Wiki.RIP

2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

← 2016 February 3 to July 7, 2020 2024 →

  Joe Biden February 2020 crop.jpg Bernie Sanders March 2020 (cropped).jpg Elizabeth Warren by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Candidate Joe Biden (presumptive nominee) Bernie Sanders Elizabeth Warren
Home state Delaware Vermont Massachusetts
Estimated delegate count 1,217[2] 914[2] 81[2]
Contests won 19 9 0
Popular vote 10,134,669[3] 7,719,464[3] 2,486,140[3]
Percentage 40.73% 31.03% 9.99%

  Michael Bloomberg by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore 2 (cropped).jpg Amy Klobuchar by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Candidate Michael Bloomberg Pete Buttigieg Amy Klobuchar
Home state New York Indiana Minnesota
Estimated delegate count 55[2] 26[2] 7[2]
Contests won 1 1 0
Popular vote 2,431,213[3] 832,783[3] 484,938[3]
Percentage 9.77% 3.35% 1.95%

  Tulsi Gabbard (48011616441) (cropped).jpg
Candidate Tulsi Gabbard
Home state Hawaii
Estimated delegate count 2[2]
Contests won 0
Popular vote 165,043[3]
Percentage 0.66%

2020 California Democratic primary2020 Oregon Democratic primary2020 Washington Democratic primary2020 Idaho Democratic primary2020 Nevada Democratic caucuses2020 Utah Democratic primary2020 Arizona Democratic primary2020 Montana Democratic primary2020 Wyoming Democratic caucuses2020 Colorado Democratic primary2020 New Mexico Democratic primary2020 North Dakota Democratic caucuses2020 South Dakota Democratic primary2020 Nebraska Democratic primary2020 Kansas Democratic primary2020 Oklahoma Democratic primary2020 Texas Democratic primary2020 Minnesota Democratic primary2020 Iowa Democratic caucuses2020 Missouri Democratic primary2020 Arkansas Democratic primary2020 Louisiana Democratic primary2020 Wisconsin Democratic primary2020 Illinois Democratic primary2020 Michigan Democratic primary2020 Indiana Democratic primary2020 Ohio Democratic primary2020 Kentucky Democratic primary2020 Tennessee Democratic primary2020 Mississippi Democratic primary2020 Alabama Democratic primary2020 Georgia Democratic primary2020 Florida Democratic primary2020 South Carolina Democratic primary2020 North Carolina Democratic primary2020 Virginia Democratic primary2020 West Virginia Democratic primary2020 District of Columbia Democratic primary2020 Maryland Democratic primary2020 Delaware Democratic primary2020 Pennsylvania Democratic primary2020 New Jersey Democratic primary2020 New York Democratic primary2020 Connecticut Democratic primary2020 Rhode Island Democratic primary2020 Vermont Democratic primary2020 New Hampshire Democratic primary2020 Maine Democratic primary2020 Massachusetts Democratic primary2020 Alaska Democratic primary2020 Hawaii Democratic primary2020 Puerto Rico Democratic primary2020 United States Virgin Islands Democratic caucuses2020 Northern Mariana Islands Democratic caucuses2020 American Samoa Democratic caucuses2020 Guam Democratic caucuses2020 Democrats Abroad primaryDemocratic Party presidential primaries results, 2020.svg
About this image
2020 California Democratic primary2020 Oregon Democratic primary2020 Washington Democratic primary2020 Idaho Democratic primary2020 Nevada Democratic caucuses2020 Utah Democratic primary2020 Arizona Democratic primary2020 Montana Democratic primary2020 Wyoming Democratic caucuses2020 Colorado Democratic primary2020 New Mexico Democratic primary2020 North Dakota Democratic caucuses2020 South Dakota Democratic primary2020 Nebraska Democratic primary2020 Kansas Democratic primary2020 Oklahoma Democratic primary2020 Texas Democratic primary2020 Minnesota Democratic primary2020 Iowa Democratic caucuses2020 Missouri Democratic primary2020 Arkansas Democratic primary2020 Louisiana Democratic primary2020 Wisconsin Democratic primary2020 Illinois Democratic primary2020 Michigan Democratic primary2020 Indiana Democratic primary2020 Ohio Democratic primary2020 Kentucky Democratic primary2020 Tennessee Democratic primary2020 Mississippi Democratic primary2020 Alabama Democratic primary2020 Georgia Democratic primary2020 Florida Democratic primary2020 South Carolina Democratic primary2020 North Carolina Democratic primary2020 Virginia Democratic primary2020 West Virginia Democratic primary2020 District of Columbia Democratic primary2020 Maryland Democratic primary2020 Delaware Democratic primary2020 Pennsylvania Democratic primary2020 New Jersey Democratic primary2020 New York Democratic primary2020 Connecticut Democratic primary2020 Rhode Island Democratic primary2020 Vermont Democratic primary2020 New Hampshire Democratic primary2020 Maine Democratic primary2020 Massachusetts Democratic primary2020 Alaska Democratic primary2020 Hawaii Democratic primary2020 Puerto Rico Democratic primary2020 United States Virgin Islands Democratic caucuses2020 Northern Mariana Islands Democratic caucuses2020 American Samoa Democratic caucuses2020 Guam Democratic caucuses2020 Democrats Abroad primaryDemocratic Party presidential primaries results by first instance vote, 2020.svg
About this image

Previous Democratic nominee

Hillary Clinton

Presumptive Democratic nominee

Joe Biden

The 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries and caucuses are a series of electoral contests organized by the Democratic Party to select the approximately 3,979[a] pledged delegates to the 2020 Democratic National Convention. Those delegates will, by pledged votes, elect the Democratic nominee for president of the United States in the 2020 U.S. presidential election.[4] If a candidate amasses at least 1,991[5][6] pledged delegates by the DNC convention in August (formerly July),[7] they will be the nominee. The elections are taking place from February to June 2020 in all fifty U.S. states, the District of Columbia, five U.S. territories, and among Democrats Abroad.

Independent of the result of primaries and caucuses, the Democratic Party will, from its group of party leaders and elected officials, also appoint 771[b] unpledged delegates (superdelegates) to participate in its national convention. In contrast to all previous election cycles since superdelegates were introduced in 1984, superdelegates will no longer have the right to cast decisive votes at the convention's first ballot for the presidential nomination. They will be allowed to cast non-decisive votes if a candidate has clinched the nomination before the first ballot, or decisive votes on subsequent ballots in a contested convention.[4][8][9]

Overall, there were 29 major Democratic presidential candidates in the 2020 election, and for six weeks around July 2019, 25 of these had active campaigns simultaneously. The debate in Westerville, Ohio, on October 15, 2019, featured twelve candidates, setting a record for the highest number of candidates in one presidential debate. On April 8, 2020, former Vice President Joe Biden became the presumptive nominee after Senator Bernie Sanders, the only other major candidate, dropped out of the race.[10]

Background

After Hillary Clinton's loss in the previous election, many felt the Democratic Party lacked a clear leading figure.[11] Divisions remained in the party following the 2016 primaries, which pitted Clinton against Bernie Sanders.[12][13] Between the 2016 election and the 2018 midterm elections, Senate Democrats generally shifted to the political left in relation to college tuition, healthcare, and immigration.[14][15] The 2018 elections saw the Democratic Party regain the House of Representatives for the first time in eight years, picking up seats in both urban and suburban districts.[16][17]

The 2020 field of Democratic presidential candidates peaked at more than two dozen major candidates.[18] According to Politifact, this field is believed to be the largest field of presidential candidates for any American political party since 1972;[c] it exceeds the field of 17 major candidates who sought the Republican presidential nomination in 2016.[20] In May 2019, CBS News referred to the field of 2020 Democratic presidential candidates as "the largest and most diverse Democratic primary field in modern history", including six major female presidential candidates and seven major candidates of African, Hispanic, Asian, or Pacific Islander ancestry.[21]

Reforms since 2016

On August 25, 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) members passed reforms to the Democratic Party's primary process in order to increase participation[22] and ensure transparency.[23] State parties are encouraged to use a government-run primary whenever available and increase the accessibility of their primary through same-day or automatic registration and same-day party switching. Caucuses are required to have absentee voting, or to otherwise allow those who cannot participate in person to be included.[22]

The reforms mandate that automatic delegates ("superdelegates") refrain from voting on the first presidential nominating ballot, unless a candidate via the outcome of primaries and caucuses already has gained a majority of all delegates, including superedelegates.[24] In a contested convention where no majority of minimum pledged delegate votes is found for a single candidate on the first ballot, all superdelegates will then regain their right to vote on any subsequent ballot necessary in order for a presidential candidate to be nominated, wherein the number of votes required shall increase to a majority of pledged and superdelegates combined.[4] Superdelegates are not precluded from publicly endorsing a candidate of their choosing before the convention.

There were also a number of changes to the process of nomination at the state level. A decline in the number of caucuses occurred after 2016, with Democrats in Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, and Washington all switching from various forms of caucuses to primaries (with Hawaii, Kansas, and North Dakota switching to party-run "firehouse primaries"). This has resulted in the lowest number of caucuses in the Democratic Party's recent history, with only three states (Iowa, Nevada, and Wyoming) and four territories (American Samoa, Guam, Northern Marianas, and U.S. Virgin Islands) using them. In addition, six states were approved in 2019 by the DNC to use ranked-choice voting in the primaries: Alaska, Hawaii, Kansas, and Wyoming for all voters; Iowa and Nevada for absentee voters.[25] Rather than eliminating candidates until a single winner is chosen, voters' choices would be reallocated until all remaining candidates have at least 15%, the threshold to receive delegates to the convention.[26]

Several states which did not use paper ballots widely in 2016 and 2018, adopted them for the 2020 primary and general elections,[27] to minimize potential interference in vote tallies, a concern raised by intelligence officials,[28] election officials[29] and the public.[30] The move to paper ballots enabled audits to start where they had not been possible before, and in 2020 about half the states audit samples of primary ballots to measure accuracy of the reported results.[31] Audits of caucus results depend on party rules, and the Iowa Democratic party investigated inaccuracies in precinct reports, resolved enough to be sure the delegate allocations were correct, and decided it did not have authority or time to correct all errors.[32][33][34]

Rules for number of delegates

Number of pledged delegates per state

The number of pledged delegates from each state is proportional to the state's share of the electoral college, and to the state's past Democratic votes for President.[35][36] Thus less weight is given to swing states and Republican states, while more weight is given to strongly Democratic states, in choosing a nominee.

Six pledged delegates are assigned to each territory, 44 to Puerto Rico, and 12 to Democrats Abroad. Each jurisdiction can also earn bonus delegates by holding primaries after March or in clusters of 3 or more neighboring states.[35]

Within states, a quarter of pledged delegates are allocated to candidates based on statewide vote totals, and the rest based on votes in each Congressional District, though some states use divisions other than congressional districts. For example, Texas uses state Senate districts.[37][35] Districts which have voted Democratic in the past get more delegates, and fewer delegates are allocated for swing districts and Republican districts.[35] For example, House Speaker Pelosi's strongly Democratic district 12 has 7 delegates, or one per 109,000 people, and a swing district, CA-10, which became Democratic in 2018, has 4 delegates, or one per 190,000 people.[38][39][40]

Candidate threshold

Candidates who get under 15% of the votes in a state or district get no delegates from that area. Candidates who get 15% or more of the votes divide delegates in proportion to their votes.[38][41] These rules apply at the state level to state delegates and within each district for those delegates. The 15% threshold was established in 1992[42] to limit "fringe" candidates.[43] The threshold now means that any sector of the party (moderate, progressive, etc.) which produces many candidates, thus dividing supporters' votes, may win few delegates, even if it wins a majority of votes.[43][44][42]

Schedule and results

Date
(daily totals)
Total pledged
delegates
Contest Delegates won and popular vote[45]
Joe Biden Bernie Sanders Elizabeth Warren Michael Bloomberg Pete Buttigieg Amy Klobuchar Tulsi Gabbard
February 3 41 Iowa 6
23,291 (13.7%)
12
45,652 (26.5%)
8
34,909 (20.3%)
14
43,209 (25.1%)
1
21,100 (12.2%)

16 (0.0%)
February 11 24 New Hampshire
24,911 (8.4%)
9
76,352 (25.6%)

27,427 (9.2%)

4,777 (1.6%)
9
72,445 (24.3%)
6
58,774 (19.7%)

9,655 (3.3%)
February 22 36 Nevada 9
19,179 (18.9%)
24
41,075 (40.5%)

11,703 (11.5%)
3
17,598 (17.3%)

7,376 (7.3%)

32 (0.0%)
February 29 54 South Carolina 39
262,336 (48.7%)
15
106,605 (19.8%)

38,120 (7.1%)

44,217 (8.2%)

16,900 (3.1%)

6,813 (1.3%)
March 3
(Super Tuesday)
(1,344)
52 Alabama 44
286,630 (63.2%)
8
75,326 (16.6%)

26,125 (5.8%)

52,844 (11.6%)

1,466 (0.3%)

914 (0.2%)

1,067 (0.2%)
6 American Samoa
31 (8.8%)

37 (10.5%)

5 (1.4%)
4
175 (49.9%)
2
103 (29.3%)
31 Arkansas 17
92,586 (40.5%)
9
51,117 (22.4%)

22,860 (10.0%)
5
38,213 (16.7%)

7,657 (3.4%)

7,014 (3.1%)

1,616 (0.7%)
415 California[d] 172
1,567,898 (28.0%)
221
1,987,339 (35.5%)
12
745,409 (13.3%)
9
687,364 (12.3%)

246,972 (4.4%)

125,827 (2.2%)

32,861 (0.6%)
67 Colorado[d] 18
232,183 (24.7%)
25
346,766 (36.8%)
8
165,677 (17.6%)
9
175,665 (18.7%)

9,853 (1.0%)
24 Maine 11
68,396 (34.1%)
9
65,894 (32.9%)
4
31,514 (15.7%)

24,131 (12.0%)

4,180 (2.1%)

2,744 (1.4%)

1,841 (0.9%)
91 Massachusetts 37
470,294 (33.6%)
29
373,173 (26.7%)
25
299,733 (21.4%)

164,689 (11.8%)

37,172 (2.7%)

16,862 (1.2%)

10,616 (0.8%)
75 Minnesota 38
287,464 (38.6%)
27
222,530 (29.9%)
10
114,754 (15.4%)

62,064 (8.3%)

7,627 (1.0%)

41,508 (5.6%)

2,507 (0.3%)
110 North Carolina 68
568,581 (43.0%)
37
318,872 (24.1%)
2
138,502 (10.5%)
3
171,823 (13.0%)

43,368 (3.3%)

30,641 (2.3%)

6,649 (0.5%)
37 Oklahoma 21
117,552 (38.7%)
13
77,302 (25.4%)
1
40,676 (13.4%)
2
42,243 (13.9%)

5,113 (1.7%)

6,728 (2.2%)

5,106 (1.7%)
64 Tennessee 33
215,390 (41.7%)
20
129,168 (25.0%)
1
53,732 (10.4%)
10
79,789 (15.5%)

17,102 (3.3%)

10,671 (2.1%)

2,278 (0.4%)
228 Texas 111
725,562 (34.6%)
102
626,339 (29.9%)
5
239,237 (11.4%)
10
300,608 (14.4%)

82,671 (4.0%)

43,291 (2.1%)

8,688 (0.4%)
29 Utah 7
38,999 (18.5%)
16
74,478 (35.3%)
3
34,398 (16.3%)
3
33,262 (15.8%)

18,543 (8.8%)

7,519 (3.6%)

1,621 (0.8%)
16 Vermont 5
34,734 (22.0%)
11
80,121 (50.8%)

19,816 (12.6%)

14,843 (9.4%)

3,714 (2.4%)

2,023 (1.3%)

1,298 (0.8%)
99 Virginia 66
705,800 (53.2%)
31
306,024 (23.1%)
2
142,470 (10.7%)

129,784 (9.8%)

11,190 (0.8%)

8,413 (0.6%)

11,279 (0.9%)
March 3–10 13 Democrats Abroad 4
9,059 (22.7%)
9
23,139 (57.9%)

5,730 (14.3%)[e]

892 (2.2%)[f]

616 (1.5%)

224 (0.6%)

146 (0.4%)
March 10
(352)
20 Idaho 11
52,679 (48.9%)
9
45,815 (42.5%)

2,865 (2.7%)

2,589 (2.4%)

1,405 (1.3%)

769 (0.7%)

868 (0.8%)
125 Michigan 73
838,564 (52.9%)
52
576,916 (36.4%)

26,051 (1.6%)

73,175 (4.6%)

22,374 (1.4%)

10,969 (0.7%)

9,461 (0.6%)
36 Mississippi 34
222,160 (81.0%)
2
40,657 (14.8%)

1,550 (0.6%)

6,933 (2.5%)

562 (0.2%)

440 (0.2%)

1,003 (0.4%)
68 Missouri 44
399,439 (60.1%)
24
229,638 (34.6%)

8,115 (1.2%)

9,853 (1.5%)

3,301 (0.5%)

2,677 (0.4%)

4,879 (0.7%)
14 North Dakota 6
5,742 (39.8%)
8
7,682 (53.3%)

366 (2.5%)

113 (0.8%)

164 (1.1%)

223 (1.5%)

89 (0.6%)
89 Washington 46
591,403 (37.9%)
43
570,039 (36.6%)

142,652 (9.2%)

122,530 (7.9%)

63,344 (4.1%)

33,383 (2.1%)

13,199 (0.9%)
March 14 6 Northern Mariana Islands 2
48 (36.4%)
4
84 (63.6%)
March 17
(441)
67 Arizona 39
260,608 (44.4%)
28
193,448 (32.9%)

35,353 (6.0%)

54,123 (9.2%)

24,782 (4.2%)

9,447 (1.6%)

2,934 (0.5%)
219 Florida 162
1,075,807 (61.9%)
57
396,506 (22.8%)

32,805 (1.9%)

146,446 (8.4%)

39,870 (2.3%)

17,267 (1.0%)

8,708 (0.5%)
155 Illinois[d] 94
924,771 (59.0%)
60
565,762 (36.1%)

22,067 (1.4%)

23,809 (1.5%)

9,080 (0.6%)

0 (0%)

9,118 (0.6%)
April 7 84 Wisconsin
April 10 15 Alaska[g]
April 17 14 Wyoming[h]
April 28 136 Ohio[i]
May 2
(46)
7 Guam
39 Kansas
May 12 29 Nebraska
May 19
(166)
105 Georgia
61 Oregon
May 22 24 Hawaii[j]
June 2
(686)
60 Connecticut
21 Delaware
20 District of Columbia
82 Indiana
96 Maryland
19 Montana
126 New Jersey
34 New Mexico
186 Pennsylvania
26 Rhode Island
16 South Dakota
June 6 7 US Virgin Islands
June 9 28 West Virginia
June 20 54 Louisiana[k]
June 23
(328)
54 Kentucky[k]
274 New York[k]
TBA 51 Puerto Rico -
Total
3,979 pledged delegates
1,217 914 81 55 26 7 2

Election day postponements

2020 Democratic presidential primary and caucus calendar.svg

  February   March 3 (Super Tuesday)   March 10   March 14–17   March 24–29   April 4–7   April 28   May   June

2020 Democratic presidential primary and caucus calendar rescheduled.svg

  February   March 3 (Super Tuesday)   March 10   March 14–17   April 7–17   April 26–28   May   June

Due to the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the United States, a number of presidential primaries were rescheduled. Some have also canceled in-person voting entirely.

2020 Democratic primaries altered due to coronavirus
Primary Original
schedule
Altered
schedule
Vote in
person?
Last
changed
Ref.
Ohio March 17 April 28[l] Cancelled March 25 [51][52]
Georgia March 24 May 19 Scheduled March 14 [53]
Puerto Rico March 29 TBD[m] TBA April 2 [55] [54]
Alaska April 4 April 10[n] Cancelled March 23 [56]
Wyoming April 4 April 17[o] Cancelled March 22 [57]
Hawaii April 4 May 22[p] Cancelled March 27 [58][59][60]
Louisiana April 4 June 20 Scheduled March 13 [61]
Maryland April 28 June 2 Scheduled March 17 [62]
Connecticut April 28 June 2 Scheduled March 19 [63]
Rhode Island April 28 June 2 Scheduled March 23 [64]
Delaware April 28 June 2 Scheduled March 24 [65]
Pennsylvania April 28 June 2 Scheduled March 27 [66]
New York April 28 June 23 Scheduled March 28 [67]
Indiana May 5 June 2 Scheduled March 20 [68]
West Virginia May 12 June 9 Scheduled April 1 [69]
Kentucky May 19 June 23 Scheduled March 16 [70]

In addition, the DNC elected to delay the 2020 Democratic National Convention from July 13–16 to August 17–20.[71]

Candidates

Major candidates in the 2020 Democratic presidential primaries have either: (a) served as vice president, a member of the cabinet, a U.S. senator, a U.S. representative, or a governor, (b) been included in a minimum of five independent national polls, or (c) received substantial media coverage. As of April 8, 2020, one major candidate is still in the race.

Nearly 300 candidates who did not meet the criteria to be deemed "major" also filed with the Federal Election Commission to run for president in the Democratic Party primary.[72]

Presumptive nominee

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign announced Pledged delegates[73] Popular vote[74] Contests won Article Ref.

Joe Biden
November 20, 1942
(age 77)
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Vice President of the United States (2009–2017)
U.S. senator from Delaware (1973–2009)
Candidate for President in 1988 and 2008
Flag of Delaware.svg
Delaware
April 25, 2019 1,225 10,134,588
(40.73%)
19
(AL, AZ, AR, FL, ID, IL, ME, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, WA)
Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[75]

Withdrew during the primaries

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign announced Campaign suspended Delegates won[73] Popular vote Contests won Article Ref.
Bernie Sanders March 2020 (cropped).jpg
Bernie Sanders
September 8, 1941
(age 78)
Brooklyn, New York
U.S. senator from Vermont (2007–present)
U.S. representative from VT-AL (1991–2007)
Candidate for President in 2016
 Vermont February 19, 2019 April 8, 2020 914 7,719,341
(31.03%)
9
(CA, CO, DA, NV, NH, ND, MP, UT, VT)
Bernie Sanders 2020 logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[76][77]
Tulsi Gabbard (48011616441) (cropped).jpg
Tulsi Gabbard
April 12, 1981
(age 38)
Leloaloa, American Samoa
U.S. representative from HI-02 (2013–present)  Hawaii January 11, 2019 March 19, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[78]
2 164,895
(0.66%)
0 Tulsi Gabbard logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[79][80]
Elizabeth Warren by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Elizabeth Warren
June 22, 1949
(age 70)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
U.S. senator from Massachusetts (2013–present)  Massachusetts February 9, 2019
Exploratory committee: December 31, 2018
March 5, 2020 81 2,482,350[74]
(9.99%)
0 Elizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[81][82]
Michael Bloomberg by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Michael Bloomberg
February 14, 1942
(age 78)
Boston, Massachusetts
Mayor of New York City, New York (2002–2013)
CEO of Bloomberg L.P.
 New York November 24, 2019
Exploratory committee: November 21, 2019
March 4, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[83]
55 2,427,609[74]
(9.77%)
1
(AS)
Mike Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[84][85]
Amy Klobuchar by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Amy Klobuchar
May 25, 1960
(age 59)
Plymouth, Minnesota
U.S. senator from Minnesota (2007–present)  Minnesota February 10, 2019 March 2, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[86]
7 484,558[74]
(1.95%)
0 Amy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[87][86]
Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Pete Buttigieg
January 19, 1982
(age 38)
South Bend, Indiana
Mayor of South Bend, Indiana (2012–2020)  Indiana April 14, 2019
Exploratory committee: January 23, 2019
March 1, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[88]
26 831,939[74]
(3.35%)
1
(IA)
Pete for America logo (Strato Blue).svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[89][90]

Tom Steyer
June 27, 1957
(age 62)
Manhattan, New York
Hedge fund manager
Founder of Farallon Capital and Beneficial State Bank
 California July 9, 2019 February 29, 2020
(endorsed Biden)
[91]
0 245,439[74]
(0.99%)
0 Tom Steyer 2020 logo (black text).svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[92][93]
Deval Patrick 2016.jpg
Deval Patrick
July 31, 1956
(age 63)
Chicago, Illinois
Governor of Massachusetts (2007–2015)  Massachusetts November 14, 2019 February 12, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[94]
0 18,527
(0.07%)
0 Devallogo2020.png
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[95][96]
Michael Bennet by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Michael Bennet
November 28, 1964
(age 55)
New Delhi, India
U.S. senator from Colorado (2009–present)  Colorado May 2, 2019 February 11, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[97]
0 40,073
(0.16%)
0 Michael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[98][99]
Andrew Yang by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Andrew Yang
January 13, 1975
(age 45)
Schenectady, New York
Entrepreneur
Founder of Venture for America
 New York November 6, 2017 February 11, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[100]
0 104,356
(0.42%)
0 Andrew Yang 2020 logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[101][102]

Other notable individuals who did not meet the criteria to become major candidates also terminated their campaigns during the primaries:

Other notable individuals who did not meet the criteria to become major candidates but still have active campaigns include:

Withdrew before the primaries

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign
announced
Campaign
suspended
Popular vote Article Ref.
John Delaney by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Delaney
April 16, 1963
(age 56)
Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
U.S. representative from MD-06 (2013–2019)  Maryland July 28, 2017 January 31, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[107]
15,682 John Delaney 2020 logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[108][109]
Cory Booker by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Cory Booker
April 27, 1969
(age 50)
Washington, D.C.
U.S. senator from New Jersey (2013–present)
Mayor of Newark, New Jersey (2006–2013)
 New Jersey February 1, 2019 January 13, 2020
(running for re-election)[110]
(endorsed Biden)[111]
29,190 Cory Booker 2020 Logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[112][113]
Marianne Williamson November 2019.jpg
Marianne Williamson
July 8, 1952
(age 67)
Houston, Texas
Author
Founder of Project Angel Food
Independent candidate for U.S. House from CA-33 in 2014
 California January 28, 2019
Exploratory committee:
November 15, 2018
January 10, 2020
(endorsed Sanders)[114]
21,395 Marianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[115][116]
Julian Castro 2019 crop.jpg
Julián Castro
September 16, 1974
(age 45)
San Antonio, Texas
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (2014–2017)
Mayor of San Antonio, Texas (2009–2014)
 Texas January 12, 2019
Exploratory committee: December 12, 2018
January 2, 2020
(endorsed Warren, then Biden)[117][118]
36,304 Julian Castro 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[119][120]
Kamala Harris April 2019.jpg
Kamala Harris
October 20, 1964
(age 55)
Oakland, California
U.S. senator from California (2017–present)
Attorney General of California (2011–2017)
 California January 21, 2019 December 3, 2019
(endorsed Biden)[121]
844 Kamala Harris 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[122][123]
Steve Bullock by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Steve Bullock
April 11, 1966
(age 53)
Missoula, Montana
Governor of Montana (2013–present)
Attorney General of Montana (2009–2013)
 Montana May 14, 2019 December 2, 2019
(running for U.S. Senate)[124]
549 Steve Bullock 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[125][126]
Joe Sestak August 2019 (3) (cropped).jpg
Joe Sestak
December 12, 1951
(age 68)
Secane, Pennsylvania
U.S. representative from PA-07 (2007–2011)
Former Vice Admiral of the United States Navy
 Pennsylvania June 23, 2019 December 1, 2019
(endorsed Klobuchar)[127]
5,226 Campaign
FEC filing
[128][129]
Wayne Messam by Marc Nozell (cropped).jpg
Wayne Messam
June 7, 1974
(age 45)
South Bay, Florida
Mayor of Miramar, Florida (2015–present)  Florida March 28, 2019
Exploratory committee: March 13, 2019
November 19, 2019 0[q] Wayne Messam 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[130][131]
Beto O'Rourke April 2019.jpg
Beto O'Rourke
September 26, 1972
(age 47)
El Paso, Texas
U.S. representative from TX-16 (2013–2019)  Texas March 14, 2019 November 1, 2019
(endorsed Biden)[132]
1[q][133] Beto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[134][135]
Tim Ryan by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Tim Ryan
July 16, 1973
(age 46)
Niles, Ohio
U.S. representative from OH-13 (2013–present)
U.S. representative from OH-17 (2003–2013)
 Ohio April 4, 2019 October 24, 2019
(running for re-election)[136]
(endorsed Biden)
[137]
0[q] Timryan2020.png
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[138][139]
Bill de Blasio by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Bill de Blasio
May 8, 1961
(age 58)
Manhattan, New York
Mayor of New York City, New York (2014–present)  New York May 16, 2019 September 20, 2019
(endorsed Sanders)[140]
0[q] Bill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[141][142]
Kirsten Gillibrand August 2019.jpg
Kirsten Gillibrand
December 9, 1966
(age 53)
Albany, New York
U.S. senator from New York (2009–present)
U.S. representative from NY-20 (2007–2009)
 New York March 17, 2019
Exploratory committee: January 15, 2019
August 28, 2019
(endorsed Biden)[143]
0[q] Gillibrand 2020 logo.png
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[144][145]
Seth Moulton August 2019.jpg
Seth Moulton
October 24, 1978
(age 41)
Salem, Massachusetts
U.S. representative from MA-06 (2015–present)  Massachusetts April 22, 2019 August 23, 2019
(running for re-election)[146]
(endorsed Biden)[147]
0[q]
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[148][149]
Jay Inslee by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Jay Inslee
February 9, 1951
(age 69)
Seattle, Washington
Governor of Washington (2013–present)
U.S. representative from WA-01 (1999–2012)
U.S. representative from WA-04 (1993–1995)
 Washington March 1, 2019 August 21, 2019
(running for re-election)[150]
1[q][151]
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[152][153]
John Hickenlooper by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Hickenlooper
February 7, 1952
(age 68)
Narberth, Pennsylvania
Governor of Colorado (2011–2019)
Mayor of Denver, Colorado (2003–2011)
 Colorado March 4, 2019 August 15, 2019
(running for U.S. Senate)[154]
(endorsed Bennet)[155]
1[q][151] John Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[156][157]

Mike Gravel
May 13, 1930
(age 89)
Springfield, Massachusetts
U.S. senator from Alaska (1969–1981)
Candidate for President in 2008
Candidate for Vice President in 1972
 California April 2, 2019
Exploratory committee: March 19, 2019
August 6, 2019
(endorsed Gabbard and Sanders)[158]
0[q] Gravel Mg web logo line two color.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[159][158]
Eric Swalwell (48016282941) (cropped).jpg
Eric Swalwell
November 16, 1980
(age 39)
Sac City, Iowa
U.S. representative from CA-15 (2013–present)  California April 8, 2019 July 8, 2019
(running for re-election)[160]
0[q] Eric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[161][162]
MAJ Richard Ojeda.jpg
Richard Ojeda
September 25, 1970
(age 49)
Rochester, Minnesota
West Virginia state senator from WV-SD07 (2016–2019)  West Virginia November 11, 2018 January 25, 2019
(running for U.S. Senate)[163]
0[q]

Campaign
FEC filing

[164][165]

The following notable individuals who did not meet the criteria to become major candidates also terminated their campaigns before the primaries:

Political positions

Debates and forums

In December 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced the preliminary schedule for 12 official DNC-sanctioned debates, set to begin in June 2019, with six debates in 2019 and the remaining six during the first four months of 2020. Candidates are allowed to participate in forums featuring multiple other candidates as long as only one candidate appears on stage at a time; if candidates participate in any unsanctioned debate with other presidential candidates, they will lose their invitation to the next DNC-sanctioned debate.[174][175]

The DNC also announced that it would not partner with Fox News as a media sponsor for any debates.[176][177] Fox News had last held a Democratic debate in 2003.[178] All media sponsors selected to host a debate will as a new rule be required to appoint at least one female moderator for each debate, to ensure there will not be a gender-skewed treatment of the candidates and debate topics.[179]

Debate schedule
Debate Date Time
(ET)
Viewers Location Sponsor(s) Moderator(s)
1A June 26, 2019 9–11 p.m. ~24.3 million
(15.3m live TV; 9m streaming)[180]
Arsht Center,
Miami, Florida[181]
NBC News
MSNBC
Telemundo
Jose Diaz-Balart
Savannah Guthrie
Lester Holt
Rachel Maddow
Chuck Todd[182]
1B June 27, 2019 9–11 p.m. ~27.1 million
(18.1m live TV; 9m streaming)[183]
2A July 30, 2019 8–10:30 p.m. ~11.5 million
(8.7m live TV; 2.8m streaming)
Fox Theatre,
Detroit, Michigan[184]
CNN Dana Bash
Don Lemon
Jake Tapper[185]
2B July 31, 2019[186] 8–10:30 p.m. ~13.8 million
(10.7m live TV; 3.1m streaming)[187]
3 September 12, 2019 8–11 p.m. 14.04 million live TV[188] Health and Physical Education Arena,
Texas Southern University,
Houston, Texas[189]
ABC News
Univision
Linsey Davis
David Muir
Jorge Ramos
George Stephanopoulos[190]
4 October 15, 2019[191] 8–11 p.m. ~8.8 million
(8.34m live TV; 0.45m streaming)[192]
Rike Physical Education Center,
Otterbein University,
Westerville, Ohio
CNN
The New York Times[193]
Erin Burnett
Anderson Cooper
Marc Lacey[194]
5 November 20, 2019[195] 9–11 p.m. ~7.9 million
(6.6m live TV; 1.3m streaming)[196]
Oprah Winfrey sound stage,
Tyler Perry Studios,
Atlanta, Georgia[197]
MSNBC
The Washington Post
Rachel Maddow
Andrea Mitchell
Ashley Parker
Kristen Welker[198]
6 December 19, 2019 8–11 p.m.[199] ~14.6 million
(6.17m live TV; 8.4m streaming)[200]
Gersten Pavilion,
Loyola Marymount University,
Los Angeles, California[201]
PBS
Politico
Tim Alberta
Yamiche Alcindor
Amna Nawaz
Judy Woodruff[202]
7 January 14, 2020 9–11:15 p.m.[203] ~11.3 million
(7.3m live TV; 4.0m streaming)[204]
Sheslow Auditorium,
Drake University,
Des Moines, Iowa[205][206]
CNN
The Des Moines Register
Wolf Blitzer
Brianne Pfannenstiel
Abby Phillip[207]
8 February 7, 2020 8–10:30 p.m.[208] ~11.0 million
(7.8m live TV; 3.2m streaming)[209]
Thomas F. Sullivan Arena,
Saint Anselm College,
Manchester, New Hampshire[205][210]
ABC News
WMUR-TV
Apple News
Linsey Davis
Monica Hernandez
David Muir
Adam Sexton
George Stephanopoulos[208]
9 February 19, 2020 9–11 p.m.[211] ~33.16 million
(19.66m live TV; 13.5m streaming)[212][213][214]
Le Théâtre des Arts,
Paris Las Vegas,
Paradise, Nevada[211]
NBC News
MSNBC
Telemundo
The Nevada Independent
Vanessa Hauc
Lester Holt
Hallie Jackson
Jon Ralston
Chuck Todd[211]
10 February 25, 2020 8–10 p.m.[215] ~30.4 million
(15.3m live TV; 15.1m streaming)[216]
Gaillard Center,
Charleston, South Carolina[205]
CBS News
BET
Twitter
Congressional Black Caucus Institute[217]
Margaret Brennan
Major Garrett
Gayle King
Norah O'Donnell
Bill Whitaker[217]
11 March 15, 2020 8–10 p.m.[218] ~11.4 million
(10.8m live TV; 0.6m streaming)[219]
CNN studio
Washington, D.C.[220]
CNN
Univision
Congressional Hispanic Caucus BOLD
Dana Bash
Ilia Calderón
Jake Tapper[220]


Primary election polling

The following graph depicts the standing of each candidate in the poll aggregators from December 2018 to April 2020.

Polling aggregates
Active candidates
     Joe Biden
     Others/Undecided
Withdrawn candidates
     Bernie Sanders
     Tulsi Gabbard
     Elizabeth Warren
     Michael Bloomberg
     Amy Klobuchar
     Pete Buttigieg
     Andrew Yang
     Cory Booker
     Kamala Harris
     Beto O'Rourke
Events
     Debates
     Caucuses and primaries
     National coronavirus
emergency declared
Polling aggregates
Source of poll aggregation Date updated Dates polled Biden Undecided[r]
270toWin Apr 8, 2020 Mar 18–Apr 7, 2020 [s] 57.2% 6.2%
FiveThirtyEight Apr 7, 2020 Mar 20–Apr 5, 2020 [t] 53.5% 14.0%
RealClear Politics Apr 7, 2020 Mar 22–Apr 5, 2020 57.5% 7.7%
Average 56.1% 9.3%


Timeline

Richard Ojeda 2020 presidential campaignEric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaignMike Gravel 2020 presidential campaignJohn Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaignJay Inslee 2020 presidential campaignSeth Moulton 2020 presidential campaignKirsten Gillibrand 2020 presidential campaignBill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaignTim Ryan 2020 presidential campaignBeto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaignWayne Messam 2020 presidential campaignJoe Sestak 2020 presidential campaignSteve Bullock 2020 presidential campaignKamala Harris 2020 presidential campaignJulián Castro 2020 presidential campaignMarianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaignCory Booker 2020 presidential campaignJohn Delaney 2020 presidential campaignAndrew Yang 2020 presidential campaignMichael Bennet 2020 presidential campaignDeval Patrick 2020 presidential campaignTom Steyer 2020 presidential campaignPete Buttigieg 2020 presidential campaignAmy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaignMichael Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaignElizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaignTulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaignBernie Sanders 2020 presidential campaignJoe Biden 2020 presidential campaign
Active
campaign
Exploratory
committee
Suspended
campaign
Midterm
elections
Iowa
caucuses
New Hampshire
primary
Super
Tuesday
National emergency
declared due to
coronavirus
Wisconsin primary
General
election

2017

File:John Delaney (46743402692)
Rep. John Delaney was the first major candidate to announce his campaign, two and a half years before the 2020 Iowa caucus.
File:Andrew Yang (48571517517)
Entrepreneur Andrew Yang was the second major Democratic candidate to announce his campaign.
File:Tulsi Gabbard (48011616441)
Rep. Tulsi Gabbard became the first major female candidate to announce her candidacy on January 11, 2019.
File:Kamala Harris announcing her candidacy for presidency.png
Sen. Kamala Harris launched her bid on January 21, 2019.
File:Cory Booker (48021663307)
Sen. Cory Booker launched his bid on February 1, 2019.
File:Announcement Day – Lawrence, MA – 47108769091 (1)
Sen. Elizabeth Warren launched her bid on February 9, 2019.
File:Senator Amy Klobuchar made her announcement to run for president in 2020 on a snowy day Sunday at Boom Island Park in Minneapolis, Minnesota. (46330784464) (cropped)
Sen. Amy Klobuchar launched her bid on February 10, 2019.
File:Bernie Sanders (48235588017)
Sen. Bernie Sanders launched his second campaign on February 19, 2019.
File:Jay Inslee (48609760062)
Governor Jay Inslee launched his presidential bid on March 1, 2019, becoming the first incumbent governor to do so.
File:Beto O'Rourke in Cleveland (40456935723)
Former Rep. Beto O'Rourke launched his bid on March 14, 2019.
File:PeteButtigieg2020SBI
Mayor Pete Buttigieg launched his bid on April 14, 2019.

In the weeks following the election of Donald Trump in the 2016 election, media speculation regarding potential candidates for the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries began to circulate. As the Senate began confirmation hearings for members of the cabinet, speculation centered on the prospects of the "hell-no caucus", six senators who went on to vote against the majority of Trump's nominees. According to Politico, the members of the "hell-no caucus" were Cory Booker, Kamala Harris, Kirsten Gillibrand, Bernie Sanders, Jeff Merkley, and Elizabeth Warren.[221][222] Other speculation centered on then-Vice-President Joe Biden making a third presidential bid following failed attempts in 1988 and 2008.[223]

2018

In August 2018, Democratic Party officials and television networks began discussions as to the nature and scheduling of the following year's debates and the nomination process.[226] Changes were made to the role of superdelegates, deciding to allow them to vote on the first ballot only if the nomination is uncontested.[227] The Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced the preliminary schedule for the 12 official DNC-sanctioned debates, set to begin in June 2019, with six debates in 2019 and the remaining six during the first four months of 2020.

November 2018

December 2018

2019

File:joe biden kickoff rally may 2019
Former Vice President Joe Biden launched his third campaign on April 25, 2019.
File:Eric Swalwell (48016366662)
Rep. Eric Swalwell became the first representative to suspend their campaign following the first debate on July 8, 2019.
File:Steyer2 (48907647822)
Billionaire hedge fund manager Tom Steyer launched his campaign on July 9, 2019.
File:John Hickenlooper (48589565821)
Former Governor John Hickenlooper suspended his campaign on August 15, 2019 and subsequently launched a bid for the United States Senate. He later endorsed Michael Bennet.
File:Kirsten Gillibrand (48563631611)
Kirsten Gillibrand became the first incumbent Senator and first female major candidate to suspend her campaign on August 28, 2019.
File:Bill de Blasio (48609239938)
Mayor Bill de Blasio suspended his campaign on September 20, 2019 and endorsed Bernie Sanders after the New Hampshire primary.
File:Tim Ryan (48582715861)
Rep. Tim Ryan suspended his campaign on October 24, 2019 and subsequently endorsed Joe Biden.
File:Michael Bloomberg (48604023932)
Former Mayor Michael Bloomberg launched his campaign via video on November 24, 2019.
xn--steve%20bullock%20%2048261163227-w01t
Governor Steve Bullock suspended his campaign and declined to run for the United States Senate on December 2, 2019. He later reversed his decision and challenged Senator Steve Daines after meeting with Barack Obama and Chuck Schumer.
File:Julian Castro (47696430842)
Former HUD Secretary Julian Castro suspended his campaign on January 2, 2020 and subsequently endorsed Elizabeth Warren.
File:Marianne Williamson (48541662667)
Spiritual author Marianne Williamson suspended her campaign on January 10, 2020 and subsequently endorsed Bernie Sanders.
File:Michael Bennet (48641062713)
Sen. Michael Bennet suspended his campaign on February 11, 2020, after the polls closed in the New Hampshire primary.
Former Governor Deval Patrick suspended his campaign on February 12, 2020, prior to the Nevada caucus.
Former Mayor Michael Bloomberg suspended his campaign on March 4, 2020 after a distant third place finish on Super Tuesday.

January 2019

February 2019

March 2019

April 2019

May 2019

June 2019

July 2019

August 2019

September 2019

October 2019

November 2019

December 2019

2020

January 2020

  • January 2: Julián Castro dropped out of the race.[314] He later endorsed Elizabeth Warren's campaign.[117]
  • January 10: Marianne Williamson dropped out of the race.[116] She later endorsed Bernie Sanders' campaign.[114]
  • January 13: Cory Booker dropped out of the race.[315]
  • January 14: The seventh Democratic debate took place in Des Moines, Iowa, at Drake University.[205]
  • January 17: The first votes were cast as no-excuse, in-person absentee voting in the Minnesota primary began.[316]
  • January 31: John Delaney dropped out of the race.[317]

February 2020

  • February 3: The Iowa caucuses took place, but inconsistencies reported in the caucus results delay reporting of the outcome.[318][319]
  • February 4–7: Results were released in the Iowa caucuses. The reporting delays, errors, and inconsistencies surrounding the caucuses prompted DNC Chairman Tom Perez to call for a recanvass. As of February 18, 2020, Sanders won a plurality of first-instance and final votes, while the lead in state delegate equivalents was disputed between Sanders and Buttigieg.[320] Warren came in third, and Biden fourth.
  • February 7: The eighth Democratic debate took place in Goffstown, New Hampshire at St. Anselm College.[205]
  • February 11: New Hampshire primary
    • Bernie Sanders was announced as the winner of the New Hampshire primary, with 26% of the vote.[321] Buttigieg (24%, 2nd) and Klobuchar (20%, 3rd) were the only other candidates to receive delegates; Warren (9%, 4th) and Biden (8%, 5th) finished below the delegate threshold.[322]
    • Michael Bennet and Andrew Yang dropped out of the race.[323][324]
  • February 12: Deval Patrick dropped out of the race.[96]
  • February 14: Bill de Blasio endorsed Bernie Sanders.[325]
  • February 15–17: The Moving America Forward Infrastructure Forum was held at University of Nevada, Las Vegas, by the IUOE, ASCE, TWUA, ARTBA, APTA, AEM, and other groups. Infrastructure policy was discussed, with a focus on transportation, water, and broadband issues.[326]
  • February 19: The ninth Democratic debate took place in Las Vegas, Nevada.[205]
  • February 21: Voting in the Washington primary began.[327]
  • February 22: Nevada caucuses
    • With almost 47% of the county convention delegates, Bernie Sanders was announced as the winner of the Nevada caucuses.[328] Joe Biden finished second (20%), Pete Buttigieg finished third (14%), Elizabeth Warren finished fourth (10%), and Tom Steyer finished fifth (5%).[329]
  • February 24: Voting in the Colorado primary began.[330]
    • Marianne Williamson endorsed Bernie Sanders.[331]
  • February 25: The tenth Democratic debate took place in Charleston, South Carolina at the Gaillard Center.[205]
  • February 29: South Carolina primary
    • With 48% of the popular vote, Joe Biden was announced as the winner of the South Carolina primary.[332] Bernie Sanders came in second (20%), with Tom Steyer (3rd, 11%), Pete Buttigieg (4th, 8%), and Elizabeth Warren (5th, 7%) rounding out the top five.[333]
    • Tom Steyer dropped out of the race.[334]

March 2020

  • March 1: Pete Buttigieg dropped out of the race.[335]
  • March 2: Amy Klobuchar dropped out of the race.[336]
    • That evening, Biden received the endorsements of Buttigieg, Klobuchar, and Beto O'Rourke during a rally in Texas.[337]
  • March 3: Super Tuesday: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont and Virginia primaries; American Samoa caucus.
    • Biden won Alabama, Arkansas, Massachusetts, Maine, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.
    • Bloomberg won American Samoa.
    • Sanders won California, Colorado, Utah, and Vermont.
    • Voting in the Democrats Abroad primary began.[338]
  • March 4: Michael Bloomberg dropped out of the race, endorsing Biden.[339]
  • March 5: Elizabeth Warren dropped out of the race.[340]
  • March 6: John Delaney endorsed Joe Biden.[341]
  • March 8: Kamala Harris endorsed Joe Biden.[342]
  • March 9: Cory Booker endorsed Joe Biden.[343]
  • March 10: Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri and Washington primaries; North Dakota caucus.
    • Biden won Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, and Washington.
    • Sanders won North Dakota.
    • Andrew Yang endorsed Joe Biden.[344]
  • March 13: A national emergency was declared due to the coronavirus pandemic. Following this, several presidential primaries were rescheduled (including Kentucky[345] and Louisiana[346]), and candidates limited in-person events.
  • March 14: Sanders won the Northern Mariana Islands caucuses.[347]
  • March 15: The eleventh Democratic debate, originally scheduled to take place in Phoenix, Arizona,[348] took place in Washington, D.C. due to coronavirus concerns.[349][350]
  • March 16: Ohio announced that it intended to postpone its presidential primary, a plan that was struck down by a judge that same day.[351] Following the judge's decision, Governor DeWine announced that polls would be closed by order of Ohio Health Director Amy Acton due to a "health emergency." State officials will seek to extend the voting process.[352]
  • March 17: Arizona, Florida, and Illinois primaries.[352]
    • Biden won Arizona, Florida,[353] and Illinois.[354]
  • March 19: Tulsi Gabbard dropped out of the race, endorsing Biden.[355]
  • March 23: Sanders won the Democrats Abroad primary.[356]
  • March 28: The New York primary was rescheduled from April 28 to June 23 due to coronavirus concerns.[357]

April 2020

  • April 7:
  • April 8: Bernie Sanders dropped out of the race[359] Joe Biden became the presumptive presidential nominee.
  • April 10: mail-in voting period ends for Alaska party-run primary
  • April 17: mail-in voting period ends for Wyoming caucus
  • April 28: mail-in voting period ends for Ohio primary
  • April 29: Voting for the Oregon primary begins.[360]

May 2020

  • May 2: Guam caucus; Kansas party-run primary
  • May 12: Nebraska primary
  • May 19: Georgia and Oregon primaries
  • May 22: mail-in voting period ends for Hawaii primary

June 2020

  • June 2: Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Indiana, Maryland, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and South Dakota primaries
  • June 6: Virgin Islands caucuses
  • June 9: West Virginia primary
  • June 20: Louisiana primary
  • June 23: Kentucky and New York primaries

July 2020

  • July 7: New Jersey primary

August 2020

Ballot access

Filing for the primaries began in October 2019.[362][363] Yes indicates that the candidate is on the ballot for the primary contest, Dropped indicates that the candidate is a recognized write-in candidate, and No indicates that the candidate will not appear on the ballot in that state's contest. Maybe indicates that a candidate withdrew before the election but is still listed on the ballot. Blanks indicate that a candidate is not yet known to be on the ballot but a final list of candidates eligible to appear on the ballot is not yet available. States that have not yet announced any candidates who are on the ballot are not included.

Primaries and caucuses
State/
Territory
Date
Biden
Sanders
Gabbard
Warren
Bloomberg
Klobuchar
Buttigieg
Steyer
Patrick
Bennet
Yang
Other
Ref
IA[i] Feb 3 Ballot access not required [364]
NH Feb 11 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Recognized Write-in Klobuchar-Yes Buttigieg-Yes Steyer-Yes Patrick-Yes Bennet-Yes Yes Other–Yes[A] [105][365]
NV[i] Feb 22 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-Yes Buttigieg-Yes Steyer-Yes Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[B] [366]
SC Feb 29 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-Yes Buttigieg-Yes Steyer-Yes Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[C] [367]
AL Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[D] [368]
AR Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-Yes[E] [369]
AS[i] Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[F] [370]
CA Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes[G] [371]
CO Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes[H] [372][373]
ME Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[I] [374]
MA Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[D] [375]
MN Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[D] [376]
NC Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[D] [377]
OK Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[J] [378]
TN Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[K] [379][380]
TX Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes[L] [381]
UT Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes[M] [382]
VT Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes[N] [383]
VA Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[J] [384]
DA Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-No [385]
ID Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes[O] [386]
MI Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[P] [387]
MS Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–No [388]
MO Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes[Q] [389]
ND Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[B] [390]
WA Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[C] [391]
MP[i] Mar 14 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes Gabbard-No Warren-No Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [392][393]
AZ Mar 17 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes[R] [394]
FL Mar 17 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[P] [395]
IL Mar 17 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[C] [396]
WI Apr 7 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[B] [397]
AK Apr 10 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-No Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No, Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-No Other–No [398][399]
WY[i] Apr 17 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[B] [400]
PR Apr 26 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn No No No Other–No [401]
OH Apr 28 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Recognized Write-in, Withdrawn Other–No [402][403]
GU[i] May 2 Ballot access not required [404]
KS May 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [405]
NE May 12 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [406]
GA May 19 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[B] [407]
OR May 19 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [408]
HI May 22 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[B] [409]
CT Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [410]
DE Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-No Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [411]
DC Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-No Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [412]
IN Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-No [413]
MD Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn[J] [414]
MT Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-No Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [415]
NM Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn [416]
PA Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [417]
RI Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-No [418]
SD Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-No Warren-No Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [419]
VI[i] Jun 6 Ballot access not required [420]
WV Jun 9 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-Yes[S] [421]
LA Jun 20 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-Yes[T] [422]
KY Jun 23 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-No [423]
NY Jun 23 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-No [424]
NJ Jul 7 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-No Warren-No Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [425]

Candidates listed in italics have suspended their campaigns.

  1. ^ Cory Booker, Mosie Boyd, Steve Bullock, Steve Burke, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, Jason Dunlap, Michael A. Ellinger, Ben Gleib, Mark Greenstein, Kamala Harris, Henry Hewes, Tom Koos, Lorenz Kraus, Rita Krichevsky, Raymond Moroz, Joe Sestak, Sam Sloan, David Thistle, Thomas Torgeson, Robby Wells, and Marianne Williamson
  2. ^ a b c d e f John Delaney
  3. ^ a b c Cory Booker and John Delaney
  4. ^ a b c d Cory Booker, Julián Castro, John Delaney, and Marianne Williamson
  5. ^ Cory Booker, Mosie Boyd, Steve Bullock, Julián Castro, John Delaney, Kamala Harris, Joe Sestak, and Marianne Williamson
  6. ^ Kamala Harris
  7. ^ Cory Booker, Mosie Boyd, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, Michael A. Ellinger, Mark Greenstein, Joe Sestak, and Marianne Williamson
  8. ^ Cory Booker, Rita Krichevsky, Robby Wells, and Marianne Williamson
  9. ^ Cory Booker and Marianne Williamson
  10. ^ a b c Cory Booker, Julián Castro, and Marianne Williamson
  11. ^ Cory Booker, Julián Castro, John Delaney, and Marianne Williamson
  12. ^ Cory Booker, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, Robby Wells, and Marianne Williamson
  13. ^ Nathan Bloxham, Cory Booker, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, and Marianne Williamson
  14. ^ Julián Castro, Mark Greenstein, and Marianne Williamson
  15. ^ Cory Booker, Steve Burke, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, and Marianne Williamson
  16. ^ a b Cory Booker, Julián Castro, John Delaney, Joe Sestak, and Marianne Williamson
  17. ^ Cory Booker, Steve Burke, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, Bill Haas, Henry Hewes, Leonard J. Steinman II, Velma Steinman, Robby Wells, and Marianne Williamson
  18. ^ Cory Booker, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, Michael A. Ellinger, Henry Hewes, and Marianne Williamson
  19. ^ David Lee Rice
  20. ^ John Delaney and Robby Wells

National convention

While the 2020 Democratic National Convention was scheduled to take place in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on July 13–16, 2020,[426][427][428] it has now been delayed to the week of August 17 due to concerns over the COVID-19 pandemic.[7][361]

In addition to Milwaukee, the DNC also considered bids from three other cities: Houston, Texas;[429] Miami Beach, Florida;[430] and Denver, Colorado. Denver, though, was immediately withdrawn from consideration by representatives for the city, who cited scheduling conflicts.[431]

Endorsements

Campaign finance

This is an overview of the money being raised and spent by each campaign for the entire period running from January 1, 2017, to February 29, 2020, as it was reported to the Federal Election Commission (FEC). Total raised is the sum of all individual contributions (large and small), loans from the candidate, and transfers from other campaign committees. The last column, Cash On Hand (COH), has been calculated by subtracting the "spent" amount from the "raised" amount, thereby showing the remaining cash each campaign had available for its future spending as of February 29, 2020. As of February 29, 2020, the major candidates have raised $989,234,992.08.

  Candidate who has withdrawn
Campaign finances by candidate
Candidate Total raised Individual contributions Debt Spent COH
Total Unitemized Pct
Joe Biden[432] $87,922,404 $87,787,513 $33,451,394 36.26% $0 $75,951,350 $12,098,450
Michael Bennet[433] $7,314,141 $6,597,792 $2,243,458 34.00% $0 $6,901,994 $412,147
Michael Bloomberg[434] $464,145,124 $0 $0 N/A $47,933,276 $409,006,814 $55,138,310
Cory Booker[435] $25,773,192 $22,775,586 $7,705,102 33.83% $999,464 $23,408,711 $2,364,481
Steve Bullock[436] $5,507,473 $5,489,527 $1,754,316 31.96% $0 $5,384,711 $122,762
Pete Buttigieg[437] $101,548,830 $100,808,451 $43,457,039 43.11% $0 $89,833,066 $10,299,464
Julian Castro[438] $10,302,020 $10,264,194 $6,620,621 64.50% $0 $9,740,367 $561,654
Bill de Blasio[439] $1,423,262 $1,423,223 $141,984 9.98% $30,351 $1,415,240 $8,022
John Delaney[440] $29,096,044 $2,582,552 $346,526 13.42% $11,408,250 $29,005,275 $112,812
Tulsi Gabbard[441] $13,705,808 $11,105,804 $6,557,690 59.05% $604,695 $11,695,759 $2,010,048
Kirsten Gillibrand[442] $15,951,180 $6,278,790 $1,979,345 31.52% $0 $14,489,189 $1,461,991
Mike Gravel[443] $330,059 $330,059 $322,076 97.58% $0 $239,833 $6,290
Kamala Harris[444] $40,844,081 $39,239,581 $15,734,549 40.10% $1,073,365 $39,464,670 $1,419,411
John Hickenlooper[445] $3,509,464 $3,352,659 $562,301 16.77% $75,000 $3,504,779 $4,686
Amy Klobuchar[446] $34,478,549 $30,843,861 $13,127,196 42.56% $0 $31,615,426 $2,863,124
Jay Inslee[447] $6,936,980 $6,911,292 $3,455,790 50.00% $0 $6,886,750 $50,231
Wayne Messam[448] $126,918 $124,318 $38,835 31.24% $81,876 $126,918 $0
Seth Moulton[449] $2,288,715 $1,497,825 $342,499 22.87% $182,328 $2,187,344 $59,433
Richard Ojeda[450] $119,478 $77,476 $48,742 62.91% $44,373 $117,507 $1,971
Beto O'Rourke[451] $18,469,516 $18,447,981 $9,436,271 51.15% $10,825 $18,108,263 $361,253
Deval Patrick[452] $2,277,907 $1,877,907 $202,953 10.81% $400,000 $871,301 $1,406,606
Tim Ryan[453] $1,341,246 $1,285,074 $435,024 33.85% $0 $1,340,948 $304
Bernie Sanders[454] $181,766,183 $168,556,191 $98,338,553 61.13% $0 $163,072,626 $18,693,557
Joe Sestak[455] $449,345 $440,127 $107,002 24.31% $0 $445,768 $3,577
Tom Steyer[456] $271,575,679 $3,555,597 $2,434,938 68.48% $24,000 $253,718,074 $17,857,605
Eric Swalwell[457] $2,604,856 $892,373 $340,385 38.14% $0 $2,604,856 $0
Elizabeth Warren[458] $93,028,095 $81,494,833 $48,480,591 59.49% $400,000 $90,728,115 $2,299,980
Marianne Williamson[459] $7,982,761 $7,976,999 $4,593,985 57.59% $249,741 $7,656,371 $326,390
Andrew Yang[460] $31,734,224 $31,644,175 $16,635,560 52.57% $2,010 $28,013,997 $3,720,227

Maps

Democratic primary and caucus calendar as of March 12, 2020, prior to a number of delays
  February
  March 3 (Super Tuesday)
  March 10
  March 14–17
  March 24–29
  April 4–7
  April 28
  May
  June
Democratic primary and caucus calendar by currently scheduled date, after delays due to the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the United States
  February
  March 3 (Super Tuesday)
  March 10
  March 14–17
  April 7–17
  April 26–28
  May
  June
Map legend
     Joe Biden
     Michael Bloomberg
     Pete Buttigieg
     Amy Klobuchar
     Bernie Sanders
     Tom Steyer
     Elizabeth Warren
     Tie
     Other
     Winner not yet declared

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b The overall number of pledged delegates is subject to change as possible penalties are not yet included.[1]
  2. ^ a b 2,376 of 4,750 delegates needed to win any subsequent ballots at a contested convention.[1] The number of extra unpledged delegates (superdelegates), who after the first ballot at a contested convention participate in any subsequently needed nominating ballots (together with the 3,979 pledged delegates), was expected to be 771 as of December 2019, but the exact number of superdelegates is still subject to change due to possible deaths, resignations, accessions, or potential election as a pledged delegate.[1]
  3. ^ Prior to the electoral reforms that took effect starting with the 1972 presidential elections, the Democrats used elite-run state conventions to choose convention delegates in two-thirds of the states, and candidates for the presidential nominee could be elected at the national convention of the party without needing to participate in any prior statewide election events.[19] Twenty-nine Democratic candidates announced their presidential candidacies prior to the 1924 Democratic National Convention,[20] and a record of 58 candidates received delegate votes during the 103 nominating ballots at that 17-day-long convention. In the post-reform era, more than three-quarters of the states used primary elections to choose delegates, and over 80% of convention delegates were selected in those primaries.[19] For more information, see McGovern–Fraser Commission.
  4. ^ a b c Results not yet finalized
  5. ^ Suspended campaign during the voting period.
  6. ^ Not on ballot; suspended campaign during the voting period.
  7. ^ In-person voting cancelled.[46]
  8. ^ In-person voting cancelled.[47]
  9. ^ In-person voting cancelled.[48]
  10. ^ In-person voting cancelled.[49]
  11. ^ a b c Primary date in violation of DNC rules, which require all primaries to be completed by June 9. DNC's Rules and Bylaws Committee reviewing change.[50]
  12. ^ First rescheduled to June 2, then shifted back to April 28 with in-person voting canceled; mail-in ballots must be received by 7:30 pm on April 28, 2020 to be counted.
  13. ^ Delayed indefinitely, although the Republican Primary and the local New Progressive Party and Popular Democratic Party primaries are still scheduled for June 7.[54]
  14. ^ Mail-in ballots must be received by April 10 to be counted.
  15. ^ Mail-in ballots must be received by April 17 to be counted.
  16. ^ Mail-in ballots must be received by May 22; results to be announced on May 23.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Candidate did not appear on any ballots.
  18. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  19. ^ 270 to Win reports the date each poll was released, not the dates each poll was administered.
  20. ^ Source aggregates polls with a trendline regression of polls rather than a strict average of recent polls.
  1. ^ a b c d e f g Caucus

References

  1. ^ a b c d Stevens, Matt (February 22, 2020). "How to Win the Democratic Nomination, and Why It Could Get Complicated". New York Times. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Associated Press Election Services - Delegate Tracker". Associated Press. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Democratic Convention - Nationwide Popular Vote". The Green Papers. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Borchers, Callum; Mitchell, Zoe (February 17, 2020). "Here's How The New Democratic Party Rules About Delegates Will Impact The 2020 Election". Radio Boston. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  5. ^ Stevens, Matt (February 22, 2020). "How to Win the Democratic Nomination, and Why It Could Get Complicated". The New York Times. Retrieved March 11, 2020. Half of 3,979 is 1,989.5. Democratic National Committee officials say that on the first ballot, a candidate must win one delegate more than that, or 1,990.5, which is rounded up to reach the magic number: 1,991. (If a candidate won 1,990 pledged delegates on the first ballot, D.N.C. officials say, that would not be sufficient.)
  6. ^ Brownstein, Ronald (February 19, 2020). "What a Sanders Win in Nevada Would Really Mean". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  7. ^ a b Epstein, Jennifer; Crane, Magan (April 2, 2020). "Democrats Postpone Nominating Convention to August". Bloomberg News. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
  8. ^ Detrow, Scott (June 27, 2018). "DNC Officials Vote To Scale Back Role Of 'Superdelegates' In Presidential Nomination". NPR. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  9. ^ Putnam, Josh (May 15, 2019). "Magic Number? Determining the Winning Number of Democratic Delegates Will Be Tougher in 2020". Frontloading HQ. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  10. ^ Ember, Sydney (April 8, 2020). "Bernie Sanders Is Dropping Out of 2020 Democratic Race for President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  11. ^ Easley, Jonathan (March 31, 2017). "For Democrats, no clear leader". The Hill. Archived from the original on January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  12. ^ Vyse, Graham (April 28, 2017). "The 2020 Democratic primary is going to be the all-out brawl the party needs". The New Republic. Archived from the original on January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  13. ^ Edsall, Thomas B. (September 7, 2017). "The Struggle Between Clinton and Sanders Is Not Over". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 26, 2018. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  14. ^ Schor, Elana (December 30, 2017). "Dem senators fight to out-liberal one another ahead of 2020". Politico. Archived from the original on February 3, 2018. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  15. ^ Miller, Ryan W. (June 29, 2018). "New York's Kirsten Gillibrand, Bill de Blasio echo progressive calls to 'abolish ICE'". USA Today. Archived from the original on July 2, 2018. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  16. ^ Graham, David A. (November 7, 2018). "The Democrats Are Back, and Ready to Take On Trump". The Atlantic. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  17. ^ Skelley, Geoffrey (November 8, 2018). "The Suburbs—All Kinds Of Suburbs—Delivered The House To Democrats". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  18. ^ Burns, Alexander; Flegenheimer, Matt; Lee, Jasmine C.; Lerer, Lisa; Martin, Jonathan (January 10, 2020). "Who's Running for President in 2020?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  19. ^ a b Kaufmann, Karen M; Gimpel, James G.; Hoffman, Adam H. (May 2003). "A Promise Fulfilled? Open Primaries and Representation". The Journal of Politics. 65 (2): 457–476. doi:10.1111/1468-2508.t01-2-00009. JSTOR 3449815.
  20. ^ a b Jacobson, Louis (May 2, 2019). "The big 2020 Democratic primary field: What you need to know". PolitiFact. Archived from the original on May 22, 2019. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  21. ^ Montoya-Galvez, Camilo (May 14, 2019). "Steve Bullock, Montana governor, announces he's running for president". CBS. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  22. ^ a b "DNC Passes Historic Reforms to the Presidential Nominating Process". Democratic Party. August 25, 2018. Archived from the original on March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  23. ^ O'Malley Dillon, Jen; Cohen, Larry (October 2018). "Report of the Unity Reform Commission" (PDF). Democratic Party. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  24. ^ Perez, Tom (August 25, 2018). CALL For the 2020 Democratic National Convention (PDF). Democratic National Committee. p. 16. On the first ballot of the presidential roll call, only pledged delegates will be permitted to vote unless a presidential candidate has been certified by the DNC Secretary to have obtained a number of pledged delegates equal to a majority of all pledged and automatic delegates to the Convention9, at which point automatic delegates will also be permitted to vote on the first ballot. In the event that a nominating contest moves beyond the first ballot of the presidential roll call, all pledged and automatic delegates will be permitted to vote for a presidential candidate on all subsequent ballots until a nominee is chosen.
  25. ^ Daley, David (July 9, 2019). "Ranked Choice Voting Is On a Roll: 6 States Have Opted In for the 2020 Democratic Primary". In These Times. ISSN 0160-5992. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  26. ^ Risch, Emily (June 14, 2019). "How ranked choice voting will affect Democratic presidential primary". FairVote. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  27. ^ "Verifier". Verified Voting. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  28. ^ Pierson, Shelby (January 22, 2020). "Election Security Boss: Threats To 2020 Are Now Broader, More Diverse". National Public Radio. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  29. ^ Pierson, Shelby (January 27, 2020). "Election Officials To Convene Amid Historic Focus On Voting And Interference". National Public Radio. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  30. ^ Fessler, Pam (January 21, 2020). "American Distrust Of The Voting Process Is Widespread, NPR Poll Finds". National Public Radio. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  31. ^ "State Audit Laws". Verified Voting. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  32. ^ Coltrain, Nick. "'We don't have time to correct every error': Iowa Democrats vote 26-14 to certify caucus results". Des Moines Register. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  33. ^ "Deep dive on Iowa Democratic Party's vote to certify 2020 caucus results". March 1, 2020. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  34. ^ Bump, Philip (February 10, 2020). "What five voters in rural Iowa demonstrate about the flawed results of the state's caucuses". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  35. ^ a b c d "The Math Behind the Democratic Delegate Allocation – 2020". The Green Papers. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  36. ^ "Democratic delegate rules, 2020". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  37. ^ "Thresholds for Democratic Party Delegate Allocation". 270towin.com. Electoral Ventures LLC. Retrieved March 6, 2020. A few states use divisions other than congressional districts. For example, Texas uses state senatorial districts. However, the broad point is the same - there are separate statewide and 'local' proportional delegate allocations.
  38. ^ a b Tolan, Casey (February 29, 2020). "Pay attention, California: Delegate math could shape which Democrat takes on Trump". Mercury News. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  39. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  40. ^ "Each of California's 53 Congressional Districts (CDs) are allocated from 4 to 11 District- Level delegates" (PDF). California Democratic Party. January 6, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  41. ^ Sides, John (February 17, 2020). "Everything you need to know about delegate math in the presidential primary". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  42. ^ a b Putnam, Josh (November 4, 2019). "How The 15 Percent Threshold For Primary Delegates Could Winnow The Field". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  43. ^ a b Aaron, Henry J. (February 4, 2019). "Democrats must act now to avoid an undemocratic 2020 outcome". Brookings. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  44. ^ Nam, Rafael (February 15, 2020). "Worries grow as moderates split Democratic vote". The Hill. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  45. ^ "Delegate Tracker". Associated Press. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  46. ^ Sullivan, Kate (March 23, 2020). "Rhode Island postpones primaries and Alaska Democrats cancel in-person voting due to coronavirus". CNN. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  47. ^ "Wyoming Democratic Caucus moves to only mail-in voting". Wyoming Tribune Eagle. March 22, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  48. ^ Zach Montellaro (March 25, 2020). "Ohio to run all-mail primary through April 28". Politico. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  49. ^ "PPP Updated FAQs" (PDF). Democratic Party of Hawaii.
  50. ^ Nathaniel Rakich (March 17, 2020). "5 States Have Postponed Their Primaries Because Of The Coronavirus". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
  51. ^ McKenzie Caldwell (March 17, 2020). "Ohio primary election will now be held June 2". The Times-Gazette. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  52. ^ Zach Montellaro (March 25, 2020). "Ohio to run all-mail primary through April 28". Politico. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  53. ^ Bluestein, Greg (March 14, 2020). "Georgia delays presidential primary due to coronavirus pandemic". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  54. ^ a b Zilbermints, Regina (April 2, 2020). "Puerto Rico delays its primary a second time". TheHill.
  55. ^ Montellaro, Zach (March 21, 2020). "Puerto Rico postpones presidential primary". Politico. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  56. ^ Sullivan, Kate (March 23, 2020). "Rhode Island postpones primaries and Alaska Democrats cancel in-person voting due to coronavirus". CNN. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  57. ^ "Wyoming Democratic Caucus moves to only mail-in voting". Wyoming Tribune Eagle. March 22, 2020. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  58. ^ Blair, Chad (March 20, 2020). "Walk-In Voting Canceled For Hawaii Democratic Primary". Honolulu Civil Beat.
  59. ^ "Party-run Presidential Primary UPDATE". Democratic Party of Hawai‘i. March 27, 2020. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  60. ^ https://hawaiidemocrats.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/PPP-Updated-FAQs.pdf
  61. ^ "Louisiana postpones Democratic primary over coronavirus, the first state to do so". CNBC. March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  62. ^ Alice Miranda Ollstein; Zach Montellaro (March 17, 2020). "Maryland postpones April 28 primary election over coronavirus". Politico. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  63. ^ Sullivan, Kate (March 19, 2020). "Connecticut governor says primaries moved to June". CNN. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  64. ^ Dzhanova, Yelena; Pramuk, Jacob (March 23, 2020). "Rhode Island is the latest state to postpone its 2020 primary as coronavirus outbreak spreads". CNBC.
  65. ^ Kate Riga (March 24, 2020). "Maryland postpones April 28 primary election over coronavirus". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  66. ^ Julia Terruso (March 27, 2020). "Pennsylvania just postponed its primary due to coronavirus. Here's what it means for voters and 2020 campaigns". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  67. ^ Meg Cunningham (March 28, 2020). "New York presidential primary postponed amid record numbers of coronavirus cases". ABC News. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  68. ^ Chris Sikich (March 20, 2020). "Indiana moves primary election to June 2". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  69. ^ Lacie Pierson (April 1, 2020). "Gov. Justice delays WV primary election until June 9". Charleston Gazette-Mail. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
  70. ^ "Ohio And Kentucky Move To Postpone Primaries Amid Coronavirus Outbreak". NPR. March 16, 2020. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  71. ^ Merica, Dan; Sullivan, Kate. "Democratic National Convention pushed back to August". CNN. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  72. ^ "List of registered 2020 presidential candidates". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 3, 2020.
  73. ^ a b "Delegate Tracker". Associated Press. Retrieved March 31, 2020.
  74. ^ a b c d e f "RealClearPolitics – 2020 Democratic Popular Vote". www.realclearpolitics.com. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
  75. ^ a b Burns, Alexander (April 25, 2019). "Joe Biden Is Running for President, After Months of Hesitation". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 25, 2019. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  76. ^ "He's In For 2020: Bernie Sanders Is Running For President Again". Vermont Public Radio. Archived from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  77. ^ Woodall, Hunter (April 8, 2020). "Bernie Sanders Suspends 2020 Presidential Campaign". The Daily Beast.
  78. ^ Wang, Amy B. "Tulsi Gabbard drops out of presidential race, endorses Biden". Washington Post. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  79. ^ Kelly, Caroline (January 12, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard says she will run for president in 2020". CNN. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  80. ^ Dzhanova, Yelena; Kim, Sunny (March 19, 2020). "Tulsi Gabbard drops out of the Democratic presidential primary, endorses Joe Biden". CNBC. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  81. ^ McCarthy, Tom (February 9, 2019). "Senator Elizabeth Warren officially launches 2020 presidential campaign". The Guardian. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  82. ^ Herndon, Astead W.; Goldmacher, Shane (March 5, 2020). "Elizabeth Warren, Once a Front-Runner, Drops Out of Presidential Race". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  83. ^ Mazzei, Patricia; Ruiz, Rebecca R.; Peters, Jeremy W. (March 4, 2020). "Michael Bloomberg Quits Democratic Race, Ending a Brief and Costly Bid". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
  84. ^ Burns, Alexander (November 24, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg Joins 2020 Democratic Field for President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  85. ^ "Mike Bloomberg drops out of presidential race, endorses Biden". PBS. March 4, 2020.
  86. ^ a b Schnieder, Elena (March 2, 2020). "Klobuchar drops out of 2020 campaign, endorses Biden". Politico. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  87. ^ a b Golshan, Tara (February 10, 2019). "Sen. Amy Klobuchar has won every one of her elections by huge margins. Now she's running for president". Vox. Archived from the original on February 10, 2019. Retrieved February 10, 2019.
  88. ^ Manchester, Julia; Parnes, Amie (March 2, 2020). "Buttigieg set to endorse Biden". The Hill. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  89. ^ a b Karson, Kendall; Gomez, Justin (April 14, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg, little-known mayor turned presidential contender, makes historic bid". ABC News. Archived from the original on April 14, 2019. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  90. ^ Epstein, Reid J.; Gabriel, Trip (March 1, 2020). "Pete Buttigieg Drops Out of Democratic Presidential Race". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  91. ^ Steyer, Tom [@TomSteyer] (April 8, 2020). "Thanks to @BernieSanders' leadership, a movement of young people is dedicated to changing our political system—and to changing our country for the better. I'm ready to work with Bernie to ensure that their voices are heard in November and that @JoeBiden is our next president" (Tweet). Retrieved April 8, 2020 – via Twitter.
  92. ^ a b Burns, Alexander (July 9, 2019). "Tom Steyer Will Run for President and Plans to Spend $100 Million on His Bid". The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  93. ^ Panetta, Grace (February 29, 2020). "Tom Steyer drops out of the 2020 presidential race". Business Insider. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  94. ^ Axelrod, Tal (March 6, 2020). "Deval Patrick backs Biden". The Hill. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
  95. ^ a b "Deval Patrick announces 2020 presidential bid". ABC News. Associated Press. November 14, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  96. ^ a b Morin, Rebecca (February 12, 2020). "Deval Patrick drops out of Democratic presidential race". USA Today. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  97. ^ Bennet, Michael [@MichaelBennet] (April 8, 2020). "Americans are asking two questions in this election: Who can beat Donald Trump, and who can get anything done? That candidate is former Vice President @JoeBiden, and I am proud to endorse him for President of the United States" (Tweet). Retrieved April 8, 2020 – via Twitter. line feed character in |title= at position 112 (help)
  98. ^ a b Gregorian, Dareh (May 2, 2019). "Colorado Sen. Bennet enters presidential race after prostate cancer treatment". NBC News. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  99. ^ "Michael Bennet ends 2020 presidential bid after poor showing in New Hampshire". WDTN.com. Associated Press. February 11, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  100. ^ Johnson, Ted (March 10, 2020). "Andrew Yang Endorses Joe Biden, Calls Him The "Prohibitive Nominee"". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
  101. ^ Schwarz, Hunter (February 13, 2019). "Here's how 2020 Democrats announced their campaigns". CNN. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
  102. ^ Matthews, Dylan (February 11, 2020). "Andrew Yang suspends his 2020 presidential campaign". Vox.com. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  103. ^ "Robby Wells for President". 2020 Robby Wells for President. Archived from the original on May 8, 2019. Retriev