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1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1948th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 948th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1940s decade.
January 4 – Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom, becoming an independent republic, named the Union of Burma, with Sao Shwe Thaik as its first President, and U Nu its first Prime Minister.
January 7 – Mantell UFO incident: Kentucky Air National Guard pilot Thomas Mantell crashes while in pursuit of an unidentified flying object.
January 12 – Mahatma Gandhi begins his fast-unto-death in Delhi, to stop communal violence during the Partition of India.
January 17 – A truce is declared between nationalist Indonesian and Dutch troops in Java.
January 22 – British foreign secretary Ernest Bevin proposes the formation of a Western Union between Britain, France, and the Benelux countries, to stand up against the Soviet Union. The Treaty of Brussels is signed March 17 as a consequence, a predecessor to NATO.
January 26 – Teigin poison case: a man masquerading as a doctor poisons 12 of 16 bank employees of the Tokyo branch of Imperial Bank and takes the money; artist Sadamichi Hirasawa is later sentenced to death for the crime, but is never executed.
January 31 – The British crown colony of the Malayan Union, Penang and Malacca form the Federation of Malaya. 
February 4 – Ceylon (later known as Sri Lanka) becomes an independent kingdom, within the British Commonwealth.
February 16 – Miranda, innermost of the large moons of Uranus, is discovered by Gerard Kuiper. 
February 18 – Éamon de Valera, Irish head of government from 1918 to 1932, loses power to an opposition coalition. John A. Costello is appointed Taoiseach by President Seán T. O'Kelly, until 1960.
February 19 – The Conference of Youth and Students of Southeast Asia Fighting for Freedom and Independence convenes in Calcutta.
February 21 – The United States stock car racing organization NASCAR is founded by Bill France, Sr. with other drivers. 
February 22 – The first of the Ben Yehuda Street bombings in Jerusalem kills between 49 and 58 civilians, and injures between 140 and 200.
February 25 – 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état: Edvard Beneš, President of Czechoslovakia, cedes control of the country to the Communist Party, a day celebrated by that regime as " Victorious February" (Czech: Vítězný únor; Slovak: Víťazný Február) until November 1989. February 28
March 8 – : The McCollum v. Board of Education United States Supreme Court rules that religious instruction in public schools violates the U.S. Constitution.
March 12 – The Costa Rican Civil War begins.
March 16 – The largest flood in the history of Brampton, Ontario, occurs. 
Treaty of Brussels is signed by Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, providing for economic, social and cultural collaboration and collective self-defence. The Hells Angels motorcycle gang is founded in California.
March 18 – The Round Table Conference convenes in The Hague, Netherlands, to prepare the decolonization process for Aruba and the other Dutch Colonies. Aruba presents the mandate of the Aruban People for Aruba to become an independent country, under the sovereignty of the House of Orange, based on Aruba's first state constitution presented officially since August 1947, and a (4th) member state of the future Dutch Commonwealth. March 20
Airplane C-54 at airport Berlin-Tempelhof.
August 1 – The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.
August 3 – Whittaker Chambers appears under subpoena before HUAC, and alleges that several former U.S. Federal officials were communists, including Harry Dexter White and Alger Hiss.
August 5 – Alger Hiss appears before the HUAC, to deny the allegations of Whittaker Chambers.
August 10 – August 23 – The Herrenchiemsee Convent prepares the draft for the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany.
August 12 – Babrra massacre: About 600 unarmed members of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement are shot dead on the orders of the Chief Minister of the North-West Frontier Province, Abdul Qayyum Khan Kashmiri, on Babrra ground in the Hashtnagar region of Charsadda District, North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Pakistan.
August 13 – Harry Dexter White and Donald Hiss refute allegations of Communism by Whittaker Chambers, before the HUAC.
August 14 – 1948 Ashes series: Australian batsman Don Bradman, playing his last Test cricket match, against England at The Oval, is bowled by Eric Hollies for a duck; however, "The Invincibles" win the match by an innings and 149 runs, and The Ashes 4–0.
August 15 – The southern half of Korea is established as the Republic of Korea (South Korea).
August 17 – The HUAC holds a private session between Alger Hiss and Whittaker Chambers.
August 18 – The Danube Commission is created by the Belgrade Convention (enters into force 11 May 1949).
August 20 – Lee Pressman, Nathan Witt, and John Abt, represented by Harold I. Cammer, plead the Fifth Amendment, in response to allegations of Communism by Whittaker Chambers before the HUAC.
August 23 – The World Council of Churches is established in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
August 24 – The first meeting of the charter members of the American Chamber of Commerce in Japan (ACCJ) is held. 
August 25 – The HUAC holds its first-ever televised congressional hearing, featuring "Confrontation Day" between Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss. August 27 – Whittaker Chambers states that Alger Hiss was a communist on radio. Meet the Press
September 4 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates for health reasons.
September 5 – Robert Schuman becomes Prime Minister of France.
September 6 – Juliana is formally inaugurated to succeed her mother, as queen regnant of the Netherlands.
September 9 – The northern half of Korea is formally declared the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), with Kim Il-sung as prime minister.
September 11 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder and first Governor-General of Pakistan, dies. Pakistan is in a state of shock as it mourns the departure of the father of the nation. The day is a public holiday nationwide.
September 13– 18 – Indian annexation of Hyderabad ("Operation Polo"): The princely state of Hyderabad is invaded by the Indian Armed Forces in a " police action", in the aftermath of Pakistani leader Jinnah's death. The Nizam of Hyderabad surrenders his state, which is amalgamated into the newly-independent Dominion of India; thousands are killed as a result of this event.
September 13 – Margaret Chase Smith is elected United States Senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House Of Representatives and the United States Senate.
September 17 – Lehi members, also known as the Stern Gang, assassinate Swedish count Folke Bernadotte, United Nations Mediator in Palestine, in Jerusalem.
September 18 – An inaugural motor race is held at Goodwood Circuit, West Sussex, England.
September 20 – The city of Rabwah is established in Pakistan.
September 27 – Alger Hiss files a slander suit against Whittaker Chambers, for his August 27 radio statement in the United States. September 29 – Laurence Olivier's film of opens in the U.S. Hamlet
October 5 – The International Union for the Protection of Nature (later known as the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, IUCN) is established in Fontainebleau, France.
October 6 – 1948 Ashgabat earthquake: A 7.3 earthquake near Ashgabat, Soviet Turkmenistan kills 10,000–110,000.
October 10 – The R-1 missile on test becomes the first Soviet launch to enter space.
October 16 – The 57th Street Art Fair in Chicago, the oldest juried art fair in the American Midwest, is founded.
October 20 – Brandeis University is formally founded in Massachusetts.
October 26 – Donora Smog of 1948: A killer smog settles into Donora, Pennsylvania.
October 29 – 1948 Arab–Israeli War: Massacres of Palestinian Arab villagers by the Israel Defense Forces:
October 30 – A fishing boat overloaded with passengers luzzu capsizes and sinks in the Gozo Channel off Qala, Gozo, Malta, killing 23 of the 27 people on board. 
November 2 – 1948 United States presidential election: Democratic incumbent Harry S. Truman defeats Republican Thomas E. Dewey, "Dixiecrat" Strom Thurmond, and Progressive party candidate Henry A. Wallace.
November 12 – In Tokyo, an international war crimes tribunal sentences seven Japanese military and government officials to death, including General Hideki Tojo, for their roles in World War II.
November 15 – Louis Stephen St. Laurent becomes Canada's 12th prime minister.
November 20 – Geoffrey B. Orbell rediscovers the Takahē, last seen 50 years previously, near Lake Te Anau, New Zealand.
November 24 – In Venezuela, president Rómulo Gallegos is ousted by a military junta. November 27 – The Calgary Stampeders defeat the Ottawa Rough Riders 12–7 before 20,013 fans at Toronto's Varsity Stadium, to win their first Grey Cup, and complete the only perfect season to date in Canadian Football.
December 1 – José Figueres Ferrer abolishes the army in Costa Rica, making it the first country in history to do so.
December 2 – The United States House Un-American Activities Committee subpoenas and retrieves the "Pumpkin Papers" from the farm of Whittaker Chambers.
December 6 – Richard Nixon displays microfilm from the "Pumpkin Papers" to the press.
December 9 – The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Genocide Convention.
December 10 – The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
December 11– 12 – Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali massacre: Scots Guards shoot 24 Chinese villagers in Malaya.
December 15 – The United States Department of Justice indicts Alger Hiss, on two counts of perjury.
December 17 – The Finnish Security Police is established to remove communist leadership from its predecessor, the State Police.
December 19 – In the American National Football League, the Philadelphia Eagles defeat the Chicago Cardinals 7–0, to win the championship.
Indonesian National Revolution: The Dutch military captures Yogyakarta, the temporary capital of the newly formed Republic of Indonesia. American economist and former State Department official Laurence Duggan falls to his death, from the 16th story window of his Manhattan office.
December 23 – Seven Japanese military and political leaders, convicted of war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, are executed by Allied occupation authorities, at Sugamo Prison in Tokyo, Japan.
December 28 – A Muslim Brotherhood member assassinates Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi.
December 30 – The musical opens for the first of 1,077 performances in New York City. Kiss Me, Kate December 31 – Arab-Israeli War: Israeli troops drive Egyptians from the Negev.
Casimir effect is predicted by Dutch physicist Hendrik Casimir. The
Fresh Kills Landfill, the world's largest, opens on Staten Island, New York. The Oakridge Transit Centre opens in
Vancouver, British Columbia. The Slovak city Gúta is renamed
Vielha Tunnel is opened, giving access to the Val d'Aran in the Spanish Pyrenees; at this time it is the longest road tunnel in the world.  The last recorded sighting is made of the
Caspian tiger, in Kazakhstan. A pack of wolves kills about 40 children in
Darovskoy District, in Russia.  Charles Warrell creates the first
I-Spy books in the United Kingdom.
Rev. W. Awdry's third book, , is published in the United Kingdom. James the Red Engine The last edition of the
is published in the Index Librorum Prohibitorum Vatican. Inspired by World War II fighter planes,
Cadillac introduces the first automobile to sport tailfins. The inaugural 6 Hours of Watkins Glen sports car endurance race is held in the United States.
February 1 – Rick James, African-American urban singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer (d. 2004)
February 7 – Jimmy Greenspoon, American keyboardist, composer ( ) (d. Three Dog Night 2015)
February 8 – Dan Seals, American musician (d. 2009)
February 11 – Chris Rush, American stand-up comedian
February 12 – Raymond Kurzweil, American inventor, author
February 13 – Kitten Natividad, Mexican-American film actress
February 15 – Larry DiTillio, American film and TV series writer (d. 2019)
February 18 – Sinéad Cusack, Irish actress
February 20 – Jennifer O'Neill, American model, actress
February 25 – Danny Denzongpa, Indian actor
Steven Chu, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
Mike Figgis, American director, screenwriter and composer
Kjell Isaksson, Swedish pole vaulter
Bernadette Peters, American actress, singer
Mercedes Ruehl, American actress Alfred Sant, Leader of Malta Labour Party (1992–), Prime Minister of Malta (1996–1998) February 29
April 1 – Jimmy Cliff, Jamaican singer, actor
April 3 – Carlos Salinas de Gortari, Mexican economist, politician and 53rd President of Mexico (1988-1994) 
April 5 – Neil Portnow, American President of The Recording Academy (NARAS)
April 9 – Jaya Bachchan, Indian actress and politician
April 10 – Fauzi Bowo, Indonesian politician, diplomat and former governor of Jakarta
April 15 – Michael Kamen, American composer (d. 2003)
Jan Hammer, Czechoslovakian composer, pianist and keyboardist Peter Jenni, Swiss experimental particle physicist
Avi Arad, Israeli-American film producer
April 24 – István Szívós, Hungarian water polo player (d. 2019)
April 29 – Michael Karoli, German musician (d. 2001) April 30 – Jocelyne Saab, Lebanese journalist, film director (d. 2019)
June 2 – Jerry Mathers, American actor ( ) Leave it to Beaver
June 6 – Richard Sinclair, English musician ( ) Caravan
June 11 – Dave Cash, American baseball player
June 13 – Garnet Bailey, Canadian hockey player, scout (d. 2001)
June 14 – Laurence Yep, American author
June 15 – Paul Michiels, Belgian singer, songwriter
June 17 – Dave Concepción, Venezuelan baseball player
Madeleine Meilleur, Canadian politician
Takashi Sasano, Japanese actor
Shōhaku Okumura, Japanese Soto Zen
Peter Prijdekker, Dutch swimmer
Sue Roberts, American professional golfer
Todd Rundgren, American rock singer, record producer ( ) Hello It's Me
Curtis Johnson, American football cornerback
Franciszek Smuda, Polish football coach
Panagiotis Xanthakos, Greek sports shoote Colin Waldron, English football defender
July 3 – Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist
July 8 – Raffi, Egyptian-born children's entertainer
Theo Bücker, German football manager, player
Rich Hand, American professional baseball player Mick Coop, English professional football right back
July 14 – Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu, Zulu king
July 18 – Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
Beppe Grillo, Italian activist, blogger, comedian and actor
Ed Hinton, American sportswriter
Cat Stevens (b. Steven Georgiou, later known as Yusuf Islam), British singer, musician
Garry Trudeau, American cartoonist ( ) Doonesbury
Teruzane Utada, Japanese music executive producer, attendant
Mikhail Zadornov, Russian stand-up comedian, writer Snooty, male Florida manatee (d. 2017)
July 23 – John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician
July 27 – Peggy Fleming, American figure skater
July 31 – Jonathan Dollimore, English academic sociologist, cultural theorist
August 1 – Jim Carroll, American author, poet and musician (d. 2009)
August 3 – Jean-Pierre Raffarin, Prime Minister of France
August 7 – James P. Allison, American immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
August 12 – Mizengo Pinda, 9th Prime Minister of Tanzania
August 13 – Kathleen Battle, African-American soprano
August 14 – Joseph Marcell, English actor
August 18 – Sean Scanlan, Scottish actor (d. 2017)
August 19 – Loredana Lopez, Spanish singer (d. 1996)
August 22 – David Marks, American guitarist ( ) The Beach Boys
August 23 – Lev Zeleny, Soviet, Russian physicist
August 25 – Tony Ramos, Brazilian actor
August 27 – Sgt. Slaughter, American professional wrestler
September 1 – James Rebhorn, American actor (d. 2014)
September 5 – Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian diplomat, politician
September 7 – Susan Blakely, American actress
September 8 – Great Kabuki, Japanese professional wrestler
September 11 – John Martyn (b. Iain McGeachy), British folk-rock guitarist (d. 2009)
September 16 – Ron Blair, American rock bassist ( ) Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
September 23 – José Lavat, Mexican voice actor (d. 2018)
September 24 – Phil Hartman, Canadian actor, comedian ( ) (d. Saturday Night Live 1998)
Meg Bennett, American soap opera writer Iain Hewitson, New Zealand-Australian chef, restaurateur, author, and television personality
October 6 – Gerry Adams, Northern Irish politician
October 7 – Diane Ackerman, American poet, essayist
October 12 – Rick Parfitt, English musician ( ) (d. Status Quo 2016)
Leo Mazzone, American baseball coach Hema Malini, Indian actress, writer, director, producer, dancer and politician
October 19 – Patrick Simmons, American musician ( ) The Doobie Brothers
October 23 – Sir Gerry Robinson, Irish-born British businessman
October 26 – Toby Harrah, American baseball player
October 28 – Telma Hopkins, African-American actress, singer ( ) Tony Orlando and Dawn
October 29 – Kate Jackson, American actress ( ) Charlie's Angels October 30 – Garry McDonald, Australian actor, satirist, and comedian
November 1 – Anna Stuart, American actress
November 3 – Lulu (b. Marie McDonald McLaughlin Lawrie), Scottish singer, actress ( ) To Sir, With Love
November 6 – Glenn Frey, American guitarist, singer ( ) (d. The Eagles 2016)
November 7 – Jim Houghton, American actor, director
November 10 – Vincent Schiavelli, American actor (d. 2005)
November 15 – James Kemsley, Australian cartoonist, actor (d. 2007)
November 19 – Rance Allen, African-American gospel singer, preacher
November 22 – Saroj Khan, Indian dance choreographer
November 24 – Joe Howard, American actor
November 25 – Antoine Sfeir, Franco-Lebanese journalist, professor (d. 2018)
November 28 – Agnieszka Holland, Polish director, screenwriter
December 10 – Abu Abbas, Palestine Liberation Front founder (d. 2004)
December 11 – Chester Thompson, American rock drummer
December 12 – Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, 20th President of Portugal
December 18 – Edmund Kemper, American serial killer
December 19 – Ken Brown, Canadian ice hockey player
December 20 – Alan Parsons, English songwriter, musician and record producer
December 23 – Jim Ferguson, American guitarist, composer, educator, author and music journalist
December 28 – Mary Weiss, American singer ( ) The Shangri-Las
December 29 – Peter Robinson, Northern Ireland First Minister December 31
Archana Bhattacharyya, Indian physicist
Miguel Cabrera Cabrera, Spanish architect, politician
Vicatan, born Vicente Doria Catan Jr., Filipino comic book artist (d. 2004)
Gudo Hoegel, German actor, voice actor
Phalon Jones, American soul music, rhythm and blues musician (d. 1967) John Blair Moore, American comic book artist
Johnny Nicholas, American blues musician
Judy Nylon, American artist, musician Edward Rutherfurd (b. Francis Edward Wintle), English novelist
January 1 – Edna May, American actress (b. 1878)
January 2 – Vicente Huidobro, Chilean poet (b. 1893)
January 4 – Anna Kallina, Austrian actress (b. 1874)
January 5 – Mary Dimmick Harrison, wife of President Benjamin Harrison (b. 1858)
January 12 – Herbert Allen Farmer, American criminal (b. 1891)
January 19 – Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
January 26 – Georg Bruchmüller, influential German artillery officer (b. 1863)
January 28 – Anna Maria Gove, American physician (b. 1867)
January 29 – King Tomislav II of Croatia (b. 1900)
January 31 – John T. Daniels, American Coast Guardsman, took the Wright brothers' first flight photograph (b. 1873)
February 1 – Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet (b. 1878)
February 2 – Bevil Rudd, South African athlete (b. 1894)
February 3 – Laura Wheeler Waring, African-American painter, known for Harlem Renaissance portraits (b. 1887)
February 4 – Otto Praeger, American postal official who implemented U.S. Airmail (b. 1871)
February 8 – Samuel P. Bush, American businessman, industrialist (b. 1863)
February 12 – Theodor Caspari, Norwegian poet, novelist, writer, literary critic and teacher (b. 1853)
February 14 – Mordecai Brown, American baseball player ( Chicago Cubs), MLB Hall of Fame member (b. 1876)
February 15 – Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, Indian poet (b. 1904)
February 17 – Enrique Finochietto, Argentine academic, physician and inventor (b. 1881)
February 18 – Renato Balestrero, Italian racecar driver (b. 1898)
February 23 – John Robert Gregg, Irish-born inventor of shorthand (b. 1866)
February 28 – Camila Quiroga, Argentine actress (b. 1891)
March 1 – Gabriel Brunet de Sairigné, French general (b. 1913)
March 4 – Antonin Artaud, French playwright, actor and director (b. 1896)
March 6 – Ross Lockridge, Jr., American novelist (suicide) (b. 1914)
March 8 – Piero Folli, Italian Roman Catholic priest and blessed (b. 1881)
March 17 – Paul Dupuy, French historian, biographer (b. 1856)
March 31 – Egon Erwin Kisch, Austrian journalist, author (b. 1885)
April 5 – Angelo Joseph Rossi, American political figure, Mayor of San Francisco (b. 1878)
April 7 – Isabel Andreu de Aguilar, Puerto Rican writer, educator, philanthropist and activist (b. 1887)
April 8 – Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, Palestinian Arab nationalist (b. 1907)
April 15 – Manuel Roxas, Filipino statesman, 5th President of the Philippines (b. 1892)
April 17 – Kantarō Suzuki, Japanese admiral, 42nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1868)
April 19 – Mikhail Rostovtsev, Soviet actor (b. 1872)
April 20 – Mitsumasa Yonai, Japanese admiral and politician, 37th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1880)
April 21 – Carlos López Buchardo, Argentine composer (b. 1881)
April 22 – Prosper Montagné, French chef and author (b. 1865)
April 23 – Prince Albrecht of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (b. 1863)
April 24 – Manuel Ponce, Mexican composer (b. 1882)
April 25 – Gerardo Matos Rodriguez, Uruguayan composer, journalist and pianist (b. 1897) April 30 – Alfredo Miguel Aguayo Sánchez, Puerto Rican educator, writer (b. 1866)
May 2 – Ángel Maria Herrera, Panamanian educator (b. 1859)
May 3 – Ernst Tandefelt, Finnish nobleman, assassin of Minister Ritavuori (b. 1876)
May 16 – Muhammad Habibullah, Indian politician (b. 1869)
May 18 – Francisco Alonso, Spanish composer (b. 1887)
May 19 – Maximilian Lenz, Austrian painter and sculptor (b. 1860)
May 21 – Jacques Feyder, French filmmaker (b. 1885)
May 22 – Claude McKay, Jamaican-born American writer and poet (b. 1889)
May 25 – Witold Pilecki, Polish resistance leader (executed) (b. 1901)
May 26 – Émile Gaston Chassinat, French egyptologist (b. 1868)
May 28 – Unity Mitford, British socialite; friend of Adolf Hitler (b. 1914)
May 29 – Dame May Whitty, British actress (b. 1865) May 30 – József Klekl, Slovene politician in Hungary (b. 1874)
July 1 – Assunta Marchetti, Italian Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed
July 15 – John J. Pershing, American general (b. 1860)
July 17 – Ildebrando Zacchini, Maltese painter, inventor and traveller (b. 1868)
July 21 – Arshile Gorky, Soviet-born painter (b. 1904)
July 22 – Sud Mennucci, Brazilian journalist, educator (b. 1882)
July 23 – D. W. Griffith, American film director ( ) (b. The Birth Of A Nation 1875)
July 24 – Pencho Zlatev, Bulgarian general, 25th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1881)
July 26 – Antonin Sertillanges, French Catholic philosopher, spiritual writer (b. 1863)
July 27 – Joe Tinker, American baseball player ( Chicago Cubs), MLB Hall of Fame member (b. 1880)
July 28 – Susan Glaspell, American playwright (b. 1876) July 31 – Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd, mistress of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (b. 1891)
September 1 – Muhammad VII al-Munsif, ruler of Tunisia (1942–43) (b. 1881)
September 2 – Sylvanus G. Morley, American scholar, World War I spy (b. 1883)
September 3 – Edvard Beneš, Czechoslovakian politician, 4th Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia and 2-time President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1884)
September 5 – Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (b. 1881)
September 7 – André Suarès, French poet, critic (b. 1868)
September 10 – Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria (b. 1861)
September 11 – Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder, first Governor General of Pakistan (b. 1876)
September 13 – Paul Wegener, German actor, film director, and screenwriter; one of the pioneers of German Expressionism (b. 1874)
September 20 – Husain Salaahuddin, Famous Mahl writer (b. 1881)
September 22 – Prince Adalbert of Prussia (b. 1884)
September 24 – Warren William, American actor (b. 1894)
September 26 – Gregg Toland, American cinematographer (b. 1904)
September 27 – Frank Cellier, British actor (b. 1884) September 30
October 1 – Phraya Manopakorn Nititada, 1st Prime Minister of Siam (b. 1884)
October 2 – Mary Ryan, American actress (b. 1885)
October 4 – Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, Pakistani politician (b. 1879)
October 5 – Umberto Coromaldi, Italian painter (b. 1870)
October 10 – Saif Ali Janjua, Pakistani commander (b. 1922)
October 13 – Samuel S. Hinds, American actor (b. 1875)
October 14 – Dale Fuller, American actress (b. 1885)
October 15 – Edythe Chapman, American actress (b. 1863)
October 16 – Maria Olga de Moraes Sarmento da Silveira, Portuguese feminist, writer (b. 1881)
October 18 – Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal (b. 1881)
October 19 – Mehmet Suphi Kula, Turkish general (b. 1881)
October 21 – Elissa Landi, Italian actress (b. 1904)
October 31 – Mary Nolan, American actress (b. 1905)
November 7 – David Leland, American actor (b. 1932)
November 8 – Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1874)
November 9 – Edgar Kennedy, American actor (b. 1890)
November 11 – Fred Niblo, American film director (b. 1874)
November 12 – Umberto Giordano, Italian composer (b. 1867)
November 17 – Oerip Soemohardjo, Indonesian general (b. 1893)
November 21 – Béla Miklós, Hungarian military officer, politician and 38th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1890)
November 23 – Hack Wilson, American baseball player ( Chicago Cubs), MLB Hall of Fame member (b. 1900)
November 28 – D. D. Sheehan, Irish politician (b. 1873)
November 30 – Franco Vittadini, Italian composer (b. 1884)
December 8 – Matthew Charlton, Australian politician (b. 1866)
December 15 – João Tamagnini Barbosa, Portuguese military officer, politician and 69th Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1883)
December 20 – C. Aubrey Smith, British actor (b. 1863)
December 21 – Władysław Witwicki, Polish psychologist, philosopher, translator, historian (of philosophy and art) and artist (b. 1878)
December 23 – Japanese war leaders (hanged):
December 26 – John Westley, American actor (b. 1878)
December 31 – Sir Malcolm Campbell, English land, water racer (b. 1885)
^ Cabinet Memorandum by the Secretary of State for the Colonies (UK). February 21, 1956.
Federation of Malaya Agreement
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