Lambert
Documentary filmmaker
Candidate for U.S. representative from OH-15 in 2016
Nominee for U.S. representative from OH-06 in 2014
Flag of Ohio.svg
Ohio
Campaign: May 10, 2019
FEC filing[193]
8 / 402
0 [194]
[195]

Endorsements

Other nominations and independent candidates

Third-party and independent candidates for the 2020 United States presidential election

Party conventions

Map of United States showing Milwaukee, Charlotte, Austin, Detroit, and St. Louis
Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Charlotte
Charlotte
Austin
Austin
Detroit
Detroit
  Democratic Party
  Republican Party
  Libertarian Party
  Green Party

The 2020 Democratic National Convention is scheduled from August 17 to 20 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[196][197][198]

The 2020 Republican National Convention is planned to be held in Charlotte, North Carolina, from August 24 to 27.[199]

The 2020 Libertarian National Convention will be held in Austin, Texas, over Memorial Day weekend from May 22 to 25.[200][201]

The 2020 Green National Convention will be held in Detroit, Michigan from July 9 to 12.[202]

The 2020 Constitution National Convention was to be held in St. Louis, Missouri from April 29 to May 2,[203] but due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, the party instead decided to hold a convention through a video conference from May 1 to May 2.[204]

General election debates

Map of United States showing debate locations
University of Notre Dame
University of Notre Dame
University of Utah
University of Utah
University of Michigan
University of Michigan
Belmont University
Belmont University
Sites of the 2020 general election debates

On October 11, 2019, the Commission on Presidential Debates announced that three general election debates would be held in the fall of 2020, the first is scheduled to take place on September 29 at the University of Notre Dame in Notre Dame, Indiana, the second is scheduled to take place on October 15 at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and the third is scheduled to take place on October 22 at Belmont University in Nashville, Tennessee. Additionally, one vice presidential debate is scheduled for October 7, 2020, at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City.[205] Trump is reportedly considering skipping the debates.[206]

General election polling

State predictions

Most election predictors use:

  • "tossup": no advantage
  • "tilt" (used sometimes): advantage that is not quite as strong as "lean"
  • "lean": slight advantage
  • "likely" or "favored": significant, but surmountable, advantage (*highest rating given by Fox News)
  • "safe" or "solid": near-certain chance of victory
State PVI[207] Previous
result
Cook
March 9,
2020
[208]
IE
April 3,
2019
[209]
Sabato
April 2,
2020
[210]
Politico
November 19,
2019
[211]
Alabama R+14 62.1% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Alaska R+9 51.3% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Arizona R+5 48.9% R Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup
Arkansas R+15 60.6% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
California D+12 61.7% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Colorado D+1 48.2% D Likely D Safe D Likely D Lean D
Connecticut D+6 54.6% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Delaware D+6 53.1% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Likely D
District of Columbia D+41 90.9% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Florida R+2 49.0% R Tossup Tossup Lean R Tossup
Georgia R+5 50.8% R Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R
Hawaii D+18 62.2% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Idaho R+19 59.3% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Illinois D+7 55.8% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Indiana R+9 56.8% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Iowa R+3 51.2% R Likely R Lean R Lean R Lean R
Kansas R+13 56.7% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Kentucky R+15 62.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Louisiana R+11 58.1% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Maine D+3 47.8% D Lean D Lean D
(only statewide
rating given)
Likely D Lean D
ME-1 D+8 54.0% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
ME-2 R+2 51.3% R Likely R Lean R Lean R
Maryland D+12 60.3% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Massachusetts D+12 60.1% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Michigan D+1 47.5% R Tossup Tilt D (flip) Lean D (flip) Tossup
Minnesota D+1 46.4% D Lean D Lean D Lean D Lean D
Mississippi R+9 57.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Missouri R+9 56.8% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Montana R+11 56.2% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Nebraska R+14 58.8% R Safe R Safe R
(only statewide
rating given)
Safe R Safe R
NE-1 R+11 56.2% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
NE-2 R+4 47.2% R Tossup Tossup Tossup
NE-3 R+27 73.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Nevada D+1 47.9% D Likely D Likely D Lean D Tossup
New Hampshire EVEN 47.0% D Lean D Lean D Lean D Tossup
New Jersey D+7 55.0% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
New Mexico D+3 48.4% D Safe D Safe D Likely D Likely D
New York D+11 59.0% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
North Carolina R+3 49.8% R Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup
North Dakota R+16 63.0% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Ohio R+3 51.7% R Likely R Likely R Lean R Lean R
Oklahoma R+20 65.3% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Oregon D+5 50.1% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Likely D
Pennsylvania EVEN 48.2% R Tossup Tilt D (flip) Tossup Tossup
Rhode Island D+10 54.4% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Likely D
South Carolina R+8 54.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
South Dakota R+14 61.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Tennessee R+14 60.7% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Texas R+8 52.2% R Lean R Likely R Lean R Lean R
Utah R+20 45.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Likely R
Vermont D+15 56.7% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Virginia D+1 49.7% D Likely D Safe D Likely D Lean D
Washington D+7 52.5% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
West Virginia R+19 68.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Wisconsin EVEN 47.2% R Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup
Wyoming R+25 67.4% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R

Results

Candidates table

Electoral results
Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote Electoral
vote
Running mate
Count Percentage Vice-presidential candidate Home state Electoral vote
Donald Trump (incumbent) Republican Florida Mike Pence (incumbent) Indiana
Joe Biden Democratic Delaware TBA TBA
TBA Libertarian TBA TBA TBA
TBA Green TBA TBA TBA
Brian Carroll American Solidarity Party California Amar Patel Illinois
Jerome Segal Bread and Roses Maryland TBA TBA
Don Blankenship Constitution Party West Virginia TBA TBA
Mark Charles Independent (United States) District of Columbia TBA TBA
Gloria La Riva Party for Socialism and Liberation California Leonard Peltier Florida
Gloria La Riva Peace and Freedom Party California Leonard Peltier Florida
Phil Collins Prohibition Party Nevada Billy Joe Parker Georgia
Darcy Richardson Reform Party Florida TBA TBA
Jeff Mackler Socialist Action California Heather Bradford Minnesota
Bernie Sanders Socialist Alternative Vermont TBA TBA
Bernie Sanders Working Families Party Vermont TBA TBA
Bernie Sanders Vermont Progressive Party Vermont TBA TBA
Joseph Kishore Socialist Equality Party Michigan Norissa Santa Cruz California
Howie Hawkins Socialist Party USA New York TBA TBA
Alyson Kennedy Socialist Workers Party Texas Malcolm Jarrett Pennsylvania
Other Other
Total 100% 538 538
Needed to win 270 270

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Trump's official state of residence was New York in 2016, however he changed his residency to Florida in 2019 with his permanent residence switched from Trump Tower to Mar-a-Lago.[1]
  2. ^ Ronald Reagan, currently the oldest major party nominee to contest a presidential general election, was 73 when re-elected in 1984, whereas on Election Day in 2020 Biden will be 77 and Trump will be 74.
  3. ^ On Inauguration Day in 2021 Biden will be 78 years, 62 days old which is 79 days older than Ronald Reagan was when he left office in 1989. Other than inaugural President George Washington, no person has ever become the oldest serving President upon assuming office.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Candidate did not appear on any ballots.

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